Derivation of the Surname RAMSDALE

Part 3: Table of Place-Names

Pickering Lythe, Whitby Strand and Langbargh East Wapentakes, North Yorkshire

Part 1 Index: Etymological & Teutonic Sources

  1. Derivation of the Surname RAMSDALE
  2. Etymology
  3. Teutonic Sources
  4. Viking Influence
  5. Danish or Norwegian Origin ?
  6. Topographical and Toponymic (habitation) Surnames
  7. Heraldry
  8. Notes
  9. Møre og Romsdal, Norway
  10. Romsdal to Ramsdale

Part 2 Index: Locative Sources

  1. Ramsdale Hamlet, Fylingdale's Parish, North Yorkshire
  2. Ramsdale Megalithic Standing Stones, North Yorkshire
  3. Ramsdale Valley, Scarborough, North Yorkshire
  4. Ramsdale & Ramsdell Chapelries, Hampshire
  5. Lilla Howe Bronze Age Barrow, North Yorkshire
  6. Cuerdale Hoard, Preston, Lancashire
  7. Wade's Causeway, North Yorkshire

Part 4 Index: General

  1. Fylingdales: Geographical and Historical Information (1890), Transcript of the entry for the Post Office, Professions and Trades in Bulmer's Directory of 1890
  2. Fylingdales Parish: Victoria County History (1923) A History of the County of York North Riding Volume 2, Pages 534 to 537
  3. Ramsdale Mill, Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire - Postcard Views (circa 1917 to 1958)
  4. Ramsdale Valley, Scarborough, North Yorkshire: Edwardian Postcards (1901 to 1915)
  5. Scarborough, North Yorkshire: Bulmer's History and Directory of North Yorkshire (1890)
  6. Ramsdale Megalithic Standing Stones, Bronze Age Stone Circle, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  7. Robin Hood's Bay - published articles regarding its origin
  8. Ramsdale Family Register - Home Page
  9. Whitby Jet - published articles


Fylingdales Parish

Fylingdales

The area researched was originally confined to 'The Chapelry of Fylingdales' - see map above - first recorded as Figclinge in the 11th century, Figelinge and Fielinge in the 11th and 12th centuries and possibly as Saxeby in the 12th century. It was a parochial chapelry south of Whitby and contained the villages of Robin Hood's Bay and Thorpe, or Fylingthorpe (which was recorded as Prestethorpe in the 13th century) and the hamlets of Normanby, Parkgate, Ramsdale, Raw (Fyling Rawe, 16th century) and Stoupe Brow. Fylingdales Parish covers an area of 13,325 acres (53.92 km2, 20.82 miles2) of land and inland water.

The area researched was then extended beyond Fylingdales Parish to include 'The Liberty of Whitby Strand' comprising, in 1831, the parishes of Whitby, Hackness, Sneaton and the Chapelry of Fylingdales as taken from A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1923) at pages 502 to 505 (see map below) and which now includes the parishes of Aislaby (1865), Ruswarp (1870) and Hawsker (1878).

The area researched has been further extended to include (1) Pickering Lythe Wapentake, (2) Whitby Strand Wapentake and (3) Langbargh East Wapentake, described in "The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1928) A. H. Smith, Volume V, at pages 74 to 157; in particular the littoral parishes comprising the North Yorkshire coast (and its hinterland) as described by I. S. Maxwell in "The Domesday Geography of Northern England" (1962) as the "coastal fringe":

"Between the North Yorkshire Moors and the sea is a narrow coastal belt, generally some five miles or so in width except where tongues of lowland project westward up the valley of the Esk and the headwaters of the Derwent. Most of this area is covered with Boulder Clay. Except in the central part of the region, settlements were fairly numerous, but many of those in the north were uninhabited or waste in 1086. The density of teams nowhere rose above about 0.3 per square mile and that of population above 1. There was a fair amount of wood, especially in the north; the limited amount of meadow was entirely in the north, which also had the only mill in the region."

England 878 AD The Liberty of Whitby Strand

North Yorkshire Littoral - Parishes
>

North Yorkshire Littoral - OS Grid References

Old Norse Origins: local place-name evidence

In the Pickering Lythe, Whitby Strand and Langbargh East Wapentakes there are some 4,914 examples of local place-names containing one or more of 387 Old Norse original elements. Where a place-name has two or more Old Norse original elements it is occasionally (but not always) included under both so the total number of examples includes some double and triple counting. Examples of such multiple element listings are:

The published sources used for the table of local place-names can be found in:

Old Norse test-words include (but are not limited to) the following:

  1. laithe, leath (hlaða) 'barn'
  2. beck (bekkr) 'brook, stream'
  3. breck (brekka) 'hill, slope
  4. booth (búð) 'shelter'
  5. by (býr) 'farmstead, homestead, village'
  6. cliff (kleif) 'cliff, rock'
  7. ergh (erg) 'shieling, hill or summer pasture'
  8. fell (fjell) 'rough hill, mountain, fell'
  9. force (foss) 'waterfall'
  10. gais, goose (gás) 'goose'
  11. garth (garðr) 'enclosure'
  12. gill (gil) 'ravine, cleft, deep narrow gully (with a stream)'
  13. holm (holmr) 'higher dry ground amidst marshes'
  14. howe (haugr) 'barrow, sepulchral mound, cairn, tumulus'
  15. knip (gnúpr) 'hill, peak'
  16. ra (rauðr) 'red'
  17. rea (refr) 'fox'
  18. ross (hross) 'horse'
  19. scale, scole (skáli) 'temporary hut, shieling'
  20. satt(er), seat, sett, side, -ster (sætr) 'shieling'
  21. slack (slakki) 'shallow valley, hollow in the ground'
  22. stoupe (staup) 'a steep declivity or slope, a pitch, precipice'
  23. swart (svartr) 'black, dark'
  24. tarn (tarn) 'enclosed body of water'
  25. thwaite (þveit, þvait,) 'a clearing in woodland, used as meadowland'
  26. war, ward, wart (varða) 'beacon'

Notes

Old Norse is the language of Norway in the period circa 750 to 1350 (after which Norwegian changes considerably) and of Iceland from the settlement (circa 870) to the Reformation (circa 1550 - a date that sets a cultural rather than a linguistic boundary). Known in modern Icelandic as Norræna, in Norwegian as Norrønt and in English sometimes as West Norse or Old Icelandic, this type of speech is a western variety of Scandinavian.

Although Icelandic circa 870 to 1550 and Norwegian circa 750 to 1350 are here given the designation 'Old Norse', it would be wrong to think of this language as entirely uniform, without variation in time or space. The form of Scandinavian spoken in Norway around 750 differed in a number of important respects from that spoken around 1350, and by the latter date the Norwegian carried to Iceland by the original settlers had begun to diverge from the mother tongue. Nevertheless, in the period circa 1150 to 1350, when the great mediæval literature of Iceland and Norway was created, there existed an essential unity of language in the western Scandinavian world.

Old English is the name given to the language spoken by the Anglo-Saxons in the 5th to 11th centuries.

The following 'local examples' (aka local place-names) are linked to one or more of the following online maps:

  1. National Library of Scotland Ordnance Survey six inch map (1883 - 1913 series) as a 100% opacity overlay of a contemporary (Bing or Google) satellite map. Unfortunately, this website now occasionally loads the "OS One Inch, 1885-1900 Outline" as the default map so click on "2. Select a map/map series:" and select "OS Six Inch, 1888-1913"
  2. Streetmap
  3. UK Grid Reference Finder

If a 'local example' link fails (e.g. because of changes to the target website) then simply cut and paste its grid reference into the search box of an alternative online mapping service and the 'local example' should appear on screen.

Or find the grid reference on a map (old school).

Often, but not always, the grid reference for a 'local example' points to its name as it appears on the map rather than the 'local example' itself. The reason for this is to prioritise identification of the 'local example' over its precise location which can be easily pinpointed from the map e.g. Brocka Beck (waterfall) [NZ 85550 00786] a 'local example' - a stream - which, by its nature, covers a narrow, lengthy range. Compare and contrast with Brocka Beck Bridge [NZ 85977 00962] which, being a fixed structure, is a 'local example' having a specific location with a unique grid reference.

The ten-figure grid reference for Brocka Beck Bridge (dead centre of the bridge) indicates a 1 metre by 1 metre square on the map. To calculate the distance between Brocka Beck (waterfall) and Brocka Beck Bridge deduct their eastings and northings: as the raven flies, the bridge lies 427 metres and 176 metres upstream (respectively) to the east and north of the waterfall.

Bear in mind that the sole purpose of this exercise is to identify local place names with one or more Old Norse (and/or Old English) derivative elements. If you want to visit one of these 'local examples' buy a modern map and plan your journey.

Basic Pronunciation of Old Norse

Click on the button "Old Norse Pronunciation" to load the guide in the top left of your screen which can then be accessed during your research using the alt + tab keys. Alternatively, use this handy AutoHotkey "window always on top" script activated by holding the ctrl key and pressing the spacebar with the cursor in the pop-up window.


Vowels
a as in far dagr 'day'
á as in far, but longer ár 'year'
e as in été ben 'wound'
é as in été, but longer él 'storm'
i short, as in pit litr 'colour'
í long, as in eat lítr 'looks'
o as in opt hof 'temple'
ó as in eau sól 'sun'
ø as in feu døkkr 'dark'
ö as in feu björk 'birch'
ǫ as in hop ǫl 'ale'
u as in bouche sumar 'summer'
ú as in bouche, but longer hús 'house'
y as in rue yfir 'over'
ý as in ye kýr 'cow'
Unstressed Vowels
a as stressed a leysa 'release'
i as in city máni 'moon'
u as in cool eyru 'ears'
Diphthongs
aa as in awe Thorsaa 'Thor's rivulet'
au as in owl brauð 'bread'
æ as in air sær 'sea'
œ as in feu, but longer œrr 'mad'
ei as in hay bein 'bone'
ey as in hay ey 'island'
Consonants
b as in buy bíta 'bite'
bb the same sound, but long gabb 'mockery'
c as in keep köttr 'cat'
d as in day dómr 'judgement'
dd the same sound, but long oddr 'point'
ð as in this jörð 'earth'
f (1) as in far 'money'
f (2) as in very haf 'ocean'
ff as in far, but long offr 'offering'
g (1) as in goal gefa 'give'
g (2) as in loch lágt 'low'
g (3) as in loch, but voiced eiga 'own'
gg (1) as in goal, but long egg 'edge'
gg (2) as in loch gløggt 'clear'
h as in have horn 'horn'
j as in year jarl 'earl'
k as in call köttr 'cat'
kk the same sound, but long ekki 'nothing'
l as in leaf nál 'needle'
ll the same sound, but long hellir 'cave'
m as in home frami 'boldness'
mm the same sound, but long frammi 'in front'
n (1) as in sin hrinda 'push'
n (2) as in sing hringr 'ring'
nn as in sin, but long steinn 'stone'
p as in happy œpa 'shout'
pp the same sound, but long heppinn 'lucky'
r rolled gøra 'do'
rr the same sound, but long verri 'worse'
s as in this reisa 'raise'
ss the same sound, but long áss 'beam'
t as in boat tönn 'tooth'
tt the same sound, but long nótt 'night'
v as in win vera 'to be'
þ th, but as in thin þing 'assembly'
x as in lochs øx 'axe'
z as in bits góz 'property'

Element ON Original Element Other Original Element Meaning Local Examples No
a ON á [85] OE river, running water, stream

    Pickering Lythe Wapentake

  1. Aymot (lost)
  2. Ayton Bridge [SE 98797 84786]
  3. Ayton Castle [SE 98711 85129]
  4. Ayton, East [SE 99401 85059]
  5. Ayton, West [SE 98416 84710]
  6. Ayton, West, Parish [SE 98286 85308]
  7. (St) Hilda Spring [SE 97151 90743]
  8. Langbargh West Wapentake

  9. Ayresome [NZ 48110 19192]
  10. Ayresome Grange [NZ 48233 19108]
  11. Ayton Bank [NZ 59302 11885]
  12. Ayton Bank Farm [NZ 58623 11558]
  13. Ayton Banks Mines (Ironstone) [NZ 58639 10973]
  14. Ayton Banks Wood [NZ 58652 10423]
  15. Ayton Firs [NZ 55615 09352]
  16. Ayton Grange [NZ 55177 10298]
  17. Ayton Hall [NZ 55477 10833]
  18. Ayton House [NZ 55905 10565]
  19. Ayton Mines (Ironstone) [NZ 58340 10175]
  20. East Ayton Dike [TA 00158 82661]
  21. Great Ayton [NZ 55990 10853]
  22. Great Ayton Moor [NZ 60187 11727]
  23. Great Ayton Parish [NZ 56377 11377]
  24. Little Ayton [NZ 57130 10210]
  25. Little Ayton Lane [NZ 56672 10406]
  26. Little Ayton Moor [NZ 58942 10445]
  27. Little Ayton Parish [NZ 57187 10065]
  28. Little Ayton Wood [NZ 58259 10134]
  29. Ayton Scarth (lost) [NZ 56501 11500]
28
a, ay, sey, sea, ea ON ey [84] OE eg, ig island, land in the midst of marshes
  1. Ayton Bank [SE 57278 90424]
  2. Ayton Bridge [SE 98790 84783]
  3. Ayton Castle [SE 98715 85120]
  4. Ayton, East [SE 99411 85055]
  5. Ayton, West [SE 98414 84709]
  6. Ayton, West (parish) [SE 98295 85305]
  7. East Ayton Dike [TA 00158 82661]
  8. Thirlsey [SE 97721 91440]
  9. Thirlsey Bottoms [SE 97763 90719]
  10. Thirlsey Plantation [SE 97466 92641]
  11. Thirlsey Wood [SE 97896 91095]
  12. Thorn(e)y Brow Farm [NZ 94690 01687]
12
ack, ach ON ökkla [23] OE aucleow ankle, slope
  1. Acklam [SE 78716 61542]
  2. Acklam Beck [SE 77746 61223]
  3. Acklam Brow [SE 79398 61279]
  4. Acklam Ings [SE 79239 60717]
  5. Acklam with Barthorpe [SE 78034 60440]
  6. Acklam Wold [SE 79475 61710]
  7. Acklam Wold House [SE 79727 62228]
  8. Acklam Wood [SE 77662 62184]
8
acre, er ON akr [20] OE æcer field, plot of arable land, the area a yoke of oxen could plough in a day
  1. Acres [SE 88150 93350]
  2. Acres [NZ 02279 07943]
  3. Acres [SE 71112 58968]
  4. Broad Acres [SE 71093 59377]
  5. Long Acres [SE 54277 90328]
  6. Short Acres [SE 54448 90009]
  7. Stainsacre [NZ 91264 08452]
  8. Stainsacre Bridge [NZ 91556 08076]
  9. Stainsacre Dale [NZ 91381 08155]
  10. Stainsacre Hall [NZ 91237 08303]
  11. Stainsacre Lane [NZ 91696 06249]
11
addle ON Auðúlfr [332]   Auðúlfr (personal name)
  1. Addlebrough [SD 94720 87947]
1
aik, aig, eyk, aysc, ack, oak, ake ON eik (eiki) [87] OE ac (acen) oak (oakwood)
  1. Abbot's or Lord's Oak (site of) [SE 91971 97101]
  2. Acomb [SE 57374 51079]
  3. Acomb Grange [SE 56149 50657]
  4. Acomb Green [SE 57110 51345]
  5. Acomb Hall [SE 57528 51464]
  6. Acomb Moor [SE 56976 50070]
  7. Acombmoor Cottage [SE 57283 49786]
  8. Acomb Moor Drain [SE 57040 50012]
  9. Acomb Wood [SE 56983 49359]
  10. Acomb Parish [SE 57089 50881]
  11. Aikber (mediæval village) [SE 18985 90309]
  12. Aikber (Akebar) Parish [SE 19889 91096]
  13. Aikber Farm [SE 18978 90607]
  14. Aikbergill [SE 19252 90864]
  15. Aikbergill Plantation [SE 19248 90864]
  16. Aikbergill Beck [SE 19053 90901]
  17. Aiskew (Hang East Wapentake)

  18. Aiskew [SE 27304 88462]
  19. Aiskew Crossing [SE 28118 89294]
  20. Aiskew Farm [SE 27424 87980]
  21. Aiskew House [SE 27331 88767]
  22. Aiskew (Gilling West Wapentake)

  23. Akebar Cottages [SE 19383 90582]
  24. Aysgarth [SE 00021 88340]
  25. Aysgarth Force [SE 01648 88819]
  26. Aysgarth Mill [SE 00536 88764]
  27. Aysgarth Moor [SD 98111 87572]
  28. Aysgarth Parish [SD 99615 87970]
  29. Aysgarth Pastures [SD 99094 87483]
  30. Big Oak Wood [SE 53691 66994]
  31. Little Oak Wood [SE 53842 66885]
  32. Oak [SE 90477 93023]
  33. Oak Beck [SE 28871 55736]
  34. Oak Dale (Oakdale) [SE 28335 55282]
  35. Oakdale Bridge [SE 28054 55127]
  36. Oakham Wood [NZ 93837 07975]
  37. Oak Hill [NZ 86326 08065]
  38. Oakley Hole [NZ 83124 01622]
  39. Oak House [SE 56740 90964]
  40. Oak House Farm [NZ 77125 16882]
  41. Oakly Beck [NZ 81438 02487]
  42. Oak Mount [SE 37217 93101]
  43. Oak Rigg [NZ 78431 16935]
  44. Oakrigg Wood [NZ 78380 16954]
  45. Oak Tree House [SE 35681 92499]
  46. Oak Wood [NZ 93003 03589]
  47. Oak Wood [SE 92908 91022]
  48. Oak Wood Plantation [SE 53801 67138]
  49. The Oaks [SE 56438 91188]
  50. The Oaks [NZ 76882 16834]
48
ain, an ON einn [176] OE ân one, alone    
ainder, einder ON Eindriði [240] ODan Endridhi Eindriði (personal name)
  1. Ainderby Bottoms [SE 33687 92642]
  2. Ainderby Cottage [SE 33855 91837]
  3. Ainderby Hall [SE 34994 80922]
  4. Ainderby Hall [SE 33197 92075]
  5. Ainderby House [SE 33788 80632]
  6. Ainderby Manor [SE 33348 92013]
  7. Ainderby Mires [SE 25729 92716]
  8. Ainderby Miers Cottages [SE 26025 92848]
  9. Ainderby Miers with Holtby Parish [SE 26300 92869]
  10. Ainderby Quernhow [SE 35123 80899]
  11. Ainderby Quernhow Beck [SE 35413 81037]
  12. Ainderby Quernhow Parish [SE 34678 80551]
  13. Ainderby Villa [SE 34758 80907]
  14. Ainderby Steeple [SE 33591 92210]
  15. Ainderby Steeple Parish [SE 34109 91965]
  16. Holme and Ainderby Beck [SE 35000 81760]
16
ais, ays ON Ási, Áslákr, Ásúlfr [51]   Ási, Áslákr, Ásúlfr (personal names)

    Aislaby, Whitby

  1. Aislaby [NZ 86280 08615]
  2. Aislaby Hall [NZ 86310 08766]
  3. Aislaby Lane [NZ 86374 09272]
  4. Aislaby Lodge [NZ 85426 07944]
  5. Aislaby Moor [NZ 85020 08841]
  6. Aislaby Parish [NZ 85694 08281]
  7. Aislaby Quarries (disused) [NZ 84802 08564]
  8. Aislaby, Middleton

  9. Aislaby [SE 77572 85546]
  10. Aislaby Carr [SE 77223 84975]
  11. Aislaby Carr Lane [SE 76994 85001]
  12. Aislaby Hall [SE 77611 85651]
  13. Aislaby Parish [SE 77328 86074]
  14. Aysdale, Skelton

  15. Aysdale Gate [NZ 65091 14822]
  16. Aysdale Gate Bridge [NZ 65136 14683]
  17. Aysdale Gate Quarry (disused) [NZ 65365 14727]
  18. Aysdale Gate Mines (Ironstone) [NZ 65314 14904]
16
ala-, alla- ON áll [390] OE Æl (1) an eel, (2) a deep narrow channel in sea or river
  1. Allan Banks [NZ 82489 02866]
  2. Allan Tofts (Tops) [NZ 83050 02976]
2
ald-, -ald ON valdr, valdi [392] OE wealda a wielder, keeper
  1. Aldby Field [SE 70414 59015]
  2. Aldby Field House [SE 70782 59108]
2
aller ON Hjörleifr, Herleifr [303] ODan Herlew, OS Hærlef Hjörleifr, Herleifr (personal name)
  1. Allerston Beck [SE 88261 79972]
  2. Allerston Carr House [SE 87877 80854]
  3. Allerston (High Moor) [SE 88250 93550]
  4. Allerston Loft Marishes [SE 87251 79818]
  5. Allerthorpe Hall [SE 33112 86743]
  6. Allerton Wapentake (Allertonshire)
  7. Swainby with Allerthorpe [SE 33558 85875]
7
alwald ON Ǫlvaldi [341] OE Ælfwald, Æþelwald
ODan Alwaldi
Ǫlvaldi (personal name)
  1. Alwaldtofts (lost)
  2. Alwaldcotes (lost)
2
amoth, aymon ON Øymundr [343] and [49] ODan Ømund Øymundr (personal name)
  1. Amotherby [SE 74756 73525]
  2. Amotherby Lane [SE 75040 74113]
  3. Amotherby Parish [SE 75027 74010]
3
ape ON Ápi [22]   Ápi (personal name)
  1. Apedale [SE 01532 94578]
  2. Apedale Beck [SE 01891 94497]
  3. Apedale Head [SE 00348 95087]
  4. Apedale Head Lead Level [SE 01255 94891]
  5. Apedale Lead Mine [SE 01376 94806]
  6. Apedale Lead Shaft [SE 01965 94617]
  7. Apedale Road [SE 02353 94340]
7
app, apple, apper ON epli (apaldr) [88] OE æppl, æpel, appel, apul (apulder, æppuldre) apple (tree)
  1. Appersett [SD 86049 90673]
  2. Appersett Bridge [SD 85658 90659]
  3. Appersett Viaduct [SD 85786 90403]
  4. Applegarth [NZ 12461 01385]
  5. Applegarth Bridge (foot) [SE 36720 94024]
  6. Applegarth Low Wood [NZ 12290 01321]
  7. Appleton Cottages [SE 23875 95612]
  8. Appleton Grange [NZ 39836 04560]
  9. Appleton le Moors [SE 73902 87899]
  10. Appleton le Moors Parish [SE 73983 88420]
  11. Appleton le Street [SE 73918 73676]
  12. Appleton le Street Parish [SE 73381 72546]
  13. Appleton Lane [SE 73142 73251]
  14. Appleton Mill (Farm) [SE 74522 87881]
  15. Appleton Parish[SE 23057 95067]
  16. Appleton Whin Fox Covert [NZ 39805 05978] and [NZ 38718 03312]
  17. Appleton Wiske [NZ 39302 04776]
  18. Appleton Wiske Parish [NZ 39744 05921]
  19. Apple Tree Spring [SE 93225 92140]
  20. East Applegarth [NZ 13264 01707]
  21. East Appleton [SE 23431 95702]
  22. East Appleton Hall [SE 23483 95768]
  23. East Appleton Hall Farm [SE 23292 95704]
  24. High Applegarth [NZ 13049 01730]
  25. Low Applegarth [NZ 13026 01623]
  26. West Applegarth [NZ 12485 01497]
  27. West Appleton [SE 22231 94422]
  28. West Appleton Farm [SE 21884 94483]
28
ark ON Arkil [38]   Arkil (personal name)
  1. Arkelmire (lost)
  2. Arkengarthdale [NY 99132 03954]
  3. Arkengarthdale [NY 96270 05833]
  4. Arkengarthdale Mill [NY 99907 02999]
  5. Arkengarthdale Moor [NY 95090 05992]
  6. Arkengarthdale Moor [NY 00937 05708]
  7. Arkengarthdale Parish [NZ 01162 02347]
  8. Arkilhou (lost)
  9. Arkilland (lost)
  10. Arkilmire (lost)
  11. Arkilmireflat (lost)
  12. Arkle Beck [NZ 01253 01965]
  13. Arkleside [SE 04282 80497]
  14. Arkleside Gill [SE 04924 79495]
  15. Arkleside Moor [SE 05471 79307]
  16. Arkleside Pasture [SE 04997 80056]
  17. Arkle Town [NZ 00904 01967]
16
arn(e), ern(e) ON örn, arnar [33] OE earn an eagle
  1. Arncliffe Hall [NZ 45421 00211]
  2. Arncliffe Wood [NZ 46045 00190]
  3. Arnecliffe [NZ 79345 04478]
  4. Arne Cliff [NZ 78895 04732]
  5. Arn Gill [SD 95191 92214]
  6. Arnecliff Pool [NZ 78161 05560]
  7. East Arnecliff Wood [NZ 78798 04883]
  8. Ingleby Arncliffe [NZ 44922 00966]
  9. Ingleby Arncliffe Parish [NZ 43796 01515]
  10. West Arnecliff Wood [NZ 78074 04561]
10
arn, arnod, arnald ON Arnaldr [41]   Arnaldr (personal name)
  1. Arnoldstoft (lost)
1
aschiles, ascheles ON Áskell [77]   Áskell (personal name)
  1. Aschelesmere (Marishes) (lost)
  2. Aschilesmares (Marishes) (lost)
2
ask(e), esk, esc, eas ON askr [256] OE äsc, æsc ash tree
  1. Ashberry Farm [SE 57268 84457]
  2. Ashberry Hill [SE 57089 84686]
  3. Ashberry Wood [SE 57100 85005]
  4. Ashes [NZ 88622 09647]
  5. Ash Holm [NZ 84415 11693]
  6. Ashtree House [SE 69522 59958]
  7. Ash Wood [SE 54597 90052]
  8. Aske Beck [NZ 17881 02839]
  9. Aske Hall [NZ 17945 03390]
  10. Aske Park [NZ 17704 03109]
  11. Askew Bridge [SE 74378 89741]
  12. Askew Rigg [SE 73981 91385]
  13. High Askew [SE 74550 91207]
  14. Lower Askew [SE 74506 89780]
  15. Askew Top [SD 93974 91853]
  16. Askrigg [SD 95121 90934]
  17. Askrigg Beck [SD 94840 91325]
  18. Askrigg Bottoms [SD 95049 90529]
  19. Askrigg Parish [SD 95219 92078]
  20. Askrigg Pasture [SD 92201 92834]
  21. Askrigg Pastures [SD 94059 92346]
  22. Easington [NZ 74583 18306]
  23. Easington End Farm [NZ 73950 18050]
  24. Easington Farm [NZ 73950 17950]
  25. Easington Hall [NZ 74550 18050]
  26. Easington Hall Farm [NZ 74698 18140]
  27. Eskdale Gate [NZ 86233 06660]
  28. Eskdaleside [NZ 84805 06304]
  29. Glen Esk Cottage [NZ 89576 09218]
  30. Glen Esk Wood (Eskdale Park Whitby) [NZ 89571 09125]
  31. Murk Esk [NZ 82459 04314]
  32. Murk Esk Cottage [NZ 81644 02740]
  33. River Esk [NZ 81809 04970]
33
ase, aystan, estan ON Øysteinn [344] ODan Østen Øysteinn (personal name)
  1. Asenby [SE 39682 75434]
  2. Asenby Forge (olim Smithy) [SE 39525 75124]
  3. Asenby Lodge [SE 39675 75232]
3
asp ON ösp [109] OE æspe aspen tree (species of poplar)
  1. Asp House [NZ 91533 07257]
1
ayre ON eyrr [89] OE ayre gravel or sand bank, spit of land
  1. Nelly Ayre Foss (Force) [SE 81342 99658]
1
baa, bode(s) ON boði [58] OE bod, gebod (1) a breaker on hidden rocks, skerry, big wave, breaker, surf over reef or shoal (2) messenger    
back ON (1) Bákr (2) bak [75] OE (2) bæc, bäc (1) Bákr (personal name) (2) back
  1. Back Lane [NZ 92313 07212]
  2. Backleys [SE 92755 90352]
  3. Backleys Farm (olim Backleys House) [SE 92747 90398]
  4. Backleys Plantation [SE 93257 90752]
  5. Backleys Wood [SE 92955 90186]
  6. Back Wood [NZ 85072 07364]
  7. Baxby Manor House [SE 51308 75163]
  8. Baxby Mill [SE 51279 75331]
8
bag- ON Baggi [387]   Baggi (personal name)

    Kirby Knowle

  1. Bagby [SE 46632 80494]
  2. Bagby Grange [SE 45448 81009]
  3. Bagby Hall [SE 46364 80432]
  4. Bagby Moor [SE 46345 81443]
  5. Bagby Parish [SE 45854 80872]
  6. Bagby Wood [SE 46279 79722]
  7. Skelton

  8. Bag Dale [NZ 65280 18731]
  9. Whitby

  10. Bagdale [NZ 89530 10803]
  11. Bagdale Beck [NZ 89405 10715]
  12. Bagdale Hall [YO21 1QL]
  13. Bagdale Lodge [YO21 1EB]
11
bald ON Baldi [295]   Baldi (personal name)
  1. Baldby (Fields)
  2. Baldersby [SE 35763 78656]
  3. Baldersby St. James [SE 36506 76810]
3
balk ON (1) Balkr (2) bálkr [177] OE bälc, balca (1) Balkr (personal name) (2) a wall, partition, ridge of land
  1. Balk [SE 47484 80949]
  2. Balk Beck [SE 47529 81128]
  3. Balk Grange [SE 47893 79950]
  4. Balk Parish [SE 47614 81099]
  5. Balk Wood Farm [SE 48081 82073]
  6. Balk Wood House [SE 48526 81368]
  7. Low Balk [NZ 96519 03348]
7
bank ON bakki [82] OE benc, banc bank of a river, earthen incline, slope, raised shelf or ridge of ground, the slope of a hill
  1. Allan Banks [NZ 82489 02866]
  2. Ayton Bank [SE 57278 90424]
  3. Bank Brow [NZ 75782 18956]
  4. Bank Wood [SE 82683 89300]
  5. Banks Bottoms Road [SE 82368 89284]
  6. Battle Banks [NZ 87687 07615]
  7. Birk Bank [SE 55541 86997]
  8. Blind Bank [SE 52313 89553]
  9. Blue Bank Bottom Farm [NZ 86686 06694]
  10. Blue Bank Farm [NZ 86644 06347]
  11. Broxa Banks [SE 94377 91212]
  12. Calais Bank [NZ 81062 15341]
  13. Carlin Bank Wood [NZ 94244 03894]
  14. Cawthorn Banks [SE 77883 89917]
  15. Cess Banks [SE 89519 93511]
  16. Cote Bank Farm [NZ 82613 06884]
  17. Cote Bank Woods [NZ 82748 06719]
  18. Daisy Bank [NZ 87648 04751]
  19. Dalehouse Bank [NZ 77868 18135]
  20. Dorsley Bank [NZ 84014 06578]
  21. Dorsley Bank Wood [NZ 83837 06456]
  22. East Brow Banks [SE 82050 89975]
  23. Ellerby Bank [NZ 79691 14135]
  24. Ellerby Bank Top [NZ 79494 13729]
  25. Fleet Bank [SE 52625 63149]
  26. Gowerdale Bank [SE 52113 88803]
  27. Jenney Bank Wood [NZ 81291 02602]
  28. Ladhill Beck Bank [SE 54688 89940]
  29. Leech Bank [NZ 78495 18786]
  30. Low Bank [SE 56179 90054]
  31. Lythe Bank [NZ 85435 13142]
  32. Lythe Bank Lodge [NZ 85530 13011]
  33. Mill Bank [NZ 95350 03950]
  34. Mill Bank [NZ 74194 14059]
  35. Mill Bank House [NZ 95295 03742]
  36. Moor Ings Bank [SE 52127 87548]
  37. Murton Bank [SE 54128 88746]
  38. Newton Banks [SE 81245 90941]
  39. Oxbank Wood [NZ 94099 01883]
  40. Patten Bank [NZ 70554 18176]
  41. Pricky Bank Wood [8] [NZ 95188 04104]
  42. Quarry Banks [NZ 0435 94065]
  43. Ripleys Bank [TA 00087 95077]
  44. Row Pasture Bank [NZ 93993 06303]
  45. Ruswarp Bank [NZ 88767 09337]
  46. Skelton Bank Wood [NZ 94025 02132]
  47. Sliding Bank [NZ 75625 17380]
  48. Sneck Yate Bank [SE 50550 87350]
  49. Stoupe Brow Bank [NZ 95750 03450]
  50. Stoupe Bank Farm [NZ 95747 03362]
  51. Sunny Bank [NZ 81112 15028]
  52. Tranmire Bank [SE 73347 91318]
  53. Well Bank [NZ 78533 17473]
  54. West Bank [SE 82535 89603]
54
-bar ON (1) þrömr, (2) barð [192] OE (1) brymme, ecg, fnæd (2) beard (1) brim, edge, verge (2) beard
  1. Akebar [SE 19927 90263]
1
bar ON barr [191] OE bere barley, pine or fir needles
  1. Barley Carr Dike [SE 92722 96028]
  2. Barley Carr Rigg [SE 91358 96228]
  3. Barley Carr Slack [SE 92239 96138]
  4. Barley Carr Tongue [SE 92546 96503]
  5. Barley Hill [NZ 79982 14132]
  6. Barriebarn (Barrie Barn) [NZ 94779 05684] [60]
6
bar ON (1) Bera (2) Bjórá (3) bjórr [3] OE Bera (personal name) (1) Bera (personal name) (2) Bjórá (personal name) (3) beaver
  1. Bardale Beck [SD 87105 84545]
  2. Bardale (Countersett) [SD 88840 86491]
  3. Bardale Head (Plantation) [SD 87032 84679]
  4. Bardale (Marsett) [SD 88768 85266]
4
bark ON Börkr, barka [405]   (1) Börkr (personal name) (2) to bark, tan
  1. Barker's Lane [NZ 87215 10268]
  2. Barthorpe Bottoms (olim Barchertorp) [SE 76601 59563]
  3. Bartindale (olim Barkedale) [TA 10868 73302]
  4. Bartindale Farm [TA 10878 73037]
  5. Bartindale Plantation [TA 12018 73655]
  6. Bartindale Road [TA 10738 73467]
  7. Bartindale Village (site of) [TA 11033 73000]
7
barn ON Bjarni [54]   Bjarni (personal name)
  1. Barnby [NZ 82266 13757]
  2. Barnby Howe and Barnby Howes [NZ 83139 13682]
  3. Barnby Tofts Farm [NZ 82142 13937]
  4. East Barnby [NZ 82847 12812]
  5. Pickering's Barn [TA 01637 95132]
  6. Ugglebarnby [NZ 88184 07178]
  7. Ugglebarnby Moor [NZ 88870 05295]
  8. Ugglebarnby Parish [NZ 87867 05408]
  9. West Barnby [NZ 82070 12623]
  10. Whinnyera Barn [TA 01472 91935]
10
bat, batt ON bátr [56] and [286] OE bāt (rowing) boat
  1. Normanby Stye Batts [NZ 95192, 07558] and [NZ 95120 07520]
  2. North Batts [NZ 91663 11204]
  3. Pursglove Stye Batts [NZ 94450 08250]
  4. South Batts [NZ 92532 10596]
4
batt ON Bǫðvarr [415]   Bǫðvarr (personal name)
  1. Battersby [NZ 59692 07519]
  2. Battersby Avenue [NZ 59069 08236]
  3. Battersby Crag [NZ 60477 06463]
  4. Battersby Moor [NZ 60887 06520]
  5. Battersby Plantation [NZ 60402 07328]
5
-ber(gh), -baurgh, barf, -barrow, -borough ON (1) Bergúlfr (2) berg [91] OE bearu, beorg
ODan berg, bjerg
(1) Bergúlfr (personal name) (2) hill, mound, tumulus, prominence in the landscape, crag, cliff-face
  1. Aldborough Ings [SE 40944 67169]
  2. Barf End [SD 95884 98655] - see also [385]
  3. Barf End Gate [SD 96104 98618] - see also [385]
  4. Barrow Cliff [TA 03287 89249]
  5. Barugh Hill [NZ 93527 05384]
  6. Berguluesbi, Bergolbi (Langbargh West Wapentake, now lost) [NZ 93527 05384]
  7. Boroughbridge [SE 36459 93133]
  8. Boroughbridge Gates [SE 36320 93043]
  9. Herdborough [TA 02017 82590]
9
beacon ON bákn, bákna [395] OE bēacen (1) a beacon (2) to beckon
  1. Beacon Hill [NZ 92532 09755]
  2. Beacon Hill [NZ 92503 09678]
  3. Beacon Hill (site of Hinderwell Beacon) [NZ 79331 17818]
  4. Beacon Howes [NZ 97267 01120]
  5. Sneaton Beacon [NZ 89789 07670]
  6. Stoupe Brow Beacon [NZ 97095 01200]
6
beck ON bekkr [71] OE bæce, bece brook, stream, small watercourse
  1. Allerston Beck [SE 88261 79972]
  2. Alne Beck [SE 50065 67751]
  3. Arkle Beck [NZ 01253 01965]
  4. Backstone Beck [SE 12515 47110]
  5. Barnby Beck [NZ 82735 11701]
  6. Barnbybecks [SE 72533 60346]
  7. Beck Farm [NZ 01415 93033]
  8. Beck Hole [50] [NZ 82284 02138]
  9. Beck Hole Road [50] [NZ 82117 02356]
  10. Beck Hole Scar [50] [NZ 82332 02264]
  11. Beck Lane [TA 00809 94309 ]
  12. Beck Meetings [NZ 70038 16816]
  13. Beck Meetings Lodge [NZ 77139 18037]
  14. Beckside Farm [NZ 90803 06024]
  15. Beck Slack [SE 83918 99071]
  16. Beck Slack Head [SE 83664 98418]
  17. Birkbeck Wood [SD 94568 99142]
  18. Birkbeck Wood [SD 94682 98959]
  19. Birk Head Beck [NZ 82107 11153]
  20. Black Beck [SE 93064 92140]
  21. Black Rigg Beck [SE 79340 96837]
  22. Blawath Beck [SE 81522 97395]
  23. Blea Hill Beck [NZ 89816 00747]
  24. Bloody Beck [SE 98209 99785]
  25. Bloody Beck Hill [SE 98152 99920]
  26. Blue Beck [NZ 80776 04790]
  27. Blue Beck Cottage [NZ 80664 04702]
  28. Boosbeck [NZ 66143 17013]
  29. Boosbeck Bridge [NZ 65769 17330]
  30. Broadlands Beck [SE 96342 96457]
  31. Brocka Beck (waterfall) [NZ 85550 00786]
  32. Brocka Beck Bridge [NZ 85977 00965]
  33. Brown Beck [SE 98677 94773]
  34. Brown Rigg Beck [NZ 92114 00558]
  35. Burniston Beck [TA 01241 93297]
  36. Burrel Beck [SE 18378 96956]
  37. Buskey Beck [NZ 89047 07162]
  38. Butter Beck [NZ 78098 02459]
  39. Caley Beck [NZ 85923 06842]
  40. Caley Becks Farm [NZ 85734 06603]
  41. Caley Beck Wood [NZ 85837 06946]
  42. Castle Beck [SE 95417 97611]
  43. Castlebeck Farm [SE 95262 97493]
  44. Castlebeck Wood [SE 94877 97163]
  45. Catbeck Hill [NZ 82540 15685]
  46. Cat Scar Beck [NZ 82215 05981]
  47. Caukerdale Beck [NZ 67963 14504]
  48. Church Beck [TA 00862 90506]
  49. Claymoor Beck [NZ 81538 15122]
  50. Cloughton Beck [TA 00721 94022]
  51. Cock Mill Beck [NZ 89728 09114]
  52. Commission Beck [SE 66740 68246]
  53. Cop Keld Beck [SE 98165 92902]
  54. Cripple Beck [SE 87793 79524]
  55. Crook Beck [SE 74892 97762]
  56. Crook Beck Rigg [SE 74766 98147]
  57. Crook Beck Slack [SE 74899 98127]
  58. Crosscliff Beck [SE 90349 92549]
  59. Crossdales Beck [SE 97443 90622]
  60. Dalby Beck [SE 85611 87099]
  61. Dale Beck [NZ 67752 14720]
  62. Derrings Beck [SE 46564 68563]
  63. Difford Beck [SE 87762 78200]
  64. Dunsley Beck [NZ 86638 11513]
  65. Easington Beck [NZ 76843 18055]
  66. East Close Beck [NZ 93588 07247]
  67. Eller Beck [SE 85136 98323]
  68. Eller Beck [SE 87267 96620]
  69. Eller Beck Bridge [SE 85814 98313]
  70. Eller Beck Head [SE 87123 96542]
  71. Faceby Beck [NZ 49118 04227]
  72. Glaisdale Beck [NZ 76280 04020]
  73. Grain Beck [SE 88811 90577]
  74. Great How Beck Barn [SD 98363 68577]
  75. Greenhowe Beck [NZ 73930 13905]
  76. Grew Beck [SE 98630 93300]
  77. Gundale Beck [SE 79815 88238]
  78. Gunnerside Beck [SD 95013 98480]
  79. Gurtof Beck [SE 49102 86110]
  80. Hagg Beck [NZ 69853 16525]
  81. Hamer Beck [SE 74516 97430]
  82. Hardale Beck [NZ 76531 10810]
  83. Hartoft Beck [SE 75757 94736]
  84. Harwood Dale Beck [SE 94440 95133]
  85. Hayburn Beck [TA 00064 97360]
  86. Hayburn Beck Farm [SE 99730 97284]
  87. Helwath Beck [SE 95538 99563]
  88. Highdales Beck [SE 95050 92427]
  89. Hipperley Beck [SE 92701 92953]
  90. Hole Beck [SE 72039 91518]
  91. How Beck [SD 98100 68534]
  92. How Becks Barn [SD 98180 68596]
  93. Howdale Beck [NZ 95041 02032]
  94. Howe Beck [SE 37250 90782]
  95. Howl Beck [NZ 61446 17140]
  96. Howl Beck Bridge [NZ 61098 16848]
  97. Howl beck Cottage [NZ 60884 16864]
  98. Howl Beck Farm [NZ 61195 17084]
  99. Howl Beck Mill [NZ 60810 16787]
  100. Hutton Beck [SE 70259 91118]
  101. Ings Beck [SE 66749 68912]
  102. Intake Beck [NZ 91718 07734]
  103. Ivelet Beck [SD 93184 98458]
  104. Jocks Row Beck [NZ 64529 15870]
  105. Jugger Howe Beck [SE 94943 97886]
  106. Kateridden Beck [NZ 67053 14840]
  107. Keasbeck [SE 96450 95850]
  108. Keas Beck [SE 95947 95329]
  109. Keasbeck Farm [SE 96371 95999]
  110. Keasbeck Hill [SE 96603 95726]
  111. Keasbeck Hill Farm [SE 96764 95832]
  112. Kilton Beck [NZ 71001 18469]
  113. King's Beck [NZ 95094 05031]
  114. Kirk Beck [SE 96932 90541]
  115. Kirk Moor Beck [NZ 91981 03027]
  116. Ladhill Beck [SE 54612 89784]
  117. Ladhill Beck Bank [SE 54688 89940]
  118. Leadmill Beck [SE 17378 97630]
  119. Leeming Beck [SE 18497 90529]
  120. Leeming Beck Bridge [SE 18747 90384]
  121. Limekiln Beck [NZ 80767 15431]
  122. Lindhead Beck [TA 00205 93776]
  123. Lingers Beck [NZ 94484 05339]
  124. Little Beck [SE 75976 91551]
  125. Littlebeck (olim Little Beck) [NZ 85003 01146]
  126. Little Beck Bank [NZ 88093 05218]
  127. Little Beck Lane [NZ 87382 04898]
  128. Little Beck Wood [NZ 88055 04715]
  129. Little Eller Beck [SE 87595 98647]
  130. Little How Beck Barn [SD 98291 68649]
  131. Little Lingers Beck [NZ 94741 05495]
  132. Liverton Beck [NZ 70157 16591]
  133. Loftus Beck [NZ 72905 18262]
  134. Long Rigg Beck [NZ 91387 05840]
  135. Loskey Beck [SE 71162 91568]
  136. Lownorth Beck [SE 95189 95529]
  137. Lunshaw Beck [SE 50158 87160]
  138. Lythe Beck [NZ 83531 04404]
  139. Lythe Beck Plantation [NZ 83698 04639]
  140. Marnar Dale Beck [NZ 94824 04650]
  141. May Beck [NZ 88776 01188]
  142. Maybecks New Plantation [NZ 89588 03071]
  143. Middle Grain Beck [NZ 83735 02315]
  144. Mill Beck [SE 12223 90167]
  145. Mill Beck Farm [NZ 95268 03883]
  146. Mitten Hill Beck [NZ 92121 06497]
  147. Murk Beck Slack [NZ 82816 06859]
  148. Nettle Beck [NZ 80707 15823]
  149. Newholm Beck [NZ 86572 11206]
  150. New May Beck [NZ 89928 03311]
  151. Northdale Beck [SE 72153 97742]
  152. Oakham Beck [NZ 93906 08122]
  153. Oakly Beck [NZ 81438 02487]
  154. Old Catbeck Trod [NZ 82322 15830]
  155. Old May Beck [NZ 89003 02697]
  156. Old May Beck Farm [NZ 88612 03146]
  157. Osmund Beck [NY 98830 19417]
  158. Parsley Beck [NZ 87286 02963]
  159. Parsley Beck Rigg [NZ 86288 03270]
  160. Peasholm Beck [TA 03403 89447]
  161. Pickering Beck [SE 82197 89741]
  162. Prickybeck Bridge [TA 01355 92990]
  163. Prickybeck Island [TA 01456 93134]
  164. Quarry Beck [TA 00604 93685]
  165. Raisbeck Farm [NZ 92142 07104]
  166. Ramsdale Beck [NZ 93357 03575] [10]
  167. Raven Gill Beck [NZ 66258 11628]
  168. Raw (Row) Beck [NZ 93890 05293]
  169. Raw Pasture Beck [NZ 93794 07220]
  170. Rigg Mill Beck [NZ 90776 07896]
  171. Risedale Beck [SE 16111 96855]
  172. Roxby Beck [NZ 76619 17369]
  173. Sandsend Beck [NZ 84981 12264]
  174. Sandwath Beck [SE 49677 62121]
  175. Sandswath Beck [NZ 58829 15694]
  176. Sandswath Bridge [NZ 59442 16010]
  177. Scalby Beck [TA 02213 90512]
  178. Scargill Beck [NZ 01513 09486]
  179. Scotton Beck [SE 19026 96969]
  180. Scurf Beck [SE 26894 89586]
  181. Shawn Riggs Beck [NZ 89461 08764]
  182. Shortsha Beck [SE 69250 91437]
  183. Slape Stone Beck [NZ 95473 01803]
  184. Slape Stones Beck [SE 47297 97108]
  185. Smallwood Beck [SE 89855 92800]
  186. Sneaton Thorpe Beck [NZ 90390 05772]
  187. Sour Beck [SE 19901 97629]
  188. Sow Beck [SE 94574 89831]
  189. Spennithorne Beck [SE 14764 89790]
  190. Spital Beck [NZ 90691 10202]
  191. Staindale Beck [SE 86428 89682]
  192. Staindale Beck [NZ 35505 07395]
  193. Stainsacre Beck [NZ 91259 08143]
  194. Stainsby Beck [NZ 46467 14965]
  195. Staithes Beck [NZ 77882 18293]
  196. Stockland Beck [SE 91961 93201]
  197. Stoupe Beck [NZ 94936 02961]
  198. Stoupe Beck Sands [NZ 95907 03494]
  199. Stoupe Beck Wood [NZ 95556 03356]
  200. Sun Beck [SE 14134 90422]
  201. Sun Beck [SE 36719 94026]
  202. Swanbeck Farm [SE 99350 90050]
  203. Swindale Beck [NZ 68313 14463]
  204. Tan Beck [NZ 97485 01918]
  205. Thirley Beck [SE 98315 95330]
  206. Thirley Beck Cottage [SE 98170 95469]
  207. Thorn(e)y Beck [SE 99237 97794]
  208. Thornton Beck [SE 83370 82327]
  209. Thorny Beck [SE 97606 98159]
  210. Thorpe Beck [NZ 94467 04844]
  211. Thwaite Beck [NZ 01587 11006]
  212. Todhill Beck [SE 57314 91235]
  213. Tranmire Beck [SE 73592 91320]
  214. Troutsdale Beck [SE 92918 89229]
  215. Turn Beck [SE 05668 83483]
  216. Turn Beck Bridge [SE 05779 83464]
  217. Turn Beck Lane [SE 06195 83260]
  218. Upgang Beck [NZ 88076 11689]
  219. Waingate Beck [NZ 85050 09485]
  220. Wapley Beck [NZ 73350 13432]
  221. Warm Beck [NZ 85852 09820]
  222. Wash Beck [NZ 87473 04584]
  223. Wash Beck [NZ 90039 07804]
  224. Washy Cote Beck [TA 00646 91915]
  225. Waytail Beck [NZ 71694 17474]
  226. West Beck [SE 81253 99970]
  227. Whisperdales Beck [SE 95916 92928] [49]
  228. White Beck [SE 92486 91476]
  229. White Cliff (Whitecliff) Beck [NZ 71543 18109]
  230. Whyett Beck [NZ 67461 06804]
  231. Wilden Beck [NY 99116 20757]
  232. Wiley Cat Beck [NZ 64314 14469]
  233. Willow Beck [SE 35695 93413]
  234. Wrang Beck [SE 50041 66906]
  235. Yarna Beck [SE 90488 93045]
234
bell ON (1) Belgr (2) belgr[296]   (1) Belgr (personal name) (2) withered, dry old man
  1. Bellerby [SE 11752 92634]
  2. Bellerby Beck [SE 13184 92601]
  3. Bellerby Mill [SE 11806 92839]
  4. Bellerby (parish) [SE 11007 93531]
  5. Bell Heads [SE 96812 91216]
  6. Bellheads Wood [SE 96876 90889]
  7. Bellsdale Slack [SE 97479 91109]
  8. Bellsdale (East) Woods [SE 97548 90891]
  9. Bellsdale (West) Woods [SE 97401 91077]
  10. Randy Bell [NZ 81343 14962]
  11. Randy Bell End [NZ 81441 15289]
11
bie, bield ON bœr, býr [92] OE bȳre, būr farm (stall, shed, hut)
  1. Collinson Bield [SE 83983 99654]
  2. Middleton Beeld [SE 84085 02340]
  3. Mussy Bield [SE 83206 99807]
  4. Old Kit Bield [NZ 82208 00080]
  5. Round Bield [NZ 83884 02152]
  6. Sheep Beeld [NZ 83683 02416]
  7. Sheep Bield (numerous) [SE 92242 96921]
  8. Sheep Beeld [SE 92220 96961]
8
big ON bygg [179] OE bēow barley
  1. Biggersdale Hole [NZ 84050 11150]
1
biggin ON bygging [180] OE bycgean, bygen building, habitation, dwell, settle, inhabit and cultivate, occupy
  1. Low Newbiggin [NZ 85291 06872]
  2. Low Newbiggin North (Farm) [NZ 85309 07059]
  3. Low Newbiggin South [NZ 85021 06762]
  4. Newbiggin [TA 10189 81944]
  5. Newbiggin Cliff [TA 10455 82586]
  6. Newbiggin Cottage [TA 10034 81607]
  7. Newbiggin Hall (Farm) [NZ 83991 06830]
7
bight ON bugða, bugr [181] OE byht bend, angle, corner, bay, bight; a bend or curve in a coastline or river, a broad bay formed by an indentation (a bight) in the shoreline
  1. Gravel Bight [NZ 90318 11503]
  2. Jump Down Bight [NZ 91243 11209]
  3. Long Bight [NZ 90745 11355]
  4. Rail Hole Bight [NZ 91044 11293]
4
bil ON Bíldr [413]   Bíldr (personal name)
  1. Bilsdale [SE 56786 96687]
  2. Bilsdale East Moor [SE 59936 96898]
  3. Bilsdale Midcable [SE 57773 99065]
  4. Bilsdale West [SE 55730 92047]
  5. Bilsdale West Moor [SE 55565 96019]
5
bill, bil(i) ON Bill, Bil(i) [297]   Bill, Bil(i) (personal name)
  1. Biller Howe [NZ 91265 01204]
  2. Biller How(e) Dale [NZ 91567 01469]
  3. Biller Howe Dale Slack [NZ 90677 01769]
  4. Biller Howe Nook [NZ 90815 00837]
  5. Biller Howe Nook Slack [NZ 90908 00677]
  6. Biller Howe Turf Rigg [NZ 91383 00477]
6
birk ON björk, birki [193] OE bierce, birce birch
(overgrown with birch-trees, a birch copse)
  1. Birk Bank [SE 55541 86997]
  2. Birkbeck Wood [SD 94568 99142]
  3. Birkbeck Wood [SD 94682 98959]
  4. Birk Hill [SD 95447 97354]
  5. Birch House [NZ 83095 04198]
  6. Birch Wood House [NZ 84776 00157]
  7. Birk Carr Drain [SE 65712 58796]
  8. Birkers [SE 66179 62009]
  9. Birkers Farm [SE 66548 61966]
  10. Birk Head Beck [NZ 82107 11153]
  11. Lowna Birks [SE 68880 91111]
11
bister ON ból-staðr [145] OE bolt, bútl, bý, býe, byht, eardung homestead    
black ON blakkr [419] OE blac, blæc black
  1. Black Beck [SE 93064 92140]
  2. Black Brow [NZ 85426 04968]
  3. Blackcliff Wood [NZ 75028 16575]
  4. Black Dike [TA 03120 82134]
  5. Black Dike Moor [NZ 75514 10620]
  6. Black Dub [SD 95071 97762]
  7. Black Dub Scar [SD 95044 97705]
  8. Black Gill [NZ 74920 16957]
  9. Blackgill Wood [NZ 74807 16993]
  10. Black Hill [SE 60343 74211]
  11. Black Holes [SE 87457 94695]
  12. Black Moor [SE 60499 72986]
  13. Black Nab [NZ 92260 10793]
  14. Black Noddle [SE 90289 94830]
  15. Blackpark Lodge [SE 75146 90747]
  16. Black Plantation [SE 54296 67494]
  17. Black Rigg [SE 78815 96746]
  18. Black Rigg Beck [SE 79340 96837]
  19. Black Sike [SE 95479 97958]
  20. East Black Sike [NY 99723 10051]
  21. West Black Sike [NY 99258 10059]
  22. Black Wood [SE 54696 67445]
  23. Black Wood [SE 91324 92664]
  24. Blakey House [SE 67810 99687]
  25. Blakey Howe [SE 67784 99788]
  26. Blakey Moor [SE 87153 94115]
  27. Blakey Ridge [SE 68084 99485]
  28. Blakey Swang [SE 68286 99808]
  29. Blakey Topping [SE 87259 93909]
  30. High Blakey Moor [SE 66662 99695]
  31. Little Blakey [SE 68519 98861]
  32. Little Blakey Howe [SE 68029 99353]
  33. Little Blakey Slack [SE 68695 98871]
33
blake, bleik, blai ON (1) Bleikr (2) bleikr [78] OE blac (1) Bleikr (personal name) (2) pale (of weak colour), wan    
Blan ON (1) Blǫndu (2) blanda [412]   (1) Blǫndu (personal name) (2) to blend, mix
  1. Blansby (lost)
  2. Blansby Park [SE 82102 87195]
  3. Blansby Park Cottage [SE 80411 85723]
  4. Blansby Park Farm [SE 82433 86696]
  5. Blansby Park Lane [SE 80616 85774]
  6. Blansby Park Wood [SE 82907 86451]
  7. High Blansby [SE 82865 87508]
7
blue, blea, bla ON blár [144] OE bleó, bleo blue, blue-black, black (metallic colour of armour)
  1. Bleach Garth [NZ 87295 04591]
  2. Blea Dub [SD 89595 86071]
  3. Blea Hill [NZ 90278 00509]
  4. Blea Hill Beck [NZ 89800 01472]
  5. Blea Hill Howe [NZ 89865 00246]
  6. Blea Hill Rigg [NZ 90339 00761]
  7. Blea Wyke [NZ 98796 01590]
  8. Blea Wyke Lodge [NZ 98938 00920]
  9. Blea Wyke Point [NZ 99258 01340]
  10. Blea Wyke Steel [NZ 99128 01535]
  11. Blue Bank Bottom Farm [NZ 86686 06694]
  12. Blue Bank Farm [NZ 86644 06347]
  13. Blue Ber Bridge (foot) [NZ 81867 02696]
  14. Blue Ber Wood [NZ 81971 02993]
  15. Blue Nook [NZ 75981 19215]
15
boggle ON (1) bogi, (2) boginn [143] OE byht (1) a bow, of a rainbow, an arch (vaulted roof), an arched bridge, (ybogi, 'yew-bow'), (2) curved, crooked, hooked, circular, curved or bent (river bend or valley)
  1. Boggle Beeld [NZ 82945 02915]
  2. Boggle Hole [NZ 95572 04070] and [NZ 95593 04023]
  3. Boggle House [NZ 82962 04021] and [NZ 82992 04048]
3
bolt ON Boltr [298]   Boltr (personal name)
  1. Boltby (Boltebi DB 1086) [SE 49255 86455]
  2. Boltby Scar [SE 50890 86095]
  3. Holtby [SE 67685 54037]
  4. Holtby Grange [SE 66024 53726]
  5. Holtby House [SE 67501 54083]
  6. Holtby Lane [SE 66542 54076]
  7. Holtby Manor [SE 66244 52938]
  8. Holtby Moor [SE 66288 54047]
  9. Holtby (parish) [SE 66288 54047]
  10. Ainderby Miers with Holtby

  11. Holtby (with Ainderby Miers) [SE 26682 92876]
  12. Holtby Cottages [SE 26891 92779]
  13. Holtby Grange [SE 26771 93235]
  14. Holtby Hall [SE 26934 92269]
  15. Holtby Park [SE 27079 92214]
  16. Little Holtby [SE 27388 91801]
15
bom, bon ON bóndi, (búa, hūsbōndi) [142] (also verr, maðr) OE hūsbōnda farmer, husband, to dwell    
bon, bown ON (1) bein [120] (2) beinn OE (1) bān (2) habban (1) bone (2) straight, right, favourable, advantageous, convenient, friendly, fair, keen
  1. Bownhill Wood [NZ 94625 03047] [59]
1
bon, bus(k) ON (1) Buskr, (2) buskr [299] OE bysc (1) Buskr (personal name) (2) bush, shrub
  1. Buskey Beck [NZ 89047 07162]
  2. Buskey House Farm [NZ 88370 07901]
2
booth ON búð [79] OE bo, -bœ
ODan bod
booth, a simple, small temporary shelter (plural búðir, encampment)
  1. Butter Howe [NZ 82735 15130]
1
bottom ON botn [119] OE botm bottom, head of a valley or fjord, source of a watercourse
  1. Banks Bottoms Road [SE 82368 89284]
  2. Barthorpe Bottoms (olim Barchertorp) [SE 76601 59563]
  3. Blue Bank Bottom Farm [NZ 86686 06694]
  4. Bottom House [NZ 94556 07114]
  5. Bottom House Lane [NZ 93883 06747]
  6. Bottoms Head [SE 78146 59281]
  7. Bottoms Lane [NZ 93550 07950]
  8. Bottoms Road [SE 81674 90749]
  9. Bottons Lane [SE 83774 82365]
  10. Cumma Bottom [SE 03915 83293]
  11. Gunnerside Bottoms [SD 95411 97974]
  12. Hawsker Bottoms [NZ 93921 07835]
  13. Incline Bottom [NZ 82276 02066]
  14. Thirlsey Bottoms [SE 97813 90731]
14
bowl, bol(l), boul ON (1) Bolli (2) bolli [414] OE bolla (1) Bolli (personal name) (2) a bowl
  1. Boulby [NZ 76021 18973]
  2. Boulby Alum Quarries (disused) [NZ 75269 19533]
  3. Boulby Bank [NZ 76065 18850]
  4. Boulby Barns [NZ 75373 19133]
  5. Boulby Barns Farm [NZ 75261 19208]
  6. Boulby Gill [NZ 76559 18229]
  7. Boulby Grange [NZ 76183 18908]
  8. Boulby Mines [NZ 75888 18088]
8
brad, bratta, bretta ON (1) Brattr (2) brattr [117] OE brant, bront (1) Brattr (personal name) (2) very steep cliff, near vertical, precipice
  1. Bradly Hill [NZ 83431 02389]
  2. Bradly Wood [NZ 83441 02285]
2
brae, bræ, brow ON brá [194] OE brú, bræw hillside, slope, edge of a hill, projecting upper edge of a steep hill
  1. Bank Brow [NZ 75782 18956]
  2. Black Brow [NZ 85426 04968]
  3. Brae Side [NZ 86726 07489]
  4. Braygate [NZ 70289 18404]
  5. Brow Alum Quarry [NZ 95950 02350]
  6. Brow House [NZ 83141 00300]
  7. Brow Top [NZ 92950 04650]
  8. Brow Wood [NZ 81717 04898]
  9. Crosscliff Brow [SE 88895 91702]
  10. Doubrow Well [NZ 95293 06173]
  11. East Brow House [SE 81772 89918]
  12. East Brow Wood [SE 81961 89962]
  13. Farwath Brow [SE 82562 88678]
  14. Hay Brow [SE 99273 90490]
  15. Holm Brae [SE 07014 84264]
  16. Lun Brow [SE 91920 95320]
  17. Mill Brow [SE 83726 01584]
  18. Moss Brow [NZ 87225 11668]
  19. Moss Brow Lodge [NZ 87383 11800]
  20. Red Brow [SE 94350 90850]
  21. Redbrow Plantation [SE 94612 90938]
  22. Saltergate Brow [SE 85898 94843]
  23. Silpho Brow [SE 97784 93234]
  24. Silpho Brow Farm [SE 98091 93237]
  25. Stoupe Brow [NZ 96387 01930]
  26. Stoupe Brow Bank [NZ 95750 03450]
  27. Stoupe Brow Beacon [NZ 97095 01200]
  28. Stoupe Brow Cottage (Farm) [NZ 6028 03079]
  29. Stoupe Brow Farm [NZ 96652 02195]
  30. Surgate Brow [SE 97305 93894]
  31. Surgate Brow Farm [SE 97560 93840]
  32. Surgate Brow Plantation [SE 98369 94359]
  33. Surgate Brow Wood [SE 97599 93554]
  34. The Brows [NZ 75882 18699]
  35. Thorn(e)y Brow Farm [NZ 94690 01687]
  36. Whin Brow [TA 01266 95376]
36
brand, brans ON Brandr, brand [417] OE brand (1) Brandr (personal name) (2) fire brand

    Brandsby

  1. Brandsby [SE 59302 72299]
  2. Brandsby Bank [SE 59171 72699]
  3. Brandsby Beck [SE 58570 71879]
  4. Brandsby Cottage (olim Aumitts Cottage) [SE 58442 71886]
  5. Brandsby cum Stearsby (parish) [SE 60238 71704]
  6. Brandsby Dale [SE 59443 73255]
  7. Brandsby Hall [SE 59914 71798]
  8. Brandsby Lodge [SE 60032 72837]
  9. Brandsby Mills [SE 58592 72328]
  10. Kirkdale

  11. Bransdale [SE 61934 96696]
  12. Bransdale Castle [SE 61789 97508]
  13. Bransdale Lodge [SE 61837 98382]
  14. Bransdale Mill (corn) [SE 62192 97903]
  15. Bransdale Moor [SE 61786 99602]
  16. Bransdale West [SE 61618 96371]
  17. Brant Lane [SE 64042 99784]
16
braw, brau, bra ON Bragi [416]   Bragi (personal name)
  1. Brawby [SE 73991 78123]
  2. Brawby Grange [SE 73796 79048]
  3. Brawby Lane [SE 72429 78549]
  4. Brawby Lodge [SE 72844 78191]
  5. Brawby (parish) [SE 73339 78968]
  6. Brawby Park [SE 73992 78277]
6
breck, brick, brack ON brekka [255] [62] OD brink
OE bræc, brec
hillside, slope
(OE strip of uncultivated land)
  1. Breckenbrough [SE 20916 96916]
  2. Breckenbrough Lane [SE 21205 97119]
  3. Breck (Whitby, lost) [68]
  4. Breckon Hill [NZ 86451 06260]
  5. Brecken Howe [SE 90872 95991]
  6. Breckenhurst [SE 96078 94863]
  7. High Breckonbrough [SE 80080 90566]
  8. Low Breckonbrough[SE 80142 90378]
8
brei, brad, brea, broad ON (1) Breiðr (2) breiðr [118] OE brad (1) Breiðr (personal name) (2) broad
  1. Breaday Gill [SE 96545 92785]
  2. Breaday Heights [SE 96050 92650]
  3. Broad Acres [SE 71093 59377]
  4. Broad Ings [NZ 88150 10167]
  5. Brokenbrea [SD 97288 71607]
  6. Hillbraith (lost)
6
brig(g), bridg ON (1) bryggja (2) brú [53] OE brycg, bricg (1) quay, landing stage, wharf (2) bridge or raised way over water or marshy terrain
  1. Applegarth Bridge (foot) [SE 36720 94024]
  2. Bainbridge [SD 93668 90248]
  3. Blue Ber Bridge (foot) [NZ 81867 02696]
  4. Boroughbridge [SE 36459 93133]
  5. Boroughbridge Gates [SE 36320 93043]
  6. Bow Bridge [SE 56130 91092]
  7. Bow Bridge [SD 93428 91000]
  8. Bowbridge Hill [SD 93282 91033]
  9. Bridge Holm Lane [NZ 94604 02954]
  10. Bridge Stone Slack [NZ 90652 01461]
  11. Briggswath [NZ 87024 08198]
  12. Brigholme (olim Brigholm and Brygholm)
  13. Brocka Beck Bridge [NZ 86026 00969]
  14. Burn Bridge [SE 54707 65406]
  15. Cherrycroft Bridge (foot) [SE 36460 94200]
  16. Cloughton Bridge [TA 00905 93734]
  17. Coldy Hill Bridge [TA 02504 89896]
  18. Crakehall Bridge [SE 24228 90080]
  19. Crosby Bridge [SE 41650 90163]
  20. Dale Hole Bridge [NZ 84050 13921]
  21. Dalehouse Bridge [NZ 77683 18046]
  22. Eller Beck Bridge [SE 85802 98257]
  23. Everley Bridge (now Wrench Green Bridge) [SE 96798 89272]
  24. Foulsyke Bridge [NZ 73134 18193]
  25. Gatela Road (and Bridge) [SE 95196 95471]
  26. Gilmonby Bridge [NY 99570 13215]
  27. Girsby Bridge [NZ 35262 08244]
  28. Gunnerside Bridge [SD 95099 98200]
  29. Hamer Bridge [SE 74263 97612]
  30. Hartoft Bridge [SE 74874 92566]
  31. Hayburn Bridge [SE 99521 97610]
  32. Helwath Bridge [SE 95490 99520]
  33. Hilla Green Bridge [SE 94792 90046]
  34. Holmes Bridge [NZ 59972 16122]
  35. Howden Bridge [SE 35103 92035]
  36. Howl Beck Bridge [NZ 61098 16848]
  37. Keldy Bridge [SE 77722 90749]
  38. Kilgram Bridge [SE 19204 86031]
  39. Kirkbridge [SE 25305 90188]
  40. Kit Bridge (foot) [SE 50596 63981]
  41. Langdale Bridge [SE 94283 91034]
  42. Laskill Bridge [SE 56271 90812]
  43. Lindhead Bridge [SE 99322 93808]
  44. Lobby Bridge [SD 93235 53581]
  45. Lowna Bridge [SE 68736 90898]
  46. Lund Bridge [SE 50343 67563]
  47. Marsett Bridge [SD 90323 86224]
  48. Mosey Bridge [SE 51770 61621]
  49. Mowthorpe Bridge [SE 68530 68538]
  50. Mowthorp Bridge [SE 97996 88233]
  51. Myton Bridge [SE 43601 66739]
  52. Nathwaite Bridge [SE 06623 83739]
  53. New Bridge [SE 56543 91159]
  54. Osmund Bridge [NY 99083 19706]
  55. Peasholm Bridge [TA 03638 89650]
  56. Petch Bridge (foot) [NZ 70596 18035]
  57. Prickybeck Bridge [TA 01355 92990]
  58. Sandwath Bridge [SE 49309 62098]
  59. Scalby Bridge [TA 01023 90002]
  60. Shaken Bridge [SE 56012 88460]
  61. Shaken Bridge [SE 55989 88343]
  62. Shaken Bridge Farm [SE 55731 88210]
  63. Sigston Bridge [SE 41914 94882]
  64. Skeeby Bridge [NZ 20369 02921]
  65. Skutterskelfe Bridge [NZ 48512 07212]
  66. Sleights Bridge [NZ 86840 08168]
  67. Staindale Bridge [NZ 35669 07168]
  68. Stainsacre Bridge [NZ 91556 08076]
  69. Thirkleby Bridge [SE 47270 77497]
  70. Thormanby Bridge [SE 49670 74007]
  71. Todhill Bridge [SE 57854 91037]
  72. Tollesby Bridge [NZ 50948 15344]
  73. Turn Beck Bridge [SE 05779 83464]
  74. Ulshaw Bridge [SE 14515 87222]
  75. Wilden Bridge [NY 00387 20611]
  76. Willymath Bridge [TA 01503 92779]
  77. Wooden Hill Bridge [SE 35618 92920]
  78. Yore Bridge [SD 93279 90695]
  79. Yorebridge House [SD 93431 90633]
  80. York Bridge [SE 51809 62459]
80
brim ON brim [80] OE brim, brym, brymm surf, flood, wave, sea, ocean, shore    
broat(e)s ON brot [81] OE brot, broten, brytsen (1) fragment, break, breach, (2) brot, small piece of land, (3) land cleared for cultivation by burning, (4) heap of felled trees in a wood, a clearing in a wood
  1. Broates [SE 79234 87296]
  2. Broats Lane [SE 68436 70894]
  3. High Broats [NZ 01276 13867]
  4. Low Broats [NZ 00946 13618]
  5. Salton Broats [SE 72366 79724]
5
broc(k), broxa ON brokkr [4] OE broc(c) badger
  1. Brocka Beck [NZ 85780 00895]
  2. Brocka Beck Bridge [NZ 85977 00964]
  3. Brocka Beck (waterfall) [NZ 85550 00786]
  4. Brock Hall (Farm) [NZ 93064 02446]
  5. Brockhill [SE 56967 90418]
  6. Brockhill Wood [SE 56942 90011]
  7. Brockholme Farm [SE 38927 89954]
  8. Brockholme Lane [SE 39014 90034]
  9. Brockrigg [NZ 82609 14496]
  10. Brockrigg (parish) [NZ 82742 14439]
  11. Broxa (Brochesei 1160) [SE 94574 91366]
  12. Broxa Banks [SE 94378 91116]
  13. Broxa Banks Wood [SE 94267 91342]
  14. Broxa Farm [SE 94674 91552]
  15. Broxa Forest [SE 95235 93912]
  16. Broxa Hill [SE 94466 91057]
  17. Broxa Lane [SE 95547 90314]
  18. Broxa Moor Lane [SE 94543 92009]
  19. Broxa Rigg [SE 95147 90917]
  20. Broxa Spring [SE 94303 91258]
20
brown ON brúnn [424] OE brún brown
  1. Brown Beck [SE 98677 94773]
  2. Brown Hill [SE 92044 97896]
  3. Brown Howes (tumuli) [SE 89708 90836]
  4. Brown Moor [SE 56865 64821]
  5. Brownmoor Lane [SE 56865 64821]
  6. Brown Rigg [NZ 92417 00455]
  7. Brown Rigg Beck [NZ 92114 00558]
  8. Brown Rigg Moor [NZ 92453 00579]
  9. Brown Rigg Road [SE 98079 98460]
9
burn ON brunnr [83] OE burne burn, well-spring, font, spring, stream
  1. Burn Bridge [SE 54707 65406]
  2. Burn Hall [SE 54097 65342]
  3. Burn Howe [SE 91213 99153]
  4. Burn Howe Dale [SE 93701 99859]
  5. Burn Howe Duck Pond [SE 89558 99130]
  6. Burn Howe Moor [SE 94399 98243]
  7. Burn Howe Rigg [SE 91675 98762]
  8. Burnt Howe (tumulus) [NZ 98688 01238]
  9. Burniston Beck [TA 01702 92437]
  10. Hayburn Beck [TA 00000 97361]
  11. Hayburn Beck Farm [SE 99730 97222]
  12. Hayburn Bridge [SE 99521 97610]
  13. Hayburn Wyke [TA 01262 97068]
  14. Hayburn Wyke Hotel [TA 01502 96980]
  15. Hayburn Wyke Wood [TA 00809 97030]
  16. Huby Burn [SE 54300 65410]
  17. Iburndale Beck [NZ 87023 07604]
  18. Sockburn Wath [NZ 35095 07123]
18
burra, borrow, burrow ON borg [116] ODan burgh
OE burh, byrig
rampart, fort, stronghold, fortified town
  1. Borrowby Dale [NZ 78330 16962]
  2. Borrowby Grange [NZ 77587 17024]
  3. Borrowby Lane [NZ 77739 17014]
  4. Breckenbrough [SE 20916 96916]
  5. Breckenbrough Lane [SE 21205 97119]
  6. Brough Beck [SE 21213 97943]
  7. Brough Hall [SE 21544 97870]
  8. Brough Lodge [SE 21570 96962]
  9. Brough Park [SE 22165 98012]
  10. Freebrough Hill [NZ 68974 12655]
  11. Freebrough House [NZ 68394 12867]
  12. Freebrough Plantation [NZ 68665 12889]
  13. Freebrough Skirt [NZ 69026 12464]
  14. Freebrough Skirt [NZ 68979 12907]
  15. Freebrough Slack [NZ 69223 12652]
  16. High Breckonbrough [SE 80080 90566]
  17. Low Breckonbrough[SE 80142 90378]
  18. Low Burrows [NZ 81622 04377]
  19. High Burrows [NZ 81346 04005]
  20. Thornbrough [SE 38331 90614]
20
by ON býr, bœr, bö, bÿ, bú, búa [74] ODan by
OE bý, býe
(1) ON farmstead, homestead, farm, the buildings which as a group constitute a farm
(2) ODan village
(3) OE a dwelling, habitation
  1. Aislaby (Hesselby, Assuluesbi, 'Asulf's by' DB 1086) [NZ 85802 08756]
  2. Aislaby Moor [NZ 85183 08936]
  3. Baldby (Fields)
  4. Barnby [NZ 82266 13757]
  5. Barnby Beck [NZ 82735 11701]
  6. Barnbybecks [SE 72533 60346]
  7. Barnby Dales [NZ 81239 14824]
  8. Barnby Howe and Barnby Howes [NZ 83139 13682]
  9. Barnby Sleights [NZ 82705 11554]
  10. Barnby Tofts Farm [NZ 82142 13937]
  11. Boltby (Boltebi DB 1086) [SE 49255 86455]
  12. Borrowby Dale [NZ 78330 16962]
  13. Borrowby Grange [NZ 77587 17024]
  14. Borrowby Lane [NZ 77739 17014]
  15. Dalby Beck [76] [SE 85611 87099]
  16. Dalby Forest [SE 90763 90870]
  17. Dalby Meadow [SE 85630 86458]
  18. Dalby Snout [SE 90964 93542]
  19. Dalby Warren [SE 86519 87585]
  20. Dalby Wood [SE 85350 86850]
  21. Danby [55] [NZ 70858 08548]
  22. East Barnby [NZ 82847 12812]
  23. Gilmonby [NY 99294 13065]
  24. Gilmonby Bridge [NY 99570 13215]
  25. Gilmonby Hall [NY 99246 13128]
  26. Gilmonby Moor [NY 98438 11167]
  27. Gilmonby (parish) [NY 98258 11815]
  28. Harmby Moor [SE 13334 91690]
  29. Hawnby [SE 54122 89672]
  30. Hawnby Hall [SE 54022 89748]
  31. Hawnby Hotel [SE 54188 89817]
  32. Hawnby Lodge [SE 53588 89965]
  33. Haxby Plantation (Haxebi DB 1086) [NZ 89817 04893]
  34. High Dalby House [SE 85277 88646]
  35. High Normanby [NZ 93317 05971]
  36. High Stakesby (Stachesbi 1160) [NZ 88845 10712]
  37. Jingleby Thorn [SE 89419 89600]
  38. Jingleby Thorn Plantation [SE 89612 89645]
  39. Killerby Carr [TA 06338 81426]
  40. Low Dalby (House) [SE 86017 87333]
  41. Low Dalby Wood [SE 85354 86783]
  42. Low Stakesby [NZ 89150 10750]
  43. Newby [TA 01650 90197]
  44. Newby Bridge [TA 01397 90324]
  45. Newby Farm [TA 01494 90053]
  46. Newby Hall [TA 01540 89960]
  47. Newby Mill [TA 02628 90723]
  48. Newby Moor Lane [TA 01286 89441]
  49. Normanby [SE 73603 81734]
  50. Normanby [NZ 92611 06131]
  51. Normanby Bridge [SE 73582 81434]
  52. Normanby Hill [SE 73225 82090]
  53. Normanby Hill Farm [SE 73179 81776]
  54. Normanby Hill Top [NZ 92484 05559]
  55. Normanby House [NZ 85752 12671]
  56. Normanby Parish [SE 73956 81611]
  57. Normanby Stye Batts [286] [NZ 95192, 07558] and [NZ 95120 07520]
  58. Scalby (Parish) [TA 01495 90951]
  59. Scalby [TA 01383 90527]
  60. Scalby Beck [TA 02215 90513]
  61. Scalby Bridge [TA 01023 90002]
  62. Scalby Hall [TA 01211 90365]
  63. Scalby Hays [TA 00014 91620]
  64. Scalby High Mill [TA 02207 90617]
  65. Scalby Holt [TA 01225 90501]
  66. Scalby Lodge [TA 02600 91543]
  67. Scalby Manor (Wyndyate) [TA 02459 90923]
  68. Scalby Nab [SE 99537 90193]
  69. Scalby Nabs [SE 99815 90067]
  70. Scalby Ness [TA 03645 91066]
  71. Scalby Ness Rocks [TA 03842 91116]
  72. Scalby Ness Sands [TA 03407 91300]
  73. Stakesby Vale [NZ 88550 10350]
  74. Stakesby Vale Farm [NZ 88550 10250]
  75. Skewsby [SE 62817 70999]
  76. Thornsby House [SE 78742 91588]
  77. Ugglebarnby [NZ 88230 07195]
  78. Ugglebarnby Moor [NZ 89019 05140]
  79. Upper Dalby Wood [SE 85379 86963]
  80. West Barnby [NZ 82070 12623]
  81. Whenby [SE 63259 69857]
  82. Whitby [NZ 90341 10964]
  83. Wragby [NZ 93608 00394]
  84. Wragby Farm [NZ 93841 00377]
  85. Wragby Manor [NZ 93721 00423]
  86. Wragby Wood [SE 93122 99920]
86
cald, cold ON kaldr [115] OE cald, ceald cold
  1. Cawthorn [SE 78060 89604]
  2. Cawthorn Banks [SE 77883 89917]
  3. Cawthorn Moor [SE 78182 91626]
  4. Coldgill Spring [SE 99641 91068]
  5. Coldy Hill [TA 02411 89888]
  6. Coldy Hill Bridge [TA 02504 89896]
  7. High Cawthorn [SE 78495 91432]
7
calf, caw, kell, call ON (1) Kálfr (2) kálfr [114] OE calf, cealf, celf (1) Kálfr (personal name) (2) calf
  1. Calf Garth Wood [NZ 84148 00277]
  2. Calfgarth Wood [SE 45740 87363]
  3. Calf Peak [NZ 81001 16409]
  4. Calfthwaite (olim Calf Thwaite) Farm [SE 99220 97737]
  5. Kale Croft [NZ 93786 02202]
5
cam ON (1) Kámr (2) kambr [313] OE (2) camb (1) Kámr (personal name) (2) comb, crest, ridge
  1. Camedale Wood [NZ 64437 14640]
  2. Coomb Hill [SE 52604 90198]
  3. Coomb Hill House [SE 52217 90236]
  4. Coomb House [SE 53056 89870]
  5. The Combs [NZ 00268 11320]
5
can(a) ON Kani [314]   Kani (personal name)
  1. Cana [SE 36180 71709]
  2. Cana Barn [SE 36253 71788]
2
car ON Kári [315]   Kári (personal name)
  1. Carthorpe [SE 31078 83754]
1
carl ON (1) Karl (2) karl [113] OE ceorl (1) Karl (personal name) (2) peasant, churl (a freedman ranked below a þegn but above a thrall)
  1. Carle House [SE 48961 67619]
  2. Carless Cottages [TA 09405 81846]
  3. Carlin Bank Wood [NZ 94244 03894]
  4. Carlin How [NZ 70481 19275]
4
carr, -ker, -brook ON kjarr [242] OE carr (1) copsewood, brush-wood, thicket (2) bog, marsh, marshy land overgrown with brushwood, (3) rock, scar, north country carrock
  1. Barley Carr Dike [SE 92722 96028]
  2. Barley Carr Rigg [SE 91358 96228]
  3. Barley Carr Slack [SE 92239 96138]
  4. Barley Carr Tongue [SE 92546 96503]
  5. Birk Carr Drain [SE 65712 58796]
  6. Carr Cote [SE 57553 91767]
  7. Carr Cote Ridge [SE 58390 92276]
  8. Carr Cote Wood [SE 57188 91285]
  9. Carr End [NZ 78124 05416]
  10. Carr Fields [SE 99850 83909]
  11. Carr Fields Lane [SE 99711 83799]
  12. Carr Lands [SE 95776 92514]
  13. Carr Hill [TA 04672 81824]
  14. Carr Hills [TA 05868 81526]
  15. Carr House [SE 53571 90634]
  16. Carr Lane [TA 05784 82110]
  17. Carr Lane [SE 65996 67236]
  18. Carr Mount [NZ 87792 08818]
  19. Carr Wood [NZ 92697 03201]
  20. Cayton Carr [TA 05087 81463]
  21. Cayton Carr House [TA 04660 82345]
  22. Coulson's Carr [TA 05072 81854]
  23. Cringle Carr [SE 56253 88052]
  24. Deepdale Carr [TA 04169 81891]
  25. Far Carr Wood [NZ 81232 05376]
  26. Far Peat Carr [SE 66006 60485]
  27. Gristhorpe Carr [TA 08710 81356]
  28. Killerby Carr [TA 06338 81426]
  29. Lebberston Carr [TA 07501 81005]
  30. Lebberston Carr Farm [TA 06993 81394]
  31. Loder's Carr [TA 05236 80832]
  32. Osgodby Carr [TA 04527 81941]
  33. Ravenscar [NZ 98770 01673]
  34. Ruswarp Carrs [NZ 87663 08542]
  35. Sheriff Hutton Carr [SE 66400 67638]
  36. Stalling Carr [SE 65773 60543]
  37. Struntry Carr [NZ 81049 02605]
  38. The Carr [SE 94514 90299]
  39. The Carrs [SE 44288 67974]
  40. Wharrell Carr Spring [SE 00939 93911]
  41. Whey Carr [SE 69025 59104]
  42. Whey Carr Farm [SE 69437 58525]
  43. Whey Carr Plantation [SE 69264 59031]
  44. White Carr [SE 66581 60299]
  45. White Carr Nooking [SE 66484 60811]
  46. Wild Goose Carr [SE 65763 59690]
  47. Wilton Carr [SE 86678 80698]
  48. Wilton Carr Lane [SE 86354 80885]
48
cat, kat ON Káti [316] OE Catta Káti (personal name)
  1. Cat Flats [NZ 62199 21913]
  2. Catton [SE 37086 78077]
  3. Catwick [NZ 90788 05994]
  4. Kateridden [NZ 67166 14736]
  5. Kateridden Beck [NZ 67053 14840]
  6. Kateridden Wood [NZ 67442 14796]
6
clax ON Klak [211]   Klak (personal name)
  1. Claxton [SE 69087 59821]
  2. Claxton [SE 69320 59990]
  3. Claxton Ings [SE 69068 59765]
  4. Claxton Moor [SE 68593 59863]
  5. Claxton Grange [SE 68169 59763]
  6. Claxton Hall [SE 68093 59937]
6
cleas ONorw Kleiss [323] ODan Klēss Kleiss (personal name)
  1. Cleasby [NZ 25216 13068]
  2. Cleasby (Parish) [NZ 25062 11965]
  3. Cleasby Grange [NZ 25451 11056]
  4. Cleasby Hall [NZ 24796 13041]
  5. Cleasby Lane [NZ 25065 11129]
  6. Cleasby Lime Works [NZ 24455 12289]
6
cliff, clett ON kleif, klif, klettr [243] OE clif, cliof cliff, steep face of rock
(OE - any steep sloping ground or cultivated escarpment)
  1. Barns Cliff [SE 93740 93326]
  2. Barns Cliff End [SE 94015 94605]
  3. Barrow Cliff [TA 03287 89249]
  4. Beast Cliff [TA 00019 99546]
  5. Bias Cliff [NZ 76603 19025]
  6. Blackcliff Wood [NZ 75028 16575]
  7. Cliff Cottages [SE 11956 90131]
  8. Cliff Grove Cottage [NZ 77977 18426]
  9. Cliff Lodge [SE 11983 90003]
  10. Common Cliff [NZ 99370 00830]
  11. Crosscliff Beck [SE 90349 92549]
  12. Crosscliff Brow [SE 88895 91702]
  13. Gristhorpe Cliff [TA 09525 83252]
  14. Gristhorpe Cliff Farm [TA 09472 82636]
  15. Ingleby Arnecliffe [NZ 44922 00976]
  16. Killerby Cliff [TA 07160 84167]
  17. Lingrow Cliffs [NZ 80859 16873]
  18. Little Cliff [TA 01501 96686]
  19. Middle Cliffs [NZ 78682 17173]
  20. Old Lance Cliff [NZ 95472 05661]
  21. Peter White Cliff [NZ 96213 03026]
  22. Raincliffe Woods [SE 98750 87635]
  23. Rosedale Cliffs [NZ 79897 17366]
  24. Stonecliff End [NZ 85614 14171]
  25. Wait Cliff [SE 91660 91388]
  26. Waitcliff End [SE 91886 91412]
  27. Waitcliffe Howe [SE 91210 91054]
  28. West Cliff [NZ 88850 11650]
  29. White Cliff [NZ 71218 18288]
  30. Whitecliff (White Cliff) Wood [NZ 71215 18400]
  31. White Cliff (Whitecliff) Beck [NZ 71422 18310]
  32. White Cliff Rigg [SE 87152 86118]
  33. White Cliff Wood [NZ 71334 18295]
  34. Whitestones Cliff [NZ 82181 15420]
  35. Bulmer

  36. Rawcliffe [SE 58169 55050]
  37. Rawcliffe Farm [SE 57043 55112]
  38. Rawcliffe Ings [SE 57381 54400]
  39. Rawcliffe Landing [SE 57111 55285]
  40. Rawcliffe Lane [SE 57986 55011]
  41. Rawcliffe Lodge [SE 57864 54416]
  42. Rawcliffe Moor [SE 59002 56052]
  43. Rawcliffe Plantation [SE 59011 55417]
  44. Langbargh East

  45. Rawcliff Banks Cottages [NZ 63853 16350]
  46. Rawcliff Banks Wood [NZ 64230 16557]
  47. Pickering

  48. Rawcliff (Newton-on-Rawcliffe) [SE 80797 90672]
  49. Rawcliff Banks [SE 79596 913329]
  50. Rawcliffe Howe [SE 80018 91130]
  51. Rawcliff Top [SE 79721 91069]
  52. Rawcliff (House Farm) [SE 79707 91659]
  53. Rawcliff Road [SE 80670 90871]
50
clough ON klofi [44] OE clōh, clough a narrow valley, cleft or rift in a hill, ravine, glen or gorge
  1. Clot House [SE 42523 67642]
  2. Clot House Cottage [SE 42349 67660]
  3. Cloughton [TA 00643 94627]
  4. Cloughton Beck [TA 00818 94569]
  5. Cloughton Bridge [TA 00905 93734]
  6. Cloughton Hall [TA 00991 94222]
  7. Cloughton Moor House [SE 98962 97346]
  8. Cloughton Newlands [TA 01234 95892]
  9. Cloughton Newlands Farm [TA 01198 96064]
  10. Cloughton Plantations [SE 99898 95623]
  11. Cloughton Quarries [TA 00529 94017]]
  12. Cloughton Wyke [TA 02617 95155]
12
cock ON kokkr [244] OE cocc cock
  1. Cockeran [SE 15757 90564]
  2. Cockham Gill [SE 99108 90828]
  3. Cock Lake Side [NZ 89851 00431]
  4. Cockley Head [SE 95949 93988]
  5. Cock Mill [NZ 89866 08752]
  6. Cock Mill Beck [NZ 89815 09044]
  7. Cock Mill Wood [NZ 90374 08724]
  8. Cockrah Foot [SE 96838 88920]
  9. Cockrah House [SE 96650 89050]
  10. Cockrah Wood [SE 96631 88515]
  11. Cock Shots [NZ 70395 17785]
11
coul, col, cole ON Kol(l)i, Kollr, Kolr [324] ODan Kulby Kol(l)i, Kollr, Kolr (personal names)
  1. Coulby Manor [NZ 49832 15270]
  2. Coulby Manor Farm [NZ 50468 14939]
2
col, kol ON kol [437] OE (2) côl (3) cól (1) Colburn (personal name) (2) coal (3) cool
  1. Colburn [NZ 78037 18962]
  2. Colburn House [NZ 77694 18529]
  3. Colburn Lane [NZ 77425 18789]
  4. Colburn Nab [NZ 78323 19053]
  5. Colburn Steel [NZ 78303 19106]
5
con, coney, cun ON konungr, kóngr [112] OE cyning, cyng king
  1. Coney Hill [SE 42635 67694]
  2. Coney Hills [SE 59783 74532]
  3. Coneysthorpe [SE 70961 71320]
  4. Coneysthorpe Banks Wood [SE 71947 72512]
  5. Coneysthorpe Parish [SE 71205 71769]
5
con, coney, cun ON koning OE conynge, conig, cony coney, rabbit
  1. Coneygarth Hill [SE 44784 68503]
  2. Coneygarth Nab [SE 86284 89917]
  3. Coney Well Spring [NZ 97521 01039]
  4. Conygarth Hill [SE 28115 90561]
4
cote ON kyta, kytra [245] OE cote (1) hovel, small cottage, hut (2) cote, small shelter for sheep, pigs etc
  1. Carr Cote [SE 57553 91767]
  2. Carr Cote Ridge [SE 58390 92276]
  3. Carr Cote Wood [SE 57188 91285]
  4. Cote Bank Farm [NZ 82613 06884]
  5. Cote Bank Woods [NZ 82748 06719]
  6. Cote Hill [NZ 52973 04064]
  7. Ewe Cote [NZ 87963 10801]
  8. Ewe Cote [SE 56111 91785]
  9. Ewe Cote Farm [NZ 87684 10832]
  10. Ewe Cote Hall [NZ 87929 10831]
  11. Thirley Cotes (Farm) [SE 97594 95070]
  12. Washy Cote Beck [TA 00624 91981]
12
coupe, cop, copp, cape ON kaup [246] OE ceáap a bargain, agreement, payment, reward    
cow ON (1) Kausi (2) kýr [317] OE cú(u) (1) Kausi (personal name) (2) a cow
  1. Cow & Calf [NZ 95977 06826]
  2. Cowclose Farm [TA 00015 90810]
  3. Cowesby [SE 46635 89980]
  4. Cowesby Hall [SE 47026 89836]
  5. Cowesby Moor [SE 47595 89453]
  6. Cowesby Wood [SE 47647 89626]
  7. Cowfield Hill [NZ 95195 04769]
  8. Cowgate Rigg [SE 96953 97153]
  9. Cowgate Slack [SE 97065 96495]
  10. Cow Hill (with tumulus) [NZ 83130 14890]
  11. Cowick Carr (The Carr) [SE 63553 20420]
  12. Cowick Gorse [SE 63849 19246]
  13. Cowling Scar [NZ 95784 04652]
  14. Cow Wath Bank [NZ 83980 01148]
  15. Cow Wath Beck [TA 02092 91755]
  16. Cow Wath Bridge [NZ 83889 01157]
  17. Cow Wath Bridge [TA 02038 90907]
  18. Little Cowgate Rigg [SE 97136 96986]
18
crac, crak, crake ON (1) Kráki, Craca (2) krákr, kraká [325] OE cráw, cráwe (1) Kráki, Craca (personal name) (2) a crow
  1. Cracoe [SE 49311 89367]
  2. Cracoe Slack [SE 49228 89538]
  3. Crake Castles [SE 71781 59038]
  4. Crake Dub [SE 18583 97482]
  5. Crake Gill Sike [NZ 01371 12334]
  6. Crake Hall [SE 87133 79680]
  7. Crakehall Beck [SE 23251 90216]
  8. Crakehall Bridge [SE 24228 90080]
  9. Crakehall Corn Mill [SE 24391 90226]
  10. Crakehall High Mill [SE 23543 90192]
  11. Crakehall Ings [SE 26523 90560]
  12. Crakehall Ings Farm [SE 25983 90383]
  13. Crakehall Station [SE 23978 89172]
  14. Crakehill [SE 42836 73598]
  15. Crakehill Cottage [SE 43212 74074]
  16. Crakehill Farm [SE 44087 74253]
  17. Crakehill (Parish) [SE 25580 90024]
  18. Great Crakehall [SE 24705 89858]
  19. Little Crakehall [SE 23824 90342]
19
creek ON kriki [64] OE crecca creek    
cringle, crindle, ring (1) ON hringr (2) ON kringla [111] OE hring, hrincg (1) circle, ring (2) disk, circl, orb
  1. Cringle Carr [SE 56253 88052]
  2. Cringle End [NZ 53427 03322]
  3. Cringle Moor [NZ 53579 02887]
  4. Studforth Ring [SE 58123 79862]
4
croft ON kot [248] OE croft a small, fenced piece of arable land
  1. Cherrycroft Bridge (foot) [SE 36460 94200]
  2. Croft Farm [NZ 94093 05073]
  3. Dannow Croft [SD 94341 53210]
  4. Kale Croft [NZ 93786 02202]
  5. Rawcroft (Raw Croft) [NZ 02320 01542]
  6. Ussel Croft [NZ 39705 06763]
6
crook, cros ON (1) Krókr (2) krókr [249] OE crōc (1) Krókr (personal name) (2) crook, hook, bend, bight
  1. Crookacre Barn [SD 97540 71439]
  2. Crookacre Wood [SD 97658 71463]
  3. Crooka Well [SE 01118 72104]
  4. Crook Beck [SE 74892 97762]
  5. Crook Beck Rigg [SE 74766 98147]
  6. Crook Beck Slack [SE 74899 98127]
  7. Crook Ness [TA 02625 93464]
  8. Crooksby Barn [SE 97976 85095]
8
cros, cross ON kross [250] OE cros cross, junction, as instrument of execution
  1. Ann's Cross (on Tumulus) [NZ 87648 00156]
  2. Crosby Bridge [SE 41650 90163]
  3. Crosby Bridge Farm [SE 41424 90394]
  4. Crosby Court [SE 39459 91873]
  5. Crosby Court Grange [SE 40114 92476]
  6. Crosby Court Plantation [SE 39253 92181]
  7. Crosby Grange [SE 40680 88647]
  8. Crosby Manor [SE 41186 91051]
  9. Crosby Moor Farm [SE 40466 91130]
  10. Crosby House [SE 30273 87516]
  11. Crosby Farm [SE 30527 87470]
  12. Crosscliff Beck [SE 90349 92549]
  13. Crosscliff Brow [SE 88895 91702]
  14. Cross Dale [SE 83579 88236]
  15. Crossdale Head [SE 84051 88301]
  16. Crossdale Road [SE 84326 88279]
  17. Crossdale Spring [SE 83388 88134]
  18. Cross Dales [SE 97781 90450]
  19. Crossdales Beck [SE 97443 90622]
  20. Crossdales Wood [SE 97971 90487]
  21. Cross Dyke [SE 84350 87750]
  22. Cross Dike [SE 84350 87750]
  23. Cross Dyke [NZ 90382 02258]
  24. Cross Green [SE 44341 68770]
  25. Cross Keld Trough [NZ 94301 05828]
  26. Crosses Farm [SE 95484 95879]
  27. John Cross (remains of) [NZ 90070 02670]
  28. John Cross Rigg [NZ 90158 02445]
  29. Low Crosby Court [SE 40463 91999]
  30. Malo Cross [SE 86676 94939]
  31. Stoupe Cross Farm [NZ 90992 10791]
  32. Three Crosses Well [NZ 75626 18522]
  33. Tom Cross Rigg [SE 85662 97282]
33
dale OWScand, ON dalr [251] OE dæl dale, valley, hollow, depression (in the landscape)
  1. Bardale Beck [SD 87105 84545]
  2. Bardale (Countersett) [SD 88840 86491]
  3. Bardale Head (Plantation) [SD 87032 84679]
  4. Bardale (Marsett) [SD 88768 85266]
  5. Barnby Dales [NZ 81239 14824]
  6. Bartindale (olim Barkedale) [TA 10868 73302]
  7. Bartindale Farm [TA 10878 73037]
  8. Bartindale Plantation [TA 12018 73655]
  9. Bartindale Road [TA 10738 73467]
  10. Bartindale Village (site of) [TA 11033 73000]
  11. Bedale Hill [SE 13860 89356]
  12. Bellsdale Slack [SE 97498 91156]
  13. Bellsdale (East) Woods [SE 97548 90891]
  14. Bellsdale (West) Woods [SE 97401 91077]
  15. Biggersdale Hole [NZ 84050 11150]
  16. Biller Howe Dale [NZ 91567 01469]
  17. Bilsdale [SE 56786 96687]
  18. Bilsdale East Moor [SE 59936 96898]
  19. Bilsdale Midcable [SE 57773 99065]
  20. Bilsdale West [SE 55730 92047]
  21. Bilsdale West Moor [SE 55565 96019]
  22. Birstly Dale [NZ 86034 12192]
  23. Borrowby Dale [NZ 78330 16962]
  24. Busky Dale Wood [NZ 66670 15771]
  25. Camedale Wood [NZ 64437 14640]
  26. Coverdale Pasture Plantation [49] [NZ 93852 04480]
  27. Cross Dale [SE 83579 88236]
  28. Crossdale Head [SE 84051 88301]
  29. Crossdale Road [SE 84326 88279]
  30. Crossdale Spring [SE 83388 88134]
  31. Cross Dales [SE 97781 90450]
  32. Crossdales Beck [SE 97443 90622]
  33. Crossdales Wood [SE 97971 90487]
  34. Dalby Beck [SE 85611 87099]
  35. Dale Farm [NZ 91388 07961]
  36. Dale Hole Bridge [NZ 84050 13921]
  37. Dalehouse [NZ 77810 17971]
  38. Dalehouse Bridge [NZ 77683 18046]
  39. Dalehouse Plantation [NZ 77239 18068]
  40. Daleside [SE 53398 88958]
  41. Dale Town [SE 51870 89479]
  42. Danesdale [SE 98658 99983]
  43. Danes Dale Farm [NZ 98454 00076]
  44. Deep Dale [SE 92125 90970]
  45. Deepdale Carr [TA 04169 81891]
  46. Deepdale Farm [SE 92255 91500]
  47. Deepdale House [SE 92164 91503]
  48. Dove Dale [SE 87121 90795]
  49. Dovedale Griff [SE 87136 91400]
  50. Dovedale Wood [SE 86981 90787]
  51. Dunsley Dale [NZ 80862 15462]
  52. Dunsley Dale End [NZ 80825 15541]
  53. Esk Dale [NZ 81165 04945]
  54. Far Rosedale [NZ 79439 17762]
  55. Flax Dale [SE 86579 86790]
  56. Fylingdales [NZ 93897 03319]
  57. Fylingdales Moor [SE 92568 99546]
  58. Fyling Park [NZ 93734 03456]
  59. Goose Dale [TA 00503 94532]
  60. Gower Dale [SE 52615 89098]
  61. Gowerdale Bank [SE 52113 88803]
  62. Gowerdale Wood [49] [SE 52360 88878]
  63. Gowerdale Windypits [49] [SE 51790 88950]
  64. Hard Dale [SE 94847 92397]
  65. Hard Dale Gill [SE 94462 92903]
  66. Harwood Dale [SE 96635 95580]
  67. Hawthorndale [NZ 86807 09658]
  68. Heck Dale [SE 87111 86315]
  69. Helredale (1160) (Spital Vale) [NZ 90650 10190]
  70. Helredale (Det) [NZ 89350 09750]
  71. High Dales [SE 95045 93050]
  72. Highdales Farm [SE 94965 93030]
  73. Highdales Beck [SE 95050 92427]
  74. High Langdale [SE 92384 95187]
  75. High Langdale End [SE 93071 95238]
  76. House Dale [SE 86321 87554]
  77. Housedale Rigg [SE 86584 87787]
  78. How Dale [NZ 95004 02284]
  79. Howdale Beck [NZ 95041 02032]
  80. Howdale Farm [NZ 95154 01773]
  81. Howdale Moor [NZ 95693 01260]
  82. Howdale Wood [NZ 94849 02136]
  83. Hun Dale [TA 02279 94746]
  84. Hundale Point [TA 02682 94850]
  85. Hundale Scar [TA 02593 94963]
  86. Iburndale [NZ 87522 07130]
  87. Iburndale Beck [NZ 87227 07440]
  88. Iburndale Lane [NZ 86913 07081]
  89. Langdale End [SE 94470 91230]
  90. Kildale [NZ 60626 09398]
  91. Kildale Hall [NZ 61196 09457]
  92. Kildale Moor [NZ 63908 08216]
  93. Kildale Moor [NZ 62183 11107]
  94. Kildale (parish) [NZ 62751 08799]
  95. Langdale Forest [SE 90997 95746]
  96. Langdale Rigg [SE 92988 94455]
  97. Langdale Rigg End [SE 92988 94650]
  98. Limperdale Gill [49] [SE 52656 86715]
  99. Limperdale Rigg [49] [SE 52003 86489]
  100. Little Dale [SE 85535 88841]
  101. Little Kildale [NZ 61492 09248]
  102. Little Kildale Wood [NZ 61850 09179]
  103. Longdale Howl [SE 87320 89940]
  104. Low Dales [SE 95600 91970]
  105. Lowdales Beck [SE 96030 90900]
  106. Lowdales Farm [SE 95425 91590]
  107. Low Staindale [SE 86871 90511]
  108. Marnar Dale [NZ 95150 04750]
  109. Marnar Dale Beck [NZ 94824 04650]
  110. Mug Dale [SE 62469 72521]
  111. Mugdale Hill [SE 62369 72675]
  112. Mugdale Lane [SE 62418 72474]
  113. Mugdale Wood [SE 62289 72817]
  114. Nettle Dale [NZ 80706 15805]
  115. North Dale [SE 83961 96348]
  116. Northdale House [NZ 87363 08135]
  117. Northdale Scar [SE 83930 97393]
  118. Overdale [NZ 84719 13961]
  119. Overdale Farm [NZ 84703 14190]
  120. Overdale Wyke [NZ 85648 14390]
  121. Oxdale Slack [SE 99622 94888]
  122. Rain Dale [NZ 95289 06917]
  123. Raindale Slack [NZ 95233 07036]
  124. Ramsdale [NZ 93049 03433]
  125. Ramsdale [NZ 92722 03762] [69]
  126. Ramsdale (Mill) Farm [NZ 92658 03467]
  127. Ramsdale (Standing Stones) [NZ 92061 03775]: Stone 1 [NZ 92062 03780], Stone 2 [NZ 92065 03771], Stone 3 [NZ 92057 03773]
  128. Randale Bog [SE 62585 73041]
  129. Randale Spring [SE 63345 72924]
  130. Risedale [SE 16076 96875]
  131. Risedale [SE 17241 97074]
  132. Rosedale [SE 70602 97198]
  133. Rosedale Abbey [SE 72556 95899]
  134. Rosedale Cliffs [NZ 79897 17366]
  135. Rosedale Cottage [NZ 79431 17427]
  136. Rosedale East [SE 72358 99250]
  137. Rosedale Moor [SE 72165 99821]
  138. Rosedale West [SE 70738 96727]
  139. Rosedale Wyke [NZ 80172 17381]
  140. Rumsdale Plantation [SE 69957 88779]
  141. Scugdale [SE 74737 93174]
  142. Seive Dale [SE 86201 88410]
  143. Snever Dale [SE 86338 87901]
  144. Sneverdale Rigg [49] [SE 86443 88134]
  145. Stain Dale [SE 87047 90332]
  146. Staindale [NZ 35433 07467]
  147. Staindale Beck [NZ 35505 07395]
  148. Staindale Beck [SE 86444 89686]
  149. Staindale Bridge [NZ 35669 07168]
  150. Staindale Grange [NZ 36172 06695]
  151. Staindale Wood [NZ 35813 07232]
  152. Stainsacre Dale [NZ 91381 08155]
  153. Staintondale (Steintun DB 1086) [SE 98974 98408]
  154. Swair Dale [SE 86845 89188]
  155. Teydale Cottage (Farm) [SE 97349 97836]
  156. Teydale Well [SE 97477 97675]
  157. The Hundales [TA 02741 94574]
  158. Thorndale Hill [NZ 79826 17852]
  159. Trouts Dale [SE 92424 88125]
  160. Troutsdale Beck [SE 92918 89229]
  161. Troutsdale Brow [SE 92839 88084]
  162. Troutsdale Low Hall [SE 93141 89931]
  163. Troutsdale Moor [SE 91656 88754]
  164. Troutsdale Parish [SE 92093 89066]
  165. Turnerdale Hall [NZ 88682 09103]
  166. Turnerdale Slack [NZ 88483 09185]
  167. Well Dale [NZ 78474 17395]
  168. Whisper Dales [SE 95990 93170]
  169. Whisperdales [49] [SE 96261 93449]
  170. Whisperdales Beck [49] [SE 95916 92928]
  171. Whisperdales (Farm) [49] [SE 96088 93408]
171
-deil, -dail, -dale, -dole, -dayle ON deild [252] OE dal part, share of land or common field (field name)    
deep ON djúpr [72] OE deop deep
  1. Deep Dale [SE 91727 90696]
  2. Deepdale Farm [SE 92255 91500]
  3. Deepdale House [SE 92164 91503]
  4. Deep Gill [SE 54471 87322]
  5. Deep Gill Wood [SE 54619 87393]
5
dike, dyke ON díki [253] OE dic (1) natural hole in the ground filled with water, waterhole, bog-pit, mudhole (2) ditch, dike, barrier of stone or earth used to hold back water and prevent flooding
  1. Barley Carr Dike [SE 92722 96028]
  2. Black Dike [TA 03120 82134]
  3. Black Dike Moor [NZ 75514 10620]
  4. Bossall Dikes [SE 71014 59736]
  5. Crag Dike [NZ 82424 03958]
  6. Cross Dyke [NZ 90382 02258]
  7. Cross Dike [SE 84350 87750]
  8. Dabdike Stones [NZ 81193 16003]
  9. Dargate Dikes [SE 89480 91353]
  10. Dyke Heads [SD 94115 98285]
  11. East Ayton Dike [TA 00158 82661]
  12. Friar Dike [SE 86548 80257]
  13. Green Dike [NZ 96941 00718]
  14. Hesketh Dike [SE 51368 87807]
  15. Kairn Dikes [NZ 90940 05601]
  16. Kepwick Dyke (Cleave Dyke) [SE 49456 90603]
  17. Kepwick Quarry [SE 48481 91427]
  18. Mall Dike [SE 56035 87972]
  19. Malldike Spring [SE 55937 87926]
  20. Park Dike [NZ 81189 00373]
  21. Park Dyke [NZ 81216 01706]
  22. Rosy Dike [SE 57471 90986]
  23. Shorn Dike [SE 49732 63649]
  24. Skell Dykes [SE 99250 87450]
  25. Snainton Dikes [SE 90880 89305]
  26. Thieves Dikes [SE 97348 92509]
  27. War Dike [SE 99395 99938]
  28. War Dike Gate [NZ 99508 00024]
  29. War Dike Lane [SE 99701 99556]
29
dow, dod, dud ON Dūdhi [300]   Dūdhi (personal name)
  1. Dowber Gate [SE 45396 68043]
  2. Dowber Gill Beck [SD 98329 72959]
  3. Dowber Gill Bridge [SD 97484 72611]
  4. Dowber Gill Wham [SD 99502 72708]
  5. Dowbrow Well [NZ 95318 06155]
  6. Dodholm Wood [SE 54744 63961]
  7. Dodholm Wood Farm [SE 54692 64188]
7
draw, draugh
(OE dray)
ON drag [254] OE dræg (1) watercourse, feeder-stream (2) small hollow, glen    
dring, drink, droi ON drengr [95] OE dreng (1) person of integrity, person of honour, stalwart, brave person (2) young man (who has not yet set up house), lad, servant holding by free tenure    
dromon ON (1) Drómundr (2) drómundr [11]   (1) Drómundr (personal name) (2) a kind of ship of war
  1. Dromonby Bank [NZ 53590 03692]
  2. Dromonby Farm [NZ 53435 05097]
  3. Dromonby Grange [NZ 52890 05176]
  4. Dromonby Grange [NZ 52519 07595]
  5. Dromonby Hall [NZ 53208 05875]
  6. Dromonby House [NZ 53336 05805]
6
dub ON dobbe [14]   dub - a pool of water, puddle
  1. Black Dub [SD 95071 97762]
  2. Black Dub Scar [SD 95044 97705]
  3. Blea Dub [SD 89595 86071]
  4. Hammerdale Dub [SD 97791 69251]
  5. Stoops Dub [SD 96429 98643]
  6. Toad Dubb [SE 14778 92359]
6
dump ON dumpa [404]   to thump
  1. Dab Dumps [NZ 95475 04576]
  2. The Dumples [TA 10106 82750]
2
east, ow, aust ON austr [96] OE éast, éasta east
  1. Bilsdale East Moor [SE 59936 96898]
  2. East Ayton [SE 99401 85061]
  3. East Ayton Dike [TA 00158 82661]
  4. East Barnby [NZ 82893 12686]
  5. East Black Sike [NY 99723 10051]
  6. East Brow House [SE 81772 89918]
  7. East Brow Wood [SE 81961 89962]
  8. East Close Beck [NZ 93593 07247]
  9. East Close Spring [NZ 93748 06880]
  10. East End [NZ 81341 06460]
  11. East End Farm [NZ 81281 06543]
  12. East Field [NZ 33985 07073]
  13. East Gate [TA 01619 83803]
  14. Eastgate House [TA 01751 83811]
  15. East Grain [SE 90549 94809]
  16. East Moor [SE 78216 89465]
  17. East Row [NZ 86415 12578]
  18. East Row Beck [NZ 85531 12131]
  19. East Row Lodge [NZ 85010 11966]
  20. East Row Plantations [NZ 85687 12287]
  21. East Side Farm [TA 00250 98250]
  22. Easthorpe Cottage [SE 74267 71571]
  23. Easthorpe Farm [SE 73364 71594]
  24. Easthorpe House [SE 73759 71372]
  25. Easthorpe Lodge [SE 74129 71580]
  26. Low Easthorpe Farm [SE 73979 70969]
  27. Low East Field [TA 03797 83403]
  28. Rosedale East [SE 72358 99250]
28
east, eyst ON eystri [279] OE éastlang, éastan easterly
  1. Easterside Farm [SE 55193 89582]
  2. Easterside Hill [SE 55360 90566]
2
eller ON elri, ölr, orir [42] OE alor, aler, alr alder tree, alder wood
  1. Alder Carr (lost)
  2. Alder Carr House (Farm) [SE 28207 50966]
  3. Alder Carr Lane [SE 72658 95647]
  4. Eller Beck [NY 99984 10625]
  5. Eller Beck [SE 87267 96620]
  6. Eller Beck Bridge [SE 85802 98257]
  7. Eller Beck Head [SE 87123 96542]
  8. Eller Beck Rigg [NY 99227 10493]
  9. Ellerby [NZ 79852 14633]
  10. Ellerby Bank [NZ 79691 14135]
  11. Ellerby Bank Top [NZ 79494 13729]
  12. Ellerby Lane [NZ 80051 14079]
  13. Ellerby Moor [NZ 78805 13536]
  14. Ellerby Parish [NZ 79950 14416]
  15. Elleron Farm [SE 79061 91404]
  16. Ellers [SE 06727 83902]
  17. Ellers Farm [NZ 72768 04949]
  18. Ellers House [NZ 73168 05231]
  19. Ellers Wood [SE 55002 89360]
  20. Eller Wath [SE 74789 87967]
  21. Ellery Hill [SE 22611 97540]
  22. Little Eller Beck [SE 87595 98647]
22
end ON endi [97] OE ende the end of something - an estate, district or quarter of a village or town
  1. Barf End [SD 95884 98655]
  2. Barf End Gate [SD 96104 98618]
  3. Barns Cliff End [SE 94015 94605]
  4. Carr End [NZ 78124 05416]
  5. Claymoor End [NZ 81682 15353]
  6. Dunsley Dale End [NZ 80825 15541]
  7. Easington End Farm [NZ 73950 18050]
  8. Far End [SE 37882 91110]
  9. Hagg End [SE 57071 92419]
  10. High Langdale End [SE 93071 95238]
  11. Ings End [NZ 80790 15803]
  12. Knowle End [NZ 81136 16241]
  13. Langdale End [SE 94470 91230]
  14. Langdale Rigg End [SE 92988 94650]
  15. Lingrow End [NZ 81002 16268]
  16. Moor End Field [SE 44646 69248]
  17. Moss Ends [SE 53746 66508]
  18. Nab End [TA 00195 97177]
  19. Nab End Wood [NZ 70518 17507]
  20. Noddle End [SE 52603 88734]
  21. Noddle End Windypit [SE 52558 88564]
  22. Pye Rigg End [NZ 96773 00199]
  23. Quarry End [NZ 80986 16458]
  24. Randy Bell End [NZ 81441 15289]
  25. Rigg End [SE 51846 90369]
  26. Sandsend [NZ 86215 12899]
  27. Sandsend Beck [NZ 84981 12264]
  28. Sandsend Bridge [NZ 86048 12856]
  29. Sandsend Ness [NZ 86111 13822]
  30. Sandsend Rigg [NZ 85740 12445]
  31. Sandsend Wyke [NZ 86833 12754]
  32. Snout End [NZ 78335 18471]
  33. South End [TA 01283 92745]
  34. South End Farm [TA 01358 92816]
  35. Spring End [SD 95579 97464]
  36. Staithes Lane End [NZ 78212 18196]
  37. Stonecliff End [NZ 85614 14171]
  38. Waitcliff End [SE 91883 91416]
  39. White Crag End [NZ 00423 08558]
39
-erg(h), -er, ar(r)a, arrow ON erg [52]   (1) shelter, cover (2) shieling, hill or summer pasture (3) shepherd's hut or shack
  1. Air Bank [SE 57452 85413]
  2. Aireyholme [SE 67256 73293]
  3. Aireyholme with Howthorpe and Baxton Howe [SE 68102 72738]
  4. Airey Holme [NZ 57799 11577]
  5. Airey Holme Cottage [NZ 57574 11715]
  6. Airey Holme Farm [NZ 57934 11654]
  7. Airey Holme Lane [NZ 57869 11291]
  8. Airy Hill [NZ 89527 10337]
  9. Airy Hill Farm [NZ 89650 10075]
  10. Arrathorne [SE 20158 93069]
  11. Arrathorne Parish [SE 20182 94214]
  12. Cober [TA 01089 95102]
  13. Cober Hill [TA 01032 94755]
  14. Cober Villa [TA 01083 95239]
  15. East Arrathorne [SE 20323 93145]
  16. Harriet Air Farm [SE 57638 85507]
  17. Heater Plantation [NZ 92750 02750]
  18. West Arrathorne [SE 20123 93137]
18
eters ON Eitri [15]   Eitri (personal name)
  1. Etersthorpe (lost) [TA 10149 81827]
1
ever(s), years ON jó, jöfurr (hlið) [257] OE eofor (leah) wild boar
(leah - clearing) (hlið - hillside)
  1. Everley [SE 97226 88903]
  2. Everley Bank Wood [SE 97265 89260]
  3. Everley Banks [SE 97075 89337]
  4. Everley Bridge (now Wrench Green Bridge) [SE 96801 89270]
4
ewe ON ær [90] OE ewe, eowu ewe
  1. Ewe Cote [SE 56111 91785]
  2. Ewe Cote Farm [NZ 87684 10832]
  3. Ewe Cote (Hall) [NZ 87928 10742]
3
face ON Feitr [35]   Feitr (personal name)
  1. Faceby [NZ 49518 03154]
  2. Faceby Beck [NZ 49118 04227]
  3. Faceby Grange [NZ 48722 03985]
  4. Faceby Lodge [NZ 49656 04030]
  5. Faceby Mill [NZ 49965 03388]
  6. Faceby (parish) [NZ 50095 02833]
6
fair, far ON fár, fær, fé, fjár [258] OE scēap sheep
  1. Farfields [SE 83889 88403]
  2. Far Grain Slack [NZ 83811 01958]
  3. Fair Hill [SE 56005 89312]
  4. Far End [SE 37882 91110]
  5. Far Jetticks [NZ 95322 07240]
  6. Fair Pasture Lane [NZ 86499 08961]
  7. Fair Plain [NZ 86484 05825]
  8. Far Rosedale [NZ 79439 17762]
  9. Farsyde House (Farm) [NZ 95019 04416]
  10. Farwath [SE 83007 88308]
  11. Farwath Brow [SE 82562 88678]
  12. Farwath Road [SE 82689 88445]
12
fall ON (1) fella, (2) falla [312] OE (1) fellan, (2) feallan (1) to fell, make fall, (2) to fall
  1. Falling Foss [NZ 88806 03471]
  2. Yorfalls Wood [SE 81597 92377]
2
fang ON Fangi [16]   Fangi (personal name)
  1. Fangdale Beck [SE 56338 94558]
  2. Fangdale Beck (hamlet) [SE 56787 94641]
  3. Fangdale Grange (olim vicarage) [SE 57488 94386]
3
farman ON Farmann [29] OE Færeman ODan Farman Farmann (personal name)
  1. Farmanby Close [SE 83088 82597]
1
feather ON fjöðr [423] OE feðer, fæðer, feþer feather
  1. Feather Holme Farm [SE 56424 90119]
  2. Feather Sike [SE 56828 90069]
  3. Feather Sike Wood [SE 56554 89858]
3
fell, field ON fjall [259] OE feld, feald (isolated) elevation in the landscape, hill, mountain, fell
  1. Broom Field [NZ 90815 08791]
  2. Broomfield House [SE 36782 92831]
  3. Burton Fields [SE 13992 89853]
  4. Carr Fields [SE 99850 83909]
  5. Carr Fields Lane [SE 99711 83799]
  6. Cowfield Hill [NZ 95195 04769]
  7. East Field [NZ 33985 07073]
  8. Farfields [SE 83889 88403]
  9. Huby Fields [SE 55337 65679]
  10. Little John Field [NZ 91821 09494]
  11. Low East Field [TA 03797 83403]
  12. Mickland Field [SE 45258 68551]
  13. Moor End Field [SE 44646 69248]
  14. Myton Field [SE 44536 68450]
  15. Northfield Farm [SE 98674 90734]
  16. Northfield Wood [SE 98074 90797]
  17. Robin Hood Field [NZ 91678 09622]
  18. Snowfield Farm [SE 49713 66499]
  19. Sandfield House [NZ 87903 11471]
  20. Suffield [SE 98566 90557]
  21. Suffield Heights [SE 97550 89650]
  22. Suffield Hill [SE 98350 90450]
  23. Suffield Ings [SE 98187 89322]
  24. Suffield Mere [SE 98801 90784]
  25. Suffield Moor [SE 98245 92592]
  26. Summer Field House [NZ 92275 08544]
  27. Summer Field Lane [NZ 91829 08457]
  28. West Field [SE 56233 65900]
  29. Widdy Field [NZ 93215 09236] [57]
29
ferry ON ferja [260] OE ferrian ferry    
firth, ford ON fjörðr [261] OE ford firth, fjord, inlet, sea-loch    
fiska, fiski ON fiskr [262] OE fisc fish    
fit ON fit [263] OE filiðléag (waterlogged) meadowland (leading down to a stretch of water), grassland beside a river
  1. Fitts Steps [NZ 89171 09869]
  2. Great Marfit Head Slack [SE 85614 92389]
  3. Little Marfit Head [SE 85405 92891]
  4. Little Marfit Head Slack [SE 85296 92508]
  5. Marfit Head [SE 85536 92524]
5
fladda, flat(t) ON flatr [264]   flat, piece of level ground, division of the common field, furlong or shott
  1. Carlton Flats [SE 06772 84235]
  2. Chapel Flatts [SE 10798 90483]
  3. Coda Flatt [SE 36894 90587]
  4. Flat Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85479 04860]
  5. Flat Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85511 04617]
  6. Flat Scar [TA 02838 93413]
  7. Flats Hill (supposed tumulus) [SE 06507 84371]
  8. Marleflatte, Ryggeflatte and Wreckflatte (all 13th century) [13]
  9. The Flats [TA 01301 82732]
9
flax ON Flak [301]   Flak (personal name)
  1. Flax Dale [SE 86579 86790]
  2. Flaxton [SE 67795 62293]
  3. Flaxton Gill [SE 96350 88914]
  4. Flaxton Grange [SE 68376 63072]
  5. Flaxton Lodge [SE 68197 62059]
  6. Flaxton (parish) [SE 67731 62495]
6
foot ON fótr [422] OE fôt foot
  1. Broadway Foot [SE 56150 88716]
  2. Newgate Foot [SE 56872 89773]
  3. Snilegate Foot [SE 56500 88247]
3
fors, forse, force ON fors, foss [265] [89]   waterfall
  1. Falling Foss [NZ 88806 03471]
  2. Foss Crooks [SE 57471 74857]
  3. Foss Farm [NZ 88550 03164]
  4. Foss Hill (Well) [NZ 88069 07187]
  5. Foss Lane [NZ 88589 03143]
  6. Foss Mill [NZ 83100 11712]
  7. Foss Wood [NZ 88589 03449]
  8. Foss Plantations [NZ 87518 02889]
  9. Mill Force [NZ 83727 01401]
  10. Nelly Ayre Foss (Force) [SE 81342 99658]
  11. Nelly Force [SE 04025 91587]
  12. River Foss [SE 56459 72544]
  13. Thomason Foss (Force) [NZ 82661 02164]
  14. Thomason Foss Wood [NZ 82548 02193]
  15. Walk Mill Force [NZ 83214 022234]
15
foul ON fúll [267] OE fūl foul, rotten, stinking
  1. Foulrice [SE 62046 70194]
  2. Foulsike [TA 00830 91322]
  3. Foul Sike [NZ 91244 02402]
  4. Foul Sike [TA 00807 91035]
  5. Foul Sikes [NZ 67920 13258]
  6. Foulsike [NZ 91338 02394]
  7. Foulsike [TA 00830 91322]
  8. Foulesike alias Wawe-myres (13th century)
  9. Foulsyke Bridge [NZ 73133 18192]
  10. Far Foulsyke [NZ 73562 18154]
  11. Far Foul Syke [NZ 74073 18221]
  12. Near Foul Syke [NZ 73303 18248]
  13. Near Foulsyke [NZ 73182 18253]
13
fowl ON fugl, fogl [266] OE fugol fowl, bird    
gais, goose ON gás [269] OE gós goose
  1. Good Goose Thorn [NZ 75053 11088]
  2. Good Goose Thorn [NZ 74620 10889]
  3. Goose Dale [TA 00503 94532]
  4. Goosedale Road [TA 00442 94378]
  5. Goose Lane [SE 48698 64036]
  6. Wild Goose Carr [SE 65763 59690]
6
gam ON (1) Gamall (2) gamall [63] OE gamol, gomel (1) Gamall (personal name) (2) old
  1. Gammersgill [SE 05421 82924]
  2. Gammersgill Moor [SE 03304 83475]
  3. Gammersgill (parish) [SE 04765 82554]
  4. Ruddings (lost)
  5. Ruddings Road [SE 81877 88638]
5
gam, gan ON Gálmr [36]   Gálmr (personal name)
  1. Ganthorpe [SE 69235 70336]
  2. Ganthorpe Farm [SE 68788 70349]
  3. Ganthorpe Gate [SE 69570 69820]
  4. Ganthorpe House [SE 68906 70447]
  5. Ganthorpe (parish) [SE 68657 70622]
5
gar, gore ON (1) Geirr (2) geirr (3) geiri [268] OE gára (1) Geir (personal name) (2) spear (3) triangular piece of land in corner of a field, isolated spot of tender grass
  1. Gargrave [SD 93669 54116]
  2. Gargrave House [SD 92803 54509]
  3. Gargrave (parish) [SD 91996 54613]
  4. (Gargrave) Manor House (site of) [SD 93059 53772]
4
gar(r) ON Gerðr [247]   Gerðr (personal name)
  1. Garriston [SE 15624 92700]
  2. Garriston Beck [SE 17361 92578]
  3. Garriston (parish) [SE 15667 92517]
3
garth ON garðr [86] -gaard, -gaarde (ODan group of farms from which a village grew) garth, enclosure (apaldr-garthr, 'apple orchard')
  1. Applegarth Bridge (foot) [SE 36720 94024]
  2. Bleach Garth [NZ 87295 04591]
  3. Calf Garth Wood [NZ 84148 00277]
  4. Calfgarth Wood [SE 45740 87363]
  5. Chapel Garth [NZ 92397 02905]
  6. Coneygarth Hill [SE 46584 87806]
  7. Coneygarth Hill [SE 44784 68503]
  8. Coneygarth Nab [SE 86284 89917]
  9. Dowson Garth [NZ 81719 03660]
  10. Hawsker [NZ 92256 07814]
  11. Hawsker Bottoms [NZ 94147 07800]
  12. Hawsker with Stainsacre (Steinsecher or Nedhrebi 1160), [NZ 92137 08775]
  13. Hawsker Hall [NZ 92143 07517]
  14. Hawsker Hall Farm [NZ 92098 07611]
  15. Hawsker Intake Road [NZ 92022 06276]
  16. Hawsker Lane [NZ 92189 09113]
  17. Hawsker Villa [NZ 92567 07389]
  18. High Hawsker [NZ 92827 07605]
  19. Low Hawsker [NZ 92375 07487]
  20. Hogarth Hall [NZ 93202 01778]
  21. Hogarth Hill [NZ 93350 01689]
  22. Hogarth Hill Farm [NZ 93101 01716]
  23. Hollin Garth (Farm) [NZ 82277 02964]
  24. Manor Garth [TA 01296 83430]
  25. Old Hall Garth [NZ 94350 02650]
  26. Upgarth Hill [NZ 81151 16189]
  27. Waif Garth [NZ 82301 00906]
  28. Willow Garth [SE 14044 89636]
28
gate ON gata [141] OE geat way, path, road
  1. Barf End Gate [SD 96104 98618]
  2. Bickley Gate [SE 91227 91248]
  3. Bickley Gate House [SE 91092 91514]
  4. Boroughbridge Gates [SE 36320 93043]
  5. Braygate [NZ 70289 18404]
  6. Burgate Farm [SE 97095 95055]
  7. Cargate House [SE 86323 93623]
  8. Cargate Nab [SE 86054 93847]
  9. Cargate Spring [SE 86296 93657]
  10. Cramble Gate [TA 00454 96699]
  11. Corngate Slack [SE 97945 88503]
  12. Cowgate Rigg [SE 97047 97151]
  13. Cowgate Slack [SE 97253 97115]
  14. Cumma Knowe Gate [SE 03598 83037]
  15. Dargate Griff [SE 88415 91104]
  16. Dowber Gate [SE 45396 68043]
  17. East Gate [TA 01619 83803]
  18. Eastgate House [TA 01751 83811]
  19. Eskdale Gate [NZ 86168 06662]
  20. Fewler Gate Wood [SE 94986 91856]
  21. Flowergate (Florum 1160) [NZ 89820 11038]
  22. Gate House [TA 02366 82721]
  23. Gatela Bridge (and Road) [SE 95177 95441]
  24. Godewynegate (13th century) [13]
  25. Green Gate [NZ 92513 07523]
  26. Greengate Slack [SE 97766 90157]
  27. Greengate Wood [SE 97560 90513]
  28. Griffin Gates [SE 69414 61234]
  29. Gunnergate [NZ 51209 14587]
  30. Gunner Gate [NZ 51389 15098]
  31. Gunnergate Hall [NZ 51228 15106]
  32. Haggersgate [NZ 50189 14222]
  33. Holl Gate [SE 95050 91250]
  34. Hollgate Plantation [SE 95162 91193]
  35. Howlgate Nab [SE 82271 89281]
  36. Keldgate Road [SE 80740 88609]
  37. Keldgate Slack [SE 82230 90550]
  38. Keldgate Wood [SE 82282 90413]
  39. Kirk Gate [SE 96627 91357]
  40. Kirk Moor Gate [NZ 91660 02810]
  41. Lang Gate [SE 96015 89312]
  42. Lang-gate Brow [SE 95912 89165]
  43. Latter Gate Hills [NZ 92369 04444]
  44. Little Cowgate Rigg [SE 97098 96939]
  45. Little Cowgate Slack [SE 97005 96977]
  46. Moorgate Lees [NZ 91150 10050]
  47. Moorgates [SE 84426 99419]
  48. Myton Gates [SE 46332 66499]
  49. Newgate Brow [SE 86853 93149]
  50. Newgate Foot [SE 86927 93344]
  51. Newgate Moor [SE 86958 92824]
  52. Newgate Wood [SE 87016 93019]
  53. Outgate Corner [NZ 37789 05306]
  54. Park Gate [NZ 69847 17862]
  55. Park Gate (Parkgate) [NZ 93806 04637]
  56. Sandy Gate Pike [SE 02490 70832]
  57. Shortgate Hill [SE 95854 89052]
  58. Shortgate Noddle [SE 96033 89184]
  59. Silk Wood Gate [SD 94840 97774]
  60. Sledgate Farm [NZ 93536 04746]
  61. Sled Gates [NZ 93914 04776]
  62. Snargate Farm [SE 60377 71763]
  63. Snargate Wood Farm [SE 60839 71540]
  64. Snilegate Foot [SE 56500 88247]
  65. Snilegate Head [SE 56718 88185]
  66. Span Gate [SE 95303 94730]
  67. Spangate Wood [SE 95450 94750]
  68. Spain Gate Moss [SE 89992 91375]
  69. Stony Gate Slack [NZ 91757 05347]
  70. Surgate Brow [SE 97290 93912]
  71. Surgate Brow Farm [SE 97667 93809]
  72. Surgate Brow Plantation [SE 98124 94286]
  73. Surgate Brow Wood [SE 97455 93425]
  74. Waingate Beck [NZ 85048 09477]
  75. War Dike Gate [NZ 99578 00000]
  76. Watergate [NZ 82879 07504]
  77. Water Gate Ford [NZ 82865 07521]
  78. Waytail Gate [NZ 71719 16839]
78
gil ON Gilmaðr [398]   Gilmaðr (personal name)
  1. Gilmonby [NY 99294 13065]
  2. Gilmonby Bridge [NY 99570 13215]
  3. Gilmonby Hall [NY 99246 13128]
  4. Gilmonby Moor [NY 98438 11167]
  5. Gilmonby (parish) [NY 98258 11815]
5
ghyll, gill, geo ON geil, gil, gjá [139]   chasm, rift, ravine, cleft, deep narrow gully (with a stream)
  1. Arn Gill [SD 95191 92214]
  2. Ash Haggs Gill [SE 95665 93359]
  3. Black Gill [NZ 74920 16957]
  4. Blackgill Wood [NZ 74807 16993]
  5. Blow Gill [SE 52977 93777]
  6. Breaday Gill [SE 96545 92785]
  7. Busco Gill [NZ 87797 05875]
  8. Cock(h)am Gill [SE 99108 90828]
  9. Coldgill Spring [SE 99641 91068]
  10. Crake Gill Sike [NZ 01371 12334]
  11. Crow Gill [NZ 90567 10291]
  12. Cumma Gill [SE 03332 83213]
  13. Deep Gill [SE 54471 87322]
  14. Deep Gill Wood [SE 54619 87393]
  15. Flaxton Gill [SE 96298 88866]
  16. Fleemis Gill [SE 05299 83153]
  17. Folly Gill [SE 94868 93930]
  18. Freeze Gill [SE 92615 89855]
  19. Gill Wath (waterfall) [SE 67189 99806]
  20. Great Gill [SE 90536 91308]
  21. Grime Gill [SE 93135 90943]
  22. Gunnerside Gill [SD 94796 98842]
  23. Haggett Gill [SE 98082 92730]
  24. Hargill [SE 14548 88602]
  25. Hard Dale Gill [SE 94462 92903]
  26. Hobgill Kern [SE 06008 84073]
  27. Holey Gill [NZ 84237 05926]
  28. Hollin Gill [NZ 91928 00138]
  29. Howden Gill [SE 05713 84291]
  30. Howgill Laithe [SD 93931 53237]
  31. Jenny Brewster's Gill [SE 48112 96505]
  32. King Spring Gill [SE 52303 87052]
  33. Limekiln Gill [NZ 76925 17423]
  34. Limperdale Gill [SE 52656 86715]
  35. Little Gill [SE 86244 93551]
  36. Little Gill [SE 90718 91046]
  37. Little Gill Noddle [SE 90676 91149]
  38. Long Gill [SE 86155 93979]
  39. Lowhouse Gill [NZ 75339 16465]
  40. Middle Gill [NZ 72120 17212]
  41. Newgate Gills [SE 95294 92625]
  42. Oak Rigg Gill [SE 94738 93541]
  43. Onehams Gill [NZ 76912 18240]
  44. Osmund Gill [NY 99116 19859]
  45. Peak Scar Gill [SE 52584 88398]
  46. Pennock's Gill [NZ 75476 18246]
  47. Potatogarth Gill [NZ 76749 17312]
  48. Raven Gill [SE 94442 98105]
  49. Raven Gill Beck [NZ 66258 11628]
  50. Raven Gill Head [NZ 65986 11968]
  51. Ridding Gill [SE 05710 83758]
  52. Sandy Gill [SE 89550 90244]
  53. Scale Knoll Gill [NZ 05456 08936]
  54. Scargill Low Moor [NZ 01320 11095]
  55. Seaton Gill [NZ 76409 16805]
  56. Sledhill Gill [SE 52801 87170]
  57. Stony Gill [SE 95888 93860]
  58. Stony Gill Hole [SE 51588 90220]
  59. Stotgap Gill [SE 04111 83112]
  60. Strawbecks Gill [SE 06028 83630]
  61. Soursike Gill [NZ 35516 06234]
  62. Swarth Gill [SE 62858 73616]
  63. Swarth Gill Spring [SE 62944 73423]
  64. Swines Gill [SE 96415 93855]
  65. Swinesgill Rigg [SE 96289 93893]
  66. Wood Head Gill [NZ 34861 06145]
  67. Worry Gill [SE 88860 89961]
67
guis, gis, gig ON (1) Gígr (2) Gísli [281]   (1) Gígr (personal name) (2) Gísli (personal name)
  1. Gisboro' Hall [NZ 62346 16332]
  2. Guisborough [NZ 61890 16261]
  3. Guisborough Priory [NZ 61922 16099]
3
grain, grane ON grain, grein [138]   grain, division, fork, branch of a valley
  1. Broad Grain [SE 89884 94941]
  2. Broad Grain Head [SE 89287 95682]
  3. Cripple Grain Head [SE 98653 92516]
  4. East Grain [SE 90580 94739]
  5. Far Grain Slack [NZ 83811 01958]
  6. Grain Beck [SE 88890 90535]
  7. Grain Slack [SE 88856 90570]
  8. Grains [SE 83877 02294]
  9. Grains Holme [SD 93334 98310]
  10. Grain Spring [SE 89457 95488]
  11. Helwath Grains [NZ 95931 00192]
  12. Helwath Grain Side [SE 96229 99969]
  13. Keldy Grain [SE 88500 93247]
  14. Little Grain [SE 89923 94511]
  15. Little Grain Head [SE 89147 95082]
  16. Little Grain Noddle [SE 89719 94932]
  17. Middle Grain Beck [NZ 83735 02315]
  18. The Grain [SE 73650 91309]
  19. Tinkler's Grain [SE 48114 90843]
  20. Tinkler's Grain Plantation [SE 48131 90676]
  21. Woof Howe Grain [SE 91272 96579]
21
gray, grey, gro ON grár, grá [137] OE græg grey
  1. Graystone Cottage [SE 64124 57754]
  2. Graystone (Farm) [NZ 86980 10837]
  3. Greystone Farm [TA 01144 95744]
  4. Greystone Farm [SE 64484 58345]
  5. Greystone Plantation [SE 69767 58531]
  6. Grey Stones [SE 86733 96102]
  7. Greystone Wood [SE 64818 58355]
7
green, gren, grin, gran ON grœnn, grænn [136] OE gréne green
  1. Green Dike [NZ 96941 00718]
  2. Green Gate [NZ 92513 07523]
  3. Greengate Slack [SE 97747 90215]
  4. Greengate Wood [SE 97551 90527]
  5. Green Hills [NZ 95294 06011]
  6. Green Hills [SE 69166 61317]
  7. Green Hills [SE 69429 60832]
  8. Green Howe [NZ 73652 13989]
  9. Greenhowe Beck [NZ 73930 13905]
  10. Greenhowe Lane [NZ 73542 13984]
  11. Greenhowe Wood [NZ 73893 13801]
  12. Greenlands Farm [NZ 83789 03830]
  13. Greenland's Howe [NZ 86881 03559]
  14. Green Swang [SE 89203 99771]
  15. Guild House Green [NZ 93678 05244]
  16. High Green [SD 92957 54070]
  17. High Greens [SE 91346 95497]
  18. Hilla Green Bridge [SE 94792 90046]
  19. Hilla Green Farm [SE 94911 90266]
  20. Little Hilla Green [SE 94630 89973]
  21. Low Green [SD 93488 54138]
  22. Middle Green [SD 93353 54012]
  23. Newholm Green [NZ 86550 10750]
  24. Tell Green [NZ 84952 14727]
  25. Tellgreen Hill [NZ 84861 14647]
  26. Thorpe Green [NZ 94136 04821]
  27. Whin Green [NZ 87006 07784]
27
griff, grove, grave, grief ON gryfja [21] OE gráf grove, hole, pit
  1. Bonny Grove [NZ 52392 13968]
  2. Bridestone Griff [SE 87344 91318]
  3. Cliff Grove Cottage [NZ 77977 18426]
  4. Dargate Griff [SE 88417 91099]
  5. Dovedale Griff [SE 87189 91747]
  6. Egg Griff [SE 87002 91024]
  7. Golden Grove [NZ 90089 08772]
  8. Golden Grove Wood [NZ 90512 08546]
  9. Grove House [SE 81855 91057]
  10. Grove House [SE 10949 90628]
  11. Groves Hall [NZ 86451 08187]
  12. Holms Grove [NZ 84131 15129]
  13. Holmsgrove Sand [NZ 84026 15422]
  14. Hutton Mulgrave (Mulegrif 1160, Hotone, Hotune) [NZ 83655 10026]
  15. Hutton Mulgrave (parish) [NZ 82561 10585]
  16. Nattley Griff [SE 88522 90894]
  17. Skinningrove (Parish) [NZ 71116 20188]
  18. Skinningrove [NZ 71515 19667]
  19. Skinningrove Bank [NZ 71166 19897]
  20. Skinningrove Bank Road [NZ 71838 19681]
  21. Skinningrove Farm [NZ 71772 19629]
  22. Skinningrove House [NZ 70980 19323]
  23. Thistle Grove [NZ 85771 07749]
23
grim, grime ON Grímr, Grímir, Grímnir, Grímólfr [5]   Grímr, Grímir, Grímnir, Grímólfr (personal names)
  1. Grime Gill [SE 93135 90943]
  2. Grime Moor [[SE 86737 92064]
  3. Grimes Holme [SE 56143 89955]
  4. Grimston Grange [[SE 60346 73943]
  5. Grimston Howl [[SE 61806 75107]
  6. Grimston Moor [[SE 61177 74387]
  7. Grimston (parish) [[SE 61904 74733]
7
gris ON (1) Gríss, (2) gríss [410] OE stig-fearh, fearh, færh (1) Gríss (personal name) (2) a pig
  1. Girsby [NZ 35518 08267]
  2. Girsby Bridge [NZ 35262 08244]
  3. Girsby Green [NZ 35844 07856]
  4. Girsby (parish) [NZ 36299 08191]
  5. Girsby Scar [NZ 35495 08127]
  6. Girsby Wood [NZ 35545 08148]
  7. Gristhorpe [TA 08484 81978]
  8. Gristhorpe Carr [TA 08710 81356]
  9. Gristhorpe Cliff [TA 09525 83252]
  10. Gristhorpe Cliff Farm [TA 09472 82636]
  11. Gristhorpe Hall [TA 08801 81841]
  12. Gristhorpe Lodges [TA 08816 82092]
  13. Gristhorpe Manor [TA 08473 81860]
  14. Gristhorpe (parish) [TA 09490 82191]
14
ground ON grund, grunn [135] OE grund bottom, ground, outlying farm
  1. Ground Wyke Hole [NZ 95420 05057]
  2. Grundstone Wath [SE 77601 96881]
2
gruin, grunna ON grunnr [293]   shallows, bottom, aground    
grut, gret, greet, girt ON grjót [134] OE greôt gravel, sandy, stony piece of land    
gunner ON (1) Gunnarr (2) Gunnvǫr [125]   (1) Gunnarr (personal name) (2) Gunnvǫr (personal name)
  1. Gunnergate [NZ 51209 14587]
  2. Gunner Gate [NZ 51389 15098]
  3. Gunnergate Hall [NZ 51228 15106]
  4. Gunnerside [SD 94817 98211]
  5. Gunnerside Beck [SD 95013 98480]
  6. Gunnerside Bottoms [SD 95411 97974]
  7. Gunnerside Bridge [SD 95099 98200]
  8. Gunnerside Gill [SD 94796 98842]
  9. Gunnerside Lodge [SD 93521 98188]
  10. Gunnerside Mill [SD 95053 98348]
  11. Gunnerside New Bridge [SD 95011 97828]
  12. Gunnerside Pasture [SD 93700 98918]
  13. Gunnerside Pasture [SD 93459 99237]
13
gun(n) ON Gunni [420]   Gunni (personal name)
  1. Gundale Beck [SE 79815 88238]
  2. Gundale Slack [SE 79940 88109]
  3. Gundale Wood [SE 80054 87708]
3
ha, haa, ho, hu ON hár; OWScand hór [133] OE héah, heag(e) high, upper
  1. Hardale Beck [NZ 76531 10810]
  2. Hardale Head [NZ 75282 11023]
  3. Hardale Slack [NZ 75769 10800]
  4. Hargill [SE 14548 88602]
  5. Harton [SE 70767 62099]
  6. Harton (parish) [SE 70441 61626]
  7. Harton Hills [SE 71575 61275]
  8. Harton House [NZ 93946 05305]
  9. Harton Lodge Plantation [SE 69203 61048]
  10. Harton Lodges [SE 69530 61293]
  11. Harton Moor [SE 68623 61143]
  12. Harwood Dale [SE 96635 95580]
  13. Harwood Dale Beck [SE 94440 95133]
  14. Harwood Dale Forest [SE 97075 97400]
  15. Huby Burn [SE 54300 65410]
  16. Huby Fields [SE 55337 65679]
16
hag, hagg, hogg ON högg [166] OE hēawan right of cutting trees
  1. Ash Haggs Gill [SE 95665 93359]
  2. Ash Haggs Plantation [SE 95550 93450]
  3. Hagg Beck [NZ 69853 16525]
  4. Hagg End [SE 57071 92419]
  5. Hagger Lythe [NZ 89950 11350]
  6. Haggersgate [NZ 50189 14222]
  7. Hagg House [NZ 88090 08209]
  8. Haggit Howe [NZ 91850 10050]
  9. Haggland Wood [SE 95831 91977]
  10. Haggs Farm [NZ 86105 11744]
  11. Hag Lane [SE 49765 63334]
  12. Hagg Way [SE 99815 99777]
  13. Hag Wood [SE 56121 87650]
  14. Hag Wood [SE 50178 81211]
  15. Hag Wood [SD 95382 97599]
  16. Hagg Wood [SE 84822 89102]
  17. Hagg Wood [SE 93895 95166]
  18. Hagg Wood [SE 83025 89214]
  19. Lord's Hag [SE 62537 73633]
  20. Middle Haggs [NZ 82381 06149]
  21. Ness Hagg [NZ 70048 16460]
  22. Ness Hagg Wood [NZ 69969 16204]
  23. Pokehag Side [NZ 75631 16759]
  24. Porritt Hagg Wood [NZ 70228 16198]
  25. Robinson Haggs [NZ 85617 11786]
  26. The Haggs [NZ 85369 11932]
26
haga, haw ON hagi [148] OE haga hedge, a pasture, hedged field, place fenced in, an enclosure, a haw, part of an area of woodland, especially on a sloping bank
  1. Hawthorndale [NZ 86807 09658]
  2. Hawthorn Hill [SE 83234 02590]
  3. Hawthorns [SE 97979 88982]
  4. Hawthorn Wood [SE 98291 89092]
  5. Studdah [SE 14549 90810]
5
ham ON heimr [73] OE hám, -hám home, abode, village
  1. Figham [TA 00407 82391]
  2. Oakham Wood [NZ 93837 07975]
  3. Wykeham [SE 92892 93308]
  4. Wykeham High Moor [SE 91550 95850]
4
hamma, hammer ON hamarr, hamrar (pl) [132] OE hamor, hamar crag, steep cliff, rock face
  1. Hamer Bank [SE 74249 97464]
  2. Hamer Beck [SE 73863 98088]
  3. Hamer Bridge [SE 74212 97594]
  4. Hamer House [SE 74545 99202]
  5. High Hamer [SE 74094 97695]
  6. Hamer Moor [SE 75627 98291]
  7. Hamer Slack [SE 73254 98938]
  8. Hammerdale Dub [SD 97791 69251]
  9. Low Hamer [SE 74844 97298]
9
harm, harn ON Hjærne [426]   Hjærne (personal name)
  1. Harmby [SE 12933 89779]
  2. Harmby Beck [SE 13169 89307]
  3. Harmby Gill [SE 12817 89767]
  4. Harmby Hills [SE 12959 89962]
  5. Harmby House [SE 12412 89379]
  6. Harmby Moor [SE 13334 91690]
  7. Harmby Moor House [SE 13256 91233]
  8. Harmby (parish) [SE 12980 90582]
  9. Harmby Quarry [SE 12589 90287]
9
hatt, hatter ON (1) Hattr (2) hattr (3) höttr [389] OE hôd (1) Hattr (personal name) (2) hat (3) hood
  1. Hatter's Hall [NZ 40591 05467]
  2. Hatterboard Hill [TA 01376 88504]
2
haugh, heog, -how(e), -hoe, -oe ON haugr [31] OE hoh
OD -høj, -høje
barrow, sepulchral mound, cairn, tumulus
  1. Arundel Howe [NZ 89094 10918]
  2. Barnby Howe and Barnby Howes [NZ 83139 13682]
  3. Beacon Howes [NZ 97267 01120]
  4. Biller Howe [NZ 91265 01204]
  5. Biller How(e) Dale [NZ 91567 01469]
  6. Biller Howe Dale Slack [NZ 90677 01769]
  7. Biller Howe Nook [NZ 90815 00837]
  8. Biller Howe Nook Slack [NZ 90908 00677]
  9. Biller Howe Turf Rigg [NZ 91383 00477]
  10. Blakey Howe [SE 67784 99788]
  11. Blea Hill Howe [NZ 89865 00246]
  12. Brecken Howe (tumulus) [SE 90877 95978]
  13. Breckon Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85376 03405]
  14. Breckton Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85376 03405]
  15. Brown Howes (tumuli) [SE 89708 90836]
  16. Burn Howe [SE 91213 99153]
  17. Burn Howe Dale [SE 93594 99758]
  18. Burn Howe Duck Pond [SE 89558 99130]
  19. Burn Howe Moor [SE 94399 98243]
  20. Burn Howe Rigg [SE 91675 98762]
  21. Burnt Howe [NZ 98647 01260]
  22. Butter Howe [NZ 82735 15130]
  23. Carlin How [NZ 70481 19275]
  24. Cop Howe [SE 59241 72523]
  25. Cop Howe Wood [SE 59421 72563]
  26. Cracoe [SE 49311 89367]
  27. Cracoe Slack [SE 49228 89538]
  28. Dog Howe [NZ 77205 02915]
  29. Evan Howe [NZ 92101 01228]
  30. Evan Howe (tumulus) [NZ 92484 01644]
  31. Evan Howe Plantation [NZ 92401 01636]
  32. Evan Howe Pond [NZ 92576 01401]
  33. Flat Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85479 04860]
  34. Flat Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85511 04617]
  35. Foster Howes [NZ 87469 00904]
  36. Foster Howes Rigg [NZ 87689 00559]
  37. Fox Howe (tumulus) [SE 90252 90962]
  38. Free Howe [SE 80709 89874]
  39. Gnipe Howe (Gnip 1160; olim Nype Howe) [NZ 93583 08541]
  40. Great How Beck Barn [SD 98363 68577]
  41. Green Howe [NZ 73652 13989]
  42. Greenhowe Beck [NZ 73930 13905]
  43. Greenhowe Lane [NZ 73542 13984]
  44. Greenhowe Wood [NZ 73893 13801]
  45. Greenland's Howe [NZ 86881 03559]
  46. Grey Heugh Head [NZ 90966 02530]
  47. Grey Heugh Slack [NZ 90754 02327]
  48. Haggit Howe [NZ 91850 10050]
  49. Haugh Rigg [SE 80294 87963]
  50. Highgate Howe [NZ 91717 10022]
  51. High Woof Howe [SE 89280 96830]
  52. Hilda Howes [NZ 79212 17379]
  53. Hilda's Howe [NZ 93841 07435]
  54. How Beck [SD 98100 68534]
  55. How Becks Barn [SD 98180 68596]
  56. How Close [NZ 88568 11192]
  57. How Dale [NZ 95004 02284]
  58. Howdale Farm [NZ 95154 01773]
  59. Howdale Moor [NZ 95693 01260]
  60. Howdale Wood [NZ 94849 02136]
  61. Howden Bridge [SE 35103 92035]
  62. Howden Hill [SE 93692 91576]
  63. Howe Beck [SE 37250 90782]
  64. Howe Hill (tumulus) [NZ 69503 18869]
  65. Howgill Laithe [SD 93931 53237]
  66. Hunter Howe [SE 98687 97404]
  67. Jugger Howe [SE 94151 99804]
  68. Jugger Howe Moor [SE 94175 99412]
  69. Jugger Howes (tumuli) [NZ 94355 00176]
  70. Jugger Howe Slack [SE 94407 98367]
  71. Keldhowe Point [NZ 85543 14558]
  72. Keldhowe Steel [NZ 85565 14644]
  73. Kettle Howe [SE 68693 97999]
  74. Killing Howe [NZ 57254 15158]
  75. Lilla Cross on Lilla Howe [SE 88924 98689]
  76. Lingrow Howe [NZ 80366 17029]
  77. Little Blakey Howe [SE 68029 99353]
  78. Little How Beck Barn [SD 98291 68649]
  79. Little Howe Wood [SE 94456 90889]
  80. Loose Howe Rigg [SE 86070 96497]
  81. Louven Howe [SE 88520 99165]
  82. Low Woof Howe [SE 89215 96184]
  83. Pen Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85639 03715]
  84. Pen Howe Slack [NZ 85733 03565]
  85. Penny Howe [SE 96279 99161]
  86. Penny Howe [SE 81800 89562]
  87. Pye Rigg Howe (tumulus) [NZ 96668 00071]
  88. Robbed Howe [NZ 86847 01962]
  89. Robber Howe Slacks [NZ 86824 01494]
  90. Sil Howe (tumulus) [NZ 85191 02837]
  91. Silpho [SE 96682 92134]
  92. Silpho Brow [SE 97784 93234]
  93. Silpho Brow Farm [SE 98091 93237]
  94. Silpho Moor [SE 96007 94138]
  95. Silpho Moor Plantation [SE 96602 93840]
  96. Silpho Parish [SE 96862 92410]
  97. Silpho Well [SE 96524 92614]
  98. Simon Howe [SE 83005 98094]
  99. Simon Howe Moss [SE 83099 97158]
  100. Simon Howe Rigg [SE 82673 97365]
  101. Stony Marl Howes [NZ 95618 00672]
  102. Swarth Howe [SE 96945 94082]
  103. Thirnhowe (13th century)
  104. Thorn Howe [SE 95691 97410]
  105. Thorn Key Howes [NZ 91488 03334]
  106. Three Howes [NZ 62499 13200]
  107. Three Howes [SE 96599 98033]
  108. Two Howes [SE 82574 99405]
  109. Two Howes Rigg [SE 83078 99411]
  110. Waitcliff Howe (tumulus) [SE 91208 91054]
  111. Wheeldale Howe [SE 76666 99367]
  112. Widow Howe [SE 85970 99988]
  113. Widow Howe Moor [NZ 86883 00101]
  114. Widow Howe Rigg [NZ 86403 00138]
  115. Woof Howe Grain [SE 91272 96579]
115
hause, hals ON (1) Háls (2) háls [130] OE heals (1) Háls (personal name) (2) neck, col, connecting ridge    
haven ON höfn [131] OE hæfen haven, harbour
  1. Rock Haven [TA 01017 95353]
  2. Wine Haven [NZ 97594 02426]
2
haver ON hafr [167] OE áte, æte oats, haver
  1. Haverbrakes Lane [SE 56029 66139]
  2. Havers [TA 00465 82966]
2
haw, halm, haln, hawn ON (1) Halmi (2) hálmr [425] OE healm (1) Halmi (personal name) (2) straw
  1. Hawnby [SE 54121 89672]
  2. Hawnby Bridge [SE 54304 89337]
  3. Hawnby Hall [SE 53961 89746]
  4. Hawnby Hill [SE 54017 90669]
  5. Hawnby Hill Crag [SE 53997 90660]
  6. Hawnby Lodge [SE 53718 89978]
6
hawk, hawsk ON (1) Haukr (2) haukr [17] OE heafoc (1) Haukr (personal name) (2) a hawk
  1. Hawkhills Beck [SE 53613 68059]
  2. Hawk Nest Well [NZ 01121 09113]
  3. Hawk Wood [SE 53529 66651]
  4. Hawkswick Head [SD 97188 71737]
  5. Hawkswick Head Lane [SD 97216 71465]
  6. Hawsker [NZ 92256 07814]
  7. Hawsker Bottoms [NZ 94147 07800]
  8. Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre (Steinsecher or Nedhrebi 1160), [NZ 91192 08417]
  9. Hawsker Hall [NZ 92143 07517]
  10. Hawsker Hall Farm [NZ 92098 07611]
  11. Hawsker Intake Road [NZ 92022 06276]
  12. Hawsker Lane [NZ 92189 09113]
  13. Hawsker Villa [NZ 92567 07389]
  14. High Hawsker [NZ 92827 07605]
  15. Low Hawk Hill [SE 53376 67649]
  16. Low Hawsker [NZ 92375 07487]
  17. The Hawkhills [SE 53780 67442]
17
hax ON Hákr [302]   Hákr (personal name)
  1. Haxby Plantation (Haxebi DB 1086) [NZ 89817 04893]
1
head ON höfuð [129] OE heáfod head, projecting peak
  1. Allison Head Wood [NZ 94750 02050]
  2. Bell Heads [SE 96824 91224]
  3. Bellheads Wood [SE 96889 90888]
  4. Berry Head [NZ 87359 07734]
  5. Birk Head Beck [NZ 82107 11153]
  6. Bottoms Head [SE 78146 59281]
  7. Cockley Head [SE 95990 93933]
  8. Crossdale Head [SE 84051 88301]
  9. Derwent Head [SE 88843 97259]
  10. Derwent Head Rigg [SE 89237 96761]
  11. Dobbiner Head [NZ 86496 00680]
  12. Dry Heads [SE 95050 98150]
  13. Dyke Heads [SD 94115 98285]
  14. Eller Beck Head [SE 87126 96660]
  15. Eppy Head [SE 51753 89982]
  16. Eppy Head House [SE 52035 90059]
  17. Fisher Head [NZ 95187 04869]
  18. Grange Head [NZ 78468 02760]
  19. Great Marfit Head Slack [SE 85551 92281]
  20. Grey Heugh Head [NZ 90966 02530]
  21. Hackness Head [SE 96516 90340]
  22. Hackness Head Wood [SE 96306 90604]
  23. Hardale Head [NZ 75282 11023]
  24. Hazel Head [SE 81011 99870]
  25. Hazel Head Farm [SE 80792 99529]
  26. Hazelhead Moor [SE 86418 94313]
  27. Key Head [SE 92753 95707]
  28. Leas Head Farm [NZ 88058 03453]
  29. Lind Head [SE 99463 93954]
  30. Lindhead Barn [SE 99733 93950]
  31. Lindhead Beck [TA 00205 93776]
  32. Lindhead Bridge [SE 99322 93808]
  33. Lindhead Gorse [SE 99667 93803]
  34. Lindhead Lodge [SE 99666 94294]
  35. Little Marfit Head [SE 85425 92740]
  36. Little Marfit Head Slack [SE 85307 92603]
  37. Little Stubby Head [SE 91076 90015]
  38. Loffeyhead Heights [SE 96545 91145]
  39. Loffeyhead Wood [SE 96370 91043]
  40. Marfit Head [SE 85470 92518]
  41. Middle Heads [NZ 77997 01981]
  42. Morra Head Wood [SE 93615 95444]
  43. Murk Head [SE 95152 95683]
  44. Murk Head Wood [SE 94828 95641]
  45. Ness Head [SE 82962 88663]
  46. Nettlehead [SE 95148 96646]
  47. Nettlehead Wood [SE 94903 96533]
  48. North Head [NZ 92704 91124]
  49. North Head Wood [NZ 92582 91190]
  50. Raven Gill Head [NZ 65986 11968]
  51. Rock Head Farm [NZ 84342 11217]
  52. Rustif Head [SE 85672 90304]
  53. Rustifhead Slack [SE 85284 89926]
  54. Snilegate Head [SE 56718 88185]
  55. Stone Hill Heads [SE 88000 94360]
  56. Stray Head [NZ 87621 05279]
  57. Street Head [SE 14467 91340]
  58. Stubby Head [SE 91157 90499]
  59. Thorn Hill Head [SE 88962 94159]
  60. Thwaite Head [SE 85727 89622]
  61. Warsman Head [SE 92535 94429]
  62. Widdy Head [NZ 93316 09500] [57]
  63. Wood Head Gill [NZ 34861 06145]
  64. Wrea Head Farm [TA 00479 91361]
  65. Wreahead Rigg [TA 00046 91075]
  66. Yondhead Rigg [SE 88034 90939]
66
hel ON Hel [388] OE Hell Hell, abode of the dead, death
  1. Hell Hole [SE 50427 87611]
  2. Helwath [SE 94958 99135]
  3. Helwath Beck [SE 95551 99578]
  4. Helwath Bridge [SE 95454 99549]
  5. Helwath Grains [NZ 95911 00188]
  6. Helwath Grain Side [NZ 96196 99973]
  7. Helwath Plantation [SE 95076 99715]
  8. Helwath Road [SE 95349 98762]
  9. Helwath Wash Fold [SE 94857 98517]
  10. Helwath Wood [SE 94995 98802]
10
helper ON (1) Hjalpr (2) hjalpa [428]   (1) Hjalpr (personal name) (2) help
  1. Helperby [SE 44150 69895]
  2. Helperby & Myton Lane [SE 44382 68593]
  3. Helperby Derrings [SE 40129 68538]
  4. Helperby Hall [SE 43952 69705]
  5. Helperby Moor [SE 46134 70234]
  6. Helperby (parish) [SE 44823 69152]
  7. Helperby Wath [SE 43620 69929]
7
hest, hesk ON hestr [128] OE hors, hengest horse
  1. Hesketh Dike [SE 51368 87807]
  2. Hesketh Grange [SE 50318 86955]
  3. Hesketh Hall [SE 49991 86999]
  4. Horse Shoe Wood [NZ 92432 91258]
4
hevda ON höfði [127] OE hóh headland    
hilda, hinder ON (1) Hildr (2) hildr [9]   (1) Hildr (personal name) (2) battle
  1. Henderskelfe (Hinderskelfe) Parish [SE 71247 69637]
  2. Hilda Howes [NZ 79212 17379]
  3. Hilda Spring [SE 97151 90743]
  4. Hilda Wood [SE 97137 90971]
  5. Hilda's Howe [NZ 93841 07435]
  6. Hinderwell [NZ 79518 16789]
  7. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Farm) [NZ 79244 16954]
  8. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Church) [NZ 79041 17011]
  9. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Well) [NZ 79045 17072]
  10. Hinderwell Lane [NZ 78650 17425]
  11. Hinderwell Parish [NZ 80032 16690]
  12. Lady Hilda's Beck [NZ 84720 07714]
  13. Lady Hilda's Well [NZ 84232 08618]
13
hilla, Hilla ON hilla, Hilla, Hillar (plural), hjalli [241]   (1) Hilla (personal name) (2) shelf, ledge
  1. Hilla Green Farm [SE 94911 90266]
  2. Hilla Green Bridge [SE 94792 90046]
  3. Little Hilla Green [SE 94630 89973]
3
hoff ON hof [126] OE hof temple, sanctuary    
holm(e) ON holmr, holmi [124] OE holm an islet, dry place in a marshy area, higher dry ground amidst marshes, water meadow
  1. Ash Holm [NZ 84415 11693]
  2. Brigholme (olim Brigholm and Brygholm) [NZ 95249 04957]
  3. Bridge Holm Lane [NZ 94604 02954]
  4. Brockholme Farm [SE 38927 89954]
  5. Brockholme Lane [SE 39014 90034]
  6. Darnholme (olim Darn Holm) [NZ 83692 02154]
  7. Feather Holme Farm [SE 56424 90119]
  8. Fylingholm [NZ 94830 03250]
  9. Grains Holme [SD 93334 98310]
  10. Grimes Holme [SE 56143 89955]
  11. Holm Brae [SE 07014 84264]
  12. Holmes Bridge [NZ 59972 16122]
  13. Holm Farm [NZ 38929 04615]
  14. Holm Hill [TA 00347 95096]
  15. Holm Hole [SE 50448 86444]
  16. Holm House [NZ 82206 04385]
  17. Holm Slack [TA 00318 95351]
  18. Holms Grove [NZ 84131 15129]
  19. Holms Well [TA 01326 93034]
  20. Holm Wood [SE 93672 95202]
  21. Holm Woods [SE 85535 89356]
  22. Newholm (Neuham 1160) [NZ 86805 10509]
  23. Newholm Beck [NZ 86674 11348]
  24. Newholm cum Dunsley [NZ 86196 10983]
  25. Newholm Green [NZ 86550 10750]
  26. Peasholm [TA 03489 89864]
  27. Peasholm Beck [TA 03403 89447]
  28. Peasholm Bridge [TA 03638 89650]
  29. Peasholm Fort [TA 03630 89831]
  30. The Holms [TA 04818 89317]
  31. The Holmes [SE 43085 67900]
  32. The Holmes [SE 43601 68555]
32
holt ON Holti [429]   Holti (personal name)
  1. Holtby [SE 67685 54037]
  2. Holtby Grange [SE 66024 53726]
  3. Holtby House [SE 67501 54083]
  4. Holtby Lane [SE 66542 54076]
  5. Holtby Manor [SE 66244 52938]
  6. Holtby Moor [SE 66288 54047]
  7. Holtby (parish) [SE 66288 54047]
  8. Ainderby Miers with Holtby

  9. Holtby (with Ainderby Miers) [SE 26682 92876]
  10. Holtby Cottages [SE 26891 92779]
  11. Holtby Grange [SE 26771 93235]
  12. Holtby Hall [SE 26934 92269]
  13. Holtby Park [SE 27079 92214]
  14. Little Holtby [SE 27388 91801]
13
hol, howl ON holr, hol [123] OE holh, hol (1) hole, hollow (2) hollow, concave, depressed, lying in a hollow
  1. Beck Hole Road [NZ 82204 02711]
  2. Beck Hole Scar [NZ 82314 02273]
  3. Biggersdale Hole [NZ 84050 11150]
  4. Black Holes [SE 87457 94695]
  5. Boggle Hole [NZ 95619 04024]
  6. Cabin Hole Wood [NZ 70266 17264]
  7. Crag Hole [SE 94850 97750]
  8. Dale Hole Bridge [NZ 84050 13921]
  9. Dove Hole [NZ 77655 18846]
  10. Dungeon Hole [NZ 95348 05476]
  11. Fulmart Holes [SE 68578 60589]
  12. Ground Wyke Hole [NZ 95420 05057]
  13. Hell Hole [SE 50427 87611]
  14. Herbert Hole [TA 01008 97818]
  15. Hill Hole [NZ 77023 18916]
  16. Hob Holes [NZ 81490 15483]
  17. Hogarth Hill [NZ 93397 01671]
  18. Hogarth Hill [NZ 93397 01671]
  19. Hogarth Hill Farm [NZ 93086 01691]
  20. Hole Beck [SE 72039 91518]
  21. Hole Wyke [NZ 76233 19263]
  22. Holl Gate [SE 95050 91250]
  23. Hollgate Plantation [SE 95126 91115]
  24. Hollin Bush [SE 69182 99038]
  25. Hollin Hill [SE 56665 64677]
  26. Hollin Hill [NZ 64613 15268]
  27. Hollin Hill [SE 14367 92272]
  28. Hollin Tree Hill [SE 16659 50750]
  29. Hollin Tree Hole [SE 16590 50578]
  30. Hollins Wood [NZ 65647 15958]
  31. Homerell Hole [NZ 95837 07040]
  32. Howl Beck [NZ 61446 17140]
  33. Howl Beck Bridge [NZ 61098 16848]
  34. Howl beck Cottage [NZ 60884 16864]
  35. Howl Beck Farm [NZ 61195 17084]
  36. Howl Beck Mill [NZ 60810 16787]
  37. Howlgate Nab [SE 82271 89281]
  38. Howlgate Farm [SE 82111 88950]
  39. Howlgate Slack [SE 82310 89057]
  40. Howl Moor [SE 90407 95682]
  41. Jet Holes [NZ 95929 03214]
  42. Long Nab Hole [TA 02866 94177]
  43. Longdale Howl [SE 87320 89940]
  44. Maw Wyke Hole [NZ 94132 08380]
  45. Mott's Hole [SE 51955 88944]
  46. Mucky Hole Slack [SE 91157 99823]
  47. Murk Hole [NZ 94903 01712]
  48. Oakley Hole [NZ 83124 01622]
  49. Rail Hole [NZ 91075 11388]
  50. Rail Hole Bight [NZ 91044 11293]
  51. Redscar Hole [NZ 82229 15565]
  52. Rock Hole [NZ 64063 15972]
  53. Rock Hole Quarries [NZ 84272 11396]
  54. Stony Gill Hole [SE 51588 90220]
  55. Toad Hole [SE 53528 89589]
  56. Tom Keld Hole [NZ 83863 02424]
  57. Trucky Rock Hole [NZ 84761 11340]
  58. White Stone Hole [NZ 94967 07785]
  59. Wind Hole [NZ 83292 16161]
59
hope ON hóp [168] OE hopa haven, shallow bay, small land-locked bay or inlet connected to the sea
  1. Collier Hope [NZ 90050 11450]
  2. Hope Cottage [TA 00833 94017]
  3. Hope Moor [NZ 02310 08033]
3
horn ON (1) Horn(i) (2) horn [32] OE horn (1) Horn(i) (personal name) (2) horn (of cattle), antler (of deer)

    Hornby near Hackforth, Hang East Wapentake

  1. Hornby [SE 22057 93742]
  2. Hornby Castle [SE 22555 93760]
  3. Hornby Park [SE 23269 93960]
  4. Hornby (parish) [SE 21889 93437]
4
horn ON Hornboði [430]   Hornboði (personal name)

    Hornby near Great Smeaton, Gilling East Wapentake

  1. Hornby [NZ 36484 05566]
  2. Hornby Hall Farm [NZ 36432 05698]
  3. Hornby Glebe [NZ 36491 06539]
  4. Hornby Green [NZ 37544 04477]
  5. Little Hornby [NZ 38812 04809]
  6. Hornby (parish) [NZ 36852 05250]
6
houll, hill ON hóll [122] OE hyll hill
  1. Bedale Hill [SE 13860 89356]
  2. Birk Hill [SD 95447 97354]
  3. Black Hill [SE 60343 74211]
  4. Blackmsith Hill [NZ 93458 00723]
  5. Brockhill [SE 56967 90418]
  6. Brockhill Wood [SE 56942 90011]
  7. Brown Hill [SE 92044 97896]
  8. Bry Hills [TA 00932 83528]
  9. Burnt Hill [NZ 79275 18378]
  10. Carr Hill [TA 04672 81824]
  11. Carr Hills [TA 05868 81526]
  12. Coldy Hill [TA 02411 89888]
  13. Coldy Hill Bridge [TA 02504 89896]
  14. Clint Hill [SE 51327 61337]
  15. Clint Hill Farm [SE 51574 61045]
  16. Clot House [SE 42523 67642]
  17. Clot House Cottage [SE 42349 67660]
  18. Coney Hill [SE 42635 67694]
  19. Coneygarth Hill [SE 44784 68503]
  20. Coomb Hill [SE 52604 90198]
  21. Cow Hill (with tumulus) [NZ 83130 14890]
  22. Crags Hill [NZ 69949 18864]
  23. Fair Hill [SE 56005 89312]
  24. Flats Hill (supposed tumulus) [SE 06507 84371]
  25. Friar Folds Hill [SD 96355 98895]
  26. Gally Hill [NZ 85723 09002]
  27. Gally Hill [NZ 85579 08943]
  28. Gother Hill [NZ 74176 16458]
  29. Great Hill [TA 04013 83164]
  30. Gueswick Hills [NY 00206 20979]
  31. Hall Hill (Roxby Hall, site of) [NZ 76002 16419]
  32. Hey Hill [SD 95003 54091]
  33. Hill Hole [NZ 77023 18916]
  34. Hoggit Hill [NZ 00386 93513]
  35. Holliday Hill [SE 72393 91603]
  36. Hollin Hill [SE 56665 64677]
  37. Hollin Tree Hill [SE 16659 50750]
  38. Holme Hill [TA 04118 82091]
  39. Hopper Hill [TA 03526 82382]
  40. Howe Hill (tumulus) [NZ 69503 18869]
  41. Hud Hills [TA 00914 82911]
  42. Hulleys [TA 00225 96227]
  43. Kelber Hill [SD 93514 53467]
  44. Ladhill Beck [SE 54612 89784]
  45. Ladhill Beck Bank [SE 54688 89940]
  46. Leys Hill [SE 62793 73495]
  47. Lingy Hill [SE 14772 91360]
  48. Lousy Hill [SD 94196 97623]
  49. Lumbert Hill [NZ 88102 08863]
  50. Manham Hill [TA 03792 82059]
  51. Mouldy Hills [NZ 40642 04389]
  52. Mugdale Hill [SE 62369 72675]
  53. Oak Hill [NZ 86326 08065]
  54. Old Stubble Hill [NZ 78208 18592]
  55. Partridge Hill [282] [NZ 93094 04010]
  56. Partridge Hill [282] [NZ 84621 00331]
  57. Pepper Hill [SE 55220 91193]
  58. Round Hill [SE 45462 66656]
  59. Scut Hill [SE 50611 61137]
  60. Silver Hill (tumulus) [SE 51138 87781]
  61. Silver Hill Farm [SE 51498 88131]
  62. Sled Hill [SE 51956 87327]
  63. Sledhill Gill [SE 52801 87170]
  64. Soury Hill [SE 60325 74520]
  65. Spa Hill [NZ 84549 04356]
  66. Spa Hill Slack [NZ 84563 04176]
  67. Spring Hill [NZ 94307 01391]
  68. Spring Hill [NZ 94076 01400]
  69. Susanna Hill [284] [NZ 96547 02140]
  70. Sweet Hills [NZ 57792 16246]
  71. Tenter Hill [NZ 77837 18446]
  72. Thorndale Hill [NZ 79826 17852]
  73. Throstle Hill [SE 11062 77571]
  74. Todhill Beck [SE 57314 91235]
  75. Todhill Bridge [SE 57854 91037]
  76. Todhill Slack [SE 58069 91190]
  77. Upgarth Hill [NZ 81151 16189]
  78. Viewly Hill [SE 35194 92547]
  79. White Close Hill [NZ 01612 12451]
  80. White Hill [SD 95915 98812]
  81. Wooden Hill Bridge [SE 35618 92920]
  82. Wrack Hills [NZ 80860 16773]
82
hun(d) ON (1) Hun(d)ra, (2) hundr [306] OE (2) hund (1) Hun(d)ra (personal name) (2) a dog, hound
  1. Hun Dale [TA 02279 94746]
  2. Hundale Point [TA 02682 94850]
  3. Hundale Scar [TA 02593 94963]
  4. The Hundales [TA 02816 94401]
  5. Hunderthwaite [NY 98519 21184]
  6. Hunter Howe [SE 98687 97404]
6
hus, us, housa, house, hows, some ON hús [121] OE hús house
  1. Allerston Carr House [SE 87877 80854]
  2. Ashtree House [SE 69522 59958]
  3. Bickley Gate House [SE 91092 91514]
  4. Birch House [NZ 83095 04198]
  5. Boggle House [NZ 82962 04021] and [NZ 82992 04048]
  6. Bottom House [NZ 94556 07114]
  7. Bottom House Lane [NZ 93883 06747]
  8. Broomfield House [SE 36782 92831]
  9. Brow House [NZ 83141 00300]
  10. Buskey House Farm [NZ 88370 07901]
  11. Carle House [SE 48961 67619]
  12. Carr House [SE 53571 90634]
  13. Catwick (Farm) (House Farm) [NZ 90872 05941]
  14. Cayton Carr House [TA 04660 82345]
  15. Cloughton Moor House [SE 98962 97346]
  16. Cockrah House [SE 96650 89050]
  17. Coomb Hill House [SE 52217 90236]
  18. Coomb House [SE 53056 89870]
  19. Dalehouse [NZ 77810 17971]
  20. Dalehouse Bridge [NZ 77683 18046]
  21. Dalehouse Plantation [NZ 77239 18068]
  22. Deepdale House [SE 92164 91503]
  23. Eastgate House [TA 01751 83811]
  24. East Loftus [NZ 73005 18300]
  25. Easthorpe House [SE 73759 71372]
  26. Eppy Head House [SE 52035 90059]
  27. Farsyde House Farm [NZ 95130 04398]
  28. Friar's House [NZ 83143 01981]
  29. Gate House [TA 02366 82721]
  30. Grove House [SE 10949 90628]
  31. Guild House Green [NZ 93678 05244]
  32. Hagg House [NZ 88090 08209]
  33. Hazel House [SE 55363 66029]
  34. High Dalby House [SE 85277 88646]
  35. Holm House [NZ 82206 04385]
  36. Hook's House [NZ 94565 05846]
  37. House Dale [SE 86321 87554]
  38. Housedale Rigg [SE 86584 87787]
  39. Ings House [NZ 75268 18497]
  40. Keld Slack House [SE 81073 89527]
  41. Knaggy House Farm [NZ 89720 06041]
  42. Knapton Wath House [SE 87513 78255]
  43. Knowles House [SD 93608 54213]
  44. Loftus [NZ 72635 18385]
  45. Loftus Beck [NZ 73244 18154]
  46. Loftus Farm [NZ 72450 18350]
  47. Loftus Hall [NZ 72050 18050]
  48. Loftus Wood [NZ 72237 16992]
  49. Lound House [NZ 89159 06582]
  50. Low Dalby (House) [SE 86017 87333]
  51. Lowhouse Gill [NZ 75339 16465]
  52. Mill Bank House [NZ 95295 03742]
  53. Murkside House (olim Murk Side House) [NZ 81544 03062]
  54. Newlands House [TA 01010 95820]
  55. Newton House [NZ 88712 03927]
  56. Newton House Plantation [NZ 88943 01540]
  57. Nook House [NZ 94840 05597]
  58. North Side House [SE 92015 92208]
  59. Oak House [SE 56740 90964]
  60. Oak House Farm [NZ 77125 16882]
  61. Oak Tree House [SE 35681 92499]
  62. Pretty House [NZ 94215 02632]
  63. Red House [NZ 76862 18512]
  64. Redhouse Nab [NZ 76977 18819]
  65. Sandfield House [NZ 87903 11471]
  66. Shooting House Rigg [NZ 90183 02592]
  67. South House Farm [NZ 95082 03725]
  68. South Loftus [NZ 72814 17862]
  69. South Loftus Farm [NZ 72202 17843] and [NZ 72705 17880]
  70. Southwaite House (17th century)
  71. Stank House [NZ 69761 17479]
  72. Summer Field House [NZ 92275 08544]
  73. Tan House [SE 99628 97568]
  74. Thornburgh House [SE 11073 90705]
  75. Thorney House [SE 13517 89415]
  76. Thornsby House [SE 78742 91588]
  77. Thornton House [SE 38309 89855]
  78. Toft House (farm) [NZ 86350 08950]
  79. Twizziegill House [NZ 75083 19905]
  80. Wass House [SE 55673 89840]
  81. White House [NZ 94351 03613]
  82. White House [TA 02522 90786]
  83. White House [NZ 94351 03613]
  84. Whitfield House [NZ 83256 02006]
84
icorn, icken ON íkorni [169] OE âcvern squirrel    
ingle ON Ingólfr [308]   Ingólfr (personal name)
  1. Ingleby Arnecliffe [NZ 44922 00976]
  2. Inglethwaite (lost)
  3. Jingleby Thorn [SE 89419 89600]
  4. Jingleby Thorn Plantation [SE 89612 89645]
4
-ing, -ings, -ingas, -ingham ON [435] OE ing, -ingas hám descendants or sons of, inhabitants or people of, race, clan
  1. Bedlington's Lane [NZ 93996 05567]
  2. Easington [NZ 74583 18306]
  3. Easington End Farm [NZ 73950 18050]
  4. Easington Farm [NZ 73950 17950]
  5. Easington Hall [NZ 74550 18050]
  6. Easington Hall Farm [NZ 74698 18140]
  7. Fyling (Fielinga 1160, Figclinge, Figelinge, Figlinge), Fyling Hall (altera Fielinga 1160) [70]
  8. Fylingdales [NZ 93897 03319]
  9. Fylingdales Moor [SE 92568 99546]
  10. Fyling Park [NZ 93734 03456]
  11. Pickering Beck [SE 82197 89741]
  12. Pickering's Barn [TA 01637 95132]
  13. Potting [SD 95215 98851]
13
ing(s) ON eng [46] OE ing water meadow, pasture (in marshy places)
  1. Abbot Ings [SE 96935 88828]
  2. Aldborough Ings [SE 40944 67169]
  3. Bedlington's Lane [NZ 93996 05567]
  4. Broad Ings Farm [NZ 88150 10167]
  5. Bull Ings Wood [SE 63891 73162]
  6. Claxton Ings [SE 69071 59767]
  7. Fimmerdale Ings [SE 69371 59661]
  8. Hard Ings [NY 99789 20978]
  9. Ings Beck [SE 66749 68912]
  10. Ings Drain [SE 43811 68734]
  11. Ings End [NZ 80790 15803]
  12. Ings Gutter [SE 69016 59984]
  13. Ings House [NZ 75268 18497]
  14. Ings Lane [SE 68876 59948]
  15. Ings Lane [SE 51261 63573]
  16. Knapton Ings [SE 88033 78515]
  17. Knapton Ings House [SE 88211 78479]
  18. Moor Ings [SE 51600 88350]
  19. Moor Ings Bank [SE 52127 87548]
  20. Myton Ings [SE 44238 65672]
  21. North Ings Farm (Far) [SE 64633 69558]
  22. North Ings Farm (Near) [SE 65103 70096]
  23. North Ings Moor [NZ 63885 11757]
  24. North Ings Slack [NZ 64169 12107]
  25. Sheriff Hutton Ings [SE 65559 67693]
  26. Suffield Ings [SE 98187 89322]
  27. The Fleetings [SE 69853 58717]
  28. The Ings [SE 20162 90263]
  29. The Ings [SE 51272 63082]
  30. Timble Ings [SE 15629 52806]
  31. Upper Ings [TA 01013 82438]
  32. Wilton Ings [SE 87247 81262]
  33. Wilton Ings Lane [SE 87090 81593]
33
ing(s) ON Ingus [434]   Ingus (personal name)
  1. Ings Beck [SE 66749 68912]
1
intack, intak(e) ON intak [394]   land taken in or enclosed
  1. East Intakes [NZ 66513 11051]
  2. Hawsker Intake Road [NZ 92115 06022]
  3. Holey Intake [NZ 78489 04578]
  4. Hollingley Intake [SE 13254 51333]
  5. Intake Barn [SE 47820 62550]
  6. Intake Beck [NZ 91718 07734]
  7. Intake Farm [NZ 87743 04156]
  8. Intake House [SE 14224 91822]
  9. Intake Lodge [SE 59158 73728]
  10. Intake Saw Mill [SE 14293 91739]
  11. Intake Wood [NZ 80452 04915]
  12. Morgan Intakes [NZ 74143 04856]
  13. The Intake [NZ 64867 13646]
13
ir- ON Íri [309]   Íri (personal name)
  1. Irton [TA 00935 84046]
  2. Irby Manor [NZ 40931 03040]
  3. Irton (parish) [TA 00798 84581]
3
kek ON Kekkja [318]   Kekkja (personal name)
  1. Kekmarish (lost) [TA 81777 77279]
1
keld, kel, kell, kill ON kelda [34] OE celde spring, deep water-hole, stream
  1. Cop Keld Beck [SE 98165 92902]
  2. Cross Keld Trough [NZ 94301 05828]
  3. Keld Farm [SE 80758 88622]
  4. Keldgate Road [SE 80740 88609]
  5. Keldgate Slack [SE 82230 90550]
  6. Keldgate Wood [SE 82282 90413]
  7. Keldhowe Point [NZ 85543 14558]
  8. Keldhowe Steel [NZ 85565 14644]
  9. East Keld Farm [NZ 94917 05586]
  10. Keld Runnels [SE 99150 89850]
  11. Keld Runnels Farm [SE 99252 89822]
  12. Keld Runnels Road [SE 99034 89597]
  13. Keldsikes [SE 69113 60316]
  14. Keld Slack [SE 81017 89495]
  15. Keld Slack House [SE 81073 89527]
  16. Keld Spring [SE 80921 90406]
  17. Keldy Bridge [SE 77722 90749]
  18. Keldy Castle [SE 77703 91588]
  19. Keldy Grain [SE 88500 93247]
  20. Lingrow Keld [NZ 80151 17201]
  21. Skelder Cottage [NZ 84630 08940]
  22. Skelder Farm (olim Skelder New Inn) [NZ 84915 09011]
  23. Tom Keld Hole [NZ 83863 02424]
  24. Waitekeld [SE 67477 62406]
  25. West Skelder Farm [NZ 84207 10474]
25
kel(l) ON Kel(l)e [319]   Kel(l)e (personal name)
  1. Kelsit Grange [SE 54895 63530]
1
kem, kemp ON Kempi [320]   Kempi (personal name)
  1. Kemplah Top [NZ 60790 14232]
  2. Kemplah Wood [NZ 60827 14384]
2
kettle ON (1) Ketil, (2) ketil [45] (1) OE cietel (1) Ketil (personal name) (2) kettle, cauldron
  1. Kettle Howe [SE 68693 97999]
  2. Kettleness [NZ 83290 15587]
  3. Kettle Ness [NZ 83275 16219]
  4. Kettleness Farm [NZ 83018 15662]
  5. Kettleness Mines (ironstone) [NZ 82306 15178]
  6. Kettleness Scar [NZ 83064 16266]
  7. Kettleness Sand [NZ 82929 15805]
  8. Kettlethorpe (lost)
  9. Kettle Well Cottage [NZ 93182 02292]
9
kil(l), chil ON Ketill [409] OE Cēolfriþ, Cēolferð Ketill (personal name)

    Skelton, Langbargh East Wapentake

  1. Kildale [NZ 60626 09398]
  2. Kildale Hall [NZ 61196 09457]
  3. Kildale Moor [NZ 63908 08216]
  4. Kildale Moor [NZ 62183 11107]
  5. Kildale (parish) [NZ 62751 08799]
  6. Little Kildale [NZ 61492 09248]
  7. Little Kildale Wood [NZ 61850 09179]
  8. Cayton, Whitby Strand Wapentake

  9. High Killerby [TA 06788 83731]
  10. Killerby Carr [TA 06338 81426]
  11. Killerby Cliff [TA 07160 84167]
  12. Killerby Grange [TA 06786 82039]
  13. Killerby Grange Gate [TA 06544 82539]
  14. Killerby Hall [TA 06156 82725]
  15. Killerby Old Hall [TA 06418 82866]
14
kil ON Ketilgrímr [321]   Ketilgrímr (personal name)
  1. Kilgram Bridge [SE 19204 86031]
  2. Kilgram Grange [SE 19217 85877]
  3. Kilgram Lane [SE 18735 85636]
3
kill ON (1) Kyle (2) kiðlingr (3) Kiðlingr[326]   (1) Kyle (personal name) (2) a kidling, young kid (3) a nickname
  1. Killinghall [SE 28783 58599]
  2. Killinghall Bridge [SE 28727 59674]
  3. Killinghall Corn & Saw Mills [SE 28703 59585]
  4. Killinghall Farm [SE 29259 58624]
  5. Killinghall (manor house on site of hall) [SE 28564 58774]
  6. Killinghall Quarries [SE 28913 59615]
  7. Killing Howe [NZ 57254 15158]
  8. Killing Nab Scar [SE 83624 95202]
8
kirk ON kirkja [170] ODan kirk
OE cirice
church
  1. Church Plantation [NZ 85001 12922]
  2. Church Street [NZ 90155 10820]
  3. Jib Kirk [NZ 67345 14779]
  4. Kirk Balk Lane [SE 69908 60326]
  5. Kirk Beck [SE 96932 90541]
  6. Kirk Field [NZ 83971 10451]
  7. Kirk Gate [SE 96627 91357]
  8. Kirkless (Farm) [SE 98629 93885]
  9. Kirkless Plantation [SE 98243 93742]
  10. Kirk Moor (Kirkmoor) [NZ 92209 02137]
  11. Kirk Moor Beck [NZ 91981 03027]
  12. Kirk Moor Gate [NZ 91761 02800]
  13. Kirk Moor Plantation [NZ 91929 02897]
  14. Kirk Sink [SD 94052 53491]
14
knaggy ON nagga [171] OE ge-gnidan rub, grumble, quarrel, maunder
  1. Knaggy House Farm [NZ 89720 06041]
1
knapp, knab, knave, knepp, nap, neap ON knappr [172] OE cnæpp, copp a knob, top, summit of a hill    
knipe, knip ON (1) Gnúpr (2) gnúpr, gnípa [173]   (1) Gnúpr (personal name) (2) steep hill, peak
  1. Gnipe Howe (Gnip 1160; olim Nype Howe) [NZ 93505 08536]
  2. Knipe Barn [SD 97070 71406]
  3. Knipe Close [SD 97033 71556]
  4. Knipe Scar [SD 96722 70208; SD 97023 70436]
  5. Knipe Wood [SD 97000 70873]
5
knol(l) ON knjúkr, knauss [386] OE cnoll, hnol, hnoll knoll, round hill top, summit
  1. Great Knoll [SE 56637 49794]
  2. Hutton Knowl [SE 69674 91315]
  3. Kirby Knowle [SE 46677 87354]
  4. Kirby Knowle Moor [SE 47433 87960]
  5. Kirby Knowle Parish [SE 46726 87739]
  6. Knowle Hill [SE 46985 86869]
  7. Knowle Lane [SE 46860 86902]
  8. Knowles House [SD 93608 54213]
  9. (Newbuilding on site of) Kirby Knowle Castle [SE 46070 87457]
  10. Scale Knoll [NZ 05087 08885]
  11. Scale Knoll Gill [NZ 05456 08936]
  12. Spaunton Knowl [SE 71711 91522]
  13. The Knowles [SE 42003 67972]
13
knot ON (1) Knútr (2) knútr [12]   (1) Knútr (personal name) (2) a knot
  1. Bell Knot [SE 04002 82462]
  2. Knot Top [SD 94034 98894]
  3. Knotts [SD 98242 69599]
3
lam ON lamb [99] OE lamb lamb
  1. Lamplands [NZ 82145 06678]
1
lathe, lay, laithe, leath ON hlaða [178] OE bearn, bern barn
  1. Far Ground Lathe [SD 98337 69079]
  2. Haugh Lathes [SD 98525 67847]
  3. High Hill Castles Lathe [SD 98553 68996]
  4. Hill Castles Lathe [SD 98603 69078]
  5. Howgill Laithe [SD 93931 53237]
  6. Kell Sikes Lathe [SD 98342 68879]
  7. Low Close Lathe [SD 97759 70024]
  8. Low Hill Castles Lathe [SD 98475 68639]
  9. Low Laithes Farm [NZ 92051 09491]
  10. New Lathe [SD 98109 68239]
  11. New Laithe [SD 94947 54308]
  12. North Flats Lathe [SD 98225 69244]
  13. Scar Lathe [SD 97510 68047]
  14. Wassa Lathe [SD 98457 68005]
  15. Wassa Lathe [SD 98705 68244]
  16. Whitby Laithes [NZ 92318 09599]
  17. Whitby Laithes (site of) [NZ 92126 09569]
  18. Whitby Laithes Farm [NZ 92542 09496]
18
land ON land [98] OE land, Gōda (personal name) land, piece of ground
  1. Cloughton Newlands [TA 01294 95974]
  2. Goathland [NZ 82789 01364]
  3. Goathland Banks [NZ 87401 05592]
  4. Goathland Moor [NZ 84913 01749]
  5. Good Lands [SE 97001 92794]
  6. Gowland Farm [SE 99102 95895]
  7. Gowland Lane [SE 99103 96083]
  8. Greenlands Farm [NZ 83789 03830]
  9. Greenland's Howe [NZ 86881 03559]
  10. Lamplands [NZ 82044 06777]
  11. Linglands Cottage [SE 99036 96153]
  12. Linglands Farm [SE 98377 96061]
  13. Newlands Dale [TA 01409 96128]
  14. Newlands Farm [TA 01049 96149]
  15. Newlands House [TA 01010 95820]
  16. Newlands Inn [TA 01048 95953]
  17. Newlands Lane [TA 01086 94718]
  18. Newlands Low Road [TA 01576 96031]
  19. Stockland Beck [SE 91596 93693]
  20. Strickland Dump [NZ 95750 03850]
  21. Sour Lands [TA 03323 83490]
21
lang ON langr [384] OE lang long, tall
  1. Great Langton [SE 29795 96529]
  2. Great Langton Parish [SE 30125 96813]
  3. High Langdale [SE 92384 95187]
  4. High Langdale End [SE 92978 95265]
  5. High Langdale End Warren [SE 92518 95189]
  6. Langbargh East Wapentake [385]
  7. Langbargh West Wapentake [385]
  8. Langbaurgh [NZ 55771 11631]
  9. Langbaurgh Grange [NZ 55523 11638]
  10. Langbaurgh Hall [NZ 56098 11684]
  11. Langbaurgh Quarry [NZ 56327 12081]
  12. Langbaurgh Ridge [NZ 55946 12053]
  13. Langbaurgh Whinstone Quarries [NZ 55702 12238]
  14. Langdale Bridge [SE 94283 91034]
  15. Langdale End [SE 94504 91245]
  16. Langdale Forest [SE 90997 95746]
  17. Langdale Moor [SE 92078 96328]
  18. Langdale Rigg [SE 92988 94455]
  19. Langdale Rigg End [SE 92896 94756]
  20. Langdale Side (lost)
  21. Langlands [SE 32804 90930]
  22. Langthorne [SE 25378 91717]
  23. Langthorne New Covert [SE 24601 91226]
  24. Langthorne Old Covert [SE 24563 92103]
  25. Langthorne Parish [SE 25541 91332]
  26. Langthwaite [SE 03811 83151]
  27. Langthwaite [NZ 00665 02405]
  28. Langthwaite Scar [NZ 00683 02635]
  29. Langton Cottages [SE 31185 95241]
  30. Langton Hall [SE 30543 95253]
  31. Langton Lodges [SE 32213 96176]
  32. Langton on Swale [SE 30077 94762]
  33. Langton Park [SE 30774 95083]
  34. Langton Wood [SE 29942 96114]
  35. Little Langton [SE 30492 95496]
  36. Little Langton Parish [SE 31296 96057]
  37. Longdale Howl [SE 87320 89940]
  38. Long Sand [NZ 76491 19114]
  39. Long Sand [NZ 83575 15979]
  40. Long Side [SE 86589 94146]
  41. (Low) Langdale End [SE 93880 91184]
41
lask, lod, low ON lág, lágr, laut [287] (not found in OE) (1) log (2) low (3) a deep hollow place
  1. Ebberston Low Moor [SE 91139 91100]
  2. Laskill [SE 56352 90701]
  3. Laskill Bridge [SE 56271 90812]
  4. Laskill Pasture [SE 57612 91355]
  5. Laskill Pasture Moor [SE 58142 91954]
  6. Lockton Low Moor [SE 85627 92770]
  7. Low Balk [NZ 96519 03348]
  8. Low Bank [SE 56179 90054]
  9. Low Bride Stones [SE 87474 91223]
  10. Low Burrows [NZ 81622 04377]
  11. Low Dalby (House) [SE 86017 87333]
  12. Low Dalby Wood [SE 85354 86783]
  13. Lowdales Beck [SE 96030 90900]
  14. Lowdales Farm [SE 95425 91590]
  15. Low Dales [SE 95600 91970]
  16. Low Hamer [SE 74700 97325]
  17. Low Hawsker [NZ 92375 07487]
  18. Low Hollins Farm (olim Murk Hollins) [NZ 80850 04450]
  19. Lowhouse Gill [NZ 75339 16465]
  20. Low Laithes Farm [NZ 92051 09491]
  21. Low Mitten Hill [NZ 92150 07250]
  22. Low Newbiggin [NZ 85291 06872]
  23. Low Newbiggin North (Farm) [NZ 85309 07059]
  24. Low Newbiggin South [NZ 85021 06762]
  25. Lownorth Beck [SE 95189 95529]
  26. Low Peak [NZ 97203 02115]
  27. Low Rigg (Farm) [NZ 91550 06350]
  28. Low Scar [NZ 95936 03846]
  29. Low Staindale [SE 86871 90511]
  30. Low Stakesby [NZ 89150 10750]
  31. Low Toft Hills [TA 00821 92604]
  32. Low Woof Howe [SE 89187 96187]
  33. Newlands Low Road [TA 01576 96031]
  34. Scargill Low Moor [NZ 01320 11095]
  35. Sneaton Low Moor [NZ 89771 03877]
  36. Troutsdale Low [SE 93100 90130]
36
lax ON lax [288] OE lex, leax, læx a salmon    
lay ON Leikr [327]   Leikr (personal name)
  1. Laysthorpe Lodge [SE 63610 78930]
1
lec, let ON Ljóti [328]   Ljóti (personal name)
  1. Leckby Farm (Villa) [SE 41719 73740]
  2. Leckby Grange [SE 41270 74672]
  3. Leckby House [SE 67002 61677]
  4. Leckby Palace (Farm) [SE 41659 74077]
4
lee, lith, lythe ON hlið, hlíð [100] OE hlið (1) a slope, mountain side (hlíð)
(2) a side, gate, gateway (hlið)
  1. Bainley Bank [NZ 73819 04461]
  2. Bainley Bank Farm [NZ 73402 04800]
  3. Bainley Cottage [NZ 73888 04266]
  4. Bainley Gate [NZ 73981 04535]
  5. Barley Carr Dike [SE 92722 96028]
  6. Barley Carr Rigg [SE 91358 96228]
  7. Barley Carr Slack [SE 92239 96138]
  8. Barley Carr Tongue [SE 92546 96503]
  9. Bickley [SE 92135 91786]
  10. Bickley Gate [SE 91227 91248]
  11. Bickley Gate House [SE 91092 91514]
  12. Bickley Lodge [SE 92840 91772]
  13. Bickley Moor [SE 90877 91713]
  14. Bickley Moor [SE 91310 91014]
  15. Bickley Rigg Farm [SE 92348 91961]
  16. Bickley Trod [SE 92231 93315]
  17. Caley Beck [NZ 85923 06842]
  18. Caley Becks Farm [NZ 85734 06603]
  19. Caley Beck Wood [NZ 85837 06946]
  20. Cockley Head [SE 95990 93933]
  21. Dunsley [NZ 85985 11118]
  22. Dunsley Beck [NZ 86638 11513]
  23. Everley [SE 97215 88890]
  24. Everley Bank Wood [SE 97395 89143]
  25. Everley Banks [SE 97075 89358]
  26. Everley Bridge (now Wrench Green Bridge) [SE 96798 89272]
  27. Flock Leys [SE 97283 91130]
  28. Galley Hill Slack [NZ 85652 08838]
  29. Hagger Lythe [NZ 90001 11397]
  30. Hipperley Beck [SE 92701 92953]
  31. Holey Gill [NZ 84237 05926]
  32. Hulleys [TA 00225 96227]
  33. Leys Hill [SE 62793 73495]
  34. Lythe [NZ 84485 12971]
  35. Lythe Hall [NZ 84827 12965]
  36. Lythe Bank [NZ 85435 13142]
  37. Lythe Bank Lodge [NZ 85530 13011]
  38. Lythe Beck [NZ 83518 04415]
  39. Lythe Beck Plantation [NZ 83465 04498]
  40. Lythe Parish [NZ 84943 13458]
  41. Moorgate Lees [NZ 91150 10050]
  42. Nattley Griff [SE 88522 90894]
  43. Parsley Beck [NZ 87286 02963]
  44. Parsley Beck Rigg [NZ 86288 03270]
  45. Selley Park [SE 97665 88710]
  46. Thirley Beck [SE 98322 95206]
  47. Thirley Beck Cottage [SE 98419 95428]
  48. Thirley Cotes (Farm) [SE 97594 95070]
  49. Wapley Beck [NZ 73350 13432]
  50. White Leys [NZ 88708 11121]
49
leek, leake ON lœkr, lækr [101] OE leccan brook, rivulet    
ler, lar ON leir [24] OE clæg (clægig) clay, earth, loam, but also mud, especially on the beach
  1. Fewler Gate Wood [SE 94998 91839]
  2. Larpool Cottages [NZ 89993 09689]
  3. Larpool Hall (Leirpel 1160) [NZ 89796 09352]
  4. Larpool Lane [NZ 89960 09592]
  5. Larpool Wood [NZ 89801 09145]
5
lin ON lin [383] OE lin flax
  1. Lins [NZ 82538 02282]
1
lind ON lind [382] OE lin a lime tree
  1. Lind Head [SE 99463 93954]
  2. Lindhead Barn [SE 99733 93950]
  3. Lindhead Beck [TA 00038 93702]
  4. Lindhead Bridge [SE 99322 93808]
  5. Lindhead Gorse [SE 99667 93803]
  6. Lindhead Lodge [SE 99666 94294]
  7. Lindhead Road [SE 99857 93617]
7
ling ON lyng [381] OE ling ling, heather
  1. Bedlington's Lane [NZ 93996 05567]
  2. High Lingrow [NZ 80354 17071]
  3. Lingdale [NZ 67073 16277]
  4. Lingdale Head [NZ 66814 16397]
  5. Lingdale Quarry [NZ 66542 16513]
  6. Lingdale Road [NZ 66636 16593]
  7. Lingrow Cliffs [NZ 80859 16873]
  8. Lingrow End [NZ 81002 16268]
  9. Lingrow Howe [NZ 80366 17029]
  10. Lingrow Keld [NZ 80151 17201]
  11. Lingrow Knock [NZ 80834 17397] [400]
  12. Ling Hill [NZ 92797 09974]
  13. Ling Hill Farm [NZ 92482 10037]
  14. Ling Hill Plantation [NZ 91368 01838]
  15. Linglands Cottage [SE 99036 96153]
  16. Linglands Farm [SE 98377 96061]
  17. Lingy Hill [SE 14772 91360]
  18. Lingy Plantation [SE 90193 87064]
  19. West Ling [NZ 01583 12314]
19
linger ON lengja [280] OE lengen (1) linger, tarry, lengthen (2) an oblong piece
  1. Lingers Beck [NZ 94484 05339]
  2. Lingers Toft [NZ 94671 05348]
  3. Little Lingers Beck [NZ 94741 05495]
3
little ON lítill [305] OE lytel little, small, short
  1. Little Banniscue [SE 54733 90277]
  2. Little Beck [SE 75976 91551]
  3. Littlebeck (olim Little Beck) [NZ 85003 01146]
  4. Little Beck Bank [NZ 88067 05214]
  5. Little Beck Lane [NZ 87783 05054]
  6. Little Beck Wood [NZ 88055 04715]
  7. Little Cliff [TA 01501 96686]
  8. Little Cowgate Rigg [SE 97136 96986]
  9. Little Dale [SE 85535 88841]
  10. Little Eller Beck [SE 83215 02234]
  11. Little Gill [SE 90718 91046]
  12. Little Gill [SE 86244 93551]
  13. Little Gill Noddle [SE 90676 91149]
  14. Little Grain [SE 89834 94659]
  15. Little Grain Head [SE 89147 95082]
  16. Little Grain Noddle [SE 89532 95202]
  17. Little Hilla Green [SE 94630 89973]
  18. Little How Beck Barn [SD 98291 68649]
  19. Little Howe Wood [SE 94456 90889]
  20. Little Kildale [NZ 61492 09248]
  21. Little Kildale Wood [NZ 61850 09179]
  22. Little Lingers Beck [NZ 94741 05495]
  23. Little Marfit Head [SE 85425 92740]
  24. Little Marfit Head Slack [SE 85307 92603]
  25. Little Moor [TA 00465 95312]
  26. Little Moor Slack [TA 00654 95004]
  27. Little Oak Wood [SE 53842 66885]
  28. Little Stubby Head [SE 91076 90015]
28
land, lowne, lound, lount, lund, lum ON lundr [67]   sacred grove, tree, copse
  1. Blakey Moor [SE 87150 94150]
  2. Blakey Topping [SE 87259 93909]
  3. Lowna Lund [SE 69137 91518]
  4. Lund Forest [SE 78383 77170]
  5. Lund Forest Cottages [SE 78718 76262]
  6. Lundgreen Lane [SE 56211 64877]
  7. Lund Bridge [SE 50343 67563]
  8. Stockland (lost)
  9. Stockland Beck [SE 91596 93693]
  10. Sutherland [SE 77078 91149]
  11. Sutherland Beck [SE 77512 90697]
  12. Sutherland (Cottage) [SE 77144 91154]
  13. Sutherland Lodge [SE 76830 91246]
  14. Lound House [NZ 89159 06582]
  15. The Lunds [SE 49571 64161]
15
loos, loose ON Lúsi [238]   Lúsi (personal name)
  1. Loose Howe [NZ 70258 00847]
  2. Loose Howe (?) [SE 86817 96210]
  3. Loose Howe Rigg [SE 86166 96572]
3
low ON Logi [329]   Logi (personal name)
  1. Hutton Lowcross [NZ 59621 13729]
  2. Hutton Lowcross [NZ 60411 13802]
  3. Hutton Lowcross Woods [NZ 59146 13533]
  4. Lowcross Farm [NZ 58403 15384]
  5. Low Barn [SE 49841 62011]
  6. Low Breckonbrough[SE 80142 90378]
  7. Low Crags Hall [NZ 70338 19143]
  8. Low East Field [TA 03797 83403]
  9. Low Flask [NZ 93084 00908]
  10. Low Green [SD 93488 54138]
  11. Wintylow [SE 20779 96757]
11
man(n), mag, mau ON Magni [331]   Magni (personal name)
  1. Maunby [SE 35161 86285]
  2. Maunby Demesne [SE 34419 87116]
  3. Maunby Ferry [SE 34546 86090]
  4. Maunby Hall [SE 35449 86364]
  5. Maunby House [SE 35076 86336]
  6. Maunby Lane Cottages [SE 36199 87009]
  7. Maunby Lane [SE 35946 86874]
7
mar ON (1) Mörðr, ON (2) Már [336]   (1) Mörðr (personal name) (2) Már (personal name)
  1. Marderby Grange [SE 47200 83566]
  2. Marderby Hall [SE 46759 83959]
  3. Marderby Lane [SE 46770 83801]
3
mar(r), mars, moure(s) ON (1) Maurr (2) maurr (3) marr [292] OE (2) æmette (3) mere (1) Maurr (personal name) (2) ant (3) a fen boggy ground, mere, lake, sea
  1. Great Marfit Head Slack [SE 85551 92281]
  2. Little Marfit Head [SE 85425 92740]
  3. Little Marfit Head Slack [SE 85307 92603]
  4. Marfit Head [SE 85470 92518]
  5. Marnar Dale [NZ 95160 04798]
  6. Marnar Dale Beck [NZ 94824 04650]
  7. Marsett [SD 90125 86114]
  8. Marsett [SD 90130 86792]
  9. Marsett Beck [SD 90447 86216]
  10. Marsett Bridge [SD 90323 86224]
  11. Marsett Ridge [SD 89968 86009]
  12. Mossy Mere [NZ 92598 04826]
12
math ON maðr, máði [65] OE mawan (1) a man (2) worn out, destroyed, mown
  1. Willymath Bridge [TA 01503 92779]
1
may ON Magi [330]   Magi (personal name)
  1. May Beck [NZ 89019 01804]
  2. New May Beck [NZ 89769 03276]
  3. Old May Beck [NZ 88847 02297]
  4. Old May Beck Farm [NZ 89063 02780]
  5. May Moss [SE 87605 96017]
5
meols, -mell, -mells ON melr [291]   dune, sandbank, sand-hill grown with bent-grass    
mickle, michel, much ON mikill [402] OE mycel (1) much (2) great, large, tall, of stature
  1. Mickland Field [SE 45258 68551]
  2. Mickleby [NZ 80233 12839]
  3. Mickleby Beck [NZ 80876 12051]
  4. Mickleby Hole [NZ 80723 13351]
  5. Mickleby Lodge [NZ 79622 12806]
  6. Mickleby Low Grange [NZ 81310 12252]
  7. Mickleby (parish) [NZ 80230 13216]
  8. Mickledales [NZ 61522 22312]
  9. Micklegate [SE 59928 51632]
  10. Mickle Mire [SE 15053 89679]
10
mid, mit ON (1) miðr, (2) meðal [401] OE middel, medel (1) mid, midst, middle (2) among, between, in the middle, middling, the average
  1. Far Middle Sike [NZ 91143 03119]
  2. Middle Cliffs [NZ 78682 17173]
  3. Middle Grain Beck [NZ 83735 02315]
  4. Middle Rigg [NZ 91153 03571]
  5. Middle Rigg [NZ 91524 06249]
  6. Middle Rigg [SE 79413 96989]
  7. Middleton Beeld [SE 84085 02340]
  8. Middlewood Farm [NZ 94745 04624]
  9. Middlewood Lane [NZ 94620 04367]
  10. High Mitten Hill [NZ 92107 06830]
  11. Low Mitten Hill [NZ 92150 07250]
  12. Mitten Hill [NZ 92050 06950]
  13. Mitten Hill Beck [NZ 91958 06879]
  14. Mitten Hill Farm [NZ 92131 06954]
  15. Nigh Middle Sike [NZ 91185 03746]
15
mil ON Mildi [333]   Mildi (personal name)
  1. Milby [SE 40073 67685]
  2. Milby Lock [SE 40092 67361]
  3. Milby Moor [SE 40989 69024]
3
mil(e) ON Milla [334]   Milla (personal name)
  1. Miley Pike [SE 48768 96422]
  2. Miley Pike Hill [SE 48830 96344]
2
-mine, -myn ON mynni [93] OE fleot, gemyð, múða mouth of river, fjord    
mir, mire, myre ON mýrr [289] OE mire bog, swampy moorland, mire
  1. Arkilmire (lost) [38]
  2. Foulesike alias Wawe-myres (13th century), Tranmires [SE 95750 98604]
  3. Gysemire [SE 48268 63868]
  4. Higher Row Mires [SE 75285 97050]
  5. Lower Row Mires [SE 75685 96863]
  6. Mickle Mire [SE 15053 89679]
  7. Mires Lane [NZ 86689 10787]
  8. Mires Slack [NZ 91079 02785]
  9. Mires Well [NZ 86588 10806]
  10. Mirey Close [NZ 57017 15104]
  11. Miry Sike Wood [SE 93362 91300]
  12. Murk Mire Moor [NZ 79826 02364]
  13. Plod Mire Wood [SE 21207 97406]
  14. Tranmire Beck [SE 73592 91320]
  15. Row Mires Rigg [SE 75231 97619]
  16. White Mires [SE 77306 96861]
  17. White Mires Slack [SE 76690 96190]
17
mol ON Moldr [335]   Moldr (personal name)
  1. Moxby [SE 59163 66580]
  2. Moxby Hall (Farm) [SE 59600 66947]
  3. Moxby Lane [SE 59460 65917]
  4. Moxby Mill [SE 59595 66789]
  5. Moxby Moor [SE 58966 66239]
  6. Moxby Moor Farm [SE 58900 66707]
  7. Moxby Priory [SE 59458 66718]
7
mor(e), moor, mur ON mór [290] OE mór a moor, heath, barren upland, waste land
  1. Aislaby Moor [NZ 85183 08936]
  2. Bickley Moor [SE 90877 91713]
  3. Bickley Moor [SE 91310 91014]
  4. Bilsdale East Moor [SE 59936 96898]
  5. Bilsdale West Moor [SE 55565 96019]
  6. Black Dike Moor [NZ 75514 10620]
  7. Black Moor [SE 60499 72986]
  8. Blakey Moor [SE 87150 94150]
  9. Brown Moor [SE 56865 64821]
  10. Brownmoor Lane [SE 56865 64821]
  11. Burn Howe Moor [SE 94399 98243]
  12. Carry Moor [NZ 35956 05855]
  13. Cawthorn Moor [SE 78182 91626]
  14. Claymoor [NZ 82041 14851]
  15. Claymoor Beck [NZ 81538 15122]
  16. Cloughton Moor House [SE 98962 97346]
  17. Earswick Moor [SE 64105 58023]
  18. East Moor [SE 78216 89465]
  19. Ellerby Moor [NZ 78805 13536]
  20. Fylingdales Moor [SE 92568 99546]
  21. Gilmonby Moor [NY 98438 11167]
  22. Goathland Moor [NZ 84913 01749]
  23. Grime Moor [[SE 86737 92064]
  24. Harmby Moor [SE 13334 91690]
  25. Harper Moor Beeld [SE 91312 93122]
  26. Harton Moor [SE 68623 61143]
  27. Hazelhead Moor [SE 86418 94313]
  28. High Moor [NZ 00225 09583]
  29. Hope Moor [NZ 02310 08033]
  30. Howdale Moor [NZ 95693 01260]
  31. Howl Moor [SE 90407 95682]
  32. Jugger Howe Moor [SE 94070 99508]
  33. Kildale Moor [NZ 63908 08216]
  34. Kildale Moor [NZ 62183 11107]
  35. Kirk Moor (Kirkmoor) [NZ 92209 02137]
  36. Kirk Moor Beck [NZ 91981 03027]
  37. Kirk Moor Gate [NZ 91761 02800]
  38. Kirk Moor Plantation [NZ 91929 02897]
  39. Laskill Pasture Moor [SE 58142 91954]
  40. Little Moor [TA 00465 95312]
  41. Little Moor Slack [TA 00654 95004]
  42. Lockton Low Moor [SE 85627 92770]
  43. Moor Barn [SE 48585 67409]
  44. Moor End Field [SE 44646 69248]
  45. Moorgate Lees [NZ 91150 10050]
  46. Moorgates [SE 84381 99429]
  47. Moor Ings [SE 51600 88350]
  48. Moor Ings Bank [SE 52127 87548]
  49. Moor Nook Plantation [SE 65988 61543]
  50. Moors Rigg [SE 86603 96207]
  51. Mortar Pit [SE 82841 01615]
  52. Murk Mire Moor [NZ 79826 02364]
  53. Murton (parish) [SE 53231 87786]
  54. Murton [SE 53705 88040]
  55. Myton Moor [SE 45947 66679]
  56. Newby Moor Lane [TA 01286 89441]
  57. Newgate Moor [SE 87048 92769]
  58. North Ings Moor [NZ 63885 11757]
  59. Rosedale Moor [SE 72165 99821]
  60. Roxby High Moor [NZ 75503 11959]
  61. Roxby Low Moor [NZ 76117 13657]
  62. Roxby Moor House [NZ 76422 11752]
  63. Roxby Old Moor [NZ 75659 11520]
  64. Scargill Low Moor [NZ 01320 11095]
  65. Silpho Moor [SE 96007 94138]
  66. Silpho Moor Plantation [SE 96602 93840]
  67. Sleights Moor [NZ 85790 04137]
  68. Sneaton High Moor [NZ 87996 00876]
  69. Sneaton Low Moor [NZ 89771 03877]
  70. Staintondale Moor [SE 98766 99409]
  71. Stony Marl Moor [NZ 94878 00552]
  72. Suffield Moor [SE 98245 92592]
  73. Troutsdale Moor [SE 91695 88860]
  74. Ugglebarnby Moor [NZ 89019 05140]
  75. Widow Howe Moor [NZ 86883 00101]
  76. Wykeham High Moor [SE 91550 95850]
76
moss ON mosi [427] OE mos moss, a moorland
  1. May Moss [SE 87605 96017]
  2. Moss Brow [NZ 87225 11668]
  3. Moss Brow Lodge [NZ 87383 11800]
  4. Moss Ends [SE 53746 66508]
  5. Moss Rigg [NZ 82661 00263]
  6. Moss Slack [NZ 82653 00110]
  7. Mossy Mere [NZ 92598 04826]
  8. Simon Howe Moss [SE 83099 97158]
  9. Spain Gate Moss [SE 89992 91375]
9
mouse, mouth, mus ON Músi [338]   Músi (personal name)
  1. Mouthwaite [XX xxxxx xxxxx]
  2. Musley Bank [SE 76554 70738]
  3. Musley Wood [SE 75761 70596]
  4. Muscoates [SE 68777 80315]
  5. Muscoates Grange [SE 68263 80400]
  6. Muscoates [SE 69079 81005]
  7. Muscoates Lane [SE 67954 80879]
  8. Muscoates Fox Covert [SE 68228 81181]
8
mow, mul ON (1) Múli (2) múli [337]   (1) Múli (personal name) (2) muzzle, snout
  1. Hutton Mulgrave (Mulegrif 1160, Hotone, Hotune DB 1086) [NZ 83874 10131]
  2. Hutton Mulgrave [NZ 82597 10591]
  3. Hutton Mulgrave [NZ 83654 10026]
  4. Hutton Mulgrave Moor [NZ 83599 09145]
  5. Low Mowthorpe Farm [SE 68649 69095]
  6. Mowthorpe [SE 68060 69040]
  7. Mowthorpe Bridge [SE 68530 68538]
  8. Mowthorp Bridge [SE 97996 88233]
  9. Mowthorp Cottage [SE 98063 88207]
  10. Mowthorpe Dale[SE 69102 69395]
  11. Mowthorpe Dale[SE 68843 69458]
  12. Mowthorpe Dale Wood [SE 69044 69240]
  13. Mowthorp(e) (Farm) [SE 98073 88278]
  14. Mowthorpe Hill [SE 67623 69059]
  15. Mowthorpe Hill Farm [SE 67797 69164]
  16. Mowthorpe Road [SE 98191 87980]
  17. Mowthorpe Wood [SE 67784 68813]
  18. Mulgrave Castle [NZ 84879 12565]
  19. Mulgrave Castle (in ruins) [NZ 83947 11677]
  20. Mulgrave Cottage (ruins) [NZ 83948 11678]
  21. Mulgrave Cottage [NZ 85632 12610]
  22. Mulgrave Mines [NZ 79890 17706]
  23. Mulgrave Woods [NZ 83537 11647]
  24. Port Mulgrave [NZ 79790 17528]
  25. Port Mulgrave [NZ 79861 17733]
25
murk ON myrkr [94] OE myrc murky, dark, darkness, gloom, thick mist
  1. Low Hollins Farm (olim Murk Hollins) [NZ 80850 04450]
  2. Murk Beck Slack [NZ 82816 06859]
  3. Murk Esk [NZ 82459 04314]
  4. Murk Esk Cottage [NZ 81644 02740]
  5. Murk Head [SE 95152 95683]
  6. Murk Head Wood [SE 94828 95641]
  7. Murk Hole [NZ 94903 01712]
  8. Murk Mire Moor [NZ 79826 02364]
  9. Murk Side [NZ 81678 02629]
  10. Murkside House (olim Murk Side House) [NZ 81544 03062]
  11. Murk Side Wood [NZ 81699 03347]
11
nab ON nabbi, knollr [196] OE cnoll knoll, rounded top of a larger hill
  1. Black Nab [NZ 92260 10793]
  2. Cargate Nab [SE 86055 93845]
  3. Clock Case Nab [NZ 95553 07105]
  4. Coneygarth Nab [SE 86275 89908]
  5. First Nab [NZ 89750 11550]
  6. Great Knoll [SE 56637 49794]
  7. Howlgate Nab [SE 82271 89281]
  8. Lector Nab [NZ 88850 11750]
  9. Long Nab [TA 02887 94010]
  10. Long Nab Hole [TA 02866 94177]
  11. Miller's Nab [NZ 97075 02628]
  12. Nab End [TA 00182 97139]
  13. Nab End Wood [NZ 70518 17507]
  14. Old Nab [NZ 79312 18695]
  15. Old Nab Shaft [NZ 79344 18782]
  16. Redhouse Nab [NZ 76977 18819]
  17. Red Nabs [NZ 77713 18937]
  18. Red Nabs Shaft [NZ 77718 18998]
  19. Saltwick Nab [NZ 91644 11345]
  20. Scab Nab [NZ 83727 16230]
  21. Scalby Nab [SE 99584 90307]
  22. Scalby Nabs [SE 99719 90055]
  23. Second Nab [NZ 89550 11550]
  24. Snowdon Nab [NZ 78388 05224]
  25. The Nab [NZ 95415 04091]
  26. Whinny Nab [SE 86495 94815]
26
nab, nate ON Náti [340]   Náti (personal name)
  1. Naby [NZ 00888 18129]
  2. Naby Lane [NZ 01084 18029]
  3. Naby Rigg [NZ 00240 18245]
3
nag, naw ON Nagli [339]   Nagli (personal name)
  1. Nawton [SE 65804 84696]
  2. Nawton Common [SE 65712 83502]
  3. Nawton Parish [SE 65195 86198]
  4. Nawton Reservoir [SE 64959 85734]
  5. Nawton Watercourse [SE 65366 85330]
  6. Nawtondale (lost)
6
-nes, -ness ON nes [197] OE næs headland, cape, promontory
  1. Ashness [NZ 87199 08107]
  2. Bay Ness [NZ 95179 06294]
  3. Bay Ness Farm [NZ 94832 06535]
  4. Crook Ness [TA 02747 93385]
  5. Hackness [SE 97245 90255]
  6. Hackness Head [SE 96516 90340]
  7. Hackness Head Wood [SE 96306 90604]
  8. Kettleness [NZ 83290 15587]
  9. Kettle Ness [NZ 83275 16219]
  10. Kettleness Farm [NZ 83018 15662]
  11. Kettleness Mines (ironstone) [NZ 82306 15178]
  12. Kettleness Scar [NZ 83064 16266]
  13. Kettleness Sand [NZ 82929 15805]
  14. Ness Hagg [NZ 70048 16460]
  15. Ness Hagg Wood [NZ 69969 16204]
  16. Ness Head [SE 82962 88663]
  17. Ness Point (or North Cheek) [NZ 96060 06204]
  18. Ness Quarry [NZ 95509 06197]
  19. Ness Ruck [NZ 96024 06040]
  20. Sandsend Ness [NZ 86111 13822]
  21. Scalby Ness [TA 03645 91066]
  22. Scalby Ness Rocks [TA 03842 91116]
  23. Scalby Ness Sands [TA 03407 91300]
  24. Wainess Hill Wood [NZ 91968 91115]
24
new ON nýr [195] OE niwe new
  1. Cloughton Newlands [TA 01232 95893]
  2. Cloughton Newlands Farm [TA 01198 96064]
  3. Low Newbiggin [NZ 85291 06872]
  4. Low Newbiggin North (Farm) [NZ 85309 07059]
  5. Low Newbiggin South [NZ 85021 06762]
  6. Maybecks New Plantation [NZ 89588 03071]
  7. Newbiggin Hall (Farm) [NZ 83991 06830]
  8. New Bridge [SE 56543 91159]
  9. Newby [TA 01650 90197]
  10. Newby Bridge [TA 01397 90324]
  11. Newby Farm [TA 01494 90053]
  12. Newby Hall [TA 01540 89960]
  13. Newby Mill [TA 02628 90723]
  14. Newby Moor Lane [TA 01286 89441]
  15. New Close [SE 04861 83004]
  16. New Close House [SE 05879 83554]
  17. Newclose Rigg [SE 87211 89439]
  18. Newgate
  19. Newholm (Neuham 1160) [NZ 86764 10322]
  20. Newholm Beck [NZ 86572 11206]
  21. Newholm Green [NZ 86550 10750]
  22. New Laithe [SD 94947 54308]
  23. Newlands Dale [TA 01409 96128]
  24. Newlands Farm [TA 01049 96149]
  25. Newlands House [TA 01010 95820]
  26. Newlands Inn [TA 01048 95953]
  27. Newlands Lane [TA 01086 94718]
  28. Newlands Low Road [TA 01576 96031]
  29. New May Beck [NZ 89928 03311]
  30. Newton [SE 81049 90568]
  31. Newton Farm [NZ 89079 03903]
  32. Newton House [NZ 88712 03927]
  33. Newton House Plantation [NZ 88943 01540]
  34. New Wath [NZ 81441 00285]
  35. New Wath Scar [NZ 82115 00602]
35
nook ON hnúka [198] OE hnoc, hnocc bend, hook, angle
  1. Biller Howe Nook [NZ 90815 00837]
  2. Biller Howe Nook Slack [NZ 90908 00677]
  3. Blue Nook [NZ 75981 19215]
  4. Grazing Nook [SE 20370 90691]
  5. Hobb Nook Lane [SE 17273 49276]
  6. Holly Nook [NZ 45180 98527]
  7. Hook's House [NZ 94565 05846]
  8. Low Nook [NZ 98018 02776]
  9. Moor Nook Plantation [SE 65988 61543]
  10. Nook House [NZ 94840 05597]
  11. Oven Close Nook [NZ 68385 13295]
  12. Swindale Nook [NZ 67789 14114]
  13. The Nook [SE 64524 69376]
  14. White Carr Nooking [SE 66484 60811]
14
nor, nar ON norðr [199] OE norð north
  1. Marnar Dale [NZ 95160 04798]
  2. Marnar Dale Beck [NZ 94824 04650]
  3. Northdale House [NZ 87363 08135]
  4. Northdale Scar [SE 83930 97393]
  5. North Head [NZ 92704 91124]
  6. North Head Wood [NZ 92582 91190]
  7. North Ings Moor [NZ 63885 11757]
  8. North Ings Slack [NZ 64169 12107]
  9. North Side [SE 91986 92417]
  10. North Side House [SE 92015 92208]
  11. Northstead (parish) [TA 02694 89235]
  12. Northstead Stile [TA 02274 89447]
  13. Norway Wood [SE 20745 97433]
13
-od, -odd ON (1) Oddr (2) oddr, oddi [200] OE ord (1) Oddr (personal name) (2) point of land, triangle, odd number    
orm ON (1) Ormr (2) ormr [342]   (1) Ormr (personal name) (2) snake, serpent
  1. Ormesby [NZ 53147 17165]
  2. Ormesby House [NZ 53297 16837]
  3. Ormesby Hall [NZ 52900 16703]
  4. Ormesby Parish [NZ 52619 17582]
4
osgod(by) ON Ásgautr [408]   Ásgautr (personal name)

    Selby

  1. Osgodby [SE 64530 33749]
  2. Osgodby Bridge [SE 64471 33136]
  3. Osgodby Common [SE 64873 35660]
  4. Osgodby Grange (olim White House Farm [SE 65452 33999]
  5. Osgodby Hall (AD 1580) [SE 64832 33948]
  6. Osgodby (parish) [SE 65017 34367]
  7. Osgodby Park [SE 64829 34112]
  8. Osgodby Windmill [SE 64298 33087]
  9. Cayton

  10. Osgodby Carr [TA 04527 81941]
  11. Osgodby Point (or Knipe Point) [TA 06549 85424]
  12. Osgodby Hill Top [TA 05902 85154]
  13. Osgodby Hill [TA 06339 84533]
  14. Osgodby [TA 05508 84827]
  15. Osgodby Hall [TA 05594 84749]
  16. Osgodby Village (site of) [TA 05649 84595]
15
osmoth ON Ásmundr [411]   Ásmundr (personal name)
  1. Osmotherly [SE 45416 97445]
  2. Osmotherly Bridge [SE 45999 96765]
  3. Osmotherly Mill (saw) [SE 46207 96827]
  4. Osmotherly Moor [SE 48860 97298]
  5. Osmotherly (parish) [SE 46915 97415]
  6. Osmund Beck [NY 98830 19417]
  7. Osmund Bridge [NY 99083 19706]
  8. Osmund Gill [NY 99116 19859]
8
oul, owls, ulv, ulsh, ulst ON Úlfr [377] OE Wulf Úlfr (personal name)
  1. Oulston [SE 54871 74313]
  2. Oulston Hall [SE 54864 74423]
  3. Oulston Lodge [SE 55013 74829]
  4. Oulston Moor [SE 56348 74634]
  5. Oulston Parish [SE 55446 73933]
  6. Oulston Quarry [SE 54980 73805]
  7. Ulshaw [SE 14842 87407]
  8. Ulshaw Bridge [SE 14515 87222]
  9. Ulshaw Cottages [SE 14495 87330]
9
outgang ON út-ganga [189] OE út-geng a going out (from a house), a passage
  1. Outgang Villa [SE 80494 83424]
  2. Outgang Road [SE 80638 83147]
2
over ON yfir [201] OE ofer over, above
  1. Overdale [NZ 84719 13961]
  2. Overdale Farm [NZ 84703 14190]
  3. Overdale Wyke [NZ 85648 14390]
3
ox, ax ON öx, öxar [202] OE æxe axe
  1. High Oxam Wath [SE 91554 93747]
  2. Low Oxam Wath [SE 92110 92964]
  3. Oxbank Wood [NZ 94099 01883]
  4. Ox Closes [SE 68813 59648]
  5. Ox Closes Lane [SE 43656 66290]
  6. Oxdale Slack [SE 99622 94888]
  7. Oxgangs [SE 69033 60175]
  8. Oxnop Pot Well [SD 94264 97431]
  9. Ox Pasture Wood [NZ 93307 01307]
9
pap ON papi [203] OE préost, priost priest, cleric
  1. Priest's Sike [NZ 85649 13106]
1
peak ON pík [204] OE pic a peak, summit
  1. Calf Peak [NZ 81001 16409]
  2. Low Peak [NZ 97254 02099]
  3. Old Peak [NZ 97997 02460]
  4. Peak Chapel
  5. Peak Scar [SE 52948 88313]
  6. Peak Scar Gill [SE 52584 88398]
  7. Peak Scar Road [SE 52802 88272]
  8. Peak Scar Top [SE 53500 88216]
  9. Peak Scar Wood [SE 53043 88393]
  10. Peakside [NZ 97822 01605]
  11. Peak Steel [NZ 98018 02776]
  12. Peak Windmill
12
pit(s) ON pyttr [399] OE pytt a pit
  1. Dother Pits [NZ 81002 15784]
1
porri ON porri [283] OE Æ'nýge a one-eyed person
  1. Porret Lane [NZ 79010 16884]
  2. Porritt Hagg Wood [NZ 70228 16198]
  3. Porrit Lane [TA 01035 84224]
  4. Porrits [NZ 96282 02691]
4
pretty ON prettr (prettugr) [205] OE prættig a trick (tricky)
  1. Pretty House [NZ 94215 02632]
1
pund ON pund [206] OE púnd enclosure    
qui, quoy, wha ON kví [393] OE graef pen, fold, enclosure
  1. Whaw [NY 98161 04491]
  2. Whaw Bridge [NY 98306 04483]
  3. Whaw Scars [NY 98288 04596]
  4. Whaw Bents [NY 97767 04106]
  5. Whaw Edge [NY 97984 03146]
  6. Whaw Gill [NY 97837 045251]
  7. Whaw Gill Bridge [NY 98052 04318]
  8. Whaw Moor [NY 97012 03609]
8
ra, ro ON[207] OE a corner, nook, a roe deer, roe-buck
  1. High Lingrow [NZ 80354 17071]
  2. Jocks Row Beck [NZ 64529 15870]
  3. Jocks Row Bridge [NZ 64529 15697]
  4. Lingrow Cliffs [NZ 80859 16873]
  5. Lingrow End [NZ 81002 16268]
  6. Lingrow Howe [NZ 80366 17029]
  7. Lingrow Keld [NZ 80151 17201]
  8. Lingrow Knock [NZ 80834 17397] [400]
  9. Roakley House [NZ 65486 17127]
  10. Roakley Wood [NZ 65321 17060]
10
raise, rose ON hreysi [208] OE ræran a cairn, heap of stones
  1. Raisbeck Farm [NZ 92139 07207]
1
rake ON hrífa [209] OE ræce a rake
  1. Rakehills [SE 49418 63540]
  2. Rakehills Lane [SE 49480 63551]
2
rain, ram, raven ON (1) Hrafn (2) hrafn, hramn, hramns [210] OE hræfn, hræfen, hræm, hræmn, hrem, hremn (1) Hrafn (personal name) (2) a raven
  1. Raincliffe Woods [SE 98750 87635]
  2. Raven Hill [NZ 86395 12086]
  3. Raven Hill [NZ 86651 12264]
  4. Raven Hill [NZ 97952 01330]
  5. Ravenscar [NZ 98003 01469]
  6. Raven Scar [SE 92160 92686]
  7. Ravensthorpe Manor [SE 47962 86644]
  8. Ravensworth [NZ 13785 07852]
  9. Ravensworth Castle [NZ 14201 07649]
  10. Ravensworth Parish [NZ 14344 08233]
  11. Ravenswyke (Ravenswick) [SE 70629 87238]
  12. Ravenswyke Wood [SE 70821 87080]
12
raw, roe, rot, rop, rath ON hrár [164] OE hreow, hræw, hreáw raw (only of meat or food)
  1. Raw (Fyling Rawe, 16th century) Rawe [NZ 93850 05520]
  2. Raw (Row) Beck [NZ 93890 05293]
  3. Rawcliff (Pickering) (Newton-on-Rawcliffe) [SE 80797 90672]
  4. Rawcliff Banks (Pickering) [SE 79596 913329]
  5. Rawcliff Top (Pickering) [SE 79721 91069]
  6. Rawcliff (House Farm, Pickering) [SE 79707 91659]
  7. Rawcliff Road (Pickering) [SE 80670 90871]
  8. Rawcliff Banks Cottages (Langbargh East) [NZ 63853 16350]
  9. Rawcliff Banks Wood (Langbargh East) [NZ 64230 16557]
  10. Rawcliffe (Bulmer) [SE 58169 55050]
  11. Rawcliffe Farm (Bulmer) [SE 57043 55112]
  12. Rawcliffe Howe (Pickering) [SE 80018 91130]
  13. Rawcliffe Ings (Bulmer) [SE 57381 54400]
  14. Rawcliffe Lane (Bulmer) [SE 57986 55011]
  15. Rawcliffe Landing (Bulmer) [SE 57111 55285]
  16. Rawcliffe Lodge (Bulmer) [SE 57864 54416]
  17. Rawcliffe Moor (Bulmer) [SE 59002 56052]
  18. Rawcliffe Plantation (Bulmer) [SE 59011 55417]
  19. Rawcroft (Raw Croft) [NZ 02320 01542]
  20. Raw Lane [NZ 93827 05792]
  21. Raw Pasture [NZ 94456 06759]
  22. Raw Pasture Bank [NZ 93983 06421]
  23. Raw (Row) Pasture Beck [NZ 93794 07220]
  24. Raw Pasture Lane [NZ 94361 06577]
24
ray, rai, rey ON Røyð(i)r [346]   Røyð(i)r (personal name)
  1. Raisdale [NZ 53712 00561]
  2. Raisdale Beck [NZ 53223 01638]
  3. Raisdale Mill [NZ 53831 00637]
  4. Raisdale Mill Plantation [NZ 53170 00701]
  5. Raisdale Road [NZ 53647 01633]
5
rea ON (1) Refr (2) refr [212] OE ryðða (1) Refr (personal name) (2) fox
  1. Reasty Hill [SE 96325 94541]
  2. Reasty Hill Top [SE 96230 94385]
  3. Reasty Quarry [SE 96392 94471]
  4. Reasty Road [SE 96045 94757]
4
rain, rein ON rein [25]   a strip of land
  1. Raincliffe Woods [SE 98750 87635]
  2. Rain Dale [NZ 95289 06917]
  3. Raindale Slack [NZ 95233 07036]
3
reans, reins, rand ON rönd [213] OE rand land on a boundary, border, rim, edge    
rigg, ridge ON hryggr [214] OE hrycg ridge, rigg
  1. Askew Rigg [SE 73972 91346]
  2. Barley Carr Rigg [SE 91358 96228]
  3. Bent Rigg [NZ 99143 00410]
  4. Bent Rigg Farm [NZ 98442 00823]
  5. Bent Rigg Lane [NZ 99030 00337]
  6. Bickley Rigg Farm [SE 92348 91961]
  7. Black Rigg [SE 78815 96746]
  8. Black Rigg Beck [SE 79340 96837]
  9. Blea Hill Rigg [NZ 90339 00761]
  10. Brockrigg [NZ 82609 14496]
  11. Brockrigg (parish) [NZ 82742 14439]
  12. Brown Rigg [NZ 92417 00455]
  13. Brown Rigg Beck [NZ 92114 00558]
  14. Brown Rigg Moor [NZ 92453 00579]
  15. Brown Rigg Road [SE 98079 98460]
  16. Broxa Rigg [SE 95301 90859]
  17. Burn Howe Rigg [SE 91675 98762]
  18. Burton Riggs [TA 03065 83094]
  19. Carr Cote Ridge [SE 58390 92276]
  20. Castle Rigg [NZ 84576 11913]
  21. Clenfield Rigg [SE 85585 88949]
  22. Cowgate Rigg [SE 96953 97153]
  23. Crag Stone Rigg [SE 83822 97731]
  24. Crook Beck Rigg [SE 74766 98147]
  25. Derwent Head Rigg [SE 89295 96730]
  26. East Rigg [NZ 94750 02950]
  27. Eller Beck Rigg [NY 99227 10493]
  28. Flainsey Rigg [SE 86891 86566]
  29. Foster Howes Rigg [NZ 87689 00559]
  30. Hallow Rigg [SE96642 97935]
  31. Haugh Rigg [SE 80294 87963]
  32. Howth Rigg [SE 75920 97266]
  33. Gale Hill Rigg [SE 81217 96937]
  34. Glaisdale Rigg [NZ 74083 04108]
  35. Hollin Rigg [SE 99636 91579]
  36. John Cross Rigg [NZ 90158 02445]
  37. Juniper Rigg [SD 95684 97244]
  38. Langdale Rigg [SE 92988 94455]
  39. Langdale Rigg End [SE 92872 94716]
  40. Lease Rigg [NZ 81846 04594]
  41. Leith Rigg [NZ 92222 03363]
  42. Leith Rigg Wood [NZ 92127 03193]
  43. Lilla Rigg [SE 87717 98154]
  44. Limperdale Rigg [SE 52003 86489]
  45. Little Cowgate Rigg [SE 97136 96986]
  46. Long Rigg [NZ 91550 06150]
  47. Long Rigg Beck [NZ 91387 05840]
  48. Loose Howe Rigg [SE 86070 96497]
  49. Low Rigg (Farm) [NZ 91550 06350]
  50. Lun Rigg [SE 92105 95522]
  51. Maw Rigg [SE 91230 94608]
  52. Maw Rigg End [SE 92329 93098]
  53. Merricks Rigg [SE 98216 91373]
  54. Middle Rigg [NZ 91153 03571]
  55. Middle Rigg [NZ 91524 06249]
  56. Middle Rigg [SE 79413 96989]
  57. Moors Rigg [SE 86603 96207]
  58. Moss Rigg [NZ 82661 00263]
  59. Newclose Rigg [SE 87211 89439]
  60. Oak Rigg [SE 94628 93864]
  61. Oak Rigg [NZ 78431 16935]
  62. Oak Rigg Gill [SE 94738 93541]
  63. Oak Rigg Wood [SE 94850 93650]
  64. Oakrigg Wood [NZ 78380 16954]
  65. Parsley Beck Rigg [NZ 86288 03270]
  66. Peathead Rigg [SE 88979 90025]
  67. Pike Hill [NZ 84680 01832]
  68. Pike Hill Rigg [NZ 85242 02254]
  69. Pike Rigg [SE 93553 97426]
  70. Pye Rigg [SE 96930 99813]
  71. Pye Rigg Howe [NZ 96657 00053]
  72. Pye Rigg End [NZ 96624 00278]
  73. Pye Rigg Slack [SE 97222 99541]
  74. Randy Rigg [NZ 81411 01774]
  75. Rigg End [SE 51846 90369]
  76. Rigg End (Farm) [SE 75065 93379]
  77. Rigg Farm [NZ 91446 06186]
  78. Rigg Hall [NZ 91652 05825]
  79. Rigg Hall Farm [TA 00712 98490]
  80. Rigg Mill [NZ 90954 07477]
  81. Rigg Mill Beck [NZ 91202 06865]
  82. Rigg Mill Wood [NZ 90922 07380]
  83. Rigg Noddle [SE 90827 91513]
  84. Row Mires Rigg [SE 75231 97619]
  85. Sandsend Rigg [NZ 85740 12445]
  86. Shawn Riggs [NZ 89476 09052]
  87. Shawn Riggs Beck [NZ 89650 08851]
  88. Shooting House Rigg [NZ 90183 02592]
  89. Simon Howe Rigg [SE 82673 97365]
  90. Smeffell Rigg [SE 85443 91338]
  91. Standing Stones Rigg [NZ 92073 03959]
  92. Standingstones Rigg [SE 97719 96979]
  93. Stoneclose Rigg [SE 86232 88738]
  94. Stony Rigg [NZ 84163 03520]
  95. Stoops Rigg [SD 96406 98525]
  96. Sutherbruff Rigg [SE 86704 87333]
  97. The Rigg [NZ 01604 11871]
  98. Tom Cross Rigg [SE 85662 97282]
  99. Topping Riggs [NZ 90167 07951]
  100. Topping Riggs Wood [NZ 89917 08292]
  101. Two Howes Rigg [SE 83134 99296]
  102. White Cliff Rigg [SE 87152 86118]
  103. Worm Sike Rigg [SE 87769 96588]
  104. Wreahead Rigg [TA 00174 91151]
  105. Yondhead Rigg [SE 88037 91023]
  106. York Cross Rigg [NZ 87566 01535]
106
ris, rys, rice ON (1) Hrísi (2) hrís [165] OE hris (1) Hrísi (personal name) (2) shrubs, brushwood, the top of a tree, thin branch
  1. Foulrice [SE 62046 70194]
  2. Rice Gate Wood [SE 95019 93754]
  3. Rice Hill [SE 67011 62757]
  4. Rice Lane [SE 67565 62956]
  5. Ricey Hill [NZ 66359 16402]
  6. Ricey Hill Plantation [NZ 66618 16267]
6
rod, rudda ON rudda [215] OE ród, rodd, rud a coarse kind of club, rod
  1. Rudda Farm [SE 98072 99563]
  2. Rudda Howes (tumuli) [SE 97731 99730]
  3. Rudda Road [SE 97899 99500]
2
roman, romun ON Hrómundr [432]   Hrómundr (personal name)
  1. Romanby [SE 35888 93282]
  2. Romanby parish [SE 37232 92298]
  3. Romanby Grange [SE 36445 92143]
  4. Romanby Green [SE 36053 93348]
4
rom, rum ON rúm [218] OE rúm room, space
  1. Rumsdale Plantation [SE 69957 88779]
1
ron, rona, roo, roonies ON hraun [216] OE hreó a rough place, a wilderness
  1. Root Hill [SE 96656 92764]
1
ros, rose ON Rossi, Russi [345]   Rossi, Russi (personal name)
  1. Far Rosedale [NZ 79439 17762]
  2. Rosedale [SE 70602 97198]
  3. Rosedale Abbey [SE 72556 95899]
  4. Rosedale Cliffs [NZ 79897 17366]
  5. Rosedale Cottage [NZ 79431 17427]
  6. Rosedale East [SE 72358 99250]
  7. Rosedale Moor [SE 72165 99821]
  8. Rosedale West [SE 70738 96727]
  9. Rosedale Wyke [NZ 80172 17381]
  10. Rose Hill [SE 51850 79316]
10
ros, ross ON hross [217] OE hors horse    
rosk ON Hrossketill [433]   Hrossketill (personal name)
  1. Roskelthorpe (lost) [XX ]
1
rotten ON (1) Rotinn (2) rottin [407]   (1) Rotinn (nickname) (2) rotten
  1. Rotten Row [TA 01323 83014]
  2. Rotten Row Crossing [TA 01263 83001]
2
rook, rox ON (1) Hrókr (2) hrókr [431] OE (1) Hrōc (2) hrôc (1) Hrókr (personal name) (2) rook

    Pickhill, Halikeld Wapentake

  1. Pickhill with Roxby [SE 34392 84109]
  2. Roxby House [SE 32921 82515]
  3. Normanby, Ryedale Wapentake

  4. Rook Barugh [SE 72086 82230]
  5. Rookbarugh fox covert [SE 72102 83063]
4
rox ON (1) Rauðr, (2) rauðr [322] OE (2) read, rud (1) Rauðr (personal name) (2) red

    Hinderwell, Langbargh East Wapentake

  1. Roxby [NZ 76346 15908]
  2. Roxby Beck [NZ 76619 17369]
  3. Roxby Hall (site of) [NZ 75975 16375]
  4. Roxby High Moor [NZ 75503 11959]
  5. Roxby Lane [NZ 77029 17375]
  6. Roxby Lodge [NZ 76642 14762]
  7. Roxby Low Moor [NZ 76117 13657]
  8. Roxby Mill [NZ 74947 14211]
  9. Roxby Moor House [NZ 76422 11752]
  10. Roxby Old Moor [NZ 75659 11520]
  11. Roxby (parish) [NZ 75469 14838]
  12. Roxby Park [NZ 76032 16682]
  13. Roxby Peat Holes [NZ 75144 11263]
  14. Roxby Woods [NZ 75760 16937]
  15. Roxby Wood [NZ 74637 15057]
  16. Thornton Dale, Pickering Lythe Wapentake

  17. Roxby Castle [SE 82643 82993]
  18. Roxby Hill [SE 82789 82824]
  19. Roxby Plantation [SE 82995 83218]
18
rud, ruth ON Rudi, Ruði [347]   Rudi, Ruði (personal name)
  1. Hutton Rudby [NZ 46818 06264]
  2. Rudby [NZ 47045 06853]
  3. Rudby Farm [NZ 47015 06980]
  4. Rudby Hall [NZ 48225 07102]
  5. Rudby Plantation [NZ 47045 06760]
  6. Rutmoor Beck [SE 78552 96120]
  7. Rutmoor Fold [SE 78258 96179]
7
run, ran ON Hreinn, hreinn [397] OE hrân, hrán (1) Hreinn (personal name) (2) clean, bright, clear, pure, sincere (3) reindeer (4) ship
  1. Runswick [NZ 81127 16081]
  2. Runswick Bank Top [NZ 80870 16157]
  3. Runswick Bay [NZ 82194 16096]
  4. Runswick Lane [NZ 80550 16132]
  5. Runswick Sands [NZ 81327 15582]
5
ruth, rod ON ruð, rjóðr, ryðja [219] OE ród a clearing in a wood, a 'clearing', open space in a forest    
sal, salt ON salt [220] OE sealt salt
  1. Salt Pans [TA 02143 95255]
  2. Salt Pans Road [TA 01591 95042]
  3. Saltwick [NZ 91650 10777]
  4. Saltwick Bay [NZ 91912 10919]
  5. Saltwick Farm [NZ 91415 10890]
  6. Saltwick Hole [NZ 91746 10963]
  7. Saltwick Nab [NZ 91646 11345]
7
sand, sam, saun, soun ON sandr [221] OE sand sand
  1. Holmsgrove Sand [NZ 84026 15422]
  2. Long Sand [NZ 83575 15979]
  3. Long Sand [NZ 76491 19114]
  4. Sandfield House [NZ 87903 11471]
  5. Sand Hills [SE 70366 60565]
  6. Sand Hutton [SE 69075 58507]
  7. Sand Hutton (parish) [SE 69323 58966]
  8. Sand Hutton Hall [SE 69699 58226]
  9. Sandwath Beck [SE 49677 62121]
  10. Sandwath Bridge [SE 49309 62098]
  11. Sandswath Beck [NZ 58829 15694]
  12. Sandswath Bridge [NZ 59442 16010]
  13. Sandybed Wood [SE 98893 99321]
  14. Sandy Gate (Pike) [SE 02490 70832]
  15. Sandy Gill [SE 89550 90244]
  16. Sandy Wyke [NZ 77927 18931]
  17. Stoupe Beck Sands [NZ 96032 03414]
  18. Whitby Sands [NZ 89006 11732]
18
satt, seat, sett, -side, -shead, -ster ON sætr [237] OE side shieling, summer mountain pasture
  1. Browside Farm [NZ 95763 02441]
  2. Cock Lake Side [NZ 89851 00431]
  3. East Side Farm [TA 00250 98250]
  4. Farsyde House Farm [NZ 95130 04398]
  5. Gunnerside [SD 94817 98211]
  6. Gunnerside Beck [SD 95013 98480]
  7. Gunnerside Bottoms [SD 95411 97974]
  8. Gunnerside Bridge [SD 95099 98200]
  9. Gunnerside Gill [SD 94796 98842]
  10. Gunnerside Lodge [SD 93521 98188]
  11. Gunnerside Mill [SD 95053 98348]
  12. Gunnerside New Bridge [SD 95011 97828]
  13. Gunnerside Pasture [SD 93700 98918]
  14. Gunnerside Pasture [SD 93459 99237]
  15. High Seat [SE 93710 96504]
  16. High West Side [SE 92918 93609]
  17. Louven Howe Side [SE 89016 99948]
  18. Low West Side [SE 92908 93650]
  19. North Side House [SE 92015 92208]
  20. Peakside [NZ 97822 01605]
  21. Pokehag Side [NZ 75631 16759]
  22. Swineside [SE 06106 82443]
  23. Swineside Bank [SE 06248 82307]
  24. Swineside Bogs [SE 06320 81602]
  25. Swineside Moor [SE 06581 81706]
  26. Swineside (parish) [SE 06306 82201]
  27. Swineside Woods [SE 05756 82118]
  28. Thackside Farm [NZ 81669 01735]
  29. Way Side Farm
29
sax, sex ON Sekkr [348]   Sekkr (personal name)
  1. Sexhow [NZ 48476 05979]
  2. Sexhow [NZ 47835 06160]
  3. Sexhow Grange [NZ 48182 05132]
  4. Sexhow Hall (Farm) [NZ 47603 06203]
  5. Sexhow Park (Farm) [NZ 47823 05910]
5
scar, skerry ON sker [163] OE carr rock, scar, reef, skerry (small rocky island covered by the sea at high tide)
  1. Barton Scar [NZ 83417 16265]
  2. Beck Hole Scar [NZ 82314 02273]
  3. Billet Scar [NZ 97291 02456]
  4. Blue Scar [NZ 85596 06740]
  5. Boltby Scar [SE 50890 86095]
  6. Cat Scar Beck [NZ 82215 05981]
  7. Clarke Scars [SE 48653 90853]
  8. Cowling Scar [NZ 95784 04652]
  9. East Scar [NZ 95622 04950]
  10. Flat Scar [TA 02838 93413]
  11. Flat Scars [NZ 96368 03198]
  12. Girsby Scar [NZ 35495 08127]
  13. High Scar [NZ 95761 03889]
  14. Hundale Scar [TA 02593 94963]
  15. Iron Scar [TA 01805]
  16. Landing Scar [TA 95550 04985]
  17. Little Scar [TA 02232 95056]
  18. Low Scar [NZ 95936 03846]
  19. Marble Scar [SD 94394 98065]
  20. Middle Scar [NZ 95829 03889]
  21. Mill Scar [NZ 83677 01857]
  22. Mill Scar Wood [NZ 83558 01660]
  23. New Wath Scar [NZ 82115 00602]
  24. Peak Scar [SE 52948 88313]
  25. Peak Scar Gill [SE 52584 88398]
  26. Peak Scar Road [SE 52802 88272]
  27. Peak Scar Top [SE 53500 88216]
  28. Peak Scar Wood [SE 53043 88393]
  29. Ravenscar [NZ 98014 01469]
  30. Raven Scar [SE 92160 92686]
  31. Robin Hood's Scar [NY 00181 13240]
  32. Roulston Scar [SE 51346 81574]
  33. Scargill Low Moor [NZ 01320 11095]
  34. Scar Shootings [TA 78555 18918]
  35. Scar Wood [SE 94824 97398]
  36. Scarry Wood [NZ 88375 04487]
  37. Skerry Hall [NZ 93552 05090]
  38. The Scar [NZ 90935 11407]
  39. Water Ark Scar [NZ 83062 02288]
  40. West Scar [NZ 95351 05164]
40
scarg, skarg ON Skakari [352]   Skakari (personal name)
  1. Scargill [NZ 04929 10687]
  2. Scargill Beck [NZ 01513 09486]
  3. Scargill Castle [NZ 05461 10717]
  4. Scargill Farm [NZ 05142 10601]
  5. Scargill Low Farm [NZ 05095 10788]
  6. Scargill Low Moor [NZ 01320 11095]
6
scarth, shar, garth, scar ON (1) Skarði (2) skarð, skarði [239] OE carr, sceard (1) Skarði (personal name) (2) notch, hack, hare-lip, in the edge of a thing, gap hence mountain pass
  1. Bias Scar [NZ 76653 19159]
  2. Northdale Scar [SE 83930 97393]
  3. Ravenscar [NZ 98770 01673]
  4. Redscar Hole [NZ 82229 15565]
  5. Scarborough [TA 02655 87874]
5
scrape ON skrapa [270] OE scrapian, screopan, scrypan scrape, scratch
  1. Scraper Lane [NZ 91139 08475]
1
scree ON skriða [271]   landslip, scree    
sea ON sær [406] OE sea

    Pickering Lythe

  1. Seamer [TA 01335 83488]
  2. Seamer Carr [TA 02936 81894]
  3. Seamer Carr House [TA 03129 82484]
  4. Seamer Drain [TA 00637 82359]
  5. Seamer Mead [TA 03499 81771]
  6. Seamer Moor Hill [TA 01681 86582]
  7. Seamer Moor House [TA 02464 85929]
  8. Seamer Moor Plantation [TA 02367 86038]
  9. Seamer (parish) [TA 02491 85027]
  10. Langbargh West

  11. Seamer [NZ 49616 10160]
  12. Seamer Carrs [NZ 48714 09774]
  13. Seamer Farm [NZ 49655 10260]
  14. Seamer Grange [NZ 48862 10366]
  15. Seamer Hill [NZ 50250 09346]
  16. Seamer Hill [NZ 50351 09293]
  17. Seamer Moor [NZ 49930 08218]
  18. Seamer Moor Farm [NZ 49531 08591]
  19. Seamer Parish [NZ 50540 09611]
18
sef, seave ON sef [236] OE secg (also a personal name) sedge, seave
  1. River Seph [SE 56087 89652]
  2. Seive Dale [SE 86288 88421]
  3. Seaves [SE 58637 71445]
  4. Seaves Farm [SE 58538 71486]
  5. Seaves Plantation [SE 58872 71248]
  6. Seavey Bog [NZ 84209 15172]
  7. Seaveybog Hill [NZ 84227 15077]
  8. Seavey Sike [NZ 99055 01235]
  9. Seavy Sike [NZ 00740 10013]
9
sel, sile ON selja [235] OE sealh, salwig a sallow, willow    
shun, shon ON Sjónr [351]   Sjónr (personal name)
  1. Great Shunner Fell [SD 84875 97257]
  2. Great Shunner Fell Currack [SD 84860 97286]
  3. (Great) Shunner Fell Hags [SD 84702 96887]
  4. Little Shunner Fell [SD 85932 97042]
  5. (Little) Shunner Fell Hags [SD 85827 96972]
  6. Shunner Fell Well [SD 84334 96984]
  7. Shunner Howe [SE 73706 99690]
7
sike, syke ON sík [234] OE síc sike, small stream or gulley, gutter
  1. Black Sike [SE 95479 97958]
  2. Blinking Sike [TA 03605 83189]
  3. Crake Gill Sike [NZ 01371 12334]
  4. East Black Sike [NY 99723 10051]
  5. Far Foulsyke [NZ 73458 18230]
  6. Far Foul Syke [NZ 73775 18227]
  7. Far Middle Sike [NZ 91143 03119]
  8. Feather Sike [SE 56828 90069]
  9. Feather Sike Wood [SE 56554 89858]
  10. Foulesike alias Wawe-myres (13th century)
  11. Foul Sike [NZ 91245 02402]
  12. Foul Sike [TA 00807 91035]
  13. Foul Sikes [NZ 67920 13258]
  14. Foulsike Farm [TA 00820 91315]
  15. Foulsike Farm [NZ 91338 02394]
  16. Foulsyke Bridge [NZ 73144 18203]
  17. Foulsyke Farm [TA 00973 91376]
  18. Hempsyke Hall [NZ 88223 06089]
  19. Hempsyke Farm [NZ 88478 05879]
  20. Keldsikes [SE 69113 60316]
  21. Miry Sike Wood [SE 93362 91300]
  22. Near Foul Syke [NZ 73416 18327]
  23. Near Foulsyke [NZ 73288 18260]
  24. Nigh Middle Sike [NZ 91185 03746]
  25. Priest's Sike Slack [SE 76080 97366]
  26. Rudd Sike Drain [SE 55478 65994]
  27. Seavey Sike [NZ 99055 01235]
  28. Seavy Sike [NZ 00740 10013]
  29. Sike Fields [SE 66509 61118]
  30. Sikes Plantation [TA 00147 84540]
  31. Sliving Sike [SE 86706 99754]
  32. Sliving Sike Slack [SE 86883 99896]
  33. Soursike Gill [NZ 35516 06234]
  34. The Sike [SE 66321 61025]
  35. The Sike [TA 00736 84412]
  36. West Black Sike [NY 99258 10059]
  37. Worm Sike [SE 87402 96914]
  38. Worm Sike Rigg [SE 87769 96588]
38
sil, syl ON (1) silfr [2] ODan (2) Silpa, (3) Sylve (1) Silpa (personal name) (3) Sylve (personal name) (3) silver
  1. Nether Silton [SE 45340 92278]
  2. Nether Silton Parish [SE 45650 92156]
  3. Over Silton [SE 45375 93313]
  4. Over Silton Parish [SE 44719 93618]
  5. Silpho [SE 96682 92134]
  6. Silpho Brow [SE 97784 93234]
  7. Silpho Brow Farm [SE 98091 93237]
  8. Silpho Moor [SE 96007 94138]
  9. Silpho Moor Plantation [SE 96602 93840]
  10. Silpho Parish [SE 96862 92410]
  11. Silpho Well [SE 96524 92614]
  12. Silton Hall [SE 45364 92334]
  13. Silver Hill (tumulus) [SE 51138 87781]
  14. Silver Hill Farm [SE 51498 88131]
14
ska ON (1) Skagi (2) skagi [232] ODan Skaghi (1) Skagi (personal name) (2) a low cape, headland, ness
  1. Scawthorpe (lost)
1
scal, skel, skill, gill, kill ON (1) Skalli (2) skáli [37] OE (1) schele (1) Skalli (personal name) (2) temporary hut, shieling, hovel
  1. Laskill [SE 56352 90701]
  2. Laskill Bridge [SE 56271 90812]
  3. Laskill Pasture [SE 57612 91355]
  4. Laskill Pasture Moor [SE 58142 91954]
  5. Scalby (Parish) [TA 01495 90951]
  6. Scalby [TA 01383 90527]
  7. Scalby Beck [TA 02215 90513]
  8. Scalby Bridge [TA 01023 90002]
  9. Scalby Hall [TA 01211 90365]
  10. Scalby Hays [TA 00014 91620]
  11. Scalby High Mill [TA 02207 90617]
  12. Scalby Holt [TA 01225 90501]
  13. Scalby Lodge [TA 02600 91543]
  14. Scalby Manor (Wyndyate) [TA 02459 90923]
  15. Scalby Nab [SE 99537 90193]
  16. Scalby Nabs [SE 99815 90067]
  17. Scalby Ness [TA 03645 91066]
  18. Scalby Ness Rocks [TA 03842 91116]
  19. Scalby Ness Sands [TA 03407 91300]
  20. Scale Knoll [NZ 05087 08885]
  21. Scale Knoll Gill [NZ 05456 08936]
  22. Skell Dykes [SE 99250 87450]
  23. Skelton Bank Wood [NZ 94025 02132]
23
schi, ske(e) ON Skiði [354]   Skiði (personal name)
  1. Skeeby (Parish) [NZ 19798 02886]
  2. Skeeby [NZ 19781 02631]
  3. Skeeby Beck [NZ 20753 01222]
  4. Skeeby Bridge [NZ 20369 02921]
  5. Skeeby Grange [NZ 20371 03447]
  6. Skeeby Mill [NZ 20263 03147]
  7. Skeeby Whin [NZ 20732 02290]
7
(1) scug, sco(g) (2) -scough, skew, -sco(e), shaw, shaugh (3) skew, scew ON (1) Skóga-Hreinn (2) skógr (3) skuggi [294] OE (2) scúa, sceádo (3) sceaga (1) Skóga-Hreinn (personal name) (2) shade, shadow (3) (small) wood, forest
  1. Scograinhowes (lost)
  2. Scrog Fox Covert [SE 15453 89554]
  3. Scrog House [SE 16168 89760]
  4. Scrog Wood [SE 16333 89666]
  5. Scugdale [SE 74737 93174]
  6. Scugdale Close [NZ 59617 16455]
  7. Scugdale Farm [NZ 58622 16136]
  8. Skewsby [SE 62813 70999]
8
scur, scru, scro, scru ON Skurfa [356]   Skurfa (personal name)
  1. Scurf Beck [SE 26894 89586]
  2. Scruton [SE 30448 92493]
  3. Scruton Cottage [SE 30328 91761]
  4. Scruton Grange [SE 29246 92887]
  5. Scruton Hall [SE 29858 92533]
  6. Scruton Lane [SE 30323 91921]
  7. Scruton Parish [SE 30371 91831]
  8. Scruton Park [SE 29545 92829]
  9. Scruton South Grange [SE 30471 91510]
9
Scuth, codresch, skot, scuder, scoters, scutters ON (1) Skvaðra (2) skvaðra [357]   (1) Skvaðra (personal name) (2) chatter, talk
  1. Skutterskelfe Bridge [NZ 48512 07212]
  2. Skutterskelfe Hall [NZ 48502 07099]
  3. Skutterskelfe Parish [NZ 49149 07311]
  4. Skutterskelfe Park [NZ 48383 06969]
4
shawn, shawm ON Hjálmr [304]   Hjálmr (personal name)
  1. Shawn Riggs (Shawm Rigg) [NZ 89418 09046]
  2. Shawn Riggs [NZ 89565 08925]
  3. Shawn Riggs (Shawm Rigg) Beck [NZ 89650 08851]
3
sig, sic ON Siggr [349]   Siggr (personal name)
  1. Kirby Sigston Parish [SE 41867 94578]
  2. Kirby Sigston Manor [SE 41516 94821]
  3. Kirby Sigston School [SE 42140 94844]
  4. Sigston Bridge [SE 41914 94882]
  5. Sigston Castle [SE 41650 95150]
  6. Sigston Castle Plantation [SE 41663 95661]
  7. Sigston Grange [SE 43455 94422]
  8. Sigston Wood [SE 42357 93885]
8
sind ON Sindri [350]   Sindri (personal name)
  1. Sinderby [SE 34629 81884]
  2. Sinderby Lane [SE 33775 81198]
  3. Sinderby Lane End [SE 33604 81014]
  4. Sinderby Parish [SE 34205 81579]
  5. Sinderberg (lost)
5
skeith, sketh ON skeið [272] OE scíd a course, track, race, especially a race-course; possibly also a boundary road, a boundary, shed as in watershed
  1. Hesketh Dike [SE 51546 87810]
  2. Hesketh Grange [SE 50318 86955]
  3. Hesketh Hall [SE 49991 86999]
3
skelder ON (1) Skjǫldr (2) skjöldr [355] OE scild-wyrhta (1) Skjǫldr (personal name) (2) shield maker
  1. Skeldergate [SE 60221 51455]
  2. Skeldergate Bridge [SE 60387 51289]
  3. Skelderskew [NZ 66125 11002]
  4. Skelderskew Moor [NZ 66276 11592]
4
ski ON skíra [273] OE scir pure, clear, bright
  1. Skivick Crag [SE 80914 97990]
1
skin(n) ON Skinnari [353]   Skinnari (personal name)
  1. Skinningrove (Parish) [NZ 71116 20188]
  2. Skinningrove [NZ 71515 19667]
  3. Skinningrove Bank [NZ 71166 19897]
  4. Skinningrove Bank Road [NZ 71838 19681]
  5. Skinningrove Farm [NZ 71772 19629]
  6. Skinningrove House [NZ 70980 19323]
6
slack ON slakki [274] OE slæc slack, shallow valley, depression in a hillside or between two hills, hollow in the ground
  1. Barley Carr Slack [SE 92239 96138]
  2. Beck Slack [SE 83940 99161]
  3. Beck Slack Head [SE 83664 98418]
  4. Bellsdale Slack [SE 97479 91109]
  5. Biller Howe Dale Slack [NZ 90677 01769]
  6. Biller Howe Nook Slack [NZ 90908 00677]
  7. Birchwath Slack [NZ 78415 02011]
  8. Bridge Stone Slack [NZ 90652 01461]
  9. Broadlands Slack [SE 96700 97190]
  10. Corngate Slack [SE 97945 88503]
  11. Cowgate Slack [SE 97065 96495]
  12. Cracoe Slack [SE 49228 89538]
  13. Dargate Slack [SE 89347 90994]
  14. Ewe Pond Slack [NZ 90676 00115]
  15. Far Grain Slack [NZ 83811 01958]
  16. Galley Hill Slack [NZ 85652 08838]
  17. Grain Slack [SE 88856 90570]
  18. Great Marfit Head Slack [SE 85551 92281]
  19. Greengate Slack [SE 97744 90214]
  20. Grey Heugh Slack [NZ 90754 02327]
  21. Gundale Slack [SE 79940 88109]
  22. Hangman Slack [SE 69309 91470]
  23. Hardale Slack [NZ 75769 10800]
  24. Harding's Slack [NZ 90260 05956]
  25. Hardhurst Slack [SE 97467 97130]
  26. Haynes' Slack [SE 99141 95658]
  27. Haystone Slack [SE 78129 91207]
  28. Howlgate Slack [SE 82310 89057]
  29. Howl Slack [SE 84169 90164]
  30. Howth Slack [SE 75693 97339]
  31. Jugger Howe Slack [SE 94407 98367]
  32. Keldgate Slack [SE 82230 90550]
  33. Keld Slack [SE 81017 89495]
  34. Keld Slack House [SE 81073 89527]
  35. Lenfield Slack [SE 95933 91213]
  36. Leech Bog Slack [SE 89611 99778]
  37. Limekiln Slack [NZ 94450 07850]
  38. Little Marfit Head Slack [SE 85307 92603]
  39. Little Moor Slack [TA 00654 95004]
  40. Mires Slack [NZ 91079 02785]
  41. Moss Slack [NZ 82653 00110]
  42. Mucky Hole Slack [SE 91180 99837]
  43. Murk Beck Slack [NZ 82816 06859]
  44. North Ings Slack [NZ 64169 12107]
  45. Nun Slack [NZ 97517 00204]
  46. Oxdale Slack [SE 99622 94888]
  47. Pen Howe Slack [NZ 85718 03527]
  48. Priest's Sike Slack [SE 76080 97366]
  49. Pye Rigg Slack [SE 97226 99536]
  50. Raindale Slack [NZ 95233 07036]
  51. Robbed Howe Slacks [NZ 86946 01544]
  52. Rustifhead Slack [SE 85284 89926]
  53. Seavy Slack [SE 90038 90359]
  54. Sliving Sike Slack [SE 86883 99896]
  55. Sod Fold Slack [SE 79956 97115]
  56. Soulsgrave Slack [NZ 90667 04721]
  57. Spa Hill Slack [NZ 84563 04176]
  58. Stony Gate Slack [NZ 91756 05267]
  59. Thorn Hill Slack [SE 88827 93626]
  60. Tim Wash Slack [SE 90168 98055]
  61. Todhill Slack [SE 58069 91190]
  62. Turnerdale Slack [NZ 88483 09185]
  63. White Mires Slack [SE 76690 96190]
  64. Wedland Slack [SE 84371 90391]
  65. Wood Slack [SE 87051 96830]
65
slap(e), slep ON sleipr [275] OE slæp slippery place
  1. Hither Slape Stones [SE 47622 96973]
  2. Slape Stone Beck [NZ 95473 01803]
  3. Slape Stones [SE 70189 91273]
  4. Slape Stones [SE 47613 97043]
  5. Slape Stones Beck [SE 47297 97108]
  6. Slape Stones Wath [SE 70168 91520]
  7. Slapewath (Slaipwath, Slaypewath) [NZ 63810 15932]
  8. Slapewath Bridge [NZ 64233 15821]
  9. Slapewath Junction [NZ 63762 15810]
  10. Slapewath Mines [NZ 64579 14650]
10
sled, sleigh, slet ON slétta, sliht [162] OE sliht plain, flat, even, smooth, level
  1. Barnby Sleights [NZ 82705 11554]
  2. Old Sleights [NZ 60219 16117]
  3. Sledgate Farm [NZ 93536 04746]
  4. Sled Gates [NZ 93914 04776]
  5. Sled Hill [SE 51956 87327]
  6. Sledhill Gill [SE 52801 87170]
  7. Sleights [NZ 86865 07506]
  8. Sleights Bridge [NZ 86840 08168]
  9. Sleights Hall [NZ 86718 07031]
  10. Sleights Moor [NZ 85790 04137]
  11. Sleights Road [SE 83205 89309]
11
sleng(es)
sli(ng)
ON Slengr [358]   Slengr (personal name)
  1. Slingsby [SE 70037 74813]
  2. Slingsby Bank [SE 70284 73840]
  3. Slingsby Banks Wood [SE 69913 73065]
  4. Slingsby Castle [SE 69519 74891]
  5. Slingsby Hall [SE 69692 75137]
  6. Slingsby Heights [SE 69933 73674]
  7. Slingsby Parish [SE 70531 74675]
  8. Slingsby Quarry [SE 69471 74419]
8
sma- ON smár [276] OE smæl small, little
  1. Smay Lane [NZ 94966 05919]
  2. Smailes Moor Farm [NZ 95079 06173]
2
snaith, snod, snade, sned, snead, snet(t), sneyd ON (1) Snæ- (2) sníð, sneitt, sneið (3) snær, snjár, snjór [277] OE (2) sníðan (3) snáw (1) Snæ- (personal name) (2) something which is cut off, isolated wood, clearing in a wood (3) snow
  1. Snainton Dikes [SE 90880 89305]
  2. Sneaton [NZ 89314 07726]
  3. Sneaton Beacon [NZ 89789 07670]
  4. Sneaton Castle [NZ 87955 10621]
  5. Sneaton Corner [NZ 91509 03645]
  6. Sneaton Hall [NZ 89132 07805]
  7. Sneaton High Moor [NZ 87996 00876]
  8. Sneaton Lane [NZ 88947 08373]
  9. Sneaton Low Moor [NZ 89771 03877]
  10. Sneaton Thorpe [NZ 90992 06135]
  11. Sneaton Thorpe Beck [NZ 90277 05635]
  12. Sneaton Thorpe Lane [NZ 90688 06304]
  13. Sneaton Thorpe Wood [NZ 90177 05713]
  14. Snod Hill [SE 86471 97287]
  15. Snowfield Farm [SE 49713 66499]
15
snake, snek ON snókr [28] OE snáca, snácu, snáce snake
  1. Sneck Yate [SE 51053 87678]
  2. Sneck Yate Bank [SE 50550 87350]
  3. Sneck Yate Plantation [SE 50833 87604]
3
snar ON snar [43] OE snear, sneare swift, turn quickly, a snare
  1. Snargate Farm [SE 60377 71763]
  2. Snargate Hill [SE 60710 72314]
  3. Snargate Wood [SE 60876 72309]
  4. Snargate Wood Farm [SE 60839 71540]
4
sni, snig, snil ON Snigill [359]   Snigill (personal name)
  1. Snilegate Foot [SE 56500 88247]
  2. Snilegate Head [SE 56718 88185]
  3. Snilesworth Lodge [SE 51093 95503]
  4. Snilesworth Moor [SE 52458 97236]
  5. Snilesworth Parish [SE 51443 96099]
5
so, shep ON sauðr, sauðir [278] OE scæp, scep, sceáp, sceop, scép sheep
  1. Sheep Beeld [NZ 83683 02416]
  2. Sheepfold [NZ 83700 02283]
2
sour, sow ON saurr [231] OE sol, slím (1) mud, dirt (2) soil, filth, mire, dirt, a place to roll in (3) slime, mud, mire
  1. Sour Beck [SE 19901 97629]
  2. Sour Lands [TA 03323 83490]
  3. Sour Ley Farm [SE 57201 87964]
  4. Sour Ley Quarry [SE 57203 88117]
  5. Sour Sike [NZ 35576 05413]
  6. Soursike Bridge [NZ 35590 05748]
  7. Soursike Farm [NZ 35618 05669]
  8. Soursike Gill [NZ 35516 06242]
  9. Soursike Road [NZ 35576 05413]
  10. Soury Hill [SE 60325 74520]
  11. Sow Beck [SE 94547 89828]
  12. Whitby, Whitby Strand Wapentake

  13. Sowerby (lost)
  14. Thirsk, Birdforth Wapentake

  15. Sowerby [SE 43171 81514]
  16. Sowerby Flats [SE 43052 81688]
  17. Sowerby Grange [SE 42938 81521]
  18. Sowerby House [SE 43396 81058]
  19. Sowerby (parish) [SE 43724 79874]
  20. Sowerby Parks [SE 43999 78615]
  21. Kirby Sigston, Allerton Wapentake

  22. Sowerby Cottage [SE 39975 92986]
  23. Sowerby Grange [SE 41520 93961]
  24. Sowerby Grange [SE 41184 93482]
  25. Sowerby House [SE 40760 94044]
  26. Sowerby Under Cotcliffe [SE 40788 93841]
  27. Danby, Langbargh East Wapentake

  28. Sowerby Bogs [SE ]
  29. Mashamshire, Hang East Wapentake

  30. High Sourmire [SE 14494 78949]
  31. Low Sourmire [SE 14878 78992]
  32. Sourmire Moor [SE 12202 78361]
27
south, sut(h), sud, suff ON (1) Sútari (2) suðri [160] OE (1) suth (1) Sútari (personal name) (2) south
  1. South Cottage [SE 36989 93596]
  2. South End [TA 01283 92745]
  3. South End Farm [TA 01358 92816]
  4. South House Farm [NZ 95082 03725]
  5. Suffield [SE 98566 90557]
  6. Suffield Heights [SE 97550 89650]
  7. Suffield Hill [SE 98350 90450]
  8. Suffield Ings [SE 98187 89322]
  9. Suffield Mere [SE 98801 90784]
  10. Suffield Moor [SE 98245 92592]
  11. Sutherbruff Rigg [SE 86704 87333]
  12. Sutherland [SE 77078 91149]
  13. Sutherland Beck [SE 77512 90697]
  14. Sutherland (Cottage) [SE 77144 91154]
  15. Sutherland Lodge [SE 76830 91246]
15
spaun, spon ON spánn [159] OE spon (see also scid, speld) chip, shaving, shingle    
sprocs, spros, sprox ON Sprok [26]   Sprok (personal name)
  1. Sproxton [SE 61467 81471]
  2. Sproxton Cote [SE 59455 81709]
  3. Sproxton Hall [SE 62116 81472]
  4. Sproxton Lodge [SE 61476 81779]
  5. Sproxton Low Parks [SE 62547 81846]
  6. Sproxton Mill [SE 60835 82417]
  7. Sproxton Moor Plantation [SE 58562 80351]
  8. Sproxton Parish [SE 60064 81158]
  9. Sproxton Quarry [SE 60066 81782]
9
-staffe ON staðr [158] OE stede place, site, position    
stack, stakk ON stakkr   a sea rock, stack    
stain, stan, sten, stone ON (1) Steinn (2) steinn [19] OE (1) stan (1) Steinn (personal name) (2) stone, rock
  1. Adder Stone [SE 87843 90136]
  2. Adderstone Rigg [SE 88254 90121]
  3. Adderstone Wood [SE 87963 90251]
  4. Backstone Beck [SE 12515 47110]
  5. Bridestone Griff [SE 87381 91248]
  6. Bridge Stone Slack [NZ 90652 01461]
  7. Crag Stone Rigg [SE 83822 97731]
  8. Dabdike Stones [NZ 81193 16003]
  9. Graystone (Farm) [NZ 86980 10837]
  10. Graystone Hills [NZ 91504 04199]
  11. Greystone Farm [TA 01144 95744]
  12. Grey Stones [SE 86733 96102]
  13. Grundstone Wath [SE 77601 96881]
  14. Hanging Stone (tumuli) [SE 58438 92919]
  15. Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre CP [NZ 92477 08719]
  16. High Bride Stones [SE 87256 91478]
  17. High Staindale [SE 88604 90453]
  18. Hither Slape Stones [SE 47622 96973]
  19. Low Bride Stones [SE 87474 91223]
  20. Low Staindale [SE 86871 90511]
  21. Slape Stone Beck [NZ 95473 01803]
  22. Slape Stones [SE 47613 97043]
  23. Slape Stones [SE 70189 91273]
  24. Slape Stones Beck [SE 47297 97108]
  25. Slape Stones Wath [SE 70168 91520]
  26. Stain Dale [SE 86395 89676]
  27. Staindale [NZ 35433 07467]
  28. Staindale Beck [NZ 35505 07395]
  29. Staindale Beck [SE 86429 89684]
  30. Staindale Bridge [NZ 35669 07168]
  31. Staindale Grange [NZ 36172 06695]
  32. Staindale Lake [SE 88114 90322]
  33. Staindale Wood [NZ 35813 07232]
  34. Stainsacre [NZ 91574 08327]
  35. Stainsacre Dale [NZ 91381 08155]
  36. Stainsacre Bridge [NZ 91556 08076]
  37. Stainsacre Dale [NZ 91381 08155]
  38. Stainsacre Hall [NZ 91237 08303]
  39. Stainsacre Lane [NZ 91607 06655]
  40. Stainsby (lost) [NZ 46519 15559]
  41. Stainsby Beck [NZ 46467 14965]
  42. Stainsby Grange Farm [NZ 46448 15839]
  43. Stainsby Hall [NZ 46433 15171]
  44. Stainsby Hall Farm [NZ 47211 15201]
  45. Stainsby Hill Farm [NZ 47003 16511]
  46. Stainsby Parish [NZ 46764 15927]
  47. Stainsby Wood [NZ 46403 14965]
  48. Stainton [NZ 48153 14132]
  49. Stainton Parish [NZ 47298 14923]
  50. Stainton Vale [NZ 47381 14647]
  51. Stainton Grange [NZ 49114 13709]
  52. Staintondale (Steintun DB 1086) [SE 98974 98408]
  53. Staintondale Moor [SE 98766 99409]
  54. Stoneclose Rigg [SE 86232 88738]
  55. Stone Hill Heads [SE 88000 94360]
  56. Stone Hill Slack [SE 88207 94272]
  57. Stonesty Wood [SE 98150 90450]
  58. Stony Gill [SE 95888 93860]
  59. Stony Gill Hole [SE 51588 90220]
  60. Stony Leas [SE 88811 99210]
  61. Stony Marl Howes (tumuli) [NZ 95618 00672]
  62. Stony Marl Moor [NZ 94878 00552]
  63. Stony Wood [SE 93162 95383]
  64. Tinkler's Stone [NZ 95838 03645]
  65. Whinstone Ridge [NZ 84626 03162]
  66. Whitestone [TA 00269 97587]
  67. White Stones [NZ 82009 15468]
  68. Whitestones Cliff [NZ 82181 15420]
68
staith ON stöð [436] OE stæð berth, harbour
  1. Slaithes Wyke [NZ 78404 18896]
  2. Staithes [NZ 78221 18692]
  3. Staithes Beck [NZ 77882 18293]
  4. Staithes Lane End [NZ 78212 18196]
4
stake, staki, stax ON Stáki [360]   Stáki (personal name)
  1. High Stakesby [NZ 88380 10682]
  2. Low Stakesby [NZ 89150 10750]
  3. Stakesby Vale [NZ 88550 10350]
  4. Stakesby Vale Farm [NZ 88550 10250]
4
stang, -stang ON stöng [157] OE steng pole, stake, stang
  1. Stanghow [NZ 67985 15656]
  2. Stanghow (parish) [NZ 66419 14613]
  3. Stang Howe [NZ 76371 13786]
  4. Stanghowe Plantation [NZ 76415 13235]
  5. Stanghow Bridge [NZ 68369 15029]
  6. Stanghow Firs [NZ 66688 15018]
  7. Stanghow House [NZ 67714 15606]
  8. Stanghow Mines [NZ 65310 15630]
  9. Stang How Moor [NZ 66160 13536]
  10. Stanghow Ridge [NZ 66711 15433]
  11. Stanghow Road [NZ 67283 15132]
11
stank ON stank [391] OE stencan bustle, shaking
  1. Stank Bridge [SE 69292 58387]
  2. The Stank [SE 69367 59068]
2
stath, -teth ON stöð [66] OE stæþ a shore, bank, berth, harbour, landing place    
stav ON stafr [156] OE stæf staff, post, stick, stave    
steares, stir(e)s ON Stýrr [47] ODan Styr Stýrr (personal name)
  1. Stearsby [SE 61270 71472]
  2. Stearsby Grange Farm (olim Snargate Wood Farm) [SE 60899 71629]
  3. Stearsby Hagg [SE 62009 71957]
  4. Stearsby Hagg Farm [SE 61924 71695]
  5. Stearsby Hall Farm [SE 61279 71523]
  6. (Brandsby cum) Stearsby Parish [SE 61219 71724]
6
steel, stile ON (1) stigi, (2) stál [230] OE (1) stigel (2) stíle (1) stile, ladder, fence (2) steel
  1. Beggars' Stile [NZ 76841 16892]
  2. Blea Wyke Steel [NZ 99128 01535]
  3. Bulmer Steel [NZ 96099 06514]
  4. Bulmer Steel Hole [NZ 95998 06393]
  5. Keldhowe Steel [NZ 85565 14644]
  6. Northstead Stile [TA 02274 89447]
  7. Peak Steel [NZ 97993 02627]
  8. Penny Steel [NZ 78775 19054]
  9. Pinder Stile [SD 98568 68329]
  10. Slateheap steel [NZ 78901 19045]
  11. Topman Steel [NZ 81198 16499]
11
stod, stud ON stoð [418] OE stod a post
  1. Studdah [SE 14549 90810]
  2. Studforth Ring [SE 58123 79862]
2
storr, stour ON stórr [155] OE stór big, great, vast
  1. Storr Lane [SE 96768 90277]
  2. Storry Hills [TA 00024 93262]
2
storr, stord, stort ON storð [228]   brushwood, young wood, plantation
  1. Storr Lane [SE 96768 90277]
  2. Storry Hills [TA 00024 93262]
2
stoupe, stoop, stowp ON staup [18] OE steap a steep declivity or slope, a pitch, precipice
  1. Barf Stoop [SD 96125 98513]
  2. Stoop House [SE 14605 90218]
  3. Stoops Dub [SD 96429 98643]
  4. Stoops Rigg [SD 96406 98525]
  5. Stoupe Bank Farm [NZ 95747 03362]
  6. Stoupe Bank Lane [NZ 95350 03650]
  7. Stoupe Beck [NZ 95307 03200]
  8. Stoupe Beck Sands [NZ 96032 03414]
  9. Stoupe Brow [NZ 96387 01930]
  10. Stoupe Brow Bank [NZ 95750 03450]
  11. Stoupe Brow Beacon [NZ 97095 01200]
  12. Stoupe Brow Cottage (Farm) [NZ 6028 03079]
  13. Stoupe Brow Farm [NZ 96652 02195]
  14. Stoupe Cross (farm) [NZ 91053 10833]
14
stove, stew ON stofn [229] OE stofn tree stump, stoven    
strait ON strait OE streit strait    
strand, strant ON strönd [153] OE strand strand, beach, shore, old river bank
  1. Whitby Strand [NZ 90341 10964]
1
street ON stræti [108] OE stræt (town) street
  1. Appleton le Street [SE 73918 73676]
  2. Appleton le Street Parish [SE 73381 72546]
  3. Church Street [NZ 90155 10820]
  4. Street Head [SE 14467 91340]
  5. The Street [NZ 01013 13588]
5
strom ON straumr [152] OE stréam stream, running water    
stye, stie ON stígr [151] and [286] OE stíg, stie a steep ascent or pass, narrow footpath
  1. Normanby Stye Batts [286] [NZ 95192, 07558] and [NZ 95120 07520]
  2. Pursglove Stye [NZ 94450 08150]
  3. Pursglove Stye Batts [NZ 94450 08250]
  4. Reasty Hill [SE 96308 94522]
  5. Reasty Hill Top [SE 96380 94419]
  6. Reasty Quarry [SE 96392 94471]
  7. Reasty Road [SE 95735 94880]
  8. Stonesty Wood [SE 98150 90450]
8
sug(g) ON segja [285] OE secgan, secgean, secggan, secggean, sæcgan to say, tell, declare, proclaim
  1. Suggitt Plantation [NZ 93827 02395]
1
summer ON (1) Sumarr (2) sumar [396] OE sūmor, sumar, sumer, sumur (1) Sumarr (personal name) (2) summer
  1. Summer Field House [NZ 92275 08544]
  2. Summer Field Lane [NZ 91829 08457]
2
sun(n) ON Sunnólfr [175] ME Sunnolf Sunnólfr (personal name)
  1. Sun Beck [SE 14134 90422]
  2. Sun Beck [SE 36719 94026]
  3. Sunley Court [SE 68280 81815]
  4. Sunley Hill [SE 68090 82618]
  5. Sunley Hill Plantation [SE 68410 82916]
  6. Sunley Wood [SE 52403 75497]
  7. Sunny Bank [NZ 81112 15028]
7
swallow ON svelgr [226] OE swelgan swirl, whirlpool, swallower; to swallow
  1. Swallow Head [NZ 93586 02947]
  2. Swallow Head Farm [NZ 93785 02742]
  3. Swallow Holm [NY 99408 03770]
3
swart(h) ON (1) Svarthǫfði (2) svartr [150] OE blæc (1) Svarthǫfði (personal name) (2) black, dark
  1. Swarth Gill [SE 62858 73616]
  2. Swarth Gill Spring [SE 62944 73423]
  3. Swarthlands Farm [TA 00951 92161]
  4. Swarthlands Lane [TA 01058 92060]
  5. Swarth Howe [SE 96945 94082]
5
sway, swane, swain ON Sveinn [361]   Sveinn (personal name)
  1. (Langbargh West Wapentake)
  2. Swainby [NZ 47595 01954]
  3. Swainby Beck [NZ 47617 02383]
  4. Swainby Ellers [NZ 47630 02490]
  5. Swainby Mill [NZ 48241 01530]
  6. (Halikeld Wapentake)
  7. Low Swainby [SE 33807 85655]
  8. Swainby Abbey [SE 33535 85551]
  9. Swainby Grove [SE 33447 85476]
  10. Swainby with Allerthorpe [SE 33558 85875]
8
sweinn, swin, swan, grise ON svín [227] OE swín pig, wild-boar, swine
  1. Little Swindale Wood [NZ 67607 14206]
  2. Swanbeck Farm [SE 99350 90050]
  3. Swindale [NZ 67996 14381]
  4. Swindale Beck [NZ 68313 14463]
  5. Swindale House [NZ 67841 14454]
  6. Swindale Lane [NZ 68132 14068]
  7. Swindale Nook [NZ 67789 14114]
  8. Swindale Wood [NZ 68043 13789]
  9. Swineber Scar [SD 98558 69353]
  10. Swinesale [SE 99382 90043]
  11. Swines Gill [SE 96419 93774]
  12. Swinesgill Rigg [SE 96305 94000]
  13. Swineside [SE 06106 82443]
  14. Swineside Bank [SE 06248 82307]
  15. Swineside Bogs [SE 06320 81602]
  16. Swineside Moor [SE 06581 81706]
  17. Swineside (parish) [SE 06306 82201]
  18. Swineside Woods [SE 05756 82118]
18
ta(i)ng, tong(e) ON tangi [225] OE tang, twang cape, tongue of land
  1. Barley Carr Tongue [SE 92453 96523]
1
tarn ON tiorn, tjörn, tjörn [224]   tarn, small mountain lake without tributaries
  1. The Tarn [NZ 82350 00152]
1
theoke ON (1) Þjokka (2) þjokka [362] OE (2) þaccian (1) Þjokka (personal name) (2) thwack, thick
  1. Theokemarais (Marishes) [SE 81777 77280]
1
thim(ble) ON Þymill [371] OE þymel Þymill (personal name)
  1. Thimbleby [SE 44824 95425]
  2. Thimbleby Bank [SE 45525 94429]
  3. Thimbleby Bank Plantation [SE 46057 95284]
  4. Thimbleby Grange [SE 44279 94908]
  5. Thimbleby Hall [SE 45812 96461]
  6. Thimbleby Moor [SE 47109 95567]
  7. Thimbleby Parish [SE 44311 95613]
7
thing, ting ON þing, þingvöllr [7] OE þing assembly, court, meeting place of parliament
  1. Thingwall [NZ 90051 11027], [54.486608, -0.611567] & [NZ 90051 11029]
1
thirk, thur ON Þórkell [363] ODan Thurkil, ME Thurkel Þórkell (personal name)
  1. Thirkell's Whin [SE 29172 50789]
  2. Great Thirkleby [SE 47797 78901]
  3. Little Thirkleby [SE 48015 78490]
  4. Thirkleby [SE 47954 78654]
  5. Thirkleby Beck [SE 47055 77317]
  6. Thirkleby Bridge [SE 47270 77497]
  7. Thirkleby Bridge Farm [SE 47008 77647]
  8. Thirkleby Common [SE 48520 78208]
  9. Thirkleby Hall [SE 47196 79198]
  10. Thirkleby Hall (site of) [SE 47302 78789]
  11. Thirkleby Mill [SE 48031 79668]
  12. Thirkleby Park [SE 47129 78929]
  13. Thirkleby Parish [SE 47792 78043]
  14. Thurtle Wood [SE 69239 72393]
14
thir, thir(l) ON Þrylli [369]   Þrylli (personal name)
  1. Thirlby [SE 49002 84132]
  2. Thirlby Beck [SE 49019 83921]
  3. Thirlby Farm [SE 49364 84118]
  4. Thirlby Grange [SE 48413 84097]
  5. Thirlby Parish [SE 48998 83930]
5
thistle ON þistill [403] OE þistel thistle
  1. Thistlebout [SD 94516 98260]
  2. Thistle Grove [NZ 85771 07749]
2
thor, thorm, thorn ON Þórmóðr [364]   Þórmóðr (personal name)
  1. Thormanby [SE 49080 74753]
  2. Thormanby Bridge [SE 49670 74007]
  3. Thormanby Carr [SE 49075 73537]
  4. Thormanby Hall [SE 49530 74768]
  5. Thormanby Hill [SE 49574 74879]
  6. Thormanby Hill Cottages [SE 49878 74249]
  7. Thormanby Mill [SE 48610 75027]
  8. Thormanby Parish [SE 49260 74358]
  9. Thornaby [NZ 45261 16460]
  10. Thornaby Grange [NZ 45623 16969]
  11. Thornaby Hall [NZ 45342 16097]
  12. Thornaby High Wood [NZ 45020 16317]
  13. Thornaby Lodge Farm [NZ 45873 16414]
  14. Thornaby Low Wood [NZ 44983 17008]
  15. Thornaby Parish [NZ 45153 16608]
  16. Thornaby Plantation [NZ 45278 14216]
  17. Thornaby Vale [NZ 45383 14578]
  18. Thornaby Wood [NZ 45074 15154]
18
thorn(e), thurn, thean, -tron, -terne ON (1) Þyrnir (2) þorn, þynir [48] OE þyrne (1) Þyrnir (personal name) (2) thorn
  1. Cawthorn [SE 78060 89604]
  2. Cawthorn Banks [SE 77883 89917]
  3. Cawthorn Moor [SE 78182 91626]
  4. Good Goose Thorn [NZ 75053 11088]
  5. Good Goose Thorn [NZ 74620 10889]
  6. Hawthorns [SE 97979 88982]
  7. Hawthorndale [NZ 86807 09658]
  8. Hawthorn Wood [SE 98291 89092]
  9. High Cawthorn [SE 78495 91432]
  10. Jingleby Thorn [SE 89419 89600]
  11. Jingleby Thorn Plantation [SE 89612 89645]
  12. Thirley Beck [SE 98322 95206]
  13. Thirley Cotes (Farm) [SE 97594 95070]
  14. Thornbrough [SE 38331 90614]
  15. Thornburgh House [SE 11073 90705]
  16. Thorn Clod Hill [SE 00308 72223]
  17. Thorndale Hill [NZ 79826 17852]
  18. Thorney Hall [SE 13329 89219]
  19. Thorney House [SE 13516 89414]
  20. Thorn(e)y Beck [SE 99237 97794]
  21. Thorn(e)y Browe (16th century) [NZ 94597 01755]
  22. Thorney Brow Farm [NZ 94690 01687]
  23. Thornfields Farm [NZ 93285 04568]
  24. Thorn Hill [NZ 88625 04631]
  25. Thornhill Farm [NZ 83787 00104]
  26. Thorn Hill Head [SE 88962 94159]
  27. Thorn Hill House [NZ 84010 00093]
  28. Thorn Hill Slack [SE 88827 93626]
  29. Thorn Key Howes [NZ 91488 03334]
  30. Thorn Key Wath [NZ 91296 03194]
  31. Thorn Park (Farm) [SE 98406 88115]
  32. Thornton House [SE 38309 89855]
  33. Thorny Beck [SE 97606 98159]
  34. Thornsby House [SE 78742 91588]
  35. Whitethorn [SE 86203 90848]
35
thol, thor, tur, tor ON Þórólfr [365] ODan Thorulw Þórólfr (personal name)
  1. Tholthorpe [SE 47608 66876]
  2. Tholthorpe Fields [SE 47386 66476]
  3. Tholthorpe Moor [SE 48611 67766]
  4. Tholthorpe Parish [SE 48244 67413]
4
thor ON (1) Þórr (2) þórr [366]   (1) Thor (personal name) (2) thunder
  1. High Thoresby [SE 02457 90085]
  2. Low Thoresby [SE 03739 90465]
  3. Thoresby [SE 03065 90291]
  4. Thoresby Lane [SE 03695 90566]
4
thoral ON Þórvaldr [368]   Þórvaldr (personal name)
  1. Thoralby [SE 00247 86748]
  2. Thoralby Mill [SE 00241 86502]
  3. Thoraldby [NZ 49227 07045]
  4. Thoraldby Farm [NZ 49381 07208]
4
thorpe ON þorp [223] OE þorp, þrop small village, settlement "smaller village due to colonisation from a larger one e.g. Sneaton Thorp" (rare in Norway but common in Denmark)
  1. Barthorpe Bottoms (olim Barchertorp) [SE 76601 59563]
  2. Carthorpe [SE 31078 83754]
  3. Easthorpe Cottage [SE 74267 71571]
  4. Easthorpe Farm [SE 73364 71594]
  5. Easthorpe House [SE 73759 71372]
  6. Easthorpe Lodge [SE 74129 71580]
  7. Ellenthorpe Cottages [SE 42019 67646]
  8. Ellenthorpe Hall [SE 41114 67308]
  9. Ellenthorpe Hall Lodges [SE 41497 68018]
  10. Fyling Thorpe or Fylingthorpe (Fielinga 1160, Prestethorpe, 13th century, Nortfigelinge) [NZ 94073 04713]
  11. Kilton Thorpe [NZ 69397 17580]
  12. Low Easthorpe Farm[SE 73979 70969]
  13. Low Mowthorpe Farm [SE 68649 69095]
  14. Mowthorpe [SE 68060 69040]
  15. Mowthorpe Bridge [SE 68530 68538]
  16. Mowthorp Bridge [SE 97996 88233]
  17. Mowthorp Cottage [SE 98063 88207]
  18. Mowthorpe Dale[SE 69102 69395]
  19. Mowthorpe Dale[SE 68843 69458]
  20. Mowthorpe Dale Wood [SE 69044 69240]
  21. Mowthorp(e) (Farm) [SE 98073 88278]
  22. Mowthorpe Hill [SE 67623 69059]
  23. Mowthorpe Hill Farm [SE 67797 69164]
  24. Mowthorpe Road [SE 98191 87980]
  25. Mowthorpe Wood [SE 67784 68813]
  26. Sneaton Thorpe [NZ 90654 06188]
  27. Sneaton Thorpe Beck [NZ 90277 05635]
  28. Sneaton Thorpe Lane [NZ 90591 06378]
  29. Sneaton Thorpe Wood [NZ 90177 05713]
  30. Thorpe Beck [NZ 94486 04858]
  31. Thorpe Green [NZ 94122 04833]
  32. Thorpe Hall [NZ 94480 04951]
  33. Thorpe Hill [SE 71738 59530]
  34. Thorpe Lane [NZ 94924 05265]
  35. Thorpe Villa [NZ 93742 05175]
35
threll, trail ON þræll [149] OE þræl thrall, serf, slave    
thring, thyrn ON Þyrni [372]   Þyrni (personal name)
  1. Thringarth [NY 93329 22965]
  2. Thringarth Park [NY 94420 23066]
  3. Thringarth Pasture [NY 92498 22729]
3
throstle ON þrostr [222] OE þrēasce song thrush
  1. Throstle Hill [SE 11062 77571]
  2. Throstle Nest [NZ 87473 06093]
  3. Throstle Nest [SE 55374 63483]
  4. Throstle Nest [SE 37819 90064]
  5. Throstles Nest [SD 97906 69083]
  6. Throstles Nest Barn [SD 97901 69455]
6
throx ON Þórsteinn [367]   Þórsteinn (personal name)
  1. Throxenby [TA 01696 88896]
  2. Throxenby Beck (Lady Edith's Drive) [TA 01535 88773]
  3. Throxenby Hall [TA 01310 88941]
  4. Throxenby Head [TA 01201 89269]
  5. Throxenby Lane [TA 01772 89320]
  6. Throxenby Mere [TA 00911 88760]
6
thu(f), tew(f) ON Þúfa [370]   Þúfa (personal name)
  1. Tewfit How [SE 05425 93490]
  2. Tewfit Mires [SD 99600 92899]
  3. Tewfit Mires Well [SD 99466 93101]
3
thwaite, twait, wait(e) ON þveit, þvait [30]   "piece cut out or off", village, small settlement, paddock, meadow, forest clearing
  1. Agatwayt and Langthwayte Close (13th century)
  2. Bertwait and Setwait (1160)
  3. Braithwaite (Cottages) [NZ 82576 03240]
  4. Calf Thwaite (Farm) [SE 98984 97782]
  5. Haythwaite [NZ 05632 09163]
  6. Hunderthwaite [NY 98519 21184]
  7. Langthwaite [SE 03811 83151]
  8. Nathwaite Bridge [SE 06623 83739]
  9. Raithwaite [NZ 86954 11650]
  10. Raithwaite Gill [NZ 86799 11941]
  11. Raithwaite Hall [NZ 86901 11571]
  12. Raithwaite Lodge [NZ 87150 12050]
  13. Raithwaite Plantation [NZ 87003 11767]
  14. Southwaite House (17th century)
  15. Thwaite Beck [NZ 01587 11006]
  16. Thwaite Head [SE 85366 89641]
  17. Thwaite Wood [SE 85385 89841]
  18. Wait Cliff [SE 91660 91388]
  19. Waitcliff End [SE 91886 91412]
  20. Waitcliff Howe (tumulus) [SE 91208 91054]
  21. Waitekeld [SE 67477 62406]
  22. Waits House [NZ 83409 01401]
22
tir ON tyri, tyrfi [190]   dry resinous fir-tree used for making a fire    
tod ON (1) Toddi (2) Tófa [373]   (1) Toddi (personal name) (2) Tófa (personal name)
  1. Tod Howe [NZ 66880 11797]
1
toft ON topt, tupt [39] OE toft site of a single house, farm, homestead
(a mark of Danish settlement, as distinguished from Norwegian)
  1. Allan Tofts [NZ 83050 02976]
  2. Barnby Tofts Farm [NZ 82142 13937]
  3. Hartoft Beck [SE 75757 94736]
  4. Hartoft Bridge [SE 74874 92566]
  5. Hartoft Bridge Farm [SE 74895 92766]
  6. Hartoft End [SE 74944 92951]
  7. Hartoft Rigg [SE 74651 95670]
  8. Hartoft Wood [SE 75792 93541]
  9. High Toft Hills [TA 00646 92441]
  10. Lingers Toft [NZ 94671 05348]
  11. Low Toft Hills [TA 00821 92604]
  12. Tofta Farm [SE 98175 98448]
  13. Tofta Hill [SE 98476 98480]
  14. Tofta Road [SE 98518 98742]
  15. Toft Hill [SE 62134 73540]
  16. Toft House (farm) [NZ 86350 08950]
  17. Toft Wood [SE 62156 73331]
  18. Tofts Lane [SE 48081 66780]
  19. Widgey Toft [NZ 81689 14600]
19
tol(l), toul, tow ON Tollr [374]   Tollr (personal name)
  1. Tollesby [NZ 51142 15589]
  2. Tollesby Bridge [NZ 50948 15344]
  3. Tollesby Hall [NZ 50738 15948]
3
ton ON tún [27] OE tún farm, hedged enclosure, homestead
(in Norse deeds each farm is called a tún)
  1. Allerston [SE 88250 93550]
  2. Bedlington's Lane [NZ 93996 05567]
  3. Brayton House [NZ 83186 01347]
  4. Burniston (Brinitun, Brinnistun DB 1086) [TA 00806 92974]
  5. Cayton Carr [TA 05087 81463]
  6. Cayton Carr House [TA 04660 82345]
  7. Cloughton [TA 00551 94650]
  8. Dale Town [SE 51870 89479]
  9. Easington [NZ 74583 18306]
  10. Easington End Farm [NZ 73950 18050]
  11. Easington Farm [NZ 73950 17950]
  12. Easington Hall [NZ 74550 18050]
  13. Easington Hall Farm (on site of Easington Hall) [NZ 74717 18095]
  14. East Ayton [SE 99675 85175]
  15. East Ayton Dike [TA 00158 82661]
  16. Ebberston [SE 91830 92138]
  17. Ebberston Low Moor [SE 91139 91100]
  18. Ebberston High Moor [SE 90778 93691]
  19. Egton (Egetune DB 1086) [NZ 81137 06477]
  20. Flaxton [SE 67794 62292]
  21. Flaxton (parish) [SE 67734 62493]
  22. Flaxton Grange [SE 68377 63075]
  23. Flaxton Lodge [SE 68197 62059]
  24. Hamilton [NZ 92757 05313]
  25. Harton [SE 70767 62099]
  26. Harton (parish) [SE 70441 61626]
  27. Harton Hills [SE 71575 61275]
  28. Harton House [NZ 93946 05305]
  29. Harton Lodge Plantation [SE 69203 61048]
  30. Harton Lodges [SE 69530 61293]
  31. Harton Moor [SE 68623 61143]
  32. High Straggleton [NZ 87500 11447]
  33. Hutton Mulgrave (Mulegrif 1160, Hotone, Hotune) [NZ 83874 10131]
  34. Kilton Beck [NZ 71001 18469]
  35. Knapton Ings [SE 88033 78515]
  36. Knapton Ings House [SE 88211 78479]
  37. Lebberston Carr [TA 07501 81005]
  38. Lebberston Carr Farm [TA 06993 81394]
  39. Liverton Beck [NZ 70157 16591]
  40. Lockton [SE 83961 89856]
  41. Lockton Low Moor [SE 85627 92770]
  42. Low Straggleton [NZ 87682 11859]
  43. Murton (parish) [SE 53231 87786]
  44. Murton [SE 53705 88040]
  45. Nether Silton [SE 45340 92278]
  46. Nether Silton Parish [SE 45650 92156]
  47. Newton [SE 81049 90568]
  48. Newton Farm [NZ 89079 03903]
  49. Newton House [NZ 88722 03913]
  50. Newton House Plantation [NZ 88943 01540]
  51. Over Silton [SE 45375 93313]
  52. Over Silton Parish [SE 44719 93618]
  53. Seaton Church (supposed site of) [NZ 78583 17778]
  54. Seaton Gill [NZ 76409 16805]
  55. Seaton Hall [NZ 78067 17783]
  56. Seatons Hill [NZ 67299 15645]
  57. Seatons Hill House [NZ 67078 15600]
  58. Sheriff Hutton [SE 65278 66596]
  59. Sheriff Hutton Carr [SE 66400 67638]
  60. Sheriff Hutton Ings [SE 65559 67693]
  61. Silton Hall [SE 45364 92334]
  62. Skelton Wath [SE 85483 78795]
  63. Sneaton (Sneton, Snetune 1160 and DB 1086) [NZ 89500 07500]
  64. Sneaton Castle [NZ 87955 10621]
  65. Sneaton Corner [NZ 91509 03645]
  66. Sneaton High Moor [NZ 87996 00876]
  67. Sneaton Low Moor [NZ 89771 03877]
  68. Sneaton Thorpe Beck [NZ 90277 05635]
  69. Sneaton Thorpe Wood [NZ 90177 05713]
  70. Staintondale (Steintun DB 1086) [SE 98974 98408]
  71. Thornton House [SE 38309 89855]
  72. Upton Hall [NZ 83973 13504]
  73. Wilton Carr [SE 86678 80698]
  74. Wilton Carr Lane [SE 86354 80885]
  75. Wilton Grange [SE 87153 81559]
  76. Wilton Ings [SE 87247 81262]
  77. Wilton Ings Lane [SE 87090 81593]
77
top(p) ON topt [421] OE top a green tuft or knoll
  1. Blakey Topping [SE 87266 93822]
  2. Topping Riggs [NZ 90167 07951]
  3. Topping Riggs Wood [NZ 89917 08292]
3
trough ON trog [161] OE trog a long, narrow container, open on top, for feeding or watering animals, trough, tray
  1. Cross Keld Trough [NZ 94301 05828]
  2. Trough [NZ 82831 00500]
  3. Gurling Trough [SD 98372 67487]
  4. Trough [SD 98020 69143]
  5. Trough [SE 05520 82887]
  6. Trough [SE 56065 91768]
  7. Trough Plantation [SE 52367 90515]
7
trout, trowt, truz, truce ON Trútr [375]   Trútr (personal name)
  1. Broxa-cum-Troutsdale [SE 92134 89851]
  2. Trouts Dale [SE 92451 88110]
  3. Troutsdale [SE 92297 87989]
  4. Troutsdale Beck [SE 92926 89254]
  5. Troutsdale Brow [SE 92845 88079]
  6. Troutsdale Brow Plantation [SE 92709 87847]
  7. Troutsdale Lodge [SE 92532 89418]
  8. Troutsdale Low Hall [SE 93216 89963]
  9. Troutsdale Mill [SE 91694 87461]
  10. Troutsdale Moor [SE 91660 88755]
  11. Troutsdale Parish [SE 92108 89068]
11
uck, huk ON Útkári [378]   Útkári (personal name)
  1. Uckerby [NZ 24454 02156]
  2. Uckerby Beck [NZ 24737 02377]
  3. Uckerby Grange [NZ 24381 02290]
  4. Uckerby Hall [NZ 24775 02540]
  5. Uckerby Mill [NZ 24226 02658]
  6. Uckerby Parish [NZ 24903 02423]
6
ug, ugge, huge ON Uggi [376]   Uggi (personal name)
  1. Ugthorpe [NZ 79602 11087]
  2. Ugthorpe Hall [NZ 79601 11007]
  3. Ugthorpe House [NZ 79300 11444]
  4. Ugthorpe Lodge [NZ 78431 11108]
  5. Ugthorpe Moor [NZ 78078 10831]
  6. Ugthorpe Parish [NZ 79726 10669]
  7. Ugthorpe Windmill [NZ 79203 11534]
7
ugle, ugel, uggel, oggel, uggle ON Uglubarði [6]   Uglubarði (personal name)
  1. Ugglebarnby [NZ 88184 07178]
  2. Ugglebarnby Moor [NZ 88870 05295]
  3. Ugglebarnby Parish [NZ 87867 05408]
3
upgang ON upp-gangr (1) upp-ganga (2) [188] OE ūpgang (2) (1) a pass or stile - up + walk (2) a rising, sunrise, approach, ascent, landing, incursion inland
  1. Upgang [NZ 88248 11875]
  2. Upgang Beck [NZ 88076 11689]
  3. Upgang Lane [NZ 88705 11482]
3
vat, wat ON vatn [147] OE wæter water, enclosed body of water
  1. Water Ark Pool [NZ 82897 02204]
  2. Water Ark Scar [NZ 83062 02288]
  3. Waterslakgille (lost)
3
vird, varda, var ON varða, vara [154] OE bécn, bécen, beácen, warenian beacon, heap of stones, cairn, a pile of stones or wood to 'warn' a wayfarer as to the course of the way    
voe ON vágr [146] OE wæg creek, small sheltered bay, a fishing-place in northern Norway    
wal, weal ON völlr [110] OE weald, wald field, close or paddock    
wall, well ON veggr [104] OE wæcg wall
  1. Crag Well [NZ 85539 08652]
  2. Park Wall [NZ 93458 03064]
  3. Park Wall [NZ 13875 07680]
  4. Gaskel Well [NZ 72050 18050]
4
wang ON vangr [187] OE wang cultivated field, garden, in-field, piece of land near a house, enclosed land among open strips
  1. Swang House [SE 89761 92954]
1
warp ON varpa [107] OE wearp, warp (1) throw, cast (2) warp, threads stretched lengthwise in a loom; twig, osier
  1. Ruswarp (Risewarp 1160) [NZ 88418 09314]
  2. Ruswarp Bank [NZ 88767 09337]
  3. Ruswarp Carrs [NZ 87663 08542]
  4. Ruswarp Hall [NZ 88950 09350]
4
-wath, -with, -worth ON (1) Vaði (2) vað, vaða [106] ODan wæthil from ON vaðill)
OE wæd
(1) Vaði (personal name) (2) vað, vaða ford, to wade through water
  1. Birchwath Slack [NZ 78415 02011]
  2. Blawath Beck [SE 81522 97395]
  3. Blawath Crag [SE 81212 97657]
  4. Briggswath [NZ 87348 08475]
  5. Coach Wath [SE 87254 96947]
  6. Cow Wath Bank [NZ 83980 01148]
  7. Cow Wath Beck [TA 02092 91755]
  8. Cow Wath Bridge [NZ 83889 01157]
  9. Cow Wath Bridge [TA 02038 90907]
  10. Eller Wath [SE 74789 87967]
  11. Farwath [SE 83007 88308]
  12. Farwath Brow [SE 82562 88678]
  13. Farwath Road [SE 82689 88445]
  14. Gainforth Wath [SE 97416 98350]
  15. Gainforth Wath Road [SE 97431 98624]
  16. Gill Wath (waterfall) [SE 67189 99806]
  17. Grundstone Wath [SE 77601 96881]
  18. Helwath [SE 94958 99135]
  19. Helwath Beck [SE 95551 99578]
  20. Helwath Bridge [SE 95454 99549]
  21. Helwath Grains [NZ 95911 00188]
  22. Helwath Grain Side [NZ 96196 99973]
  23. Helwath Plantation [SE 95076 99715]
  24. Helwath Road [SE 95349 98762]
  25. Helwath Wash Fold [SE 94857 98517]
  26. Helwath Wood [SE 94995 98802]
  27. High Oxam Wath [SE 91554 93747]
  28. Knapton Wath House [SE 87513 78255]
  29. Low Oxam Wath [SE 92110 92964]
  30. New Wath [NZ 81441 00285]
  31. New Wath Scar [NZ 82115 00602]
  32. Prior Wath [SE 98778 97684]
  33. Prior Wath Road [SE 98525 98096]
  34. Quarry Wath [TA 00397 93670]
  35. Sandwath Beck [SE 49677 62121]
  36. Sandwath Bridge [SE 49309 62098]
  37. Sandswath Beck [NZ 58829 15694]
  38. Sandswath Bridge [NZ 59442 16010]
  39. Skelton Wath [SE 85483 78795]
  40. Slape Stones Wath [SE 70168 91520]
  41. Sockburn Wath [NZ 35095 07123]
  42. Thorn Key Wath [NZ 91296 03194]
  43. Ulwith [SE 17228 96478]
43
wed ON veiðr [105]   place for fishing, hunting
  1. Wedland Slack [SE 84371 90391]
1
well ON vesla, vesl, vermsl [61] OE willa, wella, wylla, wille, wielle, welle, wylle a well or spring that never freezes
  1. Broach Well (and spring) [SE 53718 90122]
  2. Coney Well Spring [NZ 97520 01040]
  3. Doland Well [SE 05985 84442]
  4. Dowbrow Well [NZ 95317 06155]
  5. Fairy Well [SE 12423 89678]
  6. Foss Hill (Well) [NZ 88069 07187]
  7. Gaskel Well [NZ 72050 18050]
  8. Hawk Nest Well [NZ 01121 09113]
  9. Hinderwell [NZ 79518 16789]
  10. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Farm) [NZ 79244 16954]
  11. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Church) [NZ 79041 17011]
  12. Hinderwell (St Hilda's Well) [NZ 79045 17072]
  13. Hinderwell Lane [NZ 78650 17425]
  14. Hinderwell Parish [NZ 80032 16690]
  15. Holms Well [TA 01326 93034]
  16. Holygill Well [NZ 71020 16499]
  17. Kendray Well [SE 11130 90223]
  18. Kettle Well Cottage [NZ 93182 02292]
  19. Lady Hilda's Well [NZ 84232 08618]
  20. Magpie Well [SE 14534 90509]
  21. Mires Well [NZ 86588 10806]
  22. Oxnop Pot Well [SD 94264 97431]
  23. Silpho Well [SE 96524 92614]
  24. Spa Well [NZ 84318 04270]
  25. Tewfit Mires Well [SD 99466 93101]
  26. Teydale Well [SE 97477 97675]
  27. Three Crosses Well [NZ 75626 18522]
  28. Well Dale [NZ 78474 17395]
28
west ON vestr [103] OE west the west, westerly
  1. Bilsdale West Moor [SE 55565 96019]
  2. High West Side [SE 92918 93609]
  3. Low West Side [SE 92908 93650]
  4. Rosedale West [SE 70738 96727]
  5. West Bank [SE 82535 89603]
  6. West Barnby [NZ 82070 12623]
  7. West Beck [SE 81253 99970]
  8. West Black Sike [NY 99258 10059]
  9. West Cliff [NZ 88850 11650]
  10. West Field [SE 56233 65900]
  11. West Ling [NZ 01583 12314]
  12. West Lodge [NZ 93645 03943]
  13. West Scar [NZ 95351 05164]
  14. West Skelder Farm [NZ 84207 10474]
  15. Westworth Farm [NZ 63748 14122]
  16. Westworth Plantation [NZ 63301 13497]
  17. Westworth Wood [NZ 63463 13834]
17
whale ON (1) Hvalr (2) hvalr [307] OE hwœl (1) Hvalr (personal name) (2) a whale
  1. Falsgrave [TA 02655 87874]
1
wheel ON (1) hvel, (2) hjól [174] OE hweowol (1) and (2) a wheel + ON dalr
  1. Wheeldale Beck [SE 81246 98417]
  2. Wheeldale Bogs [SE 77899 96626]
  3. Wheeldale Bridge (foot) [SE 80214 99186]
  4. Wheeldale Bridge (foot) [SE 80163 96938]
  5. Wheeldale Gill [SE 80485 99075]
  6. Wheeldale Howe [SE 76666 99367]
  7. Wheeldale Lodge [SE 81319 98379]
  8. Wheeldale Moor [SE 79507 97982]
  9. Wheeldale Road [SE 80410 98269]
9
whin ON hvein [186] OE gorst, gost, georst gorse, furze
  1. Alne Whin [SE 48724 64272]
  2. Whin Bank Plantation [NZ 93448 03965]
  3. Whin Brow [TA 01266 95376]
  4. Whin Covert [SE 99625 86869]
  5. Whin Green [NZ 87006 07784]
  6. Whin Hall [SD 95173 99178]
  7. Whin Hill [SE 99950 98850]
  8. Whinny Closes [SE 70707 61339]
  9. Whinnyera Barn [TA 01472 91935]
  10. Whinny Hill (tumulus) [NZ 83296 14505]
  11. Whinny Lane [SE 68847 60096]
  12. Whinny Nab [SE 86495 94815]
  13. Whinny Wood [NZ 89950 05350]
  14. Whinstone Ridge [NZ 84626 03162]
  15. Whinstone Cottages [NZ 82097 04031]
  16. Whinstone Quarries [NZ 81902 04217]
16
whit, white ON (1) Hvíti (2) hvítr [185] OE hwít (1) Hvíti (personal name) (2) white
  1. High Whitby [NZ 92796 09558]
  2. High Whitby [NZ 93153 09802]
  3. Peter White Cliff [NZ 96213 03026]
  4. Whitby [NZ 90341 10964]
  5. Whitby Abbey [NZ 90369 11192]
  6. Whitby Sands [NZ 89006 11732]
  7. White Beck [SE 92514 91486]
  8. White Carr [SE 66581 60299]
  9. White Carr Nooking [SE 66484 60811]
  10. White Cliff [NZ 71218 18288]
  11. White Cliff (Whitecliff) Beck [NZ 71422 18310]
  12. Whitecliff (White Cliff) Wood [NZ 71215 18400]
  13. White Cliff Rigg [SE 87152 86118]
  14. White Close Hill [NZ 01612 12451]
  15. White Crag End [NZ 00423 08558]
  16. White Hall [SE 87547 79050]
  17. White Hill [SD 95915 98812]
  18. White House [NZ 94351 03613]
  19. White House [TA 02522 90786]
  20. White House [TA 08850 82228]
  21. Whitehouse Farm [TA 00377 97769]
  22. White Leys [NZ 88708 11121]
  23. White Mires [SE 77306 96861]
  24. White Mires Slack [SE 76690 96190]
  25. Whitestone [TA 00269 97587]
  26. White Stone Hole [NZ 94967 07785]
  27. Whitestone Point [NZ 92833 10321]
  28. White Stones [NZ 82009 15468]
  29. Whitestones Cliff [NZ 82181 15420]
  30. Whitethorn [SE 86203 90848]
  31. White Way [TA 00636 94876]
31
wic, wig(g), wyg ON (1) Víkingr (2) víkingr [380]   (1) Víkingr (personal name) (2) a freebooter, rover, pirate
  1. Terrington with Wigginton [SE 66589 70094]
  2. Wiganthorpe [SE 66047 72205]
  3. Wiganthorpe Hall [SE 66382 72242]
  4. Wiganthorpe Wood [SE 66521 72951]
  5. Wigginton [SE 59686 58575]
  6. Wigginton Cottage [SE 59481 56410]
  7. Wigginton Grange [SE 59108 58747]
  8. Wigginton Moor [SE 59106 59766]
  9. Wigginton Parish [SE 59304 58331]
9
wick, wyke ON vík [184], [64], and [380] OE wic bay, cove, creek
  1. Angling Wyke [NZ 77149 18852]
  2. Blea Wyke [NZ 98953 01563]
  3. Blea Wyke Lodge [NZ 98888 00968]
  4. Blea Wyke Point [NZ 99214 01470]
  5. Blea Wyke Steel [NZ 99229 01548]
  6. Catwick (Farm) (House Farm) [NZ 90790 05994]
  7. Cloughton Wyke [TA 02240 95121]
  8. Deepgrove Wyke [NZ 85828 14004]
  9. Ground Wyke [NZ 95563 05263]
  10. Ground Wyke Hole [NZ 95418 05079]
  11. Hardwick (Farm) [SE 95824 95467]
  12. Hayburn Wyke [TA 01262 97068]
  13. Hayburn Wyke Wood [TA 00809 97030]
  14. Hole Wyke [NZ 76233 19263]
  15. Jet Wyke [NZ 79007 18806]
  16. Longhorn Wyke [TA 03148 92709]
  17. Loop Wyke [NZ 84732 14785]
  18. Maw Wyke [NZ 94116 08305]
  19. Maw Wyke Hole [NZ 94192 08415]
  20. Overdale Wyke [NZ 85648 14390]
  21. Rosedale Wyke [NZ 80172 17381]
  22. Saltwick [NZ 91650 10777]
  23. Saltwick Bay [NZ 91912 10919]
  24. Saltwick Farm [NZ 91415 10890]
  25. Saltwick Hole [NZ 91746 10963]
  26. Saltwick Nab [NZ 91646 11345]
  27. Sandsend Wyke [NZ 86833 12754]
  28. Sandy Wyke [NZ 77927 18931]
  29. Skivick Crag [SE 80913 97987]
  30. Slaithes Wyke [NZ 78404 18897]
  31. Wykeham High Moor [SE 91550 95850]
  32. Wyke Lodge [SE 99453 97562]
32
-with, -worth, -ved ON viðr [102] OE widu, wudu a tree, a wood, forest, felled trees
  1. Waithwith [SE 16023 97730]
  2. Waithwith Bank [SE 14335 98407]
  3. Waithwith Bank Plantation [SE 13733 97919]
  4. Waithwith Bank Farm [SE 14378 98531]
  5. Waithwith Grange [SE 15838 97842]
  6. Westworth Farm [NZ 63748 14122]
  7. Westworth Plantation [NZ 63301 13497]
  8. Westworth Wood [NZ 63463 13834]
8
wy, wig, weigh ON (1) Vé (2) vé [183] OE wíg (1) Vé (personal name) (2) holy, sanctuary, temple, sacred place, idol, temple
  1. Vé-ey (Veøya) [62.670649, 7.424705]
1
wym, wem ON Vígmundr [379] OS VikmuntR Vígmundr (personal name)
  1. Low Wemmergill [NY 90161 21333]
  2. Wemmergill Beck [NY 90182 21409]
  3. Wemmergill Farm [NY 90305 21761]
  4. Wemmergill Hall [NY 90106 21747]
  5. Wemmergill Hole [NY 90068 22486]
  6. Wemmergill Pasture [NY 90511 22127]
6
wrag, wrau, wraw ON Ragi [40] ODan Wraghi Ragi (Wraghi) (personal name)
  1. Wragby [NZ 93650 00350]
  2. Wragby Wood [SE 93122 99920]
2
wreay, wray, wro(e), ray, roe, -row, -rea ON vrá [182] OE scéat, sceatt, scætt nook of land, corner, wray, outlying piece of land
  1. Scalebor (olim Scalwra) near Askwith
  2. Wrea Head [TA 00457 91015]
  3. Wreahead Rigg [TA 00046 91075]
3
yarn ON Járnólfr [310]   Járnólfr (personal name)
  1. Yarna Beck [SE 90488 93045]
1
youl ON Geōla [233]   Geōla (personal name)
  1. Youlton [SE 49274 63499]
  2. Youlton Hall [SE 49041 63438]
  3. Youlton Lodge [SE 50527 63584]
  4. Youlton Moor [SE 49129 64533]
  5. Youlton (parish) [SE 49638 63960]
  6. Youlton Plantation [SE 49026 64652]
6
yor ON Jórekr [311]   Jórekr (personal name)
  1. Yorfalls Wood [SE 81597 92377]
1

Footnotes

Capitalised words in definitions taken from "An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson are root words or important words e.g. SILFR in note 2 below.

[1] Place-names designated '1160'


A place-name designated '1160' is one of the hamlets and places which existed circa 1160 in the manors and towns comprising the "lands, possessions, forests, churches, tithes and liberties" the corpus of the endowment of William de Percy (as augmented by Alan his son and William his grandson) in 1096 to his brother Serlo (the prior) and the monks of Whitby of the churches of St. Peter and St. Hilda as described in "Early Yorkshire Charters" (1914) William Farrer at page 200 as taken from the "Whitby Cartulary" (1879) J. C. Atkinson.


[2] ON personal names Silpho, Sǫlvi; ON silfr, 'silver': Silton.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Sǫlvi (m. 9).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

Sylve ODan (Silpho, Nether and Over Silton)


Editor's note: Silpho, 'Silpa's Barrow'. Possibly Danish female personal name Silpa (Latin spelling of a Hebrew name meaning 'drop, tear (of myrrh)' or 'intimacy'); alternatively the first element is ON silfr, 'silver' which, together with the second element ON haugr gives 'silver how'.


Silfow - Yorkshire Lay Subsidy R. 30 Edward I (1301) (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1897).


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 205

silfr n. silver; … money

silfrbelti n. silver belt


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 528, entry 17

SILFR, n., provincial, Icelandic also silbr [Gothic silubr; Old High German silbar; German silber; English 'silver'; Scottish siller; Danish sölv; Swedish silfuer] silver … when used as payment distinction is made between lög-silfr (q. v.), standard silver, Grág; gang-silfr. (quod vide), current silver; brennt silfr, burnt, purified silver … skírt silfr, pure silver … and blá-silfr (q. v.), blue, i. e. bad silver (blá-silfr had only the third part value of skírt silfrgrá-silfr, grey silver, brass; hence the phrase bera sem gull af grá-silfri, to surpass as gold does grey silver … II. as a nickname, silfri, silfra, … whence Silfra-staðir, Silfr-toppr (or Silfrin-toppr), 'Silver-forelock', Silver-top, the name of a mythical horse … B. Used in compounds to denote a thing made of silver; silfr-ampli, -ausa, -bolli, -buðkr, -diskr, -kalkr (-kaleikr), -ker, -munnlaug, -skál … a jug, scoop, bowl, box, plate, chalice, vessel, basin of silver.

  • silfr-spánn, a silver spoon
  • silfr-baugr, a silver ring
  • silfr-belti, a silver belt
  • silfr-borð, a desk of silver
  • silfr-stíll, a silver pencil
  • silfr-flyngja, a silver clasp
  • silfr-spöng, a silver clasp
  • silfr-búnaðr, silver ornaments
  • silfr-sylgja, a silver brooch
  • silfr-festr, a silver chain
  • silfr-þráðr, silver-wire
  • silfr-hadda, a silver handle
  • silfr-hólkr, a silver knob to a stick
  • silfr-horn, a drinking-horn of silver
  • silfr-hringr, a silver ring
  • silfr-rós, a silver rosary (?)
  • silfr-kross, a silver cross
  • silfr-lok, a silver lid
  • silfr-skeið, a silver spoon
  • silfr-men, a silver necklace
  • silfr-penningr, a silver penny
  • silfr-vápn, a silver weapon
  • silfr-hella, a plate of silver
  • silfr-beisl, a silver bit
  • silfr-skrín, -hirzla, -kista, -kistill, a shrine, chest, box for keeping silver

C. Proper compounds:

  • silfr-berg, n. silver ore
  • silfr-búinn, part. silver-mounted
  • silfr-drjúgr, adj. well stocked with silver, money
  • silfr-eyrir, m. a silver ounce
  • silfr-fátt, n. adj. lacking silver
  • silfr-gangr, m. a silver standard
  • silfr-hvítr, adj. silver-white
  • silfr-lagðr, part. inlaid with silver
  • silfr-ligr, adj. silvery
  • silfr-merktr, adj. = silfrmetinn
  • silfr-metinn, part. valued in silver
  • silfr-ofinn, part. woven with silver
  • silfr-rekinn, part. = silfrbúinn
  • silfr-slátta, u, f. silver coinage
  • silfr-smiðr, m. a silversmith
  • silfr-smíð, f. silver-work

"Words and Places" Isaac Taylor (1936) at page 138

Chapter VIII

The Northmen

The Norse haugr, a sepulchral mound, is often found in the names of mountains crowned by conspicuous tumuli. The name of the old Viking who lies buried here is often preserved in the first portion of such local names. Thus, Silver How, Bull How, Scale How, and Butterlip How, are, probably, the burial-places of the forgotten heroes, Sölvar, Böll, Skall, and Buthar Lipr.


"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at pages 422 & 409

Silpho YNR [Sifthou 1145-8, Silfhou 12, 1230 Whitby Silfho 1231 Ass]. Most probably an OE Scylf-hoh 'ridge with a peak or with a plateau', Scandinavianized. As the sound sh was unknown to early Scandinavian, an s might be substituted for it. The first element is really OE scylfe. See SCYLF.

OE scylf, scelf 'rock, crag', no doubt also 'ledge' and 'bank of a river', is a common element in place names. There was also OE scylfe, scilfe 'ledge, shelf', but probably used in other senses too. The two are not always easy to keep apart. The exact meaning of the elements in place names is often difficult to determine … OE scylfe, scilfe is the first element of … SILPHO …


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake (1979) at page 115

Hackness

4. SILPHO 23 C 4

  • Sifthou (sic) 1145-8 Whitby, Surtees Society Publications 69, 72, MS 15th century
  • Silfhou, -how 1155-65, 1230, circa 1265-78, early 14th Whitby, Surtees Society Publications 69, 72, MS 15th century
  • Silfho 1231 Ass, unpublished (Public Record Office)
  • Silfow(e) LS, Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series 21; 1395 Whitby (Surtees Society Publications 69, 72, MS 15th century)
  • Silfey Saxton

vide haugr. The first element is probably the Old Danish personal name Sylve (Nielsen 1883). Compare Silton 201 infra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith, Volume V, Birdforth Wapentake (1979) at page 201

Over Silton

2. OVER SILTON 22 B 2

  • Silftune, Siluetun(e) DB 1086, 12 Riev (p)
  • Silton 1204 Ass; (Parva) LS, (Over) Vill

vide tun. The first element is probably the personal name found in Silpho 115 supra. Compare also Nether Silton (Allerton) 207 infra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith, Volume V, Allerton Wapentake (1979) at page 207

Leake

7. NETHER SILTON 22 C 2

  • Silftune DB 1086
  • Silton Paymill 1285 KI; (Paynel) E 1 BM, (Nether) Abbr

Other forms and interpretation as for Over Silton 202 supra. Isabell Paynell held land here in 1231 Ass.


[3] Bera (ON feminine personal name); ON Bjórá (personal name); ON bjórr, 'a beaver, beer': Bardale


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON feminine personal names Hallbera (f. 10) and Bera (f. <2).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 66, entry 6

BJÓRR, m. [Anglo Saxon beofar], a beaver, especially the beaver's skin … 2. a triangular cut off piece of skin … II. metaphorical a small piece of land …


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 66, entry 5

BJÓRR, m. [Old High German pior or bior; Low German and modern German, bier; Anglo Saxon bior; English 'beer'] no doubt a word of German extraction, öl (öldr), ale, being the familiar word used in prose: bjór hardly ever occurs … and is a foreign word, … bjór however is very current in poetry, but the more popular poems, such as the Hávamál, only speak of öl or öldr


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 62, entry 21

bifra, u, f. [Anglo Saxon beber, befer], a beaver (?), a cognomen.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West Wapentake at page 263

Aysgarth

BARDALE

  • Beredale 1280, 1285 YI 1283 Rich 33

Possibly 'Bera's valley' vide dæl. The OE personal name Bera may be assumed from Barbury (Wiltshire), Beranbyrg (ASC). OE bere seems impossible in this high country.

Professor Ekwall suggests that a probable etymology is ON bjórr 'a beaver', giving an ON Bjóra-dalr, or perhaps still better, a stream-name Bjórá (derived from bjórr).


[4] ON brokkr, OE brocc, 'a badger': Brocka Beck, Brock Hall, Brockrigg, Broxa (Brochesei 1160)


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 81, entry 13

BROKKR, m., properly a badger (?) [German, Scottish, and Old English 'brock'] … the name of a dwarf … 2. a trotter, of a horse.


"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at page 422

Broxa YNR [Brokesaye 1090-6 YCh 855, Brokesey 1316 FA]. First element perhaps Broc personal name. The second may be OE gehæg, 'enclosure'.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith, Volume V, Ryedale Wapentake (1979) at page 57

Scawton

BROCK HILL (6")

  • Brochesholes circa 1150 Riev

vide brocc-hol.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 82

Pickering

BROCKA BECK

  • Brocholebec(h) 1109-14 YCh 865

'Badger hole stream' vide brocc-hol, bekkr.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 111

Hackness

1. Broxa 23 C 4

  • Brokesay(e), -eye 1090-6 YCh et passim to 1335 ForP
  • Brochesei 1155-65 Whitby
  • Broxhay 1335 ForP
  • Brokessay 1395 Whitby

'Broc's hunting enclosure' vide (ge)hæg. The position does not admit of a second element e.g. For the possibility of such a personal name, vide MLR xiv. 235.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Gilling East Wapentake at page 276

Danby Wiske

BROCKHOLME

  • Brokholme 1382 YD

'Field where badgers are found' vide brocc, holmr.


"Notes and Queries" (22 January 1870) J. C. Atkinson (Danby in Cleveland) at page 105

As to Broxa and Silpho: the former, tempore Henry I., was written Brocesay; in the Abbot's Book (Whitby) Brocchesay, Broechesey, Brocehesei, &c.; in 1146, Brokesay; in 1316, Brokesey; &c.

This termination, varying through a, ay, ey, ei, eie, may be either Anglian or ODan. In Tordisa, Thordisa, other ancient forms of which are Tkordesay, Tordsay, Thordeisa (the old name of what is now East Row Beck, near Whitby), I have no doubt it is ON á, river, stream. If Anglian, the a or ey will mean islet, the name for which, as formed by a stream whether constantly or only periodically, is in this district almost invariably holm. Thus, there must be some forty or fifty holms in Cleveland alone.

Brock (or Broch, in its more ancient form) is a prefix of frequent occurrence in the district Broxa lies in; and in some instances it would seem to be a personal name, as in Brotton, Broughton, both formerly Broctun. In Broch-hole Beck, Brock-rigg, &c, the animal probably supplies the name.

On the whole, I think that, as Thordisa is "Thord's stream" Brocchesay is fully as likely to be Brock's stream as Badger's island.

I may add that, in close vicinity to Broxa, the local names Thirley, Thirlsey, Hella, Cockrah occur. Silpho, in the Abbot's Book, and in a deed dated 1146, is written Silfhou; in 1316 it stands Silfou; in 1396 Silfhow. The suffix in this case is, beyond doubt, the ON haugr, Norwegian haug, Swedish hög, Danish höj, Jutlandish hyv, &c. Silf may be the ODan Sölvi (Editor's note: or ON masculine personal name Sǫlvi), or Anglian Sealf. The fact that the Scandinavian houe is suffixed in many instances, in the district in question, to Anglian names is both patent and interesting. I instance only in Glap Howe (Anglian Glappa or Clappa) near Skelton, Lil-houe (Anglian Lilla), Basin Howe (Anglian Basing or Besing), Sexhow (Anglian Saexa), Potto (anciently Pothow, Pottowe; Anglian Putta) - all in Cleveland. Gnipe Howe, Swart-houe or Swarth Howe (two or three of the name), Stanghow (two of the name), and many others, are ODan in both their elements. Naturally, out of the vast number of conspicuous objects which most of these "Celtic" burial-mounds or houes are, not a few would be specially named by the Anglian colonists, and many of these probably renamed by the Scandinavian settlers. I have been able to trace only three of the Anglian names of places with any certainty. The Anglian names of houes still surviving become, therefore, doubly interesting.



[5] ON Grímr, Grímir, Grímnir, Grímólfr (personal names): Grime Gill, Grime Moor.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Grímr (Grimes Dale, Grimsby, Grimston, Miregrim)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 332

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

  • Álfgrímr (Algrimhou, 13th)
  • Grímr (Grimescroft, Grimeshou, 13th, Grymesgrave, 12th, Grymston, 1307)

Editor's note: the first element is possibly ON personal name Grímr which, together with ON suffixes gil 'deep narrow gully with a stream' and mór 'moor' gives, respectively, 'Grímr's gill' and 'Grímr's moor'.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal names Grímr (m. 32), Arngrímr (m. 6), Steingrímr (m. 6), Grímólfr (m. <5), Hallgrímr (m. 3), Grímkell (m. 2), Eldgrímr (m. 1), Elliðagrímr (m. 1), Hafgrímr (m. 1), Hergrímr (m. 1), Stafngrímr (m. 1).

ON feminine personal names Gríma (f. <2), Kolgríma (f. <2).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Ryedale Wapentake at page 54

Gilling

3. GRIMSTON 22 H 7

  • Gri-, Grymeston(a) DB 1086, 1166 P (p) et passim

'Grim's farm' from the common ON personal name Grímr and tun. Grimston is a common name found in WRY and four times in ERY, once in Lei and once in Nt.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang East Wapentake at page 234

Mashamshire

GRIMES DALE (6")

  • Grymesdalebek 1314 Fount

'Grim's valley' from ON Grímr and dæl (dalr ?)


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at pages 85 & 86

  • Gríma f. Hebridean woman, wife of Kotkell
  • Grímhildr f. wife of Atli, sister of Gunnarr and half-sister of Högni
  • grimmðarnáttúra f. fierce nature, fierceness
  • grimmr adj. fierce
  • Grímr m. Þórðr Kolbeinsson's farmhand
  • Grímr geitskör m. 10th century Icelander
  • Grímr Njálsson
  • Grímsnes n. area in southern Iceland

"On the Danish Element in the Population of Cleveland, Yorkshire" J. C. Atkinson published in The Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1869-1870) Vol. 2, No. 3 (1870) at page 352

"… we also meet with a very large proportion of personal names which are not only English in their origin, but most certainly Scandinavian. I take as types of this class of names (and only a few out of many) Milburn, Mewburn, Osburn, Allison, Jordison, Towlson, Lockson, Colson, Birkell, Horne, Horden, Gill, Keld, Rigg, Ness, Lax, Scarth, Scar … besides the manifold prefixes furnished by such personal names as Kell or Ketel, Dane, Norma, Ugelbard, Leising, Orm, Ingialld, Bergulf, Grim, Grimkell, Baldr … we find as a rule … the geographical or physical features of the country described … by such terms as gill, foss, scar, finkel, dale, rigg, bottom, head, brae, sike, houl, bank, nab, and the like; and this without dwelling on such words as garth, intak', houe &c"


"Scandinavian Settlement Names in Yorkshire" Gillian Fellows Jensen (1972) at page 203

VIII. The age of the settlements with Scandinavian and scandinavianised names and of the names themselves.

1. The evidence of situation.

Although the personal name Grímr was common in Scandinavia and is found quite frequently independently in Yorkshire, the number of Yorkshire place names, the majority of them nature names, which apparently contain the personal names as first element is greatly in excess of the number of independent instances. Whereas it is likely that place names such as Grimsby YNR (q.v.) and Grimthorpe YE (q.v.) do in fact contain the Scandinavian personal name, it would seem more reasonable to assume that the first element in the nature names is rather Grímr/Grim, a by-name for Óðinn/Woden. The by-name may have been used with some mythological significance but it seems preferable to accept the suggestion made by Margaret Gelling (in "Place-Names and Anglo-Saxon Heathenism", University of Birmingham Historical journal, Vol. VIII, no. 1, 1961, 7-25, particularly 14) that the name Grim may have survived the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons and the Danes to Christianity and have been used as a pseudonym for the Devil. Its survival may have been assisted by association with the OE adjective grim "sharp, savage, cruel". Margaret Gelling draws attention to the fact that Grim- is fairly common as the first element of place names in south-eastern England, particularly combined with elements that denote some form of prehistoric monument. Examples are Grimsdyke or Grim's Ditch, Grimsbury, Grimspound and Grimes Graves. There are certain facts that suggest that it may be the mythological name used in a derogatory sense rather than the Scandinavian personal name that is found in some of the Yorkshire Grimstons. It has already been noticed that five of them have comparatively poor situations. Four of them are so-called lost villages (cf. below past participle 231-36), while there are only three other lost villages among the 36 remaining Grimston hybrids. Note also that Grimston Nt and Grimston Sf are lost villages (4) and that there is a lost Grimston in Leicestershire (5), while another Grimston in Leicestershire and Grimston Nf enjoy favourable English-type situations.


Grímr and Grímir (personal names of Odin)

"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 216, entry 2

Grímr and Grímnir are names of Odin from his travelling in disguise. Grímr is also frequently a masculine proper name, and in compounds, Þor-grímr, Ás-grímr, Stein-grímr, Hall-grímr, etc.; and of women Gríma, Hall-gríma, etc.; prefixed in Grím-kell, Grím-úlfr, etc.: a serpent is in poetry called grímr.


[6] ON Uglubarði (personal name): Ugglebarnby - see also [54]) Barnby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Uglubarði (Ugglebarnby)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal names Bárðr (m. 19) and Barði (m. 1).


"The Vikings and their Victims: the Verdict of the Names" Gillian Fellows-Jensen (1994) at page 25

One other Yorkshire place-name which contains as specific a Scandinavian by-name that would seem to have arisen in the Danelaw is Ugglebarnby (Vgleberdesbi GDB 305ra; 4N1) in the North Riding. The specific would seem to be a Scandinavian *Uglubarð 'owl-beard'. There are a number of other instances of this name in the Danelaw. In the forms Uglebert, Ugelberd it occurs on coins of Eadred, Eadwig, Edgar and Edward (Feiltzen and Blunt, 'Personal names', past participle 205-06.) and as Vgle-/Vgelbert (GDB 301rb; 1E57.59) it is recorded as the name of the Domesday tenant of Croom and Kirby Grindalythe in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It also survived into the eighteenth century as a Westmorland surname, Oglebird (A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of Westmorland 2, English Place-Name Society Vol. XLIII (Cambridge, 1967), past participle 125, 131.).


"On the Danish Element in the Population of Cleveland, Yorkshire" J. C. Atkinson published in The Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1869-1870) Vol. 2, No. 3 (1870) at page 354

Ugelbardby 1540, Ugleberdebi 1340, Hugelbardebi 1160, Ugleberdesbi (DB 1086). Uglebert and Ugelbard were owners of land in the district in 1066.


"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at page 485

Ugglebarnby YNR [Ugleberdesbi DB 1086, Ugelbardeby 1100-15 YCh 857] 'Uglubarði's by'. Uglubarði is an unrecorded ON byname, composed of ugla 'owl' and Barði personal name.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 121

Whitby

Ugglebarnby

  • Uglebedesbi DB 1086
  • Ugelbardebi, Ugle- 1100 - circa 1115 YCh 1177-89, 1222-7 Whitby
  • Uggelbardebi, -by 1145-8 Whitby; 1301 Abbr
  • Ucchelbardebi 1155-65 Whitby
  • Vgulbardebi 1181 P
  • Uglebardby 1270 Whitby
  • W-, Ugelbardby 1310 Whitby; 1335 ForP
  • Oggelberdesby 1314 NRS
  • Ugglebarnby 1613 NR

'Farm of a man nicknamed "Owl-beard"' from ON Uglubarði (compare Lindkvist lxii, and NP, ZEN sine nomine) and vide by. The change of -bardby to -barnby is due to association of the name with Barnby across the river Esk.


Ugla, 'owl'

"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 648, entry 36

UGLA, u, f. [Anglo Saxon ule; English 'owl'] an owl, nátt-ugla u, f. a night-owl. II. metaphorically, a hook-formed clothes-peg is called ugla, from the resemblance to an owl's beak.


[7] ON þingvölir, the 'thing-fields': Thingwall, Tingwal, Thingwala - see also [110].


The Thingwala of Whitby is thought to have been located at the junction of Grape Lane and Church Street where there is now a cobbled piece of road and car park which is all that remains of the Potato Market known locally as 'Tatie Market', where the Abbott of Whitby had his toll booth prior to 1540.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh East Wapentake at page 128

Whitby

THINGWALL (lost)

  • Tingwall 1145-8 YCh 872
  • Thingwala 1155-65 Whitby

vide þingvölir. The name is undoubtedly that of the moatstead of a very strong Scandinavian colony in Eskdale. There is no clue to the site. Compare Fingay Hill 213 infra.


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at pages 11 & 279

  • Alþingi n. general assembly (legislative and judicative assembly for the whole of Iceland held annually in late summer at þingvöllr); á Aþlingi hér here at the Alþingi
  • þing n. meeting; darra þing is a kenning for battle; assembly, conference; with suffixed def. art. i.e. the Alþingi, í þingi of the assembly; local assembly in Iceland
  • þingboð n. summons to an assembly
  • þingfararkaup n. assembly attendance tax or dues
  • þinglausnir f. plural, the close of the assembly
  • þingsköp n. plural, assembly procedure
  • þingvöllr m. assembly-field, the site of the assembly, Alþingi (south-western Iceland)

"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 736, entry 4

ÞING, n. [no Gothic þigg is recorded; Anglo Saxon and Heliand þing; English 'thing'; Old High German, German, and Dutch ding; Danish-Swedish ting.] … B. As a law phrase [see þingvöllr]: I. an assembly, meeting, a general term for any public meeting, especially for purposes of legislation, a parliament, including courts of law; in this sense þing is a standard word throughout all Scandinavian countries (compare the Tyn-wald, or meeting-place of the Manx parliament) …

hús-þing, n. [compare English hustings], a council or meeting, to which a king, earl, or captain summoned his people or guardsmen;


"Whitby Yards Through Time" (2012) Alan Whitworth

"Church Street was first known as 'Kirkgate' in 1318, and originally it was a short street extending from the foot of the 199 Steps to the corner of the market place. Very little of this street was in the town of Whitby proper at that date. Today, the name 'Church Street' applies to the entire distance from the bottom of the 199 Steps to Spital Bridge. Church Street in different sections was known by various names. From the market place to what is today Bridge Street, which then did not exist, was 'High Gate', followed by 'Crossgate' to the end of Grape Lane. Here stood the old tollbooth and this junction still bears the name 'Tatie Market' from the market that grew up around the tollbooth. From that point to Boulby Bank was 'Southgate', and hereabouts the building ended. The rest of the road to Spital Bridge was merely a track over sand and gravel, and impassable at high water. A gate or turnstile barred the way to all but pedestrians just beyond Boulby Bank, horse traffic traversed Boulby Bank and went by the 'Horse Road' onto the highway, which runs from the abbey to Hawsker and beyond and was an extension of the famously steep and cobbled 'donkey road', the principal road out of Whitby in the medieval period."


"An account of the Danes and Norwegians in England, Scotland, and Ireland" Jens Jakob Asmussen Worsaae (1852) page 70

Section VII

Danish-Norwegian Names of Places

… The name of the village of Thingwall in Cheshire affords a remarkable memorial of the assizes, or Thing, which the Northmen generally held in conjunction with their sacrifices to the gods; it lies, surrounded with several other villages with Scandinavian names, on the small tongue of land that projects between the mouths of the rivers Dee and Mersey. At that time they generally chose for the holding of the thing, or assizes, a place in some degree safe from surprise. The chief ancient thing place for Iceland was called like this Thingwall, namely Thingvalla (originally þingvöllr, þingvellir or the 'thing-fields').


"On the Danish Element in the Population of Cleveland, Yorkshire" J. C. Atkinson published in The Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1869-1870) Vol. 2, No. 3 (1870) at pages 357 to 360

"… there is one other to which it will be well to direct special attention, and it seems strange that the local historians and antiquaries of Whitby should have left it to the present writer to do so … In the "Memorial of Benefactions" to Whitby Abbey, recapitulating the grants of land and other property made to that body by Wm de Perci and his son Alan, the list begins thus (translated from the Latin): … "The town and sea-port of Whitby (Witebi), "Overbi" and "Nedhrebi" that is Stainsacre (Steinsecher), Thingwall (Thingwala), Larpool Hall (Leirpel), Spital Vale (Helredale), "Gnip" that is Hawsker (Hauchesgard) &c". Young (Hist. of Whitby, ii page 912), after giving this memorial in extenso, proceeds to remark on some of the local names involved. "Overbi", he says, "is probably High Whitby, Thingwala, Highgate-houe," and so dismisses the name … and but for the remarkable dimness of vision besetting the Whitby historians, their local Thingwall would … have taken rank with those of Shetland, Orkney, Chester, Ross-shire, and demanded co-ordination in significance alike with them and with Norwegian "þing vellir", now Tingvala; and with Islandic "þingvöllir". The fact … that a Thing-place existed at Whitby would have amply justified the presumption that the entire district to which access is thence afforded by the sea must have been not only to a notable extent under the influence of, but occupied by, men of Northern or Old Danish origin; but coming as it does as a sort of practical commentary on the enumeration given above of local names, all bearing the impress of Scandinavian coinage, and prevailing to the extent of something like 9 out of 10 of the whole, it is difficult to overrate its importance."

"… Did the old Danes merely take up and occupy and name the parts of the districts hitherto unoccupied and unnamed, or did they enter on other men's possessions and rename as well as take possession ? … The materials for the answer of such a question are unhappily very scanty; but, as far as they go, they tend to the conclusion that these northern invaders and colonists overcame and killed or ousted the former possessors of the lands, which they then proceeded to rename. Certainly the name of Whitby itself, probably much the most important place at that time in the Cleveland district, was thus changed. In the times of Anglian possession it was Streoneshalh, or Streoneshalc; and it was reserved for its new northern masters, not only to replace that name by Whitby, but either to rename existing divisions of ancient Streoneshalc, or to create new local distinctions with the characteristic appellatives, Priestby, Overby, Netherby, Stakesby, Normanby, Gnipe, Berthwait, Sethwait, and Thingwall."


"Words and Places" Isaac Taylor (1936) at pages 138 & 139

Chapter VIII

The Northmen

In Cheshire, with one remarkable local exception, we find no vestiges of Norse colonists. But the spit of land called the Wirral, between the Dee and the Mersey, seems to have allured them by its excellent harbours, and the protection afforded by its almost insular character. Here, in fact, we fund geographical conditions similar to those which gave rise to the two isolated Norse colonies at the mouths of the Stour and the Yare, and the result is no less remarkable. In this space of about twelve miles by six there is scarcely a single Anglo-Saxon name, while we find the Norse villages of Raby, Pensby, Irby, Frankby, Kirby, Whitby, and Greasby. We find also the Norse names of Shotwick, Holme, Dalpool, Howside, Bamston, Thornton, Thurstanston, Birkenhead, and the Back Brook; and in the centre of the district is the village of Thingwall, a name which indicates the position of the meeting-place of the Thing, the assembly in which the little colony of Northmen exercised their accustomed privileges of local self-government.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith (1979) Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 128

Whitby

THINGWALL (lost)

  • Tingwall 1145-8 YCh 872
  • Thingwala 1155-65 Whitby

vide þingvolir. The name is undoubtedly that of the moatstead of a very strong Scandinavian colony in Eskdale. There is no clue to the site. Compare Fingay Hill 213 infra.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 94

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ei' (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

… it is worthy of note that we are in perhaps the most Scandinavian part of Yorkshire, not far from the Thingwala of the Whitby district …


Tingwall: The Significance of the name

Gillian Fellows-Jensen

"8. Thingwala, a place that cannot be localised more closely than to the parish of Whitby, Yorkshire North Riding, England circa [NZ 90336 10969]. Thingwala [circa 1077] late 12th century, Tingwal [1145 x 1148] circa 1240 (Atkinson 1879: xxii, 3, 118; Smith 1925: 128). Initial /þ/ survives in English. The exact site of Thingwala cannot be located but it seems likely that it was the meeting-place for Norse settlers in Eskdale or perhaps in the whole of Cleveland. The area is rich in Scandinavian place-names. It is of particular interest that Normanby (*Norðmanna-bý) [NZ 92698 06121] and Airy Hill (*œrgjum 'at the shielings') [NZ 89649 10086] are not far from Whitby and both their names point to settlers who had come to the Danelaw from the west, where Norwegians and Gaelic-speakers had been brought into contact with each other."


[8] ON prýði, 'an ornament; gallantry, bravery, glory, valour'; ON pikka, 'to pick, prick, stab'; ON pjakka, 'to pick, prick': Pricky Bank Wood, Prickybeck Bridge, Prickybeck Island.


'Pricky' possibly from ON prýði, 'an ornament; gallantry, bravery, glory, valour'.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 480, entry 8

Prýði, 'an ornament' … 2. gallantry, bravery … prýði-maðr, m. a brave man …

  • prýða, d, to adorn, ornament
  • prýði, f. an ornament … 2. gallantry, bravery
  • prýði-maðr, m. a brave man
  • prýði-liga, adv. finely, bravely, nobly
  • prýði-ligr, adj. fine, ornamental, noble, magnificent
  • prýðing, f. decoration
  • prýðir, m. an adorner

"A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic" (1910) G. T. Zoëga at pages 326 and 327

pikka (að), verb, to pick, prick, stab (pikkaði sínu sverði á síðunni).

pjakka (), verb, to pick, prick (ef þú pjakkar broddinum á hallinn).

prýða (-dda, -ddr), v. to adorn, ornament, make beautiful.

prýði, feminine, (l) ornament, pomp; (2) gallantry, bravery (falla með prýði ok orðstír); -liga, adverb, finely, nobly, bravely (Erlingr varðist -liga); -ligr, adjective, magnificent (-lig veizla).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 476, entry 25

pikka, , to pick, prick.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 477, entry 28


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 479, entry 9

prik, n. [English], a prick or dot in writing … 2. a little staff, stick (staf-prik); … frequent in modern usage. Compounds: prika-rím, n. a computistic table with dots, called Talbyrðing, … prika-setning, f. punctuation, … prika-stafr, m. a calendar with points …


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 479, entry 10

prika, , to prick, stab slightly.


[9] ON Hildr (personal name); ON hildr 'nun, battle': Hilda Spring, Hilda Wood, Hilda's Howe, Hinderskelfe, Hinderwell - see also [61] ON vesl(a) and vermsl.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Hildr (f) (Hinderskelfe)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 332

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

ON Gunnhildr (f) (Gunildekelde, 1243)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Hildir (m. 12) and ON feminine personal names Þórhildr (f. 8), Gunnhildr, (f. 7), Geirhildr (f. <5), Ragnhildr (f. <5), Þióðhildr (f. <5), Áshildr (f. <2), Hildigunnr (f. <2), Hrafnhildr (f. <2), Ormhildr (f. <2), Sæhildr (f. <2) and Úlfhildr (f. <2).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Hilda of Whitby or Hild of Whitby (circa 614-680) is a Christian saint and the founding abbess of the monastery at Whitby, which was chosen as the venue for the Synod of Whitby. An important figure in the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity, she was abbess at several monasteries and recognised for the wisdom that drew kings to her for advice. The source of information about Hilda is the Ecclesiastical History of the English People by Bede in 731, who was born approximately eight years before her death. He documented much of the Christian conversion of the Anglo-Saxons.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Bulmer Wapentake at page 40

Bulmer

2. HINDERSKELFE (6")

  • Hildreschelf, Ilderschelf DB 1086
  • Hi-, Hyldreskelf 1159-81 Kirkham 94; 1167 P
  • Hi-, Hyderskelf 1207 FF; 1253 Ch; 1259 Ass; LS; 1336 Ch; 1418 YI
  • Hyldyrschelf circa 1280 Kirkham 15
  • Hi-, Hynderskelfe KF; 1483 Test
  • Hilderskilf 1344 FF
  • He-, Hyldresskelf 1346 NCyWills
  • Hilderskill Saxton; Speed

This is probably a purely Scandinavian name, the first element being Hildar, the genitive of ON Hildr, a woman's name, and the second being ON skjálf, 'shelf, seat'. The latter element no doubt refers to the small plateau in the west of the township. For the change of l to n compare 34 supra and Hinderwell 138 infra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh East Wapentake at page 138

Hinderwell

1. HINDERWELL 16 D 8

  • Hildre-, Ildrewelle DB 1086
  • Hader-, Hylderwell(e) 1139-48 YCh 906 et passim to 1475 Pat
  • Hildrewell 1347 Pat; 1348 FF; 1404 YI
  • Hynderwell, Hinderwell 1468 Test; 1490 Cal. Inq.; 1573 FF; 1665 Visit

'Hild's well' vide w(i)elia. The name was probably originally OE *Hildewella, containing the name of the famous Saint Hild of Streoneshalch, whose monastery was a few miles to the southeast of Hinderwell. The present form of the name, however, points to a Scandinavianising of the name on the analogy of ON Hildr, genitive Hildar, found in Hinderskelfe 40 supra. There is still a well at Hinderwell called St Hilda's Well. Compare also a lost Hildekelde, fons sancte Hilde (12 Guisborough Cartulary) in Guisborough.


Hinderwell, 'Hilda's well'

"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 10 & 11

Chapter I

Names containing distinctively Old Scandinavian inflexional forms

Hildreuuelle, Ildreuuelle YKS DB 1086; Hilderwelle circa 1146 (Papal confirmation), ante 1180 feminine Whitby Chartulary; Hilderwel 1202, Hilderwell, Hylderwell 13th century Guisborough [140] Chartulary; Hilderwell 1226 Gray's Reg. (The Register, or Rolls, of Walter Gray, Lord Archbishop of York 1225-1255), Kirkby (The Survey of the County of York, taken by John de Kirkby, commonly called Kirkby's Inquest), 1286 Patent Rolls, Tax. eccl. (Taxatio ecclesiastica Angliæ et Walliæ auctoritate P. Nicholai IV. circa A.D. 1291), 1314 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII) Nomina villarum, 1332 f. Patent Rolls, 1339 f. C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII), 1475 Patent Rolls; Hilderwelle 1302 Feod. mil. Eb. (Feoda militum in Com. Ebor. (Knights' Fees in Yorkshire 31st Edward I); Hildrewell 1314 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII), 1347 Patent Rolls; Hyldeswell I.N.; Hilierwell 1344 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII); Hylderwella 1394/95 Whitby Chartulary; Hilderswell 1374, Hylderwell 1375 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII); Hynderwell 1490 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII); now Hinderswell.

1st member can be the genitive - normally Hildar - of the O.W.Scand female name Hildr, which, according to LindN, was in frequent use during the Viking Age. It is found in several O.Norw. place-names, e.g. Hilderton D. N. (Diplomatarium Norwegicum, I-XIX) 6 (1385), Hilldarland (see further LindN. A parallel to the former name, on English territory, is perhaps Hildertona, Hildreton Nhb.

2nd member ME welle 'a spring, fount' = N.E. 'well'.


Hilda Spring

The place-name 'Hilda Spring' is opposite the "supposed site of monastic cell" at Hackness Hall [SE 97148 90747].


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 102

Hildr f. a nun


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 261, entry 17

HILDR, f., dative and accusative hildi, [Anglo Saxon hild probably akin to hjaldr, quod vide] battle, only in poetry; … vekja hildi, to wage war … hefja hildi, to begin a battle … er hildr þróask, when war waxes, … hörð hildr, a hard fight; bjóða hildi, to offer battle; ganga í hildi, to go into battle; semja, fremja hildi, to wage war … In poetry a shield is called hildar-ský, hildar-vé, hildar-veggr.

2. name of one of the Valkyrias (see Valkyrja), who were regarded as the handmaids of Odin; Hildr is also represented as a daughter of the mythical king Högni and the bride of Héðin, whose life is recorded in the tale of Hjaðninga-víg, Edda 89, 90: hence war is called Hildar-leikr, m. the game of Hildar. II. in proper names; it is rare as a prefix in northern names, but frequent in old German: of men, Hildir, Hildi-björn, Hildi-brandr, Hildi-grímr, Hild-ólfr; of women, Hildr, Hildi-gunnr, Hildi-ríðr: again, it often forms the latter part in female names, and often spelt or sounded without the aspirate, Ás-hildr, Bryn-hildr, Böðv-ildr, Dóm-hildr, Ey-ildr, Geir-hildr, Grím-hildr, Gunn-hildr, Hrafn-hildr, Matt-ildr (for.), Orm-hildr, Ragn-hildr, Svan-hildr, Úlf-hildr, Yngv-ildr, Þor-hildr, Landnámabók III. in plural, hildir, the caul or membrane covering animals, calves, lambs when cast, kálfs-hildir, kýr-hildir, frequent in modern usage.

  • hildi-frækn, adjective mighty in war
  • hildi-göltr, m., mythic. a helmet
  • hildi-leikr, m. [Anglo Saxon hilde-gelâc], the game of war, a fight
  • hildi-meiðr, m., poetical a warrior, pillar of war
  • hildingr, m., poetic a war king … a proper name
  • hilduri, a kind of hawk
  • vekja hildi, to wage war
  • hefja hildi, to begin a battle
  • er hildr þróask, when war waxes
  • hörð hildi, a hard fight
  • bjóða hildi, to offer battle
  • ganga í hildi, to go into battle
  • semja, fremja hildi, to wage war

"A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic" (1910) G. T. Zoëga at page 198

hildi-leikr, masculine, game of war, battle (poetic); -meiðr, masculine, warrior (poetic).

hildingr (-s, -ar), masculine, chief, hero.

hildr (genitive, hildar, dative, and accusative, hildi), feminine, battle (poetic); vekja hildi, to wage war, to fight.


[10] Ramsdale Beck [NZ 94053 03803] is named:

from Ramsdale Wood [NZ 93003 03557].


[11] ON Drómundr (personal name); ON drómundr, 'a kind of ship of war': Dromonby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Drómundr (Dromonby)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh West Wapentake at pages 168 & 169

Kirby in Cleveland

DROMONBY

  • Dragmalebi DB 1086
  • Tromundesbi circa 1150 Godr
  • Dromundby circa 1190 Fount
  • Dromundebi, -by 1190-1210 YCh 581 et passim to 1310 Ch (p)
  • Dromondby 1371 Baildon
  • Dromonby 1285 KI; 1665 Visit

'Dromund's farm' vide by. The first element is OWScand personal name Drómundr (LindBN 1920), found as the surname of Henr. Dromund (Guis ii 302) in YKS. The normal genitive in ON would be Drómundar, so that the above spellings without any trace of the genitive suffix -r may arise from OEScand loss of -r- before a consonant (vide IPN 61-2) in such compounds. Compare Romanby 210 infra. The DB 1086 form is curious. It cannot be brought into relation with the later forms. It should not, however, be dismissed as a mere mistake. In BCS 1052 a man named Dragmel occurs among the other Northern witnesses to a Yorkshire charter of King Edgar. Evidently Dromonby was in the possession of one Dragmel before it passed to Srómundr. The Dragmel may even be identical with the winess named above. This name may be a by-name from ON drag-máll, 'drag speech', used of one who speaks with difficulty.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 107, entry 17

drómundr, m. a kind of ship of war (foreign word), [… middle Latin dromon; Old High German drahemond] … 3: a nickname …


[12] ON Knútr (personal name); ON knútr, 'a knot': Knotts, Knot Top.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Knottr (m. 2).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 347, entry 1

rembi-knútr, a kind of knot; … II. medicinal, a bump, protuberance, after a bone fracture or the like, … III. a proper name, Knútr, m. Cnut, Canute, Fms.: mar-knútr, quod vide


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 346, entry 30

KNÚTR, m. [English 'knot'; Danish knud; Swedish knut], a knot … ríða knút, to tie a knot … knýta knút, to knit a knot …


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 277, entry 29

hnútr, m. a knot, = knútr


[13] Whitby Chartulary (Surtees Society) 520.


[14] ONb dobbe, 'dub - a pool of water, puddle': Blea Dub, Hammerdale Dub, Black Dub, Toad Dub, Stoops Dub.


Dub, n. Northern England dialect, 'a pool of water; puddle', related to Norwegian dobbe, 'swampy land', Middle Low German dobbe, 'a pool' (Collins English Dictionary)



Blea Dub


Hammerdale Dub

[15] ON Eitri (personal name): Etersthorpe.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 104

Cayton

ETERSTHORPE (lost)

  • Eterstorþ DB 1086

The first element is a personal name, possibly ON Eitri (LindN), found also as the first element of Etresghilebec (13 Riev) in Middleton in Teesdale (Durham). vide þorp.


[16] ON Fangi (personal name); fangi, 'a prisoner': Fangdale


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

Fangi (Fangdale)


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 141, entry 10

fangi, a, m. a prisoner, Maríu Saga, (rare and unclassical); compare Danish fange.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Ryedale Wapentake at page 68

Helmsley

FANGDALE

  • Fangedala circa 1160 abbr title="Rievaulx Cartulary">Riev; 1170-85 YCh 1845

'Fangi's valley' vide dæl (dalr ?). The first element is a personal name Fangi of Scandinavian origin. A personal name Fangulf (from ODan Fangulf) is evidenced in medieval NFK records and in York records of the 12th century (e.g. Waltero filio Fannulfi 1164-75 YCh 282, filio Faganulph' 1170-6 YCh 225) and enters into Fangfoss ERY, Frangefos (sic) DB 1086, Fangelfosse 1200 Cur (p), Fangefosse 1260 YI. A short form Fangi would be normal and this enters into Fangdale.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Ryedale Wapentake at page 68

Helmsley

FANGDALE BECK

  • Flandgedalebec (sic) 1201 Riev

[17] ON Haukr (personal name); ON haukr, 'a hawk': Hawsker.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Haukr (Hawkshill, Hawsker)


Editor: the first element is possibly ON personal name Haukr which, together with ON suffixes garðr 'enclosure, yard' and hól 'hill' gives, respectively, 'Haukr's enclosure' and 'Haukr's hill'.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 332

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

ON Haukr (Haukescou, 12th)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON Haukr (m. 3).


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 143 & 144.

Chapter 4

Names containing Old West Scandinavian ou, au

Hauchesgard; see p. 143: Houkesgarth, Houkesgard, Hauchesgard YKS 12th century Whitby Chartulary; Houkasgart, Houkesgart, Okesgard, Haukesgard ibid.; Hokesgard 1166-67, Haukesgard 1175-76, Hokesgarth 1179-80 Pipe Rolls; Haukasgarth 12th century Guisborough [140] Chartulary; Hokesgarthe 1212 Rotuli Chartarum; Houkesgarth 1213 Whitby Chartulary; Haukesgarth 1298 Yorkshire Inquisitions, 1301 Yorkshire Lay Subsidy, 1299, 1308 f. Whitby Chartulary; Haugesgargh Nomina villarum for Yorkshire 9th Edward II; etc.; now Hawsker, near Whitby.

1st member is genitive of the O.W.Scand man's name Haukr Old Swedish Høker, O.Dan Høk), which appears as early as La. (Landnámabók 1900) and was in frequent use in Norway and Iceland; see LindN. The name is identical with the appellative haukr, etc. 'hawk' - There are in ME records not a few place-names that have Hauk- or Haukes- as 1st member. In almost every county in Scandinavian England, and outside it, we come across compounds such as Haukwell, Haukeswell, Haucherst (Kent), Haukedon, Haukhull etc. By far the largest percentage of these are without doubt of native origin and contain ME hauk < OE havoc, N.E. hawk. An OE man's name of the same form seems not to be known according to Björkmann (Personennamen p. 66). But it is most likely that such a name once did exist, although it may have early fallen into disuse, and, like several other OE personal names, has survived only in place-names. There can hardly be any doubt, that a name like OE Hauekestune Cambr. CD. 907 (Eadweard), Havochestun DB 1086, Haukestone 1316 F.A., now Hauxton, is composed with a personal name Havoc. The same applies to Havochesberie GLS DB 1086, Hauekesbiri 1252 Ch. R., 1272 C. Inq., Haukesbery 1303 F.A., now Hawkesbury, and some other cases into which I cannot enter here. Kemble's index to CD. gives from the south of England some OE place-names beginning with Havoces-, of which at least two or three seem to contain the personal name. And in Stanmer, Sussex, there was in OE times a field-name hafocunga leahge CS. 197, the former member of which looks like a patronymic derived from the personal name just mentioned. Further it is to be noted that the genitive case of the OE appellative hafoc is not seldom found in place-names, as may be seen from the indexes of CD. and F.A. All this being so, it is clear that we can in no case assign Scandinavian origin to ME place-names beginning with Hauk(es), unless spellings with the diphthong written ou, o can be adduced in support. Forms of that kind reflect a very common development of the Scandinavian diphthong in England (cf. on this above p.136 f.), which is well evidenced from Scandinavian loan-words in ME, and such forms may be regarded as doubtless of Scandinavian origin. Apart from Hawsker, this holds good of the following names: …

2nd member is O.W.Scand garðr (OSwed garþer, O.Dan garth) in the sense of 'a farm' compare above p.132, under Aistangarthes … 2nd member is ME garth (O.W.Scand garðr, OSwed garþer, O.Dan. garth) 'a small piece of enclosed ground, usually beside a house or other building, used as a yard, garden, or paddock; a fence or hedge' N.E.D. ("A New English Dictionary on historical principles", Oxford 1888).

Not far from Hawsker is a place called Hogarth (Hill), which name may be of the same origin (as Hawsker). It is stated to be identical with Haukesgarth 1299, 1344 Calendar of the Patent Rolls.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 241, entry 27

HAUKR, m. [Anglo Saxon heafoc; English 'hawk'; Old High German habuch; German habicht; Danish hög; Swedish hök] a hawk … metaphorically, a hero … or perhaps the phrase is, hrók í horni, a rook in the corner, borrowed from chess. Hawks were in olden times carried on the wrist, whence in poetry the hand is called the seat, cliff, land of the hawk, hauk-borð, -klif, -land, -mærr, -storð, -strönd, -völlr; the adjectives hauk-fránn (of the eye, flashing as a hawk's eye), hauk-ligr, -lyndr, -snarr, -snjallr are all of them epithets of a bold man, Lexicon Poëticum (Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860): hauka-veiði, n. hawking: hauk-nefr, m. hawk-bill, a nickname, Landnámabók; sparr-h., a sparrow-hawk. II. as a proper name, Landnámabók; and in local names, Hauka-gil, Hauka-dalr, whence Haukdælir, m. plural name of a family … Haukdæla-ætt, f. id.; Hauk-dælskr, adjective, belonging to that family.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 121

Whitby

3. HAWSKER 16 G 12

  • Houkesgart(h) circa 1100 to circa 1125, circa 1110 Whitby; 1181 P; 1226 FF
  • Haukesgard circa 1115-35 YCh 859, ante 1133, circa 1230-40 Whitby
  • Houkesgard 1145-8 YCh 872; 1222-7 Whitby
  • Hoches-, Hokesgard 1163, 1167 P
  • Haukesgarð, Haukesgarth(e) 1176 P (p); 1284 YI (p); 1298 YI; 1308, 1351 Whitby
  • Hakisgarth 1330 Whitby
  • Housegarth 1577 Saxton
  • Harrsker, Horskarse, Haskerth 1611, 1613 NR

'Hawk's enclosure'; vide garð. The first element is the ON personal name Haukr. Compare (Lindkvist, Middle English Place-Names of Scandinavian Origin, 1912 at page 143).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 122

Whitby

HAWSKER BOTTOMS

  • Bothem circa 1230-40 Whitby
  • Bothome 1396 ibidem

vide OE botm, ON botn.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Bulmer Wapentake at page 25

Easingwold

HAWKHILLS

  • Houkeshill 1226-9 RegAlb (circa 1300) ii 39 d

'Hawk's hill' vide hyll (ON hóll ?). The ME personal name Houk, common in the Danelaw, is derived from the ON name Haukr (LindN), OSwed Høk (Lundgren-Brate). Originally the name here may have been OE Heafoc (vide Hauxwell 269 infra).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West at page 269

Hauxwell

3. HAUXWELL 21 C 6

  • Hauoc(he)swelle DB 1086
  • Houcheswell 1166 P (p)
  • Hou-, Haukeswella, -e 1177 P (p); 1184 RichReg 84 d et passim to 1362 Archd 5 d
  • Hauekeswell 1219 FF

'Hawk's well', but whether from OE Heafoc or ON Haukr it is difficult to say. For the use of OE feafoc as a personal name cf. MLR xiv 239 vide w(i)ella.


[18] ON staupe, 'a steep declivity': Stoupe Brow.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 165.

Chapter 4

Names containing Old West Scandinavian ou, au

Staupe YKS tempore Henry I, Stoupe early 12th century feminine, Stowpe 1395, Stoope, Stowpe Browe 1540 Whitby Chartulary; now Stoupe Brow, hamlet and cliff in Whitby parish.

From O.W.Scand staup in the sense of 'a steep declivity or slope, a pitch, precipice'. Stoupe Brow is a cliff, according to Bartholomew's Gazetteer 893 ft. high, which towers aloft over the shore at Robin Hood's Bay, and commands a magnificent view. The word staup in the sense just mentioned is only evidenced from Norw. place-names; see e.g. Rygh N.G. (Norske Elvenavne. Kristiania (1904) [Elvenavne] & Gamle Personnavne i Norske Stedsnavne. Kristiania (1901) [Personnavne]") V, 444 and XV, 87. It is related by ablaut to the rare verb stúpa 'to stoop', OSwed stupa 'to fall, tumble headlong'. The primary sense of staup may have been that of a depression or hollow where one is apt to tumble down; compare the allied OE adjective steap 'high, lofty', N.E. steep. In Shetlandic local names staup is applied to a track beaten by the feet of cattle (Jakobsen); compare Norw. dialect, staup 'a hole in a road, deep rut, cup, goblet', OE steap 'a cup, flagon', OHG., MHG. stouf 'Becher, Felsen' (Schade), German Stauff, Stauffen, as names of mountains (see Schmeller, Bayerisches Worterbuch). Whether N.E. dialect stoup 'a deep and narrow vessel for holding liquids, pail for water', etc., is of Scand. introduction, is uncertain. Its local distribution - only in some northern counties and east Anglia - is in favour of it. On ME stope see Björkman (Erik, 'Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English' 1900-02) p.78, with references.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 589, entry 32

STAUP, n. [Old High German stouf; Anglo Saxon steâp; English 'stub'; Danish stöb] a knobby lump … hatt-staup, the 'hat-knoll' i.e. the head … [Anglo Saxon stoppa; English 'stoup'], a stoup, beaker, cup, properly from the form, frequent in modern usage; taka í staupinu, to take a stoup of brandy.


[19] ON Steinn (personal name); ON steinn 'stone': Stainsacre, Stainton, Stainsby, Staintondale.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Steinn (Stainsacre, Stainsby)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 333

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

  • ON Steinn (Stainishou, 12th, Staynesbrecke, 13th)
  • ON Játsteinn (Jatstaineswad, 12th)
  • ON Golsteinn (Golstaindale, circa 1160)

"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal names Eysteinn (m. 15), Steinn (m. 14), Hallsteinn (m. 8), Gunnsteinn (m. 7), Hólmsteinn (m. 7), Steingrímr (m. 6), Steinarr (m. <5), Steinmóðr (m. <5), Steinroðr (m. <5), Jósteinn (m. 3), Steinbjorn (m. 3), Steinþórr (m. 3), Geirsteinn (m. 2), Hásteinn (m. 2), Hersteinn (m. 2), Vésteinn (m. 2), Aðalsteinn (m. 1), Arnsteinn (m. 1), Freysteinn (m. 1), Nefsteinn (m. 1), Steinfiðr (m.1), Steini (m.1).

ON feminine personal names Steinunn (f. 15) and Steinvor (f. <2).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 123

Whitby

STAINSACRE

  • Stainsaker 1090-6 YCh 855
  • Stainsecre, -echer, Staynseker circa 1110 Whitby; 1145-8 YCh 872, early 14th, 1395 Whitby
  • Steinsecher, Steinseker 1155-65 Whitby; 1181 P
  • Stanesacher 1177 P (p)
  • Stanseker 1611 NR

'Stein's field' from the ON personal name Steinn and akr. ON ekra (a by-form of akr) occurs in some of the spellings.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh West Wapentake at page 171

Stainton

4. STAINTON 15 K 7

Steintun, Esteintona DB 1086

'Enclosure or farm built of stone' vide steinn, tun

Stainton

STAINSBY

Steinesbi DB 1086

'Steinn's farm'; compare Stainsacre 123 supra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang East Wapentake at page 231

Mashamshire

BACKSTONE BECK (6")

  • Bacstainbek 1314 Fount

'Stream from which backstones, i.e. bake-stones, were obtained' ME bakstain ON steinn, bekkr. Compare Baxterwood and Backstonerigg (Place-Names NBL and DUR sub-nominibus).


Editor's note: first element possibly from ON bakka 'to bake' or bakki, 'a bank of a river'.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 591, entry 12

steinn, m. [English 'stain'], a stain, colour … rauðum steini, red paint.

STEINN, m. [a word common to all Teutonic languages] a stone … a boulder, rock, sólar-steinn, a loadstone … 2. metaphorical phrases; verða milli steins ok sleggju, between the 'stone and the sledge-hammer' (stones being used for anvils) … steins hljóð, stone-silence, dead silence … III. medical - stone, gravel, in the bladder … IV. proper names; Steini, Steinarr, Steinn, Stein-björn, Stein-finnr, Stein-grímr, Stein-kell (the stone-font for sacrifices), Stein-ólfr, Stein-móðr, Stein-röðr, Stein-þórr: of women, Stein-unn, Stein-vör: and in the latter part, Hall-steinn, Þór-steinn, Vé-steinn (the Holy stone for sacrifices), Her-steinn, Há-steinn, Ey-steinn, Út-steinn, Inn-steinn, etc., Landnámabók: and in local names, Steinar, etc.; Dverga-steinn. B. Compounds, of stone:

  • stein-altari, a stone-altar
  • stein-bogi, quod vide; stein-borg, a stone-castle
  • stein-garðeth;r, a stone-wall
  • stein-dyrr, stone-doors
  • stein-gólf, a stone-floor
  • stein-hjarta, a heart of stone
  • stein-hurð, a stone-hurdle
  • stein-hús, a stone-house
  • stein-höll, a stone-hall
  • stein-kastali, a stone-castle
  • stein-ker, a stone-vessel
  • stein-ketill, a stone-kettle
  • stein-kirkja, a stone-church
  • stein-kjallari, a stone-cellar
  • stein-knífr, a stone-knife
  • stein-topt, a stone-floor
  • stein-musteri, a stone-minster
  • stein-múrr, a stone-wall
  • stein-nökkvi, a stone-boat
  • stein-ofn, a stone-oven
  • stein-ráfr, a stone-roof
  • stein-sker, a rock
  • stein-smiði, stone work, stone implements
  • stein-spjald, a stone-tablet
  • stein-stólpi, a stone-pillar
  • stein-tabula, a stone-tablet
  • stein-veggr, a stone-wall
  • stein-þildr, stone-wainscotted
  • stein-þró, quod vide; stein-ör, a stone-arrow
  • stein-óðr and stein-óði, adj. 'stone-wood' (compare English 'stone-deaf'; German stein-alt), violent, of a gale
  • stein-pikka, u, f. a mason's pick
  • stein-setja, setti, to set with stones
  • stein-smiðr, m. a 'stone-smith', mason
  • stein-smíð, f. stone-masonry
  • stein-smíði, n. articles worked of stone
  • stein-snar, n. a stone's throw, of distance
  • stein-sótt, f., medical stone, gravel, calculus
  • stein-tálga, u, f. stone-carving, masonry
  • stein-tjald, n. a coloured tent
  • stein-ungi, a, m. a nickname
  • stein-þró, f. a stone-coffin
  • steina-brú, f. a stone-bridge, stone-arch, a natural one, not made by human hands, hence the phrase, gamall sem steinabrú, old as a stone bridge = 'stone-old' … the very phrase shews the ancient Scandinavians, like the old Germans, knew not the arch, as their buildings were all of wood, … indeed, stone masonry first became known after the introduction of Christianity
  • stein-bítr, m. a fish, Anarrichas lupus
  • stein-blindr, adj. stone-blind
  • stein-grár, adj. stone-gray, iron-gray, of a horse
  • stein-kast, n. a throwing stones
  • stein-ligr, adj. stony
  • stein-meistari, a, m. a stone-mason

"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 83 & 84.

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ei' (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

A great many compounded ME place-names exhibit O.W.Scand steinn as 1st member. In not a few cases the remaining member, too, is a Scandinavian word; the Scandinavian origin of such names admits of no doubt whatever. But sometimes this latter member is either a native word or can be native as well as Scandinavian, when the word is found in exactly the same form in both languages. Now it should be noticed that in the local nomenclature of England previous to Domesday, as far as it is on record, compounds with OE Stan- seem to have been very frequent. Already in the earliest charters we repeatedly come across such names as - the following forms are normalized by me - Stanburh, Stanburne, Stanford, Stanclif, Stanleah, Stantun, etc.; see further the collections of Thorpe, Gray Birch, Kemble, and Dugdale. It is true that nearly all these names are known only from the southern counties to which the bulk of the OE charters relate. But it is more than probable that the local nomenclature of Northern England did not differ in this respect from that of the South. That being so, it is natural that in those districts of Northern England that were densely populated by Scandinavian settlers such and similar stan-names should be apt to be Scandinavianized, and that, in these parts, we should find Steinburh, Steinhurne, Steinford, etc.; see the list below. Still it is to be admitted that as long as no earlier native instances of those names can be given, we are not in a position to decide in each particular case whether a Scandinavian form found in Middle English represents a native formation in Scandinavian disguise, or whether the name was actually coined by the new settlers in the period when the amalgamation of the two races was in progress. I have deemed it appropriate to adduce here of such names only those of which the Scandinavian forms by far outnumber the native ones in my material. Some apparently native names of which Scandinavian spellings occasionally appear, are not included in the list below, as being of little or no value in the present investigation. They belong chiefly to Yorkshire, and their English origin is rendered likely by the fact that exact equivalents are as a rule to be found in counties out of Scandinavian England. If looked upon from these points of view, the following material may prove worthy of consideration … Steinegrif.

Steindal YKS 1247 Ch, Steindale 1260 Riev; now Staindale, near Bilsdale. 2nd member O.W.Scand dalr (O.E.Scand dal 'valley' = OE dæl.


"The Chief Elements used in English Place-Names" (1924) Allen Mawer at pages 55 & 56

There has been much confusion between place-names in stan and those in tun preceded by the genitive singular in -es of a personal name or common noun, for both alike in modern English naturally end in ston.

steinn, ON, 'stone, rock' cognate with OE stan. It is very common in place-names in numerous Staintons and Stainforths but is not always easily distinguished from the personal name Steinn. It is often replaced in the present-day form by English stan or stoneStonegrave Y.


ON steinn, 'a stone', tún, 'farm' and dalr, 'dale, valley': Staintondale

"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at pages 436 & 438

Staintondale NRY (Steintun DB 1086 … A Scandinavianized form of STANTON, OE Stantun.

OE Stan-tun, which probably as a rule means 'TUN on stony ground'. Sometimes a Stanton was named from some prominent stone or stones …


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 110

Scalby

4. STAINTONDALE 23 A 5

  • Steintun DB 1086
  • Staynton Dale 1562 FF

vide steinn, tun, dæl.


Editor's note: the three place-name elements are more likely derived from ON elements steinn, 'stone' (or proper name Steinn) and tún, 'homestead' with ON dalr being added after 1086.


[20] ON akr, 'acre': Stainsacre


Possibly 'stony or rocky field' or (per Lindkvist) 'Steinn's cultivated land (corn-field)' or 'Stein's field' (per Ekwall).


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 81, 82 & 83

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian ei (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

Stainsecre YKS 12th, 13th centuries, Stainsecher circa 1146 Pap), Steinsecher, Stainsker 12th century Whitby Chartulary; Steinesacr 1175-76, Steinscker 1179-80 P; Staynsyker LS; Staynseeker Vill; Staynsekir 1394-95, Staynsyker 1396, Staynseker, -ekerr, Steynsekerr 14th century Whitby; now Stainsacre.

1st member is the O.W.Scand man's name Steinn (O.E.Scand Sten), which is of common occurrence in O.W.Scand place-names; see Rygh, Personnavne. The same name seems to enter into the following ME place-names … 2nd member probably O.W.Scand ekra 'a cultivated piece of land, corn-field'; Norwegian dialect, ækra, Swedish dialect ükra 'field that is left fallow'. The latter word is often found in place-names in the south of Sweden.

Staininghe … This looks like an O.W.Scand derivative in -ing, either a patronymic of the man's name Steinn (cf. preceding names), or developed from the concrete noun steinn (OE stan) 'stone'. With regard to the presumable original type of such names, see Hellqvist, p.137. As is stated by the same author (ibd. p.98) formations of this kind seem to have been rare in the local nomenclature of Old and Mediaeval Norway, although it is true they were far from being so in that of Sweden. Compare the OSwed place-name Steninge, Hellqvist, p.98. Staininghe may, of course, also be composed of steinn + OE ing 'meadow'.

Stein … From O.W.Scand steinn (O.E.Scand sten), OE 'stone, rock'. The word was in frequent use - uncompounded - as a place-name in ancient Norway. For examples see the indexes of E.J. (Biskop Eysteins Jordebog. Fortegnelse over det geistlige Gods i Oslo Bispedømme omkring Aar 1400; udgiven ved H. I. Huitfeldt. Christiania 1879.), and Rygh, N.G. (Norske Elvenavne. Kristiania (1904) [Elvenavne] & Gamle Personnavne i Norske Stedsnavne. Kristiania (1901) [Personnavne]).

A great many compounded ME place-names exhibit O.W.Scand steinn as 1st member. In not a few cases the remaining member, too, is a Scandinavian word; the Scandinavian origin of such names admits of no doubt whatever. But sometimes this latter member is either a native word or can be native as well as Scandinavian, when the word is found in exactly the same form in both languages. Now it should be noticed that in the local nomenclature of England previous to Domesday, as far as it is on record, compounds with OE Stan- seem to have been very frequent. Already in the earliest charters we repeatedly come across such names as - the following forms are normalized by me - Stanburh, Stanburne, Stanford, Stanclif, Stanleah, Stantun, etc.; see further the collections of Thorpe, Gray Birch, Kemble, and Dugdale. It is true that nearly all these names are known only from the southern counties to which the bulk of the OE charters relate. But it is more than probable that the local nomenclature of Northern England did not differ in this respect from that of the South. That being so, it is natural that in those districts of Northern England that were densely populated by Scandinavian settlers such and similar stan-names should be apt to be Scandinavianized, and that, in these parts, we should find Steinburh, Steinhurne, Steinford, etc.; see the list below. Still it is to be admitted that as long as no earlier native instances of those names can be given, we are not in a position to decide in each particular case whether a Scandinavian form found in Middle English represents a native formation in Scandinavian disguise, or whether the name was actually coined by the new settlers in the period when the amalgamation of the two races was in progress. I have deemed it appropriate to adduce here of such names only those of which the Scandinavian forms by far outnumber the native ones in my material. Some apparently native names of which Scandinavian spellings occasionally appear, are not included in the list below, as being of little or no value in the present investigation. They belong chiefly to Yorkshire, and their English origin is rendered likely by the fact that exact equivalents are as a rule to be found in counties out of Scandinavian England. If looked upon from these points of view, the following material may prove worthy of consideration … Steinegrif.


"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at pages 3 & 436

Stainsacre YKS [Stainsaker 1090-6 YCh 855, Steinesacr 1176 P]. 'Stein's field'. First element ON Steinn personal name. See ÆCER.

OE æcer, 'field, ploughed land' = ON akr) is used alone in ACRE NFK and is the second element of some names … OScand akr is found in MUKER, ROSEACRE, STAINSACRE, TARNACRE.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 10, entry 17

AKR, rs, plural, akrar … Anglo-Saxon œcer; English 'acre' … arable land, ground for tillage: opposed to engi, a meadow; … opposed to tún, the 'town' or enclosed homefield …

akra-gerði, n. a 'field-garth', enclosure of arable land

akra-karl, m. cognom. 'Acre-carle'

akra-spillir, m. cognomen destroyer of fields

akr-deili, n. a plot of arable land

akr-gerði, n. enclosure of arable land

akr-görð, f. agriculture

akrgörðar-maðr, m. ploughmen

akr-hæna, u, f. a 'field-hen', quail, opposed to heiðarhæna or lynghæns

akr-karl, m. a 'field-carle', ploughman or reaper

akr-kál, n. 'field-kale', potherbs

akr-land, n. land for tillage

akrlands-deild, f. division of a field

akr-lengd, f. a field's length

akr-maðr, m. ploughman, tiller of ground

akr-neyttr, part. used as arable land, tilled

akr-plógsmaðr, m. ploughman

akr-rein, f. a strip of arable land

akr-skipti, n. a division of afield

akr-skurðr, ar, m. reaping

akrskurðar-maðr, m. a reaper, (young men)

akr-súra, u, f. field-sorrel, Hom

akr-tíund, f. tithe paid on arable land (Norse)

akr-verk, n. field-work, harvest-work

akrverks-maðr, m. ploughman, tiller of the ground

alliterative phrase, akr né eng, 'field nor furrow'


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 114

  • hveiti n. wheat
  • hveitiakr (genitive -akrs) m. wheat-field

[21] ON gryfja, 'a hole, pit': Stonegrave, Hutton Mulgrave, Souregryff (see also [353])

"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 85, 86 & 163


Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian ei (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

Steinegrif, Stanegrif YKS DB 1086; Steinegrive 12th century (?) Whitby; Steingreua 1162-63 P; Steyn-, Stayngreve, Steingrive circa 1267 GiffReg; Steingreve 1273 Pat, 1333 CI 1297; Steynegryve, Steyngrive 1277 Pat; Staingryfe, -grive, -gryf, -grif, -griff, KI; Stayngrive Tax; Steyngreve 1297 Ch; Stayngrife, Vill; Stenegriva, Stayngreve, Stangrive 1332 Riev; Stayngreve QW, 1300 CI, I.N.; Stangreue 1441 BM; now Stonegrave.

2nd member is ME grif, grive < O.W.Scand gryfja feminine 'a hole, pit, cavity.' The latter word is of frequent occurrence in O.Norw. place-names; compare Fritzner, and Rygh Elvenavne & Rygh Personnavne ME grif, grive are both recorded only in some place-names within the Scandinavian part of England; of these may be adduced, besides the name under notice: Sourgryff YKS (see in Ch. 4); Grif YKS 12th century, 1226 f., Griff, Griffe 1332 Riev, now Griff (near Rievaulx); Griva WAR late Henry II, Gryff 1496 BM, now Griff; Grif DBY 1286 ibid., now Griff (in Bradborne); Hormesgrif (M.S. M. Ormesg[r]iue) YKS 12th century Whitby; Scineregrive ibid., now Skinningrove; Grif YKS DB 1086; Mulegrif after 1180, Mulegrive early 13th century Whitby, now Mulgrave; etc. (further in Part II). ME grive must have been the earlier form of the two after the borrowing. From it was developed, by a sort of back-formation, ME grif with voiceless spirant, in conformity to the OE and ME sound-laws respecting the quality of medial and final f, and on the analogy of such cases as OE clif [-f-], dative singular, clife [-v-], N.E. cliff, in place-names Cliffe, and Clive (< ME clive); OE græf, ME grafe with the [-v-] of the inflected forms generalized, N.E. grave, but graff, graffe in the present Yorkshire and many other - also northern - dialects, with the voiceless sound of the old uninflected forms generalized (see EDD, gr. §279). In a similar way ME grif has come down in the Yorkshire and some other northern dialects as griff [f] 'a deep valley wdth a rocky, fissure-like chasm at the bottom; a deep, narrow glen, a small ravine' EDD, Vol. 6 includes The English Dialect Grammar, by J. Wright; quoted as EDD gr). The NED gives griff with the sole comment 'origin obscure'; furthermore, the word has been dealt with by Wall (Scandinavian elements in the English dialects, Anglia XX), who confines himself to connecting it with O.W.Scand grof and some other Scandinavian words of more distant relationship. He includes it in his List B, which comprises words that can be either Scandinavian or English. In the face of the above material, the Scandinavian origin cannot be doubted.

Chapter 4

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ou', 'au'

Sourgryff YKS 14th century Whitby … 2nd member is ME grif 'a hole, pit, cavity'. On its etymology see p.85, under Stonegrave.


Editor's note: it is unclear why ME grif is preferred by Lindkvist over ON gryfja 'hole, pit') unless the late (14th century) reference is thought to be the earliest.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 218, entry 6

gryfja, u, f. a hole, pit


[22] ON Ápi (personal name): Apedale.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West Wapentake at page 257

Wensley

APEDALE

  • Apedale 1175 Riev

'Api's valley' from the ON by-name Ápi and dalr. Compare Bergh Apton (NFK).


[23] ON ökkla, 'ankle, slope': Acklam.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh West Wapentake at page 162

Acklam

1. ACKLAM 15 J 7

  • Achelu', Aclun DB 1086
  • Aclum DB 1086; 1129 Guis; 12 Dods xcv. 36; 1202 FF; 1247 Ch, 1226-1326
  • Acclum circa 1142 Dugd v. 352, circa 1170-80 YCh 703 et passim to 1404 YI
  • Acklum LS, 1303 KF
  • Acclom 1303 KF et freq to 1453 Test
  • Acclam 1399 YI

Acklam is of the same origin as Acklam (ERY), Aclun DB 1086, Acclum 1223 RegAlb circa 1300) iii. 4, etc. The origin of both names is probably ON ökull 'ankle', and later 'slope'. The word ökull in the sense of 'slope' is found in some Norwegian place-names, compare (Rygh, Indl. 28).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 762, entry 41

ÖKKLA, n., plural ökklu, this (like hjarta, lunga, auga) is in good old vellums the constant form, whence mod. ökli, a, m.; [Anglo Saxon 'aucleow; English 'ankle'; German enkel; Swedish ankel] the ankle; … ökla-liðr, m. an ankle-joint.


[24] ON leir, 'clay, earth, loam, mud': Larpool.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 71

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian ei (Old East Scandinavian e)

Leirpel; see p.71: Leirpel YKS early 12th century, Lairpel circa 1146, Leirpelle 1351, Lairpell, Layerpelle, Lairepell 1395, Larepoole circa 1540, Whitby Chartulary; now Larpool … 1st member being leir n. 'clay, loam; mud, especially on the beach' (O.E.Scand Ler), or leirr m. 'loamy soil' … Besides leir and leirr there was in O.W.Scand an allied formation leira (or leiri) which signified 'a loam-field, loamy or muddy shore'. Like leirr this latter word is found sporadically uncompounded as a place-name in Norway (see further Rygh, Indl.), and traces of the words occur, too, in Scandinavian England. A document of A.D. 1332 in the Chartulary of Rievaulx speaks of a plot of land in Nalton (YKS) as 'una perticata terræ … quaelig; vocatur Leir'. It is by no means improbable that this field-name represents O.W.Scand leirr.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 383, entry 11

LEIR, n., as in leirinu … [Danish leer; Swedish ler; Scottish lair] clay, earth, loam, but also mud, especially on the beach … in plural leirar = leira (quod vide) II. metaphorically and poetically, arnar leir, 'eagle's mud' = bad poetry referring to the legend told in the Edda 49 … as also in modern usage, whence leir-skáld, n. a poetaster: local names, Leir-á, Leir-vík, etc. … iii: local names, Leiru-lækr, Leiru-vágr … Compounds:

  • leir-bakki, a, m. a clayey bank
  • leir-blót, n. a clay idol
  • leir-bolli, a, m. an earthen bowl
  • leir-brúsi, a, m. an earthen pot
  • leir-burðr, m. bad poetry
  • leir-búð, f. a clay booth
  • leir-depill, m. a loamy spot
  • leir-gata, u, f. a loamy path
  • leir-gröf, f. a loam-pit
  • leir-jötunn, m. the clay giant
  • leir-kelda, u, f. a loam-pit
  • leir-ker, m. an earthen pot
  • leirkera-smiðr, m. a potter
  • leir-krukka, u, f. an earthen 'crock'
  • leir-ljós, adj. grayish, of a horse
  • leir-maðr, m. a clay-man
  • leir-pottr, m. an earthen pot
  • leir-skáld, n. a poetaster
  • leir-sletta, u, f. a blot of mud
  • leir-smiðr, m. a potter
  • leir-stokkinn, part. mud-splashed
  • leir-tjörn, f. a loam-pit
  • leir-vaðill, m. a shallow mud bank
  • leir-vík, f. a muddy creek … a local name = Lerwick in Shetland
  • Leir-vör, f. the name of an ogress
  • leira, u, f. a 'loam field', the muddy shore at low water mark … a nickname
  • Leira, u, f. the river Loire in France
  • leiru-bekkr, m. a muddy brook
  • leiru-vík, f. = leirvík
  • leirigr, adj. loamy, muddy
  • leir-ligr, adj. of clay

[25] ON rein, 'a strip of land': Raincliffe, Rain Dale.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 74

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ei' (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

Rancleiff [by Scarburgh] YKS 1405 Pat.R.; Reynclyf 1461, Raynclyff 1475 Pat.R.; now Raincliff, near Scarborough. 1st member perhaps as in preceding name (Raynhull … 1st member may be OWScand rein f. 'a strip of land which forms the boundary of a tilled field or an estate').

OEScand ren; on ME rene 'border', see Björkman (Erik, 'Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English' 1900-02) p.63. This etymology goes well with the meaning of the 2nd member, ME hil, hul 'hill'. The former word appears to have been common to several Teutonic languages, and it may be appropriate to consider, in some measure, the sense-development it has undergone in them. In Norw. dialect (Aasen) rein has retained the meaning of the O.W.Scand word; moreover, it signifies a narrow ridge or elevation of the ground, a long bank of earth or gravel … we find rain used of a long slope, a slope descending towards a fen or river (Bavarian), the slope of a hill (Swiss) … 2nd member was originally O.W.Scand kleif 'a ridge of cliffs or shelves in a mountain side', subsequently replaced by the native ME clif, N.E. cliff, or O.W.Scand klif. …


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 102

Seamer

RAINCLIFFE

  • Ramescliua 1170-80 YCh 412
  • Ravenesclif(fe) 13th Percy; 1252 Pat; -clive 1252 NRS
  • Raveneclyff circa 1250 Whitby
  • Ravenclif 1335 ForP 209 d; 1337 Percy
  • Rancleiff 1405 Pat
  • Reyn-, Raynclyf(f) 1461, 1475 Pat

'Raven's cliff' vide clif. The ON personal name Hrafn had various forms for the genitive, Hrafns, Hramnes, Hrams (LindN), and it is from the latter that the first spelling Rames- is derived.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 491, entry 18

REIN, f., dative, reinu, e. g. mark-reinu, kaup-reinusef-reinu … plural, reinar; [Scottish rins] a strip of land, frequent in modern usage; mark-rein, skógar-rein (quod vide), a strip of woodland; kaup-rein, a market-place: poetically, ragna rein, the heavenly strip, i. e. the rainbow. … geð-rein, the mind's strip, i. e. the breast; svana flug-rein, swan's pinion-strip, i. e. the sky … in circumlocutions, baug-rein, rein steina, = a woman.


[26] ON Sprok (personal name); ON sprok, 'gibberish': Sproxton.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Sprok (Sproxton)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Ryedale Wapentake at page 70

Helmsley

4. SPROXTON 22 F 7

  • Sprostune DB 1086
  • Sproxtun(a) 1165-75 YCh 410; 1192 Kirkham 70 d; 1202 FF
  • Sprocston' 1186 P
  • Sproxton(a) 1226 FF; 1228 Pat; 1252 Ass, KI; 1298 YI; LS; 1308 Ch; 1417 YI

vide tun. For the first element the following names should be compared: Sproxton (LEI) and Sproxmire (13 Easby 142 d), the name of a lost place in Crakehall (Hang East Wapentake) infra. Professor Ekwall suggests that it is the same as the OS personal name Sprok found in Sproxstatha (1376) recorded by Lundgren-Brate. This personal name is probably to be associated with OFris, LGerm sprok 'brittle'.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 584, entry 36

sprok, n. plural, [Danish sprog; German sprache] foreign phrases, gibberish; … (modern) sprok-verskr, adj. mixing one's native language with foreign jargon.


[27] ON tún, 'a hedged or fenced plot, enclosure, within which a house is built': Allerston, Easington, Ebberston, Flaxton.


"A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic" (1910) G. T. Zoëga at page 444

tún, n. (i) a hedged plot, enclosure, court-yard, homestead; … (2) home field, home meadow … (3) town.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 7

Chapter 1

Names containing distinctively Old Scandinavian inflexional forms

Bernertone … 2nd member OScand tún 'a hedged or fenced plot, enclosure within which a house is built, the farm-house with its buildings, a homestead', etc. = OE tun. Further details about this word when occurring in ME place-names of more or less certain Scandinavian origin, will be given in Part II. Cf. also Introd. Chapter V.


"The Vikings in Lakeland: Their Place-Names, Remains, History" (1939) William Gershom Collingwood, Saga Book XXIII at pages 348 & 349

Place Names

In drawing the ethnographical map, it has been usually assumed that names in ham are Saxon, in ton Anglian, and in by Danish. This is true when we find considerable groups, but it does not hold for isolated instances. There are many names ending with ham in Anglian districts; some in ancient Norway are practically parallel, for Thrándheimr, Unarheimr, Stafheimr, and Sœheimr would become Thrandham, etc., in English; and Medalheimr in Iceland, is simply Middleham. Consequently an occasional Dearham or Brigham, Spunham or Waitham, do not prove the presence of Saxons in Cumberland and the Lake districts.

Ton, again, though not common as a place-name ending in Scandinavia, is found in Tunsberg and Sig-túnir: and ton in old Norse means just what it means in Lake district names: not 'town', but the ground on which a group of farm buildings stands. Where we get -ington we may assume an Anglian family settlement; and where (as in Low Furness) there is a group of -tons near -ington or -ingham, we have the tokens of Anglian population. But a casual -ton in a Norse context - like Kettleton in Galloway, Colton and Ulverston in Furness, etc. - may be regarded as a Norse settlement.

By is also common enough in Norway and Iceland (in the form of bœr) to be no proof of exclusively Danish settlement. Where we find a distinct group of bys, there we may assume Danish origin, but an odd Sowerby or Kirkby does not imply a Danish colony.


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 244

tún n. enclosure, farmyard, infield (with suffixed definite article); court(yard); genitive, plural, túna to the dwelling, abode


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 644, entry 28

TÚN, n. [a word widely applied and common to all Teutonic languages; the Gothic is not on record; Anglo Saxon tûn; English 'town'; Old High German zûn; German zaun; Norse tûn] properly a hedge; this sense is still used in the German zaun; but in Scandinavian the only remnant seems to be the compound tun-riða (see B). II. a hedged or fenced plot, enclosure, within which a house is built; then the farm-house with its buildings, the homestead; and lastly, a single house or dwelling: in Norway tun is = Danish gaards-plads, the quadrangle or premises annexed to the buildings; whereas '' answers to the modern Icelandic tún: in Norse deeds each single farm is called tún, í efsta túni í Ulfalda-stöðum, D. N. ii. 534: the same usage of the word town remains in Scotland, see Scott's Waverley, ch. ix, sub fin.: … B. Compounds:

  • tún-annir, f. plural, haymaking in the in-field
  • um sumar um túnannir, i. e. in July
  • tún-barð, n. the outskirt of an in-field
  • tún-brekka, u, f. the brink or edge of an in-field
  • tún-fótr, m. the outskirt of a home-field
  • tún-garðr, m. a 'town-garth', fence of a tún
  • tún-göltr, m. a home-boar
  • tún-hlið, n. the gate of a castle, in the Norse sense
  • tún-krepja, u, f., botanically, a cryptogamous plant resembling the lichen tribe, tremella
  • tún-riða, u, f. a 'hedge-rider', a witch, ghost; witches and ghosts were thought to ride on hedges and the tops of houses during the night
  • túna-sláttr, m. = túnannir, as also the season, the 12th and following weeks of the summer
  • tún-svið, n. the tún-space
  • sem túnsvið kringlótt, a field like a round tún-enclosure
  • tún-svín, m. = túngöltr
  • tún-sækinn, part. of cattle, greedy to enter and graze in a tún
  • tún-völlr, m. a strip of the in-field

The ancient Scandinavians, like other old Teutonic people, had no towns; Tacitus says, "nullas Germanorum populis urbes habitari satis notum est … colunt discreti ac diversi, ut fons, ut campus, ut nemus placuit", Germ. ch. 16. In Norway the first town, Níðarós, was founded by the two Olaves (Olave Tryggvason and Saint Olave, 994-1030), and this town was hence par excellence called Kaupang, quod vide, but the real founder of towns in Norway was king Olave the Quiet (1067-1093); as to Iceland, the words of Tacitus, "colunt diversi ut fons, etc., placuit", still apply; 120 years ago (in 1752), the only town or village of the country (Reykjavík) was a single isolated farm. In the old Norse law, the 'Town-law' is the new law attached as an appendix to the old 'Land-law'.


[28] ON snókr, 'a snake'; ON gat, 'a hole, opening'; ON bakki, 'a bank': Sneck Yate, Sneck Yate Bank, Sneck Yate Plantation.


From Old Norse snókr 'a snake' or snákr 'a snake' (only in poetry), gat 'hole, opening' and either banki 'earthen incline, bank of a river' or bakki 'bank of a river, earthen incline, slope' - see [82].


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 576, entry 7

snókr, m. [Danish snog], a snake; see snákr: a nickname, Sturlunga Saga iii. Snóks-dalr, a local name in Iceland, from the proper name.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 192, entry 31

GAT, n., plural göt, [Anglo Saxon geat and English 'gate' = entrance] a hole, … skrár-gat, a key-hole; lúku-gat, a trap-door; ….



[29] ON Farmann (personal name): Farmanby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 89

Thornton Dale

FARMANBY

  • Farmanesbi DB 1086
  • Farmanebi, -by 1155-65 Whitby; Dugd iv. 318
  • Farmanby Hy 2 Leon 4 d; 1155-67 YCh 380 et passim
  • Feremannebi 1170 P
  • Farmanneby 1225 Ebor; 1242 P; 1280 Ass
  • Faremanby 1231 Ebor

'Farman's farm' vide by. The ON personal name Farmann, ODan Farman appears in OE as Færeman, the name of the priest who glossed the Rushforth Gospel of St John, and in ME as Fareman (12 Easby 13).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 144, entry 24

far-maðr, m. a seaman, sea-faring man … farmanna-búðir, f. plural, merchant booths … farmanna-lög, n. plural = farlög


[30] ON þveit, 'a cut-off piece': Bertwait, Setwait, Thwaite, Calf Thwaite, Langthwaite, Raithwaite, Thwaite Beck.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 752, entry 10

ÞVEIT, f., or þveiti, n. [the root is found in Anglo Saxon þwîtan, preterite þwât = to chop; Northern England 'thwaite'; Chaucer to thwite; compare also Dutch duit, whence English 'doit', German deut, Danish döit = a bit] properly a 'cut-off piece', but occurs only in special usages: 1. a piece of land, paddock, parcel of land, it seems originally to have been used of an outlying cottage with its paddock; ær jarðir allar, bú ok þveiti, all the estates, manor and 'thwaite', where and þveiti are opp. to one another … öng-þveiti, a narrow lane, strait. 2. frequently in local names in Norway and Denmark, tvæt, Danish tvæde (whence Danish Tvæde as a proper name); and in Northern English Orma-thwaite, Braith-thwaite, Lang-thwaite, and so on, names implying Danish colonisation: þveit, þveitar, f., þveitin, n., þveitini (qs. þveit-vin), þveitar-ruð, n., þveitar-garðr, m., þveitar-fjall, n., D. N. passim; in Icelandic local names it never occurs, and is there quite an obsolete word. II. a unit of weight; þveiti mjöls, Boldt; þveitis-leiga, a rent amounting to a þveit; þveitis-ból, a farm of the value or the rent of a þveit; tveggja þveitna (thus a genitive, plural, as if from þveita) toll, þveitis toll; hálf þveit smœrs


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 752, entry 13

þveitr, m. = þviti, a sling-stone …


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" A. H. Smith, Volume V (1979) at page 330

Field and other minor names

þveit is a common element in field-names. Usually the first element is descriptive of size, shape etc., … the name of a neighbouring feature as … Setwait (1155-65) in Hawsker near the sea (OE ) …


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 96 to 101, 102, 103 & 121

Chapter 2

Old West Scandinavian thornveit in Middle English place-names

O.W.Scand þveit f. properly meant 'a cut-off piece'; when occurring in place-names it seems to have been applied to an isolated parcel of land, a clearing, or an out-lying cottage with its paddock. Cf. Norwegian dialect tveit 'a clearing in the forest, a plot of grass-land in the forest or among cliffs', etc. Of cognate words should be noticed the collateral form þveiti 'a unit of weight or money', and þveitr 'incision, cut'; besides, representing other grades of ablaut, OE þwitan 'to cut, shave off', and geþivit 'what is shaved off, chip'. It is stated by Rygh (Indl. p.83) that þveit enters into about 600 Norwegian place-names, of which one third are uncompounded. With regard to the further distribution of the word as a place-name element Rygh adds that it is not found in Iceland, nor in the Norwegian colonies in the West, but that during the Viking Age it was introduced into northern England from Denmark. Yet, as has subsequently been pointed out by Jakobsen (Shetlands øernes Stednavne), the word actually occurs in some Shetlandic place-names; it is also found, sporadically, in Scotland, as may be learnt from Johnston, Place-names of Scotland, Introduction p.69. From the local nomenclature of the Isle of Man it seems to be missing. The statement of Rygh that þveit in North England place-names is to be attributed to Danish influence, which view is likewise put forward in Cleasby-Vigfusson's Dictionary, is altogether unfounded and untenable. See below.

In the E.Scand. languages we find O.Dan. tved(e): meadowland, a tongue of land, peninsula; often used in place-names, apparently with much the same meaning as the O.W.Scand equivalent (see Stenstrup, Da. Stednavne, p.105). Cf. Swedish dialect tvet 'chip', etc. (Rietz), also frequent in Swedish place-names in the sense of 'a detached plot of cultivated land' (see Sveriges Ortnamn). On the Norman place-names supposed to contain the same word see Fabricius p.317 f.

Passing on to the English territory we look in vain for the word in the ME vocabulary, as far as this is covered by the investigations of Björkman (Scandinavian Loan-words). That, however, it was in appellative use in Scandinavian England is evidenced by a passage in a charter signed by Henry II (1154-89) and relating to the Priory of Carlisle (Mon. VI, i), which specifies some pieces of land in Ireby, Cumb. as 'Langethweit, et Stalethweit, et alios Thweiter qui pertinent ad Langethwest'. Here we have before us the O.W.Scand accusative plural,, normally þveitar - not recorded as appellative in O.W.Scand literature? - with the inflexional -ar reduced, as usual, to -er in ME Moreover, the word still survives in N.E. dialect thwait (Lakel. YKS, Lanc.): (1) a forest clearing, a piece of land fenced off or unenclosed, a low meadow, (2) a fell, the shelving part of a mountain-side, (3) a single house, small hamlet.

O.W.Scand þveit is preserved, lastly, in a great number of English place-names. Those marked on the modern maps have been enquired into by Worsaae (Minder) and Browne (Transact, of Philological Society 1880-81), who arrive at somewhat divergent results as to their frequency in the several counties. The instances considered by these two writers are by far outnumbered by those from the ME records adduced by myself below. This is illustrated by the following tabular view comprising the entire material:

New English thwaite-names according to Middle English þveit-names, dealt with below
  Worsaae Browne
Cumberland 43 6 52
Westmorland 14 4 23
Lancashire 14 2 43
Yorkshire 9 2 83
Lincolnshire - - 1 1
Nottinghamshire - - 5
Derbyshire - - 2
Leicestershire - - 3
Northamptonshire - - 1
Norfolk 2 2 7
Suffolk 1 1 2
  83 17 232

A glance at the Maps of the Ordnance Survey will show that in Yorkshire and the three north-western counties there are nowadays not a few other thwaite-names, in addition to those recorded in ME Such is particularly the case in Cumberland, where according to Taylor (Isaac, 'Names and their histories' 1898 at page 377), whose calculations I am for the present not in a position to verify, more than a hundred instances in all are to be found. It appears, then, that many of the present names of this kind came into existence only in the N.E. period. This fact holds good, even though due allowance has to be made for the possibility that some of those names did exist in ME times, though they happen not to be recorded in the sources of the present work. Now it should be remembered, for one thing, that a great percentage of the ME þveit-names dealt with below were field-names, that have, in progress of time, become obsolete, or at any rate have disappeared from the map. Furthermore, a considerable number of the modern thwaite-names had, during the ME period, quite different terminals, which in N.E. times were exchanged for -thwaite owing, to the influence exercised by the host of names composed with this terminal. A few examples may be adduced by way of illustration. The present Stangerthwaite in Wm. was in the 14th century Stangrewath (see above p.16). Ickenthwaite in North Lanc. - not given by Wyld & Hirst - was as late as A.D. 1534 Yccornewyth (see Furness Reg., Mon. V), from O.W.Scand ikornaviðr = ikorna-skógr 'squirrels' wood'. Thornthwaite, near Boltons CUL, on the river Waver, was Thoraldwath 1294 Cl. R. (Calendar of the Close Rolls (1227-1354), Thoraldewathie 1350 C. Inq. (Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem and other analagous documents, Henry III - Edward III, Henry VII), from O.W.Scand póraldr or póraldi personal names, and vað 'a ford'. Considerations of space forbid me to treat of any more similar cases.

As may be seen from the tabular summary above, the ME þveit-names formed a characteristic feature of the local nomenclature in the northern, esp. north-western counties, whereas in those south of the Humber they were few and far between. Still more than thirty instances do occur in the Southumbrian counties, where the word þweit as a place-name element is by no means so rare as is asserted by Taylor (Isaac, 'Names and their histories' 1898) on the basis of the modern nomenclature.

With regard to the origin and age of the ME þveit-names some further remarks may be appropriate. Not one reliable instance seems to be on record in the OE period. Domesday has a very few, belonging to YKS and NFK Several others appear during the latter half of the 12th century in the monastic chartularies and registers, the Pipe rolls and in various other local documents. But the majority of these names are not met with until the 13th and 14th centuries, or even later. Their gradual appearance in literature reflects, to a certain extent, a progressive process of settlement, in the course of which a large proportion of them were coined, and the localities indicated by them were growing in importance. In many cases, when a þveit-name occurs for the first time in the records, it is expressly said to design a campus, or pastura, or cultura, or clausum, a meadow, vaccary, &c. It seems, in fact, that, as far as the earlier half of the ME period is concerned, the bulk of these names are to be regarded as mere field-names, mostly designations of reclaimed land, or of out-of-the-way places, which, as time went on, were built upon and permanently inhabited; many of them then formed some kind of dependencies of an old manor or demesne. In the same direction points the evidence that may be gathered from the quality of the 1st members of these names. For as 1st members we not seldom find the name of a township or a village, or else some other place-name, at times one that has not come down to our own times and, in consequence, cannot be precisely located. In other cases we find names of different varieties of corn, plants or trees, or words embodying some conspicuous natural feature of the spot.

It is a matter of special interest that in the case of a fairly great number of the names treated below, exact parallels can be adduced from O.Norw. territory, not nearly so often from O.E.Scand This squares well with the fact that most ME þveit-names belong to counties, the local nomenclature of which is, in several other respects, demonstrably O.W.Scand in form, as that of the three north-western counties (Lanc., CUL, Wm.) and Yorkshire. On the other hand it is possible, or even probable, that at least in certain Southumbrian counties the þveit-names owed their origin to Danish settlers. The O.Dan., tved seems to have been of rather frequent occurrence in the oldest Danish place-nomenclature, as far as we can form an opinion on this with the aid of the LCD. and contemporary charters and deeds in SRD. compared with the material given by Steenstrup (l. c), and Madsen (Sjælandske Stednavne, p.251). But still the numerical superiority of the corresponding O.Norw. names is salient. Such facts go a long way to disprove the view held by Rygh and others (see above) that the occurrence of thwaite in North English place-names would be due to Danish influence.

As to the natural site of the places designated by thwaite it is true of nearly all north of the Humber that they belong to the most mountainous and rugged districts. Very often they are situated on mountain-sides sloping towards a lake, river or a valley. On the Cumberland thwaite-names an early 16th century writer, John Denton (see above p.30 n.), makes the following reflections:

But in several parts and pieces as they are marked by nature, differing in form and quality of soil or otherwise by the inhabitants inclosed from the barren wastes of the fells, such pieces of land are now and were of old called Thwaites in most places of the shire, sometimes with addition of their quality, as Brackenthwaite of fearns, Sivithwaite of rushes' etc.

The spelling of þveit in place-names seems to have presented great difficulties to the mediæval scribes, to whom the proper form and meaning of the word must often have been unfamiiliar, if we may judge as much from the many corrupt spellings. This is also evident from the circumstance that þveit was occasionally mistaken for a different word, such as vað 'ford', wei 'way', &c, see below Langthwaite YKS, Braworth, Steinþveit. In the 13th and 14th centuries we not seldom come across the writing -weit, which seems to represent a continuation of the late OE tendency to drop the interdental spirant þ between consonants; examples are given by Kluge in Paul's Gr. (Paul, H. Grundriss der Germanischen Philologie, 1901-09) at page 1008, and, from Gaimar, by Rathmann, p.41, Anm. 3; cf. also the place-name Norwolde NFK 1302 F.A. (Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids, etc. 1284-1431), but Northwolde 1316 f. ibid., now Northwold. The spirant must have been particularly subject to being lost, when it got into contact with a dental sound belonging to the 1st member; see, e.g. Gunthwaite, Geghestueit, Estweyt; cf. also Ruhwaith, Storthwayt, &c. On spontaneous dialectal development depends the loss of w in thweit, which is well instanced in North English local records, where spellings like -theit, -thait are to be found from the 12th century onwards. From the material brought together in Ellis, E.Engl. Pronunciation V, p.605 (cf. also in Hope's Glossary) may be learnt that in many place-names in Cumberland -thwaite is still in our days pronounced without the w. [th-at].

Here belongs the following ME material:

Thwayte, Thwaite YKS 1372, Twayte 1424 Calendarium Inquisitionum post Mortem sive Escaetarum (Henry III - Richard III); now (Hilla) Thwaite, near Hackness

Thwait sub Huglawe YKS 1308 Whitby Chartulary; near Whitby

Bertwait YKS ante 1180, Berthuait circa 1146 Papal confirmation, Whitby Chartulary - In the Whitby district. Site unknown. From O.W.Scand berr, 'bare, naked', (OSwed, Dan. bar, OE bær, ME bar); or perhaps rather OE, ME bere 'barley', N.E. dialect bear, retained only in Scotland, Nhb., YKS, LIN, Shrop. and Suff. Also O.W.Scand ber 'berry' might possibly be taken into consideration.

Setwait YKS early 12th century, Whitby Chartulary. (cf. ibid. p.118 n.); near Whitby. Apparently from O.W.Scand sjár, sær (ME ) 'lake, sea'. An exact parallel is the O.Norw. Sæþuæit BK (Björgynjar Kálfskinn, 14th century).


[31] ON haugr, 'a hill, mound, cairn': Cracoe, Biller Howe, Gnipe Howe, Hila's Howe, Kettle Howe.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 137 & 138

Chapter 4

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ou', 'au'

Among my own material which is given below the reader will miss one category of names that he may have expected to find here. I am referring to the numerous names that contain O.W.Scand haugr (OSwed högher, O.Dan. høgh) 'a hill, mound, cairn'. Of this word there occur in ME place-names several forms: hogh, hough, howe, hou, &c. They coincide in spelling with contemporary forms of OE hoh (ho) 'heel', ME hoge, howe, how (< OE hoge, dative singular) and - especially in the north - hogh, hough, which latter word was, too, very frequent in place-names almost everywhere in Scandinavian England. Having primarily meant 'heel', it was already in OE applied to 'a promontory, a projecting ridge of land, a height ending abruptly or steeply'; cf. North East dialect hoe. Now if we find a ME name terminating in -howe, &c. it is clearly impossible to determine, from a phonological point of view, which of the two words we have before us. In a few cases the character of the other member affords something in the nature of a clue to a plausible derivation, but as a rule we are left to what can be gathered by means of topographical investigations. Since I have not been in a position, for the present, to undertake any with the thoroughness and accuracy which would be desirable, I have preferred to give a survey of these names in the later, non-phonetical, part of the present work.


"Ragnarr Lothbrók and his sons" (1909) Professor Allen Mawer, Saga Book VI at page 82

… There was certainly a tradition that Ívarr was buried in England. We read in Ragnar Loðbrók's Saga how, on his death-bed, he gave orders that his body should be buried in a place which was exposed to attack, and prophesied that, if this was done, foes coming to the land would meet with ill-success. The story went that Harald Hardrada landed near Ívar's how, and fell on his expedition. William the Bastard came and broke open Ívar's how and burned his body and then gained possession of the land. In the story of Heming, quoted in Orkneyinga Saga, Harald Hardrada lands in the Cleveland district, and asks Tosti what a certain hillock is. Tosti says that it is Ívar's how, and Harald declares that to be of evil omen. When William the Conqueror lands he orders Ívar's bones to be burnt.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Ragnarr (m. 1).


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 96

haugr m. (grave-) mound


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 241, entry 21

HAUGR, m. [akin to hár, high; Danish höj; Swedish hog; Northern English 'how'] a how, mound … there was usually a how near the houses, from which the master could look over his estate … 2. a dung-heap. midden; fjós-haugr, a byre-midden; ösku-haugr, an ash-heap; myki-haugr, a muck-heap; … II. a cairn, over one dead; the cairns belong to the burning age as well as to the later age, when the dead were placed in a ship and put in the how with a horse, hound, treasures, weapons, or the like … names of such cairns, Korna-haugrHildis-haugrHálfdanar-haugarTréfóts-haugrMelkorku-haugr, Mókolls-haugr., etc.: frequent in local names, Haugr, Haugar, Haugs-nesHauga-þing, n. an assembly in Norway … a kind of sacrificial mound … the burying in cairns was typical of the heathen age, whence such law phrases as, frá heiðnum haugi, from heathen how, i. e. from time immemorial … in early Danish laws unbaptized children were called höghæmen = how-men. Compounds:

  • haug-brot, n. the breaking of a cairn
  • hauga-brjótr, m. a cairn breaker, a nickname
  • hauga-eldr, m. a cairn fire, a kind of ignis fatuus, said to burn over hidden treasures in cairns
  • hauga-herr, m. the host of cairns, fiends, ghosts, demons
  • hauga-öld, f. the cairn age, opp. to bruna-öld
  • haugs-dyrr, n. the doors of a cairn
  • haugs-gölf, n. the floor of a cairn
  • haugs-görð, f. cairn-making
  • haug-staðr, m. a cairn-place, heathen burial-place
  • haug-tekinn, part. taken from a cairn (weapon)
  • haug-þak, n. the roof of a cairn
  • haug-búi, a, m. a 'cairn-dweller', a ghost
  • haug-færa, ð, to bury in a cairn
  • haug-ganga, u, f. the breaking into a cairn
  • haug-óðal, n. a Norse law term, the manorial right to treasures dug out of cairns
  • haugóðals-maðr, m. an owner of haugóðal

[32] ON Horn(i) (personal name); ON horn, 'horn'; Hornby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Horni (OEScand) Hornby (Hang East Wapentake)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang East Wapentake at page 240

Hornby

2. HORNBY 21 B 8

  • Hornebi, -by DB 1086 et passim to 1361 FF
  • Hornby 1469 RichWills

'Horni's farm' vide by. According to Ekwall (Place Names LAN 180) the Scandinavian personal name Horni is adduced in OEScand sources only; compare however ZEN 47, note 3.


"A Dictionary of British Place Names", David Mills, (2011) at page 246

Hornby, 'farmstead or village on a horn-shaped piece of land, or of a man called Horn or Horni', Old Scandinavian horn or personal name + bý. Hornby NRY, near Great Smeaton. Hornebia DB 1086. Hornby NRY, near Hackforth. Hornebi DB 1086.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 279, entry 19

HORN, n. [Anglo Saxon, English, Old High German, German, Danish, and Swedish horn] a horn (of cattle), antler (of deer) … II. the back-fin of a whale … III. a drinking horn … drekka horn, horna skvol, a bout … IV. a horn, trumpet; horna blástr, horna þytr, the blowing, sound of a born … B. A corner, nook, angle; lands-horn, the outskirts of a county, fara lands-horna á milli, to run from one corner of the land to the other: a nook in a house or building, … rétt horn, a right angle. 2. phrases:

  • skjóta í tvau horn, 'to shoot between two horns', of a wide difference
  • eiga í mörg horn að líta, to have many nooks to look at, have many things to heed

A corner, nook, angle; lands-horn, the outskirts of a county … fara lands-horna á milli, to run from one corner of the land to the other: a nook in a house or building … When parents get old and infirm, and yield up their fortune and estate to one of their children, they are in popular Icelandic phrase said 'to go into the corner', to take their seat in the chimney-corner. Many sayings refer to this, eigi munu vér eiga úvænna en horn-ván, if the worst happens, we shall have a 'corner-chance' … II. frequent in local names, Horn, Cape Horn; Horn-strandir, Horna-fjörðr (whence Hornfirðingar).

  • horna, u, f. a female hornungr (q. v.).
  • hornauga, n. a wry look; líta h. til e-s.
  • horn-blástr, m. a sound of trumpets.
  • horn-bogi, a, m. a horn bow.
  • horn-fiskr, m. a garfish or green-bone: a nickname.
  • horn-glói, a, m., poetic, a ram.
  • horn-gæla, u, f. a kind of fish, esox belone.
  • horn-göfigr, adj. proud of his horns, epithet of a he-goat.
  • horn-hagldir, f. plural, horn buckles.
  • horn-ístöð, n. plural, horn stirrups.
  • horn-ker, n. a horn cup.
  • horn-kerling (horn-kona, horn-oka, horn-reka, u, f. all various readings), f. an old woman in the corner, a term of contempt.
  • horn-klofi, a, m., poetic a raven.
  • hornóttr, adj. horned.
  • horn-síl, n. a kind of fish, the stickle-back.
  • horn-skafa, u, f. a scraper made of horn, used in the game called sköfuleikr (q. v.).
  • horn-spensl, n. a horn buckle.
  • horn-spónn, m. a horn spoon.
  • horn-stafr, m. a corner pillar in a building.
  • horn-steinn, m. a corner stone.

[33] ON arnar, 'eagle'; ON klif, 'cliff': Arncliffe, Arn Gill.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh East Wapentake at page 129

Egton

ARNECLIFF

  • Erneclive 1223 FF

'Eagle's cliff' vide earn, cliff


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Birdforth Wapentake at page 178

Ingleby Arncliffe

1. INGLEBY ARNECLIFFE 15 O 6

  • Englebi, -by DB 1086; 1231 Ass
  • Engelby juxta Erneclyf KF

vide Ingleby Greenhow 167 supra and Arncliffe infra: 'village of the English' from OE Engle and by. There are three places in the district of Ingleby Greenhow so called and they probably all denote isolated survivals of English inhabitants amid a prevailing Scandinavian population.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Birdforth Wapentake at page 178

Ingleby Arncliffe

ARNCLIFFE

  • Erneclive, Gerneclif, Lerneclif DB 1086
  • Ernesclive circa 1160 Riev
  • Erneclive circa 1170 Riev et passim to 1293 QW
  • Arneclive circa 1291 Poll-tax
  • Arneclyff 1349 Test; 1474 YD, etc

'Eagle's cliff' vide earn, clif.


Editor's note: for the first and second elements of Arncliffe, 'eagle's cliff', see ON örn, arnar, and klif. The ON derivation is supported by (1) the preponderance of local place-names with ON elements and (2) the four "old jet workings" and "old jet mine" in Arncliffe Wood, jet usually being associated with Norwegian vikings. The locality is littered with ON place-names.


Arncliffe is a large, steep, wooded bank. The DB 1086 forms Gerne- and Lerne- (L is an error for I, Zachrisson) arise from the shifting of the stress in OE éa to the second element of the diphthong (compare Yearsley 193 infra).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 24, entry 59

ARI, a, m. [Old High German aro; compare German adler = edel-aro; compare also the lengthened Icelandic form örn, Anglo Saxon earn, English earn], an eagle, rare and mostly in poetry; örn is the common word; compounds: ara-hreiðr, n. an eyrie, nest of an eagle, … Ari is also a common proper name.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 767, entry 33

ÖRN, m., genitive arnar, dative erni, plural ernir, accusative örnu; in modern usage the word has become feminine örn, arnar, örn, plural nominative accusative arnir; örn is like björn, an enlarged form from ari, quod vide: [Anglo Saxon earn; Chaucer erne; Danish örn]: an eagle; erninum … the eagle is the bird of the giants … arnar-flaug, f. eagle's flight, as an 'omen' boding battle … Compounds:

  • arnar-hamr, -kló, -fjöðr, -vængr, m. an eagle's skin, talon, feather, wing
  • arnar-hreiðr, n. an eyrie
  • arnar-ungi, m. a young eagle
  • örn-fljótr, adj. eagle-swift
  • örnir, m. eagle, the name of a giant

"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal names Ǫrn (m. 12), Orn (m. 12), Ǫrnólfr (m. 9), Ari (m.8), Arngrímr (m. 6), Gunniǫrn (m. <5), Arnbjǫrn (m. 3), Arnmóðr (m. 3), Arinbjǫrn (m. 2), Arnoddr (m.2), Árni (m. 2), Arnríðr (m. 2), Arnlaugr (m. 1), Arnliótr (m. 1), Arnþórr (m. 1).


[34] ON kelda, 'a spring': Lingrow Keld, Waitekeld, Keldy Grain, Keld Spring, Keld Slack, Keldhowe Steel.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Hrafnkell (m. <5).


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 28

Chapter 2

Names containing Old West Scandinavian 'ei' (Old East Scandinavian 'e')

Braithekeld YKS 1202 Ped. fin. Eb.. A spring near Hutton Conyers.

2nd member ME keld (in place-names), N.E. dialect keld, kell (NBL, CUL, YKS, LAN) 'a fountain, spring', most probably from O.W.Scand kelda (OSwed kälda, O.Dan kyœldœ) with the same meaning. Frequent in North English place-names.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 335, entry 35

KELDA, u, f. [mid. High German qual and quil; German quelle; Danish kilde; Swedish källa; compare English 'well', Northern English 'keld' = a spring]: a well, spring … keldu-lækr, a stream from a well … II. specific Icelandic, a stagnant pit in a swampy ground … Compounds:

  • keldu-skítr, m. = myri-skítr, a snipe: a nickname
  • keldu-sog, n. the outlet of a kelda
  • keldu-svín, n. 'Rallus aquaticus', the name of a bird, the water-rail
  • keldóttr, adj. miry, marshy

[35] ON Feitr (personal name); ON feitr 'fat': Faceby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh West Wapentake at page 176

Whorlton

1. FACEBY 15 N 8

  • Feizbi, Fezbi, Foitesbi DB 1086
  • Fayzeby, Faysebi 12 Guis; 1340 Pat
  • Fayceby circa 1160 Riev et passim to 1367 FF
  • Faicesby 1208 FF
  • Faceby KI; 1399 Archd 19

'Feit's farm' vide by. The first element is derived from ON feitr 'fat' used as a personal name in the OIcel place-name Feitsdal (Landnámabók). A weak form of the personal name Feiti is adduced by LindBN 1920.

The DB 1086 form Foites- is satisfactorily explained by Lindkvist (43, note 1) as due to a Central French scribe, whose language would contain OFr oi instead of Northern French and AN ei. The ON genitive -s is preserved in this name (compare Haxby 14 supra).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 150, entry 11

FEITR, adjective, [Anglo Saxon fætt; English 'fat'; … Danish feed; Swedish fet] fat … vide fita.


[36] ON Gálmr (personal name): Ganthorpe.


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Gálmr (m. 1).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Gálmr (Ganthorpe)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Bulmer Wapentake at page 34

Terrington

1. GANTHORPE SS J 10

  • Gameltorp DB 1086
  • Gamelstorp 1169 P
  • Galmethorp 1202 FF; 1290 YI; LS; 1344 FF
  • -torp 1244 Ass
  • Gametorp' 1200 Cur
  • Gaumisthorp 1202 FF
  • Yalmethrope 1316 KF
  • Ganthorp(e) Saxton; 1665 Visit

'Galm's village' vide þorp. The ON personal name Gálmr (LindN) is found also in ERY Ganton, Galmeston DB 1086, 1207 FF. In both names the phonetic change is that -alm became -awm- and m became n through the influence of the following t. The DB 1086 form is due to confusion with the common Anglo-Scandinavian Gamel.


[37] ON Skalli (personal name); ON skáli, 'a temporary hut': Scales, Scalby Scalebec.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

ON Skalli (Scalby)


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 333

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

ON Skalli (Scalleberg, Scallerig, 13th)


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 189, 190 & 191

Chapter 5

Names containing Old Scandinavian 'a'

Scales … From O.W.Scand skáli 'a hut, shed, put up for temporary use, sometimes at a considerable distance from the farm' (Norwegian dialect skaale: no O.E.Scand equivalent recorded), which meaning is particularly obvious in compounds such as lauf-skáli, leik-skáli, fiski-skáli. On O.W.Scand territory the term came soon to be employed chiefly of the house among the farm-buildings that was intended for sleeping in, svefn-skáli (cf. Guðmundsson, Privatboligen p. 206 &c.). In England there is as yet no evidence of a similar specialized application of the word, which appears in ME as scale 'shanty', the sole reference in Björkman (Erik, 'Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English' 1900-02), being from the northern Cursor Mundi. To the north is confined, too, its modern continuation, New English dialect (CUL, Wm.) scale "a temporary hut or shelter, wooden shed'.

O.W.Scand skáli occurs, moreover, in about 40 ME place-names, to be found almost exclusively in the northern counties of YKS, Lanc., CUL, Wm., where they form a marked characteristic of the local nomenclature. The word seems to have been used here in the same sense as was stated above to have been the earliest on record, and in which it occurs in some O.Norw. place-names (see Rygh, Indl.). Of the greatest interest are those ME names of this kind into which it enters, generally in the plural,, as last member; as first member we find, as a rule, a personal name, a place-name, or a descriptive word, referring either to the situation of the building, the purpose for which it was used, or to its form and structure. Several noteworthy and suggestive compounds of the two last-named categories are included in the list below.

… But to return to O.W.Scand skáli: It is derived … from a Teutonic Skawalan. Although there are no phonetical difficulties in the way of such a derivation, it seems to me preferable to connect the word with O.W.Scand skál (OSwed skal, O.Dan. skaal) 'a bowl, dish, scale of balance', as is suggested by Guðmundsson (o. c., p.207), who, in support of his view, calls attention to the compound skál-hús = skáli. Our skáli would then primarily have denoted a bowl-shaped hut. Buildings of such a form are proved to have existed since primeval times in Iceland, Shetland, the British Isles ('beehive houses'), and elsewhere in northern Europe (see ib. p.107 f.); in Iceland they are still to be found and especially used for confining sheep in. Again, the aforesaid O.W.Scand skál (< Teutonic skæo) has several cognates in the Continental Teutonic languages, such as Old Saxon scâla, … When faced with such facts one might feel disposed to wonder if an OE equivalent to these words did not once exist; we should then expect an Anglian form scel or a weak scela, which would be precisely the ground-word presupposed by a native ME shele. In other words, the possibility is not out of the question that O.W.Scand skáli and ME shele are - at any rate approximately - etymological equivalents, which have undergone the same development in meaning. It must be regretted that the material to go upon in OE is so very scanty and does not suffice for forming any definite conclusions, the nearest cognate here being scealu 'a shell, dish, cup &c' with short stem-vowel. Accordingly the whole problem remains, for the present, practically unsolved.

We now pass on to the other ME place-names containing O.W.Scand skáli.

Scalebec YKS 12th century Whitby Chartulary; near Liverton. 2nd member is O.W.Scand bekkr (OSwed bäkker), or ME beck 'a stream'.


"The History of Whitby, and of Whitby Abbey, before the Conquest" Lionel Charlton (1779) Book II at pages 132 and 133

893. Grant by Robert de Livertun to the monks of Whitby of two bovates and a toft in Livertun and 18 acres of Land. 1170-1180

Chartulary of Whitby f. 59

… About the year 1163 the aforesaid Robert of Livertun gave, granted etc … Some time after this, the same Robert of Livertun gave, granted and by his charter confirmed to God and St Peter and St Hylda of Wyteby … the land which is between the water of Scineregrive and Scalebec, as far as the footway coming from Grenerig; and also the land on the other side of Scalebec, between the said footway and the tillage land of the countrymen, as far as the toft of the two aforesaid oxgangs …

at page 187 of the Chartulary of Whitby:

M. Scinnergriue. It seems to be impossible now, owing to the change of local names during recent times, to identify tlie streams here named, or indeed any of the places specified, with rare exceptions. There are two becks which meet at the northern limit of Liverton, one of which is now called Kilton Beck, and the other White Cliff Beck, and which with their united streams flow on to Skinningrove. Scalebeck is probably Kilton Beck, but it is impossible to decide. Grenerig is Gerrick.


"Early Yorkshire Charters; being a collection of documents anterior to the thirteenth century made from the public records, monastic chartularies, Roger Dodsworth's manuscripts and other available sources" William Farrer 1861-1924 (published 1914 in four volumes) at page 237

Volume II

At page 237

The Memorials of the abbey record the gifts of Robert de Liverton as consisting of ½ carucate quit of Danegeld with additions which William, dean (of Cleveland?), sold to them. In the confirmation of Henry II (1175-1180) the donor is described as Robert son of Nigel de Liverton. The additions, namely 18 acres and a toft in Liverton, were ostensibly given by Robert de Liverton, but the person from whom they were acquired may have been William de Herlesei, who attested the donation.

At a later date Robert de Liverton gave to the monks land and wood between the water of Schinnegrive and the water of Scalebec to the road of Grenerig, which runs from Schinnegrive to Scalebec; land of Lusekeldesic, from the sea road to Duncildehalc and from the tilled land, formerly the monks', to Scortebutes; and a toft of 2 acres in 2 parcels; attested by Henry de Percy, Peter de Bradelai, and two others.


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 209

skáli m. hall (usually without dividing walls), the main living area of a medieval house; ofan allr skálinn all the upper part of the hall; at skáli in the house; shed, hut for sleeping in: sumir skálarnir some of the sleeping huts.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 541, entry 30

SKÁLI, a, m. [compare Scotish shieling; Ivar Aasen's Dictionary (1850) skaale = shieling] properly, a hut, shed, put up for temporary use; this is the earliest Norse sense, and it is still so used in Norway … II. a hall (höll is only used of the king's hall) … the skáli is a detached building; drykkju-skáli, a drinking hall; svefn-skáli, a sleeping hall:

  • skála vist at Rauðabjörgum, of a fisherman's hut
  • skála búi, a hut dweller = a robber
  • leik-skálar, play-shielings, put up when people assembled for sports
  • gufu-skálar, 'steam-shieling' a local name, of bathing-sheds
  • fiski-skálar, fishing shielings; it also remains in local names as Skála-holt

"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 108

Scalby

3. SCALBY 23 C 6

  • Sc-, Skallebi, -by DB 1086 et passim to 1400
  • Sc-, Skalebi, -by DB 1086, 1169 P et freq to 1280 Ch
  • Escaleby 1251 CI
  • Scalby 1322 NRS; 1376 FF; 1408 For; 1508 Test; 1665 Visit
  • Sc-, Skawby(e) 1570, 1575 FF; 1577 NRS

'Skalli's farm' vide by. The first element, as in Scawby (LIN), is the ON personal name Skalli, genitive Skalla LindN; compare the Swedish place-name Skålby, OSwed Skallaby (Hellquist, Svenska ON -by, 37).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 109

Scalby

SCALBY HAY

  • haia (haya) de Scallebi 1190 P; 1201 ChR

vide Scalby 108 supra and gehaeg. Here it denotes a hunting enclosure in the forest of Scalby. Compare Hayburn 111 infra.


[38] ON Arkil (personal name): Arkilmire (lost), Arkilhou (lost), Arkilland (lost), Arkilmireflat (lost).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Arkil (Arkengarthdale, Arkleside, Thwaite - Hang West Wapentake)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Arnkell (m. 1).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 332

Personal Names in Field and Other Minor Names … Old Norse

ON Arkil (Arkelmire, Arkilmireflat, 12th, Arkilhou, 1244, Arkilland, 1342)


Editor: the first element of place-name Arkilmire is ON personal name Arkil which, together with the second element ON mýrr 'moor', gives 'Arkil's moor'.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West Wapentake at page 253

Coverham

ARKLESIDE

  • Arkelsit 1240 VCH i. 222, -sit 1270 YI

'Arkel's pasture' from the ON Arnketell, Arnkell, ODan Arkil, OSwed Arkil (Björkman (1910) 8). vide sætr.

Editor's note: the first element of place-name Arkleside is ON Arkil.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Gilling West Wapentake at page 295

Arkengarthdale

1. ARKENGARTHDALE 14 H-J 1

  • Arkillesgarth, -gardh 1199 VCH l; 1201 ChR
  • Arkil, Arkelgarth 13 RichReg 121 et freq
  • Arclegarthdaile 1557 RichWills
  • Arechengarthdale 1671 Grinton

'The valley of Arkil's enclosure' vide , garðr. On the change of l to n compare Hinderskelfe and Arkleside 40, 253 supra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Gilling West Wapentake at page 295

Arkengarthdale

ARKLE BECK and ARKLE TOWN

  • Arkelbek 1226 FF
  • Arkilton 1476 VCH i. 37

These two names are probably back-formations from the parish name supra. vide bekkr, tun.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 205 & 206

Chapter 6

Names containing Old Scandinavian 'y'

The only place-name element which belongs to this chapter is ME mire O.W.Scand myrr f. 'moor, bog, swampy ground' … All the ME names that contain the Scandinavian word are to be found in northern England. I have noted the following instances:

Compare, however, next page, foot-note 6 … With regard to Mirefelt, Myrehage, Mireschogh and Mireton it is possible, from a formal point of view, that the first member is, instead, from ME mire 'an ant', borrowed from Scandinavia; cf. Björkman (Erik, 'Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English' 1900-02) p.115. In any case the names are to be included here.

Arkilmire YKS 13th century Guis [140]; Arke(l)mire 13th century Guis; near Normanby


Arkengarthdale: The large proportion of Viking names, Fagger Gill, Kitley Hill, Langthwaite and Whaw, indicates Viking settlement during the 10th century, probably arriving from the west. Arkil is a Viking name which leads to speculation that he was a local leader.


[39] ON toft, topt, 'site of a single house, farm, homestead': -Toft place-names: Allan Tofts (Tops) (Aleinetoften), Hartoft Rigg (Haretoft).


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at pages 208 to 212 & 217

Chapter 7

Names containing Old Scandinavian 'o'

From OE, ME toft 'a piece of ground, a slightly elevated, exposed site, campus', an adoption of ODan toft 'an enclosed home-field' (husætoft, see Lund; cf. OSwed tomt, topt, toft), or O.W.Scand topt, tupt 'a piece of ground, messuage, homestead, a place marked out for a house or building' … The meaning of 'messuage', i.e. a portion of land, intended to be occupied, or actually occupied, as a site for a dwelling-house and its appurtenances, is to be assigned to the Latinized forms toftum, tofta, which are of constant occurrence in Old and Middle English records of various descriptions, especially in charters transferring landed property. In such documents the phrase cum tofto et crofto is met with, over and over again.

As a place-name element the OScand toft, topt is frequently found in Norway and, more particularly, in Denmark and Sweden … Some instances exist, moreover, in Iceland (La.), in the Shetlands … in Scotland … in the Faroes … besides, there are a great number in Normandy, for examples of which see below. From Mediaeval England I have noted more than a hundred place-names containing the word, which are scattered nearly all over Scandinavian England, from Suffolk in the south up to Northumberland, Durham and Westmoreland in the north; the last three counties, together with Lancashire and Cumberland, have only one instance each. The scarceness of the word in the local nomenclature of the northern counties is noteworthy in view of the fact that New English dialect toft (tuft YKS) is in general use even in that part of the country - see E.D.D. (The English Dialect Dictionary 1898-1905). Of the material given below about four fifths belong to YKS), LIN and NFK

An examination of the compounded ME toft-names will show that comparatively many of them contain a native word as 1st member, either an appellative or a personal name. All things considered it is clear that toft was adopted in the native language at a very early period. [The word seems to have been introduced here in the form toft and prior to the O.W.Scand transition ft > pt which … was in operation about A.D. 1000. When that is so, and the word occurs both in O.W.Scand and O.E.Scand local nomenclature, all attempts at deciding whether the English toft-names are of West or East Scandinavian extraction are doomed to failure from the outset, the more as the 1st members of the compound names are anything but suggestive on this point.] Furthermore it is interesting to notice that exact parallels to several of these names can be cited from the numerous toft-names of Normandy, the total number of which is put down by Taylor (Words and places, p. 123) at about one hundred. Among the early Norman instances adduced by Fabricius (p.312 f.) we find Breitot, Hotot, Esketot or Esquetot, Langetot, Wictot or Wigetot, &c., all of which re-appear in Scandinavian England. As may be seen from these spellings, the Norman form of toft was tot - with the f regularly dropped before the consonant t - which, indeed, occurs in all the names of the present kind given by Fabricius (1. c.) and Joret (p.52-54). Under such circumstances it is not surprising that the same tot is used repeatedly in the place-name spellings of Domesday, which is wholly in keeping with the Norman orthography of this record, while it is hardly ever found in our subsequent sources. We now pass on to the remaining material:

Tofthous YKS 1291 Abbr Tempore regum Richard I - Edward II; Tofthouse, Thouhouse Kirkby now lost. Near Harewood. This name is etymologically identical with New English dialect toft-house 'the house attached to a toft', EDD.

Ailwintoft YKS 1310 Ch; in Scaling near Easington, N. Riding. 1st member is the ME personal name Aylwine for which cf. above p.192 n. 6.

Aldwinetoftes, Aldenetoftes YKS 13th century, Aldenetoftes 1332 Riev; now Antofts. 1st member is OE Ealdwine, Aldwini, personal name. From this is, perhaps, Aldene in DB 1086 (cf. Aldenescheles p.190). ME Aldewyn, Aldyn, &c.; cf. Bardsley, under Alden.

Aleinetoften YKS 1204 ChR Aleinstoftes Rotuli Hundredorum, tempore Henry III et Edward I); Aleintoftes 1297 YI (1241-95), 1372 Cal. Inq.; near Scalby and Scarborough. 1st member is the common ME personal name Aleyn, Alayn, of which numerous instances are to be found in early ME records. Cf. Aleynscheles p.190. Bardsley (q.v.) states it to be of Norman introduction.

Alwaldtoftes YKS 1292 Pat; Alwaldetoftes 1295, Allewartoftes 1296 YI (1241-95); near Liglethwaite? From O.W.Scand Olvaldi, ODan Alwaldi, personal name; or, possibly, OE &ARlig;lfweald. Cf. Alwaldeby, p.175 n.3.

Arnaldetoftes YKS 12th century f. Whitby; near Ayresome. From O.W.Scand Arnaldr O.E.Scand Arnald, personal name; or ME Arnald < OE Earnweald (on record?) ?

Haretoft YKS Vill, 1349 Cal. Inq.; now Hartoft. From ME hare (OE hara) or (O.N. hari 'a hare') OSwed hari, Danish hare 'a hare'.

(More -toft place-names from Beltot to Werkhustoft on pages 213 to 225


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 636, entry 28

TOPT, tomt, tupt, toft, tuft; the vowel is short, and toft makes a rhyme to opt … the word is identical with English 'tuft'. B. A green tuft or knoll, green, grassy place, then generally like middle Latin toftum, English toft, a piece of ground, messuage, homestead … göra kirkju ok hvergi tuft eyða, build a church, and not lay waste the toft … en ef hón er eigi til, þá skal kaupa tuft þar sem menn vilja svá sem menn meta, purchase a toft where to launch the ship … 3. a square piece of ground with walls but without roof (compare tjalda), this is the special later Icelandic sense … búðar-tópt, the square walls of a hut without a roof.


[40] ON Ragi, ODan Wraghi (personal names): Wragby.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 323

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

Wraghi (ODan) (Wragby)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Ragi (m. 1).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Whitby Strand Wapentake at page 118

Fylingdales

WRAGBY

  • Wrauby 1344 Test
  • Wragby 1476 Test; 1540 Whitby

'Wragi's farm' from the ODan personal name Wraghi (Nielsen), found as the first element of ODan Wraghæthorp and of Wrawby (LIN), Waragebi (DB 1086), and Wragby (YWR), Wraggeby 1308 (Wakefield Court Rolls); vide by. The g in this name is purely a spelling survival.


Editor's note: regarding the likely derivation of the place-name Wragby, according to Harald Lindkvist (Middle-English Place-Names of Scandinavian Origin, (1912) at page 208), Wragby is perhaps derived from the Old West Scandinavian man's name Ragi (Wragi), ODan Wraghi, which is found in the LIN place-name Wragheby … or Wrag- might possibly be an orthographical error for Wrang-, in which case it is to be explained as in Wrangeflat. In summary, the derivation of place-name Wragby is probably an ON source (personal name Ragi) and not the Danish personal name Wraghi.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page 208

Chapter 6

Names containing Old Scandinavian 'y'

Wragmire CUL 1362 Test. Karl. Not identifiable … Perhaps from the O.W.Scand man's name Ragi (Wragi), ODan Wraghi, which is found in the LIN place-name Wragheby (see above p.197 n.). Or Wrag- might possibly be an orthographical error for Wrang-, in which case it is to be explained as in Wrangeflat, see p.197 n. 1


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 481, entry 15

Ragi, a, m. a proper name, Landnámabók Raga-bróðir, m. a nickname.

Editor's note: Landnámabók, ("Book of Settlements"), often shortened to Landn, is a medieval Icelandic written work which describes in considerable detail the settlement (landnám) of Iceland by the Norse in the 9th and 10th centuries.


"A New Introduction to Old Norse, Part III: Glossary and Index of Names" (2007) compiled by Anthony Faulkes and Michael Barnes at page 190

Ragabróðir m. brother of Ragi, son of Óleifr hjalti, 10th century Icelander.


"Scandinavian Settlement Names in Yorkshire" Gillian Fellows Jensen (1972) at pages 6 & 7

II. Place-names in

1. The element in Scandinavia and Yorkshire

… In Norway, on the other hand, the term () seems to have been generally used of an isolated farmhouse, perhaps also originally of cultivated land. At all events, however, the element would seem to have acquired the meaning "village" before the period of the Scandinavian settlements in England (cf. PNEl i 66-72).

It is generally accepted that the village names in - in England were given by the Danish settlers but, as Kr. Hald points out in KLNM II 386, the use of the element by in the sense "village" would seem to have penetrated to the north and west from the areas of densest Danish settlement and there been adopted by the Norwegian settlers. Neither those places with names in in the areas of Yorkshire which are generally considered to have been settled by Norwegians nor those whose names contain a demonstrably WScand first element (e.g. an Irish or Norwegian personal name) can be shown to have been any smaller at the time of the compilation of DB 1086 than the villages in the demonstrably Danish areas. It is conceivable, however, that some of the names in the areas of predominantly Norwegian settlement and perhaps elsewhere, too, may originally have contained by in the sense "farmhouse". It is noticeable that several of the names indicate places that are now completely lost or whose site is marked by a solitary house or farm or in some cases merely by archaeological remains.

The volumes of the EPNS, however, record no less than 69 instances of place-names in in Yorkshire which are first recorded in post-DB 1086 sources. There are 25 in YNR, 7 in YE, and 37 in WRY. Only 12 of these names are borne by townships or parishes … Of these, 12 probably contain Scandinavian personal names, namely … Wragby YNR (Wrauby 1344, Vragi, PNYN 118), and Wragby WRY (Wraggebi 1160-70, Vragi, PNYW 2, 89) …


[41] ON Arnaldr (personal name): Arnoldstoft


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V at page 322

Personal Names Compounded in North Riding Place-Names … (ii) Scandinavian

ON Arnaldr (Arnoldstoft)


"Viking names found in Landnámabók" (2012) Sara L. Uckelman

ON masculine personal name Arnaldr (m. 2).


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Langbargh West Wapentake at page 161

Middlesbrough

ARNOLDSTOFT (6")

  • Arnodestorp DB 1086
  • Arnaldestoftes 13 Whitby

'Arnald's homestead', from ON Arnaldr and topt. The DB 1086 form is probably erratic (compare Spennithorne 253 infra).


[42] ON elri, 'alder tree': Eller, Alder Carr, Eller Beck, Ellerburn, Ellerlands, Ellerton.


Possibly from Ælla (Ella, Ille), the first certain king (560-588) of Deira, a kingdom (559-664) in Northern England which probably emerged when Anglian warriors conquered the Derwent Valley in the third quarter of the fifth century. It extended from the Humber to the Tees, and from the sea to the western edge of the Vale of York. The origin of all four place-names - Eller Beck, Eller Beck Bridge, Eller Beck Head and Little Eller Beck - is ON bekkr 'a brook, stream', and it was common for the ancient names of rivers to survive the place-name Scandinavianisation during the Scandinavian colonisation which took place between circa 900 and 1086.


"Middle-English place-names of Scandinavian origin" Harald Lindkvist (1912) at page LIX

Chapter 5

Some general remarks on the Scandinavian place-nomenclature in England in Old and Middle English times

Of ME nature names which contain Scandinavian elements there is an almost endless host preserved in our charters and other records of a more local character. Among them we meet with names of woods and groves, hills and mountains, valleys, bays and inlets, fens and marshes, fords, &c. Relatively few in number are the names of lakes and rivers … Most of the river-names in England seem to be very ancient and of Celtic origin, and they were not discarded either by the Anglo-Saxon or the Scandinavian invaders … Many of the northern ME names of streams and brooks which terminate in -beck without doubt embody O.W.Scand bekkr and not the native beck (cf. this word in Björkman (Erik, 'Scandinavian Loan-words in Middle English' 1900-02) p.144), more particularly when the preceding member is a Scandinavian word, as in Stainbec p.89 … There is no reason for doubting the Scandinavian origin of such a name as a whole.


"The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names" Eilert Ekwall (1960) at pages 163 & 165

Ellerbeck YNR [Elre, Alrebec, DB 1086, Elrebeck 1243 FF], Ellerburn YNR [Elreburne DB 1086, -burn 1225 Ep, Alreburne circa 1160 YCh 380]. 'Alder brook'. See ALOR, Elri.

O.Scand elri 'alders, alder grove' is the first element of several names, as Ellerbeck, Ellerker. Compare Ellers, Ellerton.


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 127, entry 8

elrir, m., and elri, n. the alder-tree, Latin alnus, Anglo Saxon alor, aler, German erle


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 764, entry 9

ölr, m. = elrir, [Norwegian or, older, elle; Anglo Saxon alr; English 'alder'; Latin alnus] a kind of tree, the alder-tree … öls blakkr, the wolf, Lexicon Poeticum (Sveinbjörn Egilsson, 1860).


"An Icelandic-English Dictionary" (1874 & 1957) Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson at page 468, entry 31

orir, m. an alder


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 80

Middleton

ALDER CARR (6")

  • Ellerker 1537 Dugd iv. 319

Self-explanatory.

See "Scandinavian Settlement Names in Yorkshire", Gillian Fellows Jensen at page 95: "The first element is the Scandinavian appellative elri, 'alders', perhaps showing confusion with cognate OE alor or with ODan al. The second element is the Scandinavian kjarr, 'marsh'."


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Allerton Wapentake at page 212

Osmotherley

ELLERBECK 22 A 2

  • Elrebec DB 1086
  • Alrebec DB 1086, 1088 LVD 50 d, 51

'Alder stream' vide elri, bekkr. Later forms as for Eller Beck and Ellerburn 82, 88 supra and Eller Beck 233, 266 infra.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang East Wapentake at page 233

Mashamshire

ELLER BECK

  • Elrebec Hy 2 BM

'Alder stream' vide elri, bekkr.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West Wapentake at page 266

Aysgarth

ELLER BECK (6")

  • Ellerbech 13 Easby 278
  • Elrebek 1291 YD

'Alder stream' vide elri, bekkr.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 82

Pickering

ELLER BECK

  • Helrebec 1201 ChR
  • Ellerbe(c)k 1335 ForP 204 d; 205, 217 d, 1619 NRS

'Alder stream' vide elri, bekkr. The initial h- of the first spelling is onorganic.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Pickering Lythe Wapentake at page 88

Thornton Dale

ELLERBURN

  • Elreburne DB 1086, 1225 Ebor
  • Elrebrune DB 1086
  • Elraburna 1145-53 Leon 35
  • Alrebrune 155-67 YCh 380; Hy 2 Leon 4 d
  • Ellebrone circa 1200 For; -burn(e) 1227 Pat; 1231 Ebor
  • Ellerburn(e) 1252 Ebor; 1275 YI et passim

'Alder stream' vide elri, burna. There is indecision in the early forms between OE alor and ON elrir and between OE burna and ON brunnr. All these forms have their parallels in Yorkshire. In the light of the early forms quoted this place cannot be identical with OE æt Helaþyrnum (Anglo Saxon Chronicle 778 E). Compare Brandl Festschrift i. 48 on this identification.


"The Place-Names of the North Riding of Yorkshire" (1979) A. H. Smith, Volume V, Hang West Wapentake at page 256

Wensley

ELLERLANDS

  • Ellerlund 14