Ramsdale surname data extracted from the General Register Office Indexes maintained by the Familyrecords.gov.uk Consortium. There are 3,453 Ramsdale and variant surname entries recorded between July 1837 and December 1983.
- Civil Registration - Background
- Indexes to Civil Registration Records
- Births Information Recorded in Civil Registers
- Key dates for records in England and Wales
- GRO Registration Districts
- Searching for a birth
- Legitimate births
- Males and females
- Age adjustments
- GRO entries for births under the surname Ramsdale
Civil Registration - Background
Before 1837, only churches recorded birth, marriage, and death information in England. In the early 1800s, Parliament recognised the need for accurate records for voting, planning, and defence purposes. Birth, marriage, and death registrations for England and Wales began on 1 July 1837.
The basis of civil registration is the registration district. Each county is divided into districts. Each district has a superintendent registrar. Registrars receive birth and death registrations from individuals; the performing minister or other responsible official registers marriages.
Marriages performed by Church of England ministers are recorded by the clergy, who quarterly send copies of the marriages they perform to the district and to the Registrar-General. The ministers keep the original marriage register in the parish chest.
Quaker and Jewish marriages are registered by their own representatives directly with the Registrar-General in London.
Until 1898, the district superintendent registrar registered other nonconformist marriages and performed civil marriages.
Each quarter, the superintendent registrar forwards copies of his district's registrations to the Registrar-General in London. The original birth and death (and those marriages recorded by the registrar) records remain in the district.
People had to report all births and deaths to the registrar. An estimated 90-95% of births and nearly all deaths and marriages were recorded. However, no penalty was imposed for failure to register until 1874. By 1875, 99% of all births, marriages, and deaths were recorded.
If a civil birth, marriage, or death certificate cannot be located a search of church records may verify known details or give additional information.
Indexes to Civil Registration Records
Indexes can help you find an entry for your ancestor. The Registrar General creates nationwide indexes after receiving quarterly returns. These indexes are arranged by calendar quarter and give name, registration district, volume, and page number. Later indexes include the following:
- age at death (post-1865 death indexes)
- mother's maiden name (post-June 1911 birth indexes)
- spouse's surname (post-1911 marriage indexes)
- birth date (post-March 1969 death indexes).
With the index reference, you can send for the certificate (see above). If you cannot locate an index entry, consider the following reasons:
- surnames are often found under unexpected spellings
- events are filed by the date registered, not date occurred (for example, a birth on 20 March which was registered on 6 April will be in the April-June quarter)
- indexes were hand-prepared and may contain copying errors (for example, "T" for "F") and omissions
- a person may have been registered under a different name than he used later in life
- some marriages were indexed by the name of only one spouse
- a woman's surname in the marriage index may be her surname by a previous marriage
- family information (particularly age at death) is often misleading
- persons with common names may be difficult to identify in the index
- some deaths were registered as "unknown"
- a child born before the parents' marriage may be registered under the mother's maiden name
- some children were registered as "male" or "female" when a name had not been selected before registration.
Knowing the district name and at least an approximate year in which the birth, marriage, or death occurred will reduce the search time.
Places in the index are registration districts, which are not usually the same as the actual place of birth. In rural areas, many villages and parishes belong to one district. Large cities have many districts.
The following sources will help identify the district which served the place where the ancestors lived:
- Imperial Gazetteer gives parish and its civil district
- Population Tables give the districts serving each parish in any given census year. This information is useful because district boundaries changed over time.
A Guide to the Arrangement of the Registration Districts Listed in the Indexes to the Civil Registration of England and Wales 2nd edition contains nineteenth century maps and lists of districts.
If the index reference cannot be found, consider sending a request to the superintendent registrar's district in England. If that request is unsuccessful, search other types of records.
Births Information Recorded in Civil Registers
Birth records often give the child's name, sex, birth date and place; the parents' names (including the mother's maiden name; the father's occupation; and the informant's signature, residence, and "description" (often relationship).
The father, mother, neighbour, or other person present at the birth must register a birth within 42 days.
Key dates for records in England and Wales
Births 1 July 1837
Introduction of General Civil Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths in England and Wales
An estimated 6 to 10% of births NOT registered
More rigorous enforcement of compulsory registration
September quarter 1837 to June quarter 1911
Only first two full forenames, subsequent initials, registration district and reference number
September quarter 1911 to present
Only first forename, subsequent initials, registration district and number but also includes mother's maiden surname.
Follow this link for a full listing of all the GRO Registration Districts
Searching for a birth
This isn't as complicated as it sounds and most people find using the records, especially the early, handwritten ones, an easy and enjoyable task. The problems arise due to the lax nature of the early documents. When the records began, the parents had three weeks in which to register a birth and, after three months, they couldn't register the child at all.
Soon, the laws were changed to a six week registration period, with a late registration possible up to a year later if a superintendent took the information and signed the register himself. Any time longer than this and proof of the event had to be procured from a witness, such as a doctor or midwife. If the evidence couldn't be attested then the registration was null and void. Penalties for late registrations also muddy the water as certain parents would lie through their teeth about the date of birth so it fell into the six week period and therefore avoid a hefty fine. In some cases it is possible to catch out these less than honest parents if you're lucky enough to have both the baptismal certificate and the birth registration. If the date differs, then look to the baptismal record as they were more likely to tell the truth in church, first out of fear of lying to the Almighty but more likely because the church wouldn't slap a late baptism charge on them.
One final thing to remember is that the fashion for having more than one forename was quite unusual until the beginning of the 20th century, so there is a chance that you may find a number of records featuring the same name, especially if the name you are searching for is quite common. Many family historians have found themselves purchasing a copy of a certificate of the wrong person at some point in their search. It's annoying, but all part of the process of investigation. Sometimes you strike gold, and at other times you don't. One titbit of information that can help you identify the right person is the Superintendent Registrar's District which is identified on each record. The boundaries of these districts were in many cases different to parishes or even towns and were changed in 1852. You may find more information at the GENUKi website.
In the early days of registration some birth certificates actually got the gender of the child wrong, largely due to the fact that the parents may have been illiterate and couldn't check the details were correct.
At some point in your research you may stumble upon the delicate subject of illegitimacy, which affects the way birth certificates were registered.
The Act of Parliament of 1836 states "And it be enacted that the father or mother or every child born in England … shall within 42 days next after the day of every such birth give information upon being requested so to do the Register according to the best of his or her knowledge and belief of the several particulars hereby required to be known and registered touching the birth of such child provided always that it shall not be necessary to register the name of any father of a bastard child." Those where the parents of the child were not married to one another at the time of birth should be registered under the surname of the mother. Where paternity was acknowledged and the name of the father is given in the register, the birth may in addition be registered under the surname of the father.
This was open to wide interpretation and some certificates entered the father's name even if they weren't married, while others omitted the father's name. In 1850 the situation changed and the law now said that "No putative father is to be allowed to sign an entry in the character of Father."
This lasted until 1953 when the social situation regarding illegitimacy had shifted and the father could be acknowledged outside wedlock.
The churches in England & Wales have been recording baptisms, marriages and burials at parish level for centuries. However, the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths – in other words, record-keeping by the state – did not begin until July 1837. At that time, the legal jurisdiction of England & Wales was subdivided, for the purposes of registration, into administrative areas known as registration districts. Within each district a district registrar would be appointed to take responsibility for the recording of births, marriages and deaths within their district.
Four times a year, a copy of the district registers was made for the Registrar General, who ingathered all the registers for England & Wales and collated them into a single countrywide index, arranged alphabetically by surname (and then alphabetically by forename within each surname). The indexes to the registers are quarterly rather than annual in scope – the four quarters being known as March, June, September and December. Each of these covers the month itself and the two preceding months, as follows:
- January, February, March registrations in the March quarter
- April, May, June registrations in the June quarter
- July, August, September registrations in the September quarter
- October, November, December registrations in the December quarter
Note that the quarters contain the births registered within them, which is not necessarily the same as births which took place within them. The reason why this is so is that legally there are 42 days within which to register a birth with the district registrar. This means that some births which took place during a month in one quarter will be registered in a month in the next quarter. Clearly, this is most common for births which took place within the last month of a quarter. So, for example, a birth in December might be registered in January (or, indeed, in February) the following year, which means that it would be registered not in the December quarter but in the March quarter of the year following that in which it took place.
Normally, then, where you have an exact date of birth, you will find the entry for the birth you are looking for in the same or the next quarter, as follows:
- January, February, March births in the March or June quarter
- April, May, June births in the June or September quarter
- July, August, September births in the September or December quarter
- October, November, December births in the December or the following March quarter
Most family trees will, however, have one or more births which were registered late. In theory at least, there was a fine for late registration and some explaining to do. If you do not find the entry you are seeking in the same or the next quarter, therefore, it is sensible at least to check the two immediately following quarters, to cover the possibility of late registration.
Those where the two parents of the child were married to one another at the time of birth (not necessarily also at the time of conception) should have been indexed only under the surname of the father.
Males and females
Children do not have to be named before they can be registered. If a child is unnamed at registration, they will appear in the index as either "male" or "female". "Males" and "females" appear at the end of the alphabetical sequence of forenames under the given surname. Very rarely, these births will be indexed as "boy" or "girl". Do not assume that a "male" or a "female" will have died in early infancy, although this is indeed a common reason for the birth being registered in this way. Many "males" and "females" were merely named later, at the time of baptism.
If, despite having an exact date, you do not find the entry for the birth you are looking for at or immediately after that date, treat the year with some caution. If, for example, the date is from, say, a modern (post-1969) death certificate, it may well be the case that the day and month are correct but the year is not. It is not at all uncommon to find that a person has modified their age – for instance, when declaring their age at marriage – and then this fiction has stuck with them over time. In respect of other people, their ages simply may have become hazy over time. In any event, in these circumstances, try checking a year or two either side of the given date, beginning with the same quarters. For example, if you have a birth which supposedly took place in January 1898 and it is not listed as it should be in the March or June quarters 1898, nor registered late in the September or December quarters 1898, next check the March and June quarters in both 1897 and 1899, as necessary.
Follow these links for full listings of GRO entries for births under the surname Ramsdale and its close variants for the years 1837 to 1983
Copyright © David Ramsdale 1997 - 2017
All rights reserved