Basic Pronunciation of Old Norse
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Vowels
a as in far
á as in far, but longer
e as in été
é as in été, but longer
i short, as in pit
í long, as in eat
o as in opt
ó as in eau
ø as in feu
ö as in feu
ǫ as in hop
u as in bouche
ú as in bouche, but longer
y as in rue
ý as in ye
Unstressed Vowels
a as stressed a
i as in city
u as in wood
Diphthongs
aa as in awe
au as in owl
æ as in air
œ as in feu, but longer
ei as in hay
ey as in hay
Consonants
b as in buy
bb the same sound, but long
c as in keep
d as in day
dd the same sound, but long
ð as in this
f (1) as in far
f (2) as in very
ff as in far, but long
g (1) as in goal
g (2) as in loch
g (3) as in loch, but voiced
gg (1) as in goal, but long
gg (2) as in loch
h as in have
j as in year
k as in call
kk the same sound, but long
l as in leaf
ll the same sound, but long
m as in home
mm the same sound, but long
n (1) as in sin
n (2) as in sing
nn as in sin, but long
p as in happy
pp the same sound, but long
r rolled
rr the same sound, but long
s as in this
ss the same sound, but long
t as in boat
tt the same sound, but long
v as in win
þ as in thin
x as in lochs
z as in bits
Numbers
1 einn
2 tveir
3 þrír
4 fjórir
5 fimm
6 sex
7 sjau
8 átta
9 níu
10 tíu
11 ellifu
12 tólf
13 þrettán
14 fjórtán
15 fimtán
16 sextán
17 sjaután
18 átján
19 nítján
20 tuttugu
21 tuttugu ok einn ¦ ein ok tuttugu
22 tuttugu ok tveir ¦ tveir ok tuttugu
23 tuttugu ok tveir ¦ tveir ok tuttugu
24 tuttugu ok fjórir ¦ fjórir ok tuttugu
25 tuttugu ok fimm ¦ fimm ok tuttugu
26 tuttugu ok sex ¦ sex ok tuttugu
27 tuttugu ok sjau ¦ sjau ok tuttugu
28 tuttugu ok átta ¦ átta ok tuttugu
29 tuttugu ok níu ¦ níu ok tuttugu
30 þrír tigir
40 fjórir tigir
50 fimmtigi
60 sex tigir
70 sjautigi
80 áttatigi
90 níu tigir
100 hundrað
1,000 þusund