The Soldier in later Medieval England

Details about 250,000 soldiers who fought in the latter stages of the 100 Years War (1337 to 1453) have been put online: www.medievalsoldier.org The database, which is part of the Medieval Soldier research project, enables family historians to search for soldiers by surname, rank or year of service. It also includes information about soldiers who fought at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415.

The data has been compiled by researchers at the Universities of Reading and Southampton who have analysed sources such as muster rolls held by the National Archives at Kew. They have been able to build a picture of career progression through what they believe are the origins of Englandís first professional army.

Muster Roll database

The online muster roll database currently holds just under 90,000 service records. These are taken from muster rolls housed in The National Archives (TNA) for the years 1369 to 1453. Unfortunately there are no records of the Ramsdale surname or any of its variants between these years in this database. However, the following 30 entries were returned under the surname search "Ram*":

First Name Surname Rank Captain Name Commander Year Nature of Activity
Richard Ramell Man-at-arms Percy, Thomas, Sir Percy, Thomas, Sir 1385 Expedition Naval
John Ramesden Archer Marny, William, Sir Berkeley, Thomas Lord 1404 Keeping of the Sea
Robert Ramesey Man-at-arms Buxhill, Alan de, Sir Buxhill, Alan de, Sir 1371 Garrison St Sauveur, Normandy
Richard Ramesey Archer Scales, Thomas, Lord   1421 Expedition France
John Ramesey Archer Cornwall, John senior, Sir   1421 Expedition France
Robert Rameseye Man-at-arms Basset of Drayton, Ralph Lord Lancaster, John of Gaunt, duke of 1373-1374 Expedition France
Robert Rameseye Man-at-arms Buxhill, Alan de, Sir Buxhill, Alan de, Sir 1370-1371 Garrison St Sauveur, Normandy
John Ramessey Archer Ferrers, Ralph de, Sir Buckingham, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of 1377-1378 Expedition Naval
John Ramessey Archer Ferrers, Ralph de, Sir Buckingham, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of 1377-1378 Expedition Naval
Thomas Ramfyld Man-at-arms  (Esquire) Devon, Edward de Courtenay, earl of Arundel, Richard Fitz Alan, earl of 1388 Expedition Naval
Roger Ramidue Archer Norfolk, John Mowbray, Earl of Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of 1417 Expedition France
John Ramm Archer Chetwynd, Phillip, Sir Huntingdon, John Holand, Earl of 1439 Standing force, Aquitaine
William Rammesbed Archer Basset of Drayton, Ralph Lord Lancaster, John of Gaunt, duke of 1373-1374 Expedition France
Thomas Rammesbed Archer March, Edmund, Earl of Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of 1417 Expedition France
Richard Rammesey Man-at-arms Northumberland, Henry Percy, Earl of Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of 1417 Expedition France
William Rampesden Archer Saint Amand, Aymer de, senior, Sir   1369-1372 Garrison Southampton/Royal Business/Escort/Expedition Naval
William Rampston Archer Fitz Walter, Walter Lord Fitz Walter, Walter Lord 1384 Standing force Scotland (West March)
John Rampston Archer Huntingdon, John Holand, Earl of Henry V 1415 Expedition France
John Ramsauch Archer Radcliff, Thomas de King Henry IV 1400 Expedition Scotland
Robert Ramsaue Archer Scrope, Stephen le, Sir Scrope, Stephen le, Sir 1395-1397 Standing force Ireland
Nicholas Ramsell Man-at-arms Camoys, Thomas, Lord Henry V 1415 Expedition France
John Ramsey Archer Windsor, William de, Sir Buckingham, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of 1380-1381 Expedition France
John Ramsey Archer Windsor, William de, Sir Buckingham, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of 1380-1381 Expedition France
Richard Ramsey Man-at-arms Godard, John Henry V 1415 Expedition France
John Ramsey Man-at-arms Grey, John, Lord, of Codnor Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of 1417 Expedition France
John Ramseye Archer Neville, William de, Sir Neville, William de, Sir 1374 Expedition Naval
John Ramsoye Man-at-arms Nottingham, Thomas de Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, Thomas de Mowbray, earl of 1389-1390 Standing force Scotland (East March)
John Ramton Man-at-arms Berkeley, Thomas Lord Berkeley, Thomas Lord 1404 Keeping of the Sea
Edmund Ramynton Archer Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of Henry V 1415 Expedition France
Robert Ramysbotham Archer Hense, Henry, Sir York, Richard, Duke of 1441 Expedition France

Protection database

The online protection and attorney database currently holds just under 20,000 records. These are taken from the treaty rolls, housed in The National Archives (TNA), for the years 1369 to 1453. This database should be used with care, as unlike the muster roll database a protection or attorney only indicates an intention to serve, rather than actual service. Again, there are no records of the Ramsdale surname or any of its variants between these years in this database. The following 4 entries were returned under the surname search "Ram*":

First Name Surname Captain Name Commander Type Date Duration Location Place Occupation
John Ramesey Buxhill, Alan de Knolles, Robert, Sir Protection 13700703 1 year France (overseas)    
Andrew Ramesey [alias Trigge] Exeter, John Holand, Duke of   Protection 13990104 1 year Calais town London Fisherman
Nicholas Ramshull Camoys, Thomas, Lord   Protection 14150617   to France Wiltshire  
William Rampston Beaufort, John, Earl of Somerset   Protection 14400000   to France Bingham, Nottinghamshire Rector

Garrison database

The Garrison database is in draft form at present. This is in order to stress test the database, as it contains over 110,000 service records. The records are drawn from mainly French repositories and record service for the English crown, in the occupation of Normandy from 1415 to 1453. The data currently accessible here are accurate, but are not fully complete at the moment. More information about these data and where they are drawn from will be added shortly (August 2009). As with the Muster Roll and Protection databases, there are no records of the Ramsdale surname or any of its variants between these years in this database. The following 56 entries were returned under the surname search "Ram*":

First Name De Surname Rank Captain Name Lieutenant Field Commander Nature of Activity Location Date
William   Rambolt Archer       Garrison Rouen castle 14320816
Richard   Ramiston Archer mounted Salvain, John, Sir    Official retinue Rouen 14241001
Tallifer de la Ramonnerie Man-at-arms Robessart, John, Sir     Garrison Caudebec 14231004
Richard   Ramsay Archer mounted Harrington, Thomas, Harrington, Richard & Tempest, John     Garrison additional Pont de l'Arche 14310127
William   Ramper Archer Bedford, John, Duke of Bucton, William, Sir   Garrison Bayeux 14341102
Taillefer de la Ramonnerie Man-at-arms (Esquire) Ramonnerie, Taillefer de la     Personal retinue Touques 14350326
Thomas   Ramesay Archer mounted Salvain, John, Sir     Official retinue Rouen 14290907
Tallifer de la Rammoniere Man-at-arms (Esquire) Ogard, Andrew, Sir Rammoniere, Tallifer de la   Garrison Touques 14370701
Perceival de la Rammoniere Man-at-arms foot Ogard, Andrew, Sir Rammoniere, Tallifer de la   Garrison Touques 14370701
John   Rampel Archer Minors, William     Garrison Tancarville 14390323
Richard   Ramford   Gerard, Thomas     Garrison Creil 14381027
John   Rames Archer Beaufort, Edmund, Earl of Dorset     Garrison Alencon 14401110
John   Rames Archer Stanlawe, Hugh   Talbot, John, Lord Personal retinue Field 14410510
William   Ramorel Man-at-arms Eyton, Fulkes   Fauconberg, William, Lord Garrison detachment Neubourg 14420414
William   Ramorel Man-at-arms Eyton, Fulkes   Fauconberg, William, Lord Garrison detachment Neubourg 14420519
John de Rams Man-at-arms Fauconberg, William Lord   Fauconberg, William Lord Personal retinue in field Field 14420616
John   Ramgot Archer Robessart, John, Sir     Garrison Carentan 14420630
Stephen   Ramon Man-at-arms Surienne, Francois, Sir     Garrison Galardon 14420628
John   Ramon Man-at-arms Surienne, Francois, Sir     Garrison Galardon 14420628
John   Ramphtom Archer Warwick, Richard Beauchamp, earl of     Garrison Rouen gates 14300203
John   Rameshede Archer Hoo, Thomas, Sir     Garrison/official retinue Mantes/bailli Mantes 14400802
John de Rams Man-at-arms Fauconberg, William Lord     Garrison/garrison creu Evreux 14391126
Richard   Ramsey Archer Bucton, William, Sir     Garrison Montereau 14231007
Thomas   Rampston Man-at-arms (Knight) Bedford, John, duke of     Garrison detachment in field Siege of Orleans 14281115
Richard   Ramzey Archer Harling, Robert, Sir     Personal retinue   14290207
John   Rambille Archer Stanlowe, John     Garrison Eu 14291001
William   Rameni Archer Kingston, Thomas, Sir     Garrison Falaise 14291215
John   Rampston Archer Warwick, Richard Beauchamp, earl of Curson, Richard   Garrison Rouen gates 14291218
John   Rampston Archer Warwick, Richard Beauchamp, earl of     Garrison Rouen gates 14300503
John   Ramystone Archer       Garrison Rouen gates 14300521
Thomas   Ramesey Archer mounted Salvain, John, Sir     Official retinue Rouen (bailli) 14300531
Thomas   Ramesey Archer Harrington, Thomas   Willoughby, Robert Lord, and Beaumont, John Lord Field Siege of Louviers? 14310420
Thomas   Ramsey Archer mounted Harrington, Thomas   Willoughby, Robert Lord Field Siege of Louviers 14310525
Taillefer de la Ramonneris Man-at-arms       Escot Honfleur-Rouen  
John   Rammeston Archer Baron, William   Arundel, John Fitz Alan, earl of Field Siege of Montfort l'Amaury, Houdan etc 14340303
John   Rampton Archer           14350620
[illegible] de Ramcy [?] Archer       Personal retinue, additional   14350720
Taillefer de la Ramomierie Man-at-arms Ogard, Andrew, Sir     Garrison Touques 14360523
Percival de la Ramomierie Man-at-arms foot Ogard, Andrew, Sir     Garrison Touques 14360523
Richard   Rampsey Man-at-arms Redford, Henry, Sir     Garrison Vernon 14360714
John   Rameshede Archer Guethin, Richard, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14370522
Bernard de Rambures Archer Don, Griffith Howell, Thomas   Garrison Neufchatel 14390612
Simkyn   Ramys Archer Stanlowe, John     Official retinue Normandy (treasurer general) 14401108
Symkyn   Rames Archer Stanlowe, John   Talbot, John Lord Official retinue in field Louviers + Conches 14401219
Nicholas   Rambert A/M Scales, Thomas Lord     Garrison Domfront 14410329
John de Rams Man-at-arms Fauconberg, William Lord     Personal retinue in field Pontoise14410713
John   Rames[Ö] Archer Grey, Ralph, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14411018
John de Rams Archer Eu, Count of     No garrison/field Neuborg 14420415
John de Rams Man-at-arms Fauconberg, William Lord     No garrison/field Neuborg 14420519
John   Rameshed Archer Hoo, Thomas, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14430323
John   Ramysheth Archer Hoo, Thomas, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14440618
John senior Ramon Archer Hoo, Thomas, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14440618
John a Rameford Man-at-arms Rainford, Laurence     Field Regneville 14440330
John   Rameshed Archer Hoo, Thomas, Sir     Garrison Mantes 14460804
John   Ramgot Archer Robessart, John, Sir     Garrison Carentan 14410203
John de Rames Man-at-arms Fauconberg, William, Lord     Personal retinue Field 14420610
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